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Cirsium altissimum (L.) Hill
TALL THISTLE
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Cirsium

Cirsium altissimum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium altissimum, whole plant - in flower - general view

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Cirsium altissimum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium altissimum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Cirsium altissimum, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium altissimum, leaf - on upper stem

Cirsium altissimum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium altissimum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Cirsium altissimum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium altissimum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Cirsium altissimum, inflorescence - ventral view of flower + perianth
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium altissimum, inflorescence - ventral view of flower + perianth
Cirsium altissimum, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium altissimum, stem - showing leaf bases

Cirsium altissimum, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Cirsium altissimum, seed
Cirsium altissimum, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Cirsium altissimum, seed

Cirsium altissimum, Tall thistle
© Copyright Kyndall Dye 2011 · 1
Cirsium altissimum, Tall thistle
Cirsium altissimum, Tall thistle
© Copyright Kyndall Dye 2011 · 1
Cirsium altissimum, Tall thistle

Cirsium altissimum, Tall thistle
© Copyright Kyndall Dye 2011 · 1
Cirsium altissimum, Tall thistle
Cirsium altissimum, Tall thistle
© Copyright Kyndall Dye 2011 · 1
Cirsium altissimum, Tall thistle

Cirsium altissimum, flower
© George Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Cirsium altissimum, flower

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Asteraceae  Cirsium altissimum @ I_EHAN (3)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (4)
Apidae  Bombus pensylvanicus @ AMNH_BEE (8)

Ceratina mikmaqi @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes desponsa @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Triepeolus donatus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Asteraceae  Cirsium altissimum @ I_EHAN (3)
Megachilidae  Megachile latimanus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

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ERROR -- Need to remove recursive link: http://pick18.pick.uga.edu/mp/20p%3Fsee%3DI_USID176%26res%3D320 USID_Seeds

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Cirsium altissimum f. moorei Steyerm.

Cirsium altissimum plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To +3m, glabrous, not completely winged by extended leaf tissue.

Leaves - Glabrous or slightly hairy above, hairy below, no spines on upper surface, alternate, larger below, reduced towards inflorescence. Margins toothed or lobed or not, flat, spiny.

Inflorescence - Single flower-head terminating each branch of the inflorescence.

Involucre - 2-3.5cm long(high). Bracts imbricate, tightly appressed, ending in spine-like prickle.

Flowers - All discoid, no rays present. Pappus of plumose bristles.

Cirsium altissimum flower

Flowering - July - October.

Habitat - Slopes, thickets, roadsides, railroads, open woodland.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This form of C. altissimum is not often found in Missouri. The more common C. altissimum f. altissimum , with pink-rose flowers, is the plant most often seen. This plant can be found on the "Pink Flowers" page of this web site.
" altissimum " means "tall" or "the tallest" in Latin and this plant certainly is, being the tallest member of this genus in Missouri.

Photographs taken at the Kansas City Zoo, 9-5-99.


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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Cirsium altissimum (L.) Spreng.

Cirsium altissimum plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To +3m tall, branching, herbaceous, erect, striate, pubescent.

Cirsium altissimum stem Stem.

Leaves - Alternate, typically glabrous above, densely pubescent to lanate below, mostly entire with spined margins, sometimes lobed, to +30cm long, +10cm wide, sessile or short-petiolate, typically lanceolate, oblong, or elliptic, reduced towards apex.

Cirsium altissimum leaf Abaxial surface of leaf.

Cirsium altissimum basals Basal rosette.

Inflorescence - Single flower heads terminating stems.

Involucre - To 3.5cm tall, +3cm wide, subglobose to vase-shaped. Phyllaries imbricate, appressed, spine (bristle) tipped, typically with a lighter midrib.

Cirsium altissimum involucre Involucre with the subtending bracts.

Cirsium altissimum involucre Involucre with the subtending bracts removed.

Ray flowers - Absent.

Disc flowers - Corolla pink to rose, to +30mm long, tubular, 5-lobed. Style well exserted. Achenes to 6mm long, 2mm wide. Pappus of numerous plumose bristles.

Cirsium altissimum flowers

Cirsium altissimum flower Individual floret.

Flowering - July - October.

Habitat - Dry woodlands, slopes, thickets, disturbed sites, waste ground, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is the tallest of the plants in this genus in Missouri ( altissimum means "the tallest"). It is very common throughout the state except for the extreme southeastern corner. It is a common roadside plant in the Ozarks.
Steyermark lists a couple of forms for the species. The plant pictured above is form altissimum . This plant has the typical rose-pink corolla. Form moorei has a white corolla and is listed in the "White flowers alternate" section of this website. The latter is much less common.

Photographs taken in the Ozark Scenic Riverways, Shannon County, MO., 8-9-03.


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIAL2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIAL2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIAL2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CIAL2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CIAL2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CIAL2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Cirsium altissimum (L.) Hill
tall thistle

Image of Cirsium altissimum

General Information
Symbol: CIAL2
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cirsium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Lawrence S. Gilliam. United States, NC, Surry Co., damp roadside. November 1, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Lawrence S. Gilliam. United States, NC, Surry Co., damp roadside. November 1, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, NC, McDowell Co., Linville Falls Visitor Center along Blue Ridge Parkway, Elevation: 1000ft/305m, Latitude: 35.955, Longitude: -81.928. August 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, NC, McDowell Co., Linville Falls Visitor Center along Blue Ridge Parkway, Elevation: 1000ft/305m, Latitude: 35.955, Longitude: -81.928. August 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, NC, McDowell Co., Linville Falls Visitor Center along Blue Ridge Parkway, Elevation: 1000ft/305m, Latitude: 35.955, Longitude: -81.928. August 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

©David Brezner. United States, NC, McDowell Co., Linville Falls Visitor Center along Blue Ridge Parkway, Elevation: 1000ft/305m, Latitude: 35.955, Longitude: -81.928. August 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 549. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CAAL22 Carduus altissimus L.
CIALB Cirsium altissimum (L.) Hill var. biltmoreanum Petr.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Cirsium Mill. – thistle
Species Cirsium altissimum (L.) Hill – tall thistle

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arkansas Cirsium
thistle Noxious weed
Iowa Cirsium
thistle Primary noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Cirsium Cirsium altissimum roadside thistle tall thistle This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CIAL2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAAL22)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIAL2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIALB)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CIAL2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CIAL2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CIAL2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CIAL2)
Related Websites
IL-Weeds of the North Central States (CIAL2)
University of New Mexico: Cirsium Web Sites (CIAL2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Cirsium altissimum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Cirsium altissimum
Cirsium altissimum
Tall Thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1716 [detail]
© 2006 Jeff Abbas

Cirsium altissimum
Cirsium altissimum
Tall Thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1718 [detail]
© 2006 Jeff Abbas

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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Updated: 2017-05-27 23:20:52 gmt
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