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Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch
BLACK MUSTARD
Sinapis nigra L; Melanosinapis nigra (L) Calest

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Brassica

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Brassica nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica nigra

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena candida @ BBSL (1)

Andrena commoda @ BBSL (1)

Andrena cressonii @ BBSL (2)

Andrena medionitens @ BBSL (1)

Andrena subtilis @ BBSL (1)

Perdita calloleuca @ BBSL (2)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Aulacorthum solani @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Brevicoryne brassicae @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Lipaphis erysimi @ CSCA_TCN (1); AMNH_PBI (4); NCSU_ENT (2)

Lipaphis pseudobrassicae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Apidae  Anthophora edwardsii @ BBSL (1)

Bombus californicus @ BMEC_ENT (2)

Ceratina acantha @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes lupina @ BBSL (1)

Nomada citrina @ BBSL (1)

Xylocopa pubescens @ BBSL (1)
Colletidae  Hylaeus mesillae @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hylaeus modestus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Diaspididae  Aonidiella aurantii @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Fringillidae  Agelaius phoeniceus @ I_GBP (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ BBSL (1)

Halictus farinosus @ BBSL (1)

Halictus rubicundus @ BBSL (4)

Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum imitatum @ AMNH_BEE (29)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum sisymbrii @ BBSL (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia pusilla @ BBSL (2)
Pentatomidae  Murgantia histrionica @ UCR_ENT (9)

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ERROR -- Need to remove recursive link: http://pick18.pick.uga.edu/mp/20p%3Fsee%3DI_USID81%26res%3D320 USID_Seeds

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Brassica nigra (L.) Koch

Brassica nigra plant

Family - Brassicaceae

Stems - To +75cm tall, erect, herbaceous, single or few from base, glabrous and glaucous above, often pubescent to hirsute near base, branching above, from taproot. Branches erect, staying mostly parallel to main axis.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate. Petioles winged, to +/-2cm long. Wing 1-2mm broad. Lowest leaves lyrate pinnatifid, to +/-15cm long, 5-6cm broad, glabrous, glaucous. Upper leaves oblong to obovate, entire or with a few coarse shallow teeth, glaucous below, dark green above, glabrous, to +/-6cm long, -2cm broad.

Inflorescence - Terminal racemes elongating in fruit to +60cm. Pedicels 2-4mm long in flower, to 1.3cm long in fruit, glabrous.

Flowers - Petals 4, yellow, clawed, glabrous. Claw to 3mm long. Limb 3-4mm long, +3mm broad. Stamens 6, erect. Filaments greenish-yellow, to -4mm long, glabrous. Anthers yellow, to 1.5mm long. Ovary green, terete, 3mm long, glabrous. Style 1.3mm long, persistent in fruit. Sepals 4, greenish-yellow, -4mm long, 1mm broad, linear, erect to spreading, glabrous, margins often revolute. Siliques to +4.5cm long, terete to 4-angled, with beak to +/-8mm long, glabrous ascending and usually parallel to stem axis. Seeds +20 per fruit, brownish-black.

Brassica nigra calyx Calyx.

Brassica nigra flowers

Flowering - April - November.

Habitat - Fields, waste ground, roadsides, also cultivated.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - For some reason I never got around to scanning in the leaves of this plant. Regardless, the plant can be identified in the field by the massive number of erect fruits it produces, its deep green leaves, and its small yellow flowers. The stems are long and thin. The plant often falls over when it reaches maturity because of the large number of fruits produced.
Like many of the members of this family and genus, the plant is introduced and care should be taken not to spread it in the wild.
B. nigra plant is often grown for its small greens and for its seeds, which are used to make mustard.

Photographs taken at the Kansas City Zoo, 7-2-00.


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http://conabioweb.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/brassicaceae/brassica-nigra/fichas/0pagina1.htm ---> http://www.conabio.gob.mx/institucion/notfound/doctos/notfound.html
 
 
 
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRNI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRNI
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRNI

Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 420, 422 , 423, 437, 442 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Brassica

5. Brassica nigra (Linnaeus) W. D. J. Koch in J. C. Röhling, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3. 4: 713. 1833.

Black mustard

Sinapis nigra Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 668. 1753

Annuals; sparsely to densely hirsute-hispid (at least basally, proximally rarely subglabrate). Stems usually branched distally, (widely spreading), 3-20 dm. Basal leaves: petiole to 10 cm; blade lyrate-pinnatifid to sinuate-lobed, 6-30 cm × 10-100 mm, lobes 1-3 each side, (smaller than terminal, terminal lobe ovate, obtuse). Cauline leaves sessile or subsessile; blade (ovate-elliptic to lanceolate, similar to basal, reduced distally and less divided), base tapered, not auriculate or amplexicaul, (margins entire to sinuate-serrate). Racemes not paniculately branched. Fruiting pedicels erect (straight), (2-)3-5(-6) mm. Flowers: sepals 4-6(-7) × 1-1.5 mm; petals yellow, ovate, 7-11(-13) × (2.5-)3-4.5(-5.5) mm, claw 3-6 mm, apex rounded; filaments 3.5-5 mm; anthers 1-1.5 mm. Fruits erect-ascending (± appressed to rachis), smooth, ± 4-angled, 1-2.5(-2.7) cm × (1.5-) 2-3(-4) mm; valvular segment 2-5(-8)-seeded per locule, (0.4-)0.8-2(-2.5) cm, terminal segment seedless (linear, narrow), (1-)2-5(-6) mm. Seeds brown to black, 1.2-1.5(-2) mm diam.; seed coat coarsely reticulate, minutely alveolate, not mucilaginous when wetted. 2 n = 16.

Flowering Apr-Sep. Roadsides, disturbed areas, waste places, fields, orchards; 0-1500 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; Africa; introduced also in Mexico, Central America, South America, Atlantic Islands, Australia.

Brassica nigra is widely cultivated as a condiment mustard. It is also a cosmopolitan weed especially common in the valleys of California (R. C. Rollins 1993). It occurs only sporadically in southern Canada but most frequently in Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River. Specimens from Alberta, Arkansas, Delaware, and South Carolina have not been observed.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 77
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Brassica nigra%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 5208 1611 0247 0003 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 5208 1611 0247 0002 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 5208 1611 0247 0001 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1107 1015 [detail]
© 2007 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0209 1264 [detail]
© 2009 Margo Bors

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0709 1649 [detail]
© 2009 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1009 3017 [detail]
© 2009 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1009 3018 [detail]
© 2009 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0122 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0123 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0124 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 1649 [detail]
© 2009 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0210 0368 [detail]
© 2010 Robert Steers

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Coastal Sage Scrub
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1035 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0310 2569 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0410 0502 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0410 1539 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0410 1540 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0332 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1018 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2240 [detail]
© 2010 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 6666 6666 0510 0476 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2010 California Academy of Sciences

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0644 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0910 1832 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

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