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Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
SPEAR THISTLE
Scotch Thistle; Bull Thistle; Black Thistle; Carduus vulgaris Savi; Carduus lanceolatus L; Cirsium lanceolatum L Scop; Cnicus lanceolatus L Willd; Cirsium lanceolatum (L) Scop non Hill

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Cirsium

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Cirsium vulgare
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, whole plant - in flower - general view

Cirsium vulgare, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, stem - showing leaf bases
Cirsium vulgare, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, leaf - on upper stem

Cirsium vulgare, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Cirsium vulgare, Bull Thistle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, Bull Thistle
Cirsium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cirsium vulgare

Cirsium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cirsium vulgare

Cirsium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Cirsium vulgare

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena colletina @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Aphididae  Bipersona ochrocentri @ NCSU_ENT (6)

Brachycaudus ( @ NCSU_ENT (9); AMNH_PBI (7); CSCA_TCN (7)

Capitophorus elaeagni @ AMNH_PBI (5); NCSU_ENT (14)

Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (1)
Apidae  Anthophora affabilis @ BBSL (1)

Anthophora urbana @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Apis mellifera @ MLSB__N16- (2)

Bombus californicus @ BBSL__JPS (1)

Bombus citrinus @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Bombus fervidus @ AMNH_BEE (1); BBSL__JPS (3); UCMS_ENT (3)

Bombus griseocollis @ BBSL__JPS (2); UCMS_ENT (1)

Bombus impatiens @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Bombus insularis @ BBSL (2)

Bombus sitkensis @ BMEC_ENT (1)

Ceratina calcarata @ UCMS_ENT (1); MLSB__N16- (1)

Ceratina dupla @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Ceratina nanula @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes bimaculata @ UCMS_ENT (12)

Melissodes bimatris @ AMNH_BEE (7)

Melissodes communis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes desponsa @ UCMS_ENT (15); CUIC_ENT (90)

Melissodes lupina @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes metenua @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes microsticta @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Melissodes rivalis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Triepeolus donatus @ CUIC_ENT (18)

Xeromelecta californica @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Xylocopa virginica @ CUIC_ENT (4)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Cercopidae  Aphrophora permutata @ UCR_ENT (3)
Cicadellidae  Ceratagallia ( @ UCR_ENT (23)

Empoasca ( @ UCR_ENT (4)

Helochara communis @ UCR_ENT (1)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon angelicus @ BBSL (3)

Agapostemon cockerelli @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon femoratus @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon sericeus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Agapostemon splendens @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Agapostemon texanus @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Agapostemon virescens @ BBSL (1); UCMS_ENT (16); CUIC_ENT (4)

Halictus farinosus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus ligatus @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Lasioglossum cressonii @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum nevadense @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum pruinosum @ BBSL (2)
Lygaeidae  Lygaeus kalmii @ UCR_ENT (1)

Nysius tenellus @ UCR_ENT (21)
Megachilidae  Anthidium utahense @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Coelioxys rufitarsis @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Dianthidium plenum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Dianthidium pudicum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Dianthidium ulkei @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile brevis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile centuncularis @ MLSB__N16- (1); UCMS_ENT (6); CUIC_ENT (4)

Megachile coquilletti @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile fidelis @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Megachile inermis @ CUIC_ENT (11)

Megachile latimanus @ UCMS_ENT (30); CUIC_ENT (12)

Megachile mellitarsis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile mendica @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Megachile montivaga @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile nevadensis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile perihirta @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Megachile petulans @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile pugnata @ AMNH_BEE (15); CUIC_ENT (5)

Megachile relativa @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile rotundata @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia coloradensis @ BBSL (8)

Osmia texana @ BBSL (1)
Membracidae  Entylia carinata @ UDCC_TCN (18); NCSU (42)
Miridae  Deraeocoris brevis @ UCR_ENT (5)

Lygus convexicollis @ UCR_ENT (1)
Peronosporaceae  Bremia lactucae @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia cirsii-lanceolati @ BPI (1)

Puccinia cirsii @ BPI (2)

Puccinia cnici @ BPI (17)

Puccinia punctiformis @ BPI (1)
Tingidae  Dictyla labeculata @ UCR_ENT (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Bull Thistle
Asteraceae — Aster family
Non-native
Cirsium vulgare
Bellevue State Park
August 2001 Cirsium vulgare
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
September 2010

Guide to Cirsium of Delaware

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.

Cirsium vulgare plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To 2m tall, branching, herbaceous, erect, spiny-winged, pubescent, striate.

Cirsium vulgare stem

Leaves - Alternate, pinnately lobed to pinnatifid, sessile or with winged petioles, glabrous to scabrous above, with spines from veins, pubescent below . Leaf bases decurrent on stem. Leaf lobes ending in strong spine. Larger leaves to +35cm long, reduced gradually towards apex of stem.

Cirsium vulgare leaf Upper surface of leaf.

Cirsium vulgare leaf Lower surface of leaf.

Inflorescence - Typically single or double flower heads terminating stems.

Involucre - To +3cm tall, 4cm wide, vase-shaped. Phyllaries imbricate, with a spine tip, arachnoid pubescent.

Cirsium vulgare involucre Involucre.

Ray flowers - Absent.

Disk flowers - Corolla pink to rose, tubular, to 3.5cm long. Style 1, exserted beyond corolla. Achenes to 6mm long, 2mm wide. Pappus of plumose bristles.

Cirsium vulgare flowers

Flowering - June - September.

Habitat - Pastures, prairies, disturbed sites, waste ground, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - Many people, including myself, beat up on Carduus nutans as being a horrible exotic pest but Cirsium vulgare cannot be far behind. This is a very common plant. Its spiny leaves and stems are annoying at best. It is a pretty plant but doesn't make a good specimen for cultivation because of its prickles and weedy habit.
The fruits (seeds) are carried great distances by the wind with the aid of their plumose bristles.

Photographs taken in Noel, MO., 8-14-03.


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Following modified from Malezas de Mexico, CONABIO
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http://conabioweb.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/asteraceae/cirsium-vulgare/FICHAS/0PAGINA1.HTM ---> http://www.conabio.gob.mx/institucion/notfound/doctos/notfound.html
 
 
 
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIVU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIVU
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIVU

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cirsium+vulgare&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cirsium+vulgare&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cirsium+vulgare&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2017-12-15 16:38:19 gmt
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