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Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
BLUE TANG SURGEONFISH
Blue Tang

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Acanthuridae   Acanthurus


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Acanthurus+coeruleus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Acanthurus+coeruleus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Acanthurus coeruleus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

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Acanthurus coeruleus
Acanthurus coeruleus
Caribbean Blue Tang
ID: 0000 0000 0104 0705 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Acanthurus coeruleus
Acanthurus coeruleus
Blue Tang
ID: 0000 0000 0203 0463 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Acanthurus coeruleus
Acanthurus coeruleus
Blue Tang
ID: 0000 0000 0907 0498 [detail]
© 2007 John White

Acanthurus coeruleus
Acanthurus coeruleus
Blue Tang
ID: 0000 0000 0908 0354 [detail]
© 2008 John White

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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Acanthurus&speciesname=coeruleus ---> http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Acanthurus-coeruleus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Acanthurus coeruleus   Bloch & Schneider , 1801

Blue tang surgeonfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Acanthurus coeruleus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335 ) .   More on author: Bloch , Schneider .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref. 7345 ), usually 2 - 18 m (Ref. 27115 ).   Tropical; 42°N - 15°S, 100°W - 4°W (Ref. 55165 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: New York, USA and Bermuda to the Gulf of Mexico and Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Ascension Island (Ref. 7345 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36453 ); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 26-28; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 24 - 26. A deep-bodied surgeonfish (body depth 1.7 in SL) with a conspicuous yellow caudal spine. Has the most distinctive coloration of all western Atlantic surgeonfishes (Ref. 26938 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coral reefs, inshore grassy or rocky areas. Forms small groups (Ref. 26235 ). Mainly diurnal. Feeds entirely on algae (Ref. 5521 ). At Fernando de Noronha Archipelago in southwestern Atlantic, juveniles hold cleaning stations together with the doctorfish ( Acanthurus chirurgus ) and sergeant major ( Abudefduf saxatilis ) and graze algae as well as pick molted skin and parasites from green turtles ( Chelonia mydas ). This behavior is preceded by a characteristic inspection usually followed by feeding nips on the turtles’ skin (head, limbs, and tail), as well as on the carapace. The most inspected and cleaned body parts are the flippers (Ref. 51385 ). The spine on both sides of the caudal peduncle may inflict painful wounds (Ref. 5217 ). Marketed fresh.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray , 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690 )




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial; bait: occasionally FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
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References
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Otoliths
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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | GoMexSI (interaction data) | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 23.7 - 28.1, mean 27.4 (based on 783 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02570 (0.01558 - 0.04242), b=2.96 (2.82 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.11-0.50). Prior r = 0.75, 2 SD range = 0.33 - 1.75, log(r) = -0.29, SD log(r) = 0.42, Based on: 1 M, 5 K, 3 tmax, records Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Kesner-Reyes, Kathleen Fish Forum
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Updated: 2018-06-24 03:49:44 gmt
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