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Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch
BLACK MUSTARD
Sinapis nigra L; Melanosinapis nigra (L) Calest

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Brassica

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Brassica nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Brassica nigra

Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Brassica nigra

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena candida @ BBSL (1)

Andrena commoda @ BBSL (1)

Andrena cressonii @ BBSL (2)

Andrena medionitens @ BBSL (1)

Andrena subtilis @ BBSL (1)

Perdita calloleuca @ BBSL (2)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Aulacorthum solani @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Brevicoryne brassicae @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Lipaphis erysimi @ AMNH_PBI (4); NCSU_ENT (2); CSCA_TCN (1)

Lipaphis pseudobrassicae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Apidae  Anthophora edwardsii @ BBSL (1)

Bombus californicus @ BMEC_ENT (2)

Ceratina acantha @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes lupina @ BBSL (1)

Nomada citrina @ BBSL (1)

Xylocopa pubescens @ BBSL (1)
Colletidae  Hylaeus mesillae @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hylaeus modestus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Diaspididae  Aonidiella aurantii @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Fringillidae  Agelaius phoeniceus @ I_GBP (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ BBSL (1)

Halictus farinosus @ BBSL (1)

Halictus rubicundus @ BBSL (4)

Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum imitatum @ AMNH_BEE (29)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum sisymbrii @ BBSL (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia pusilla @ BBSL (2)
Pentatomidae  Murgantia histrionica @ UCR_ENT (9)

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ERROR -- Need to remove recursive link: http://pick18.pick.uga.edu/mp/20p%3Fsee%3DI_USID81%26res%3D320 USID_Seeds

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Brassica nigra (L.) Koch

Brassica nigra plant

Family - Brassicaceae

Stems - To +75cm tall, erect, herbaceous, single or few from base, glabrous and glaucous above, often pubescent to hirsute near base, branching above, from taproot. Branches erect, staying mostly parallel to main axis.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate. Petioles winged, to +/-2cm long. Wing 1-2mm broad. Lowest leaves lyrate pinnatifid, to +/-15cm long, 5-6cm broad, glabrous, glaucous. Upper leaves oblong to obovate, entire or with a few coarse shallow teeth, glaucous below, dark green above, glabrous, to +/-6cm long, -2cm broad.

Inflorescence - Terminal racemes elongating in fruit to +60cm. Pedicels 2-4mm long in flower, to 1.3cm long in fruit, glabrous.

Flowers - Petals 4, yellow, clawed, glabrous. Claw to 3mm long. Limb 3-4mm long, +3mm broad. Stamens 6, erect. Filaments greenish-yellow, to -4mm long, glabrous. Anthers yellow, to 1.5mm long. Ovary green, terete, 3mm long, glabrous. Style 1.3mm long, persistent in fruit. Sepals 4, greenish-yellow, -4mm long, 1mm broad, linear, erect to spreading, glabrous, margins often revolute. Siliques to +4.5cm long, terete to 4-angled, with beak to +/-8mm long, glabrous ascending and usually parallel to stem axis. Seeds +20 per fruit, brownish-black.

Brassica nigra calyx Calyx.

Brassica nigra flowers

Flowering - April - November.

Habitat - Fields, waste ground, roadsides, also cultivated.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - For some reason I never got around to scanning in the leaves of this plant. Regardless, the plant can be identified in the field by the massive number of erect fruits it produces, its deep green leaves, and its small yellow flowers. The stems are long and thin. The plant often falls over when it reaches maturity because of the large number of fruits produced.
Like many of the members of this family and genus, the plant is introduced and care should be taken not to spread it in the wild.
B. nigra plant is often grown for its small greens and for its seeds, which are used to make mustard.

Photographs taken at the Kansas City Zoo, 7-2-00.


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRNI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRNI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRNI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BRNI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch
black mustard

Image of Brassica nigra

General Information
Symbol: BRNI
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Brassica thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 193. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
SINI4 Sinapis nigra L.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Brassica L. – mustard
Species Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch – black mustard

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Michigan Brassica
mustard Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Brassica Brassica nigra black mustard shortpod mustard This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. 2006. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council. Berkeley, California.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. 1999. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Makawao, Hawaii.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BRNI)
CalPhotos (BRNI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BRNI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SINI4)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (BRNI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (BRNI)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (BRNI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (BRNI)
University of Washington Burke Museum (BRNI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (BRNI)
Related Websites
Cornell University cover crops page for Fall mustards (BRNI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 420, 422 , 423, 437, 442 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Brassica

5. Brassica nigra (Linnaeus) W. D. J. Koch in J. C. Röhling, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3. 4: 713. 1833.

Black mustard

Sinapis nigra Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 668. 1753

Annuals; sparsely to densely hirsute-hispid (at least basally, proximally rarely subglabrate). Stems usually branched distally, (widely spreading), 3-20 dm. Basal leaves: petiole to 10 cm; blade lyrate-pinnatifid to sinuate-lobed, 6-30 cm × 10-100 mm, lobes 1-3 each side, (smaller than terminal, terminal lobe ovate, obtuse). Cauline leaves sessile or subsessile; blade (ovate-elliptic to lanceolate, similar to basal, reduced distally and less divided), base tapered, not auriculate or amplexicaul, (margins entire to sinuate-serrate). Racemes not paniculately branched. Fruiting pedicels erect (straight), (2-)3-5(-6) mm. Flowers: sepals 4-6(-7) × 1-1.5 mm; petals yellow, ovate, 7-11(-13) × (2.5-)3-4.5(-5.5) mm, claw 3-6 mm, apex rounded; filaments 3.5-5 mm; anthers 1-1.5 mm. Fruits erect-ascending (± appressed to rachis), smooth, ± 4-angled, 1-2.5(-2.7) cm × (1.5-) 2-3(-4) mm; valvular segment 2-5(-8)-seeded per locule, (0.4-)0.8-2(-2.5) cm, terminal segment seedless (linear, narrow), (1-)2-5(-6) mm. Seeds brown to black, 1.2-1.5(-2) mm diam.; seed coat coarsely reticulate, minutely alveolate, not mucilaginous when wetted. 2 n = 16.

Flowering Apr-Sep. Roadsides, disturbed areas, waste places, fields, orchards; 0-1500 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; Africa; introduced also in Mexico, Central America, South America, Atlantic Islands, Australia.

Brassica nigra is widely cultivated as a condiment mustard. It is also a cosmopolitan weed especially common in the valleys of California (R. C. Rollins 1993). It occurs only sporadically in southern Canada but most frequently in Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River. Specimens from Alberta, Arkansas, Delaware, and South Carolina have not been observed.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 53
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Brassica nigra%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 5208 1611 0247 0003 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 5208 1611 0247 0002 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 5208 1611 0247 0001 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1107 1015 [detail]
© 2007 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0209 1264 [detail]
© 2009 Margo Bors

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0709 1649 [detail]
© 2009 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1009 3017 [detail]
© 2009 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1009 3018 [detail]
© 2009 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0122 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0123 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0124 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 1649 [detail]
© 2009 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0210 0368 [detail]
© 2010 Robert Steers

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Coastal Sage Scrub
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1035 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0310 2569 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0410 0502 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0410 1539 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0410 1540 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0510 0332 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0510 1018 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2240 [detail]
© 2010 Zoya Akulova

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 6666 6666 0510 0476 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2010 California Academy of Sciences

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0644 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra
Black Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0910 1832 [detail]
© 2010 Michael O'Brien

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