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Brassica rapa L.
FIELD MUSTARD
Nabo Mexico; Brassica campestris L Synonym; Turnip; Brassica campestris l

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Brassica

Brassica rapa, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, whole plant - in flower - general view

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Brassica rapa, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, whole plant - juvenile
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant

Brassica rapa, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant

Brassica rapa, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Brassica rapa, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Brassica rapa, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, leaf - on upper stem
Brassica rapa, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, stem - showing leaf bases

Brassica rapa, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Brassica rapa, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, whole plant - in flower - general view

Brassica rapa, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant

Brassica rapa, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Brassica rapa, seed
Brassica rapa, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Brassica rapa, seed

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (5)
Andrenidae  Andrena commoda @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena crataegi @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Andrena cressonii @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Andrena dunningi @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena erythrogaster @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena forbesii @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena hippotes @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCMS_ENT (9)

Andrena miranda @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Andrena miserabilis @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Andrena nasonii @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Andrena nuda @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Andrena perplexa @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena pruni @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena rugosa @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Andrena vicina @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Aphididae  Acyrthosiphon ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Brevicoryne brassicae @ AMNH_PBI (7); CSCA_TCN (2)

Cavariella ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Lipaphis erysimi @ CSCA_TCN (3); AMNH_PBI (2); NCSU_ENT (5)

Lipaphis pseudobrassicae @ CSCA_TCN (4)

Macrosiphum ( @ CSCA_TCN (1); AMNH_PBI (4)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); CSCA_TCN (8)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Ceratina mikmaqi @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Braconidae  Diaeretiella rapae @ AMNH_PBI (27)

Diaeretiella @ AMNH_PBI (6)
Ceratostomataceae  Melanospora zamiae @ BPI (1)
Colletidae  Colletes inaequalis @ UCMS_ENT (8)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (1)
Delphacidae  Delphacodes albolineosa @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Delphacodes @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium brassicae @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (1)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum higginsianum @ BPI (11)
Halictidae  Halictus confusus @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Halictus rubicundus @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum cressonii @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum ephialtum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ UCMS_ENT (4)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum smilacinae @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum versatum @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum weemsi @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum zephyrum @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Lygaeidae  Neacoryphus bicrucis @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Nysius ericae @ MEMU_ENT (9)

Nysius @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Megachilidae  Megachile centuncularis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile relativa @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Osmia lignaria @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Membracidae  Spissistilus festinus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus punctulatus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora bloxami @ BPI (2)

Cercospora brassicicola @ BPI (1)

Cercosporella albomaculans @ BPI (8)
Pentatomidae  Euschistus servus @ MEMU_ENT (9)

Holcostethus limbolarius @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Nezara viridula @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora brassicae @ BPI (2)

Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (14)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria brassicae @ BPI (10)

Alternaria herculea @ BPI (4)

Alternaria tenuis @ 446917A (1); 446917C (1); 446917B (1)

Alternaria @ BPI (1)

Curvularia pallescens @ BPI (2)

Epicoccum nigrum @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium herculeum @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia subnitens @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Sclerotinia sclerotiorum @ BPI (2)
_  Periola tomentosa @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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ERROR -- Need to remove recursive link: http://pick18.pick.uga.edu/mp/20p%3Fsee%3DI_USID90%26res%3D320 USID_Seeds

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Brassica rapa L. ( Brassica campestris , Brassica septiceps ) Bird's Rape
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Non-native
Brassica rapa
Carousel Farm Park
April 2001 Brassica rapa
Limestone Road
April 2011 Brassica rapa
April 2011

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Malezas de Mexico, CONABIO
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http://conabioweb.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/brassicaceae/brassica-rapa/fichas/0pagina1.htm ---> http://www.conabio.gob.mx/institucion/notfound/doctos/notfound.html
 
 
 
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRRA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRRA
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRRA

Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 420, 422, 423 , 424 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Brassica

7. Brassica rapa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 666. 1753.

Bird-rape, wild-rape, rapeseed, canola, turnip, wild-turnip, turnip-rape, field-mustard

Brassica campestris Linnaeus; B. campestris var. oleifera de Candolle; B. chinensis Linnaeus; B. pekinensis (Loureiro) Ruprecht; B. rapa subsp. chinensis (Linnaeus) Hanelt; B. rapa subsp. pekinensis (Loureiro) Hanelt; Sinapis pekinensis Loureiro

Annuals or biennials; (roots fleshy or slender); (green to slightly glaucous), glabrous or sparsely hairy. Stems unbranched or branched distally, 3-10 dm. Basal leaves: petiole (winged), (1-)2-10(-17) cm; blade ± lyrate-pinnatifid to pinnate to pinnatisect, (5-)10-40(-60) cm × 30-100(-200) mm, (margins sinuate-dentate, sometimes ciliate), lobes 2-4(-6) each side, (terminal lobe oblong-obovate, obtuse, large, blade surfaces usually setose). Cauline leaves (middle and distal) sessile; base auriculate to amplexicaul, (margins subentire). Racemes not paniculately branched, (with open flowers overtopping or equal to buds). Fruiting pedicels ascending to spreading, (5-)10-25(-30) mm. Flowers: sepals (3-)4-6.5(-8) × 1.5-2 mm; petals deep yellow to yellow, obovate, 6-11(-13) × (2.5-)3-6(-7) mm, claw 3-7 mm, apex rounded; filaments 4-6(-7) mm; anthers 1.5-2 mm. Fruits ascending to somewhat spreading, torulose, terete, (2-)3-8(-11) cm × 2-4(-5) mm; valvular segment with 8-15 seeds per locule, (1.3-)2-5(-7.5) cm, terminal segment seedless, 8-22 mm. Seeds black, brown, or reddish, 1.1-2 mm diam.; seed coat very finely reticulate-lightly alveolate, not mucilaginous when wetted. 2 n = 20.

Flowering Apr-Sep. Roadsides, disturbed areas and waste places, cultivated fields, grain fields, orchards, gardens; 0-1500 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; Africa; introduced also in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Atlantic Islands, Australia.

Brassica rapa is widely cultivated as an oil crop and vegetable, and cultivars, especially in Asia, have been recognized as species, subspecies, and varieties. The most important crops include: rapeseed or canola, turnip (subsp. rapa ), Chinese mustard or pakchoi [subsp. chinensis (Linnaeus) Hanelt], and Chinese cabbage or petsai [subsp. pekinensis (Loureiro) Hanelt]. The species is also a widespread naturalized weed [subsp. sylvestris (Linnaeus) Janchen] throughout temperate North America and elsewhere. It is self-incompatible. Hybridization in the field in Europe has been described between B. napus and B. rapa (R. B. Jørgensen and B. Andersen 1994).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Brassica+rapa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Brassica+rapa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Brassica+rapa&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2018-01-22 17:12:12 gmt
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