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Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
SPEAR THISTLE
Scotch Thistle; Bull Thistle; Black Thistle; Carduus vulgaris Savi; Carduus lanceolatus L; Cirsium lanceolatum L Scop; Cnicus lanceolatus L Willd; Cirsium lanceolatum (L) Scop non Hill

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Cirsium

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Cirsium vulgare, Bull Thistle
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, Bull Thistle
Cirsium vulgare
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Cirsium vulgare

Cirsium vulgare, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, whole plant - in flower - general view
Cirsium vulgare, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, stem - showing leaf bases

Cirsium vulgare, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, leaf - on upper stem
Cirsium vulgare, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cirsium vulgare, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Cirsium vulgare
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Cirsium vulgare

Cirsium vulgare
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Cirsium vulgare

Cirsium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Cirsium vulgare

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena colletina @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Aphididae  Bipersona ochrocentri @ NCSU_ENT (6)

Brachycaudus ( @ AMNH_PBI (7); NCSU_ENT (9); CSCA_TCN (7)

Capitophorus elaeagni @ AMNH_PBI (5); NCSU_ENT (14)

Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (1)
Apidae  Anthophora affabilis @ BBSL (1)

Anthophora urbana @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Apis mellifera @ MLSB__N16- (2)

Bombus californicus @ BBSL__JPS (1)

Bombus citrinus @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Bombus fervidus @ BBSL__JPS (3); AMNH_BEE (1); UCMS_ENT (3)

Bombus griseocollis @ BBSL__JPS (2); UCMS_ENT (1)

Bombus impatiens @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Bombus insularis @ BBSL (2)

Bombus sitkensis @ BMEC_ENT (1)

Ceratina calcarata @ MLSB__N16- (1); UCMS_ENT (1)

Ceratina dupla @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Ceratina nanula @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes bimaculata @ UCMS_ENT (12)

Melissodes bimatris @ AMNH_BEE (7)

Melissodes communis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes desponsa @ CUIC_ENT (90); UCMS_ENT (15)

Melissodes lupina @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes metenua @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes microsticta @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Melissodes rivalis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Triepeolus donatus @ CUIC_ENT (18)

Xeromelecta californica @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Xylocopa virginica @ CUIC_ENT (4)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Cercopidae  Aphrophora permutata @ UCR_ENT (3)
Cicadellidae  Ceratagallia ( @ UCR_ENT (23)

Empoasca ( @ UCR_ENT (4)

Helochara communis @ UCR_ENT (1)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon angelicus @ BBSL (3)

Agapostemon cockerelli @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon femoratus @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon sericeus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Agapostemon splendens @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Agapostemon texanus @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Agapostemon virescens @ BBSL (1); CUIC_ENT (4); UCMS_ENT (16)

Halictus farinosus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus ligatus @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Lasioglossum cressonii @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum nevadense @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum pruinosum @ BBSL (2)
Lygaeidae  Lygaeus kalmii @ UCR_ENT (1)

Nysius tenellus @ UCR_ENT (21)
Megachilidae  Anthidium utahense @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Coelioxys rufitarsis @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Dianthidium plenum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Dianthidium pudicum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Dianthidium ulkei @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile brevis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile centuncularis @ MLSB__N16- (1); CUIC_ENT (4); UCMS_ENT (6)

Megachile coquilletti @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile fidelis @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Megachile inermis @ CUIC_ENT (11)

Megachile latimanus @ CUIC_ENT (12); UCMS_ENT (30)

Megachile mellitarsis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile mendica @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Megachile montivaga @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile nevadensis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile perihirta @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Megachile petulans @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile pugnata @ AMNH_BEE (15); CUIC_ENT (5)

Megachile relativa @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile rotundata @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia coloradensis @ BBSL (8)

Osmia texana @ BBSL (1)
Membracidae  Entylia carinata @ UDCC_TCN (18); NCSU (42)
Miridae  Deraeocoris brevis @ UCR_ENT (5)

Lygus convexicollis @ UCR_ENT (1)
Tingidae  Dictyla labeculata @ UCR_ENT (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Bull Thistle
Asteraceae — Aster family
Non-native
Cirsium vulgare
Bellevue State Park
August 2001 Cirsium vulgare
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
September 2010

Guide to Cirsium of Delaware

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.

Cirsium vulgare plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To 2m tall, branching, herbaceous, erect, spiny-winged, pubescent, striate.

Cirsium vulgare stem

Leaves - Alternate, pinnately lobed to pinnatifid, sessile or with winged petioles, glabrous to scabrous above, with spines from veins, pubescent below . Leaf bases decurrent on stem. Leaf lobes ending in strong spine. Larger leaves to +35cm long, reduced gradually towards apex of stem.

Cirsium vulgare leaf Upper surface of leaf.

Cirsium vulgare leaf Lower surface of leaf.

Inflorescence - Typically single or double flower heads terminating stems.

Involucre - To +3cm tall, 4cm wide, vase-shaped. Phyllaries imbricate, with a spine tip, arachnoid pubescent.

Cirsium vulgare involucre Involucre.

Ray flowers - Absent.

Disk flowers - Corolla pink to rose, tubular, to 3.5cm long. Style 1, exserted beyond corolla. Achenes to 6mm long, 2mm wide. Pappus of plumose bristles.

Cirsium vulgare flowers

Flowering - June - September.

Habitat - Pastures, prairies, disturbed sites, waste ground, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - Many people, including myself, beat up on Carduus nutans as being a horrible exotic pest but Cirsium vulgare cannot be far behind. This is a very common plant. Its spiny leaves and stems are annoying at best. It is a pretty plant but doesn't make a good specimen for cultivation because of its prickles and weedy habit.
The fruits (seeds) are carried great distances by the wind with the aid of their plumose bristles.

Photographs taken in Noel, MO., 8-14-03.


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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CIVU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CIVU
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
bull thistle

Image of Cirsium vulgare

General Information
Symbol: CIVU
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cirsium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, NV. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 549. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CALA58 Carduus lanceolatus L.
CAVU4 Carduus vulgaris Savi
CILAH Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop. var. hypoleucum DC.
CILA8 Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop., non Hill

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Cirsium Mill. – thistle
Species Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. – bull thistle

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arkansas Cirsium
thistle Noxious weed
Colorado bull thistle B list (noxious weeds)
Iowa Cirsium
thistle Primary noxious weed bull thistle Primary noxious weed
Maryland bull thistle Noxious weed
Minnesota bull thistle Prohibited noxious weed
New Mexico bull thistle Class B noxious weed
Oregon bull thistle "B" designated weed bull thistle Quarantine
Pennsylvania bull thistle, spear thistle Noxious weed
Washington bull thistle Class C noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Cirsium Cirsium vulgare bull thistle common thistle spear thistle Cirsium lanceolatum bull thistle
This plant and the related entities and synonyms italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. 2006. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council. Berkeley, California.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii FACU
North America
Alaska UPL
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains UPL
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CIVU)
CalPhotos (CIVU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CALA58)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAVU4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CILA8)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CILAH)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIVU)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CIVU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CIVU)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CIVU)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CIVU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CIVU)
University of Washington Burke Museum (CIVU)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CIVU)
Related Websites
KS-Noxious Weeds in Kansas (CIVU)
OK-OSU Extension-Thistles and their Identification (CIVU)
Victoria - Natural Resources & Environment: Landcare Notes (CIVU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 111
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Cirsium vulgare%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0703 0767 [detail]
© 2003 George W. Hartwell

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0000 0000 1002 0044 [detail]
© 2002 Molly Elizabeth Bagley

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bullthistle
ID: 5207 1611 0747 0086 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0175 3301 3808 0028 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle, Bullthistle
ID: 0000 0000 1102 1310 [detail]
© 2002 Steve Matson

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0175 3301 2288 0094 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0024 3291 1997 0079 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bullthistle
ID: 8076 3101 3984 0063 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bullthistle
ID: 5207 1611 0747 0084 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0175 3301 2288 0092 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 8266 3261 1073 0026 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0175 3301 3808 0029 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bullthistle
ID: 5207 1611 0747 0087 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bullthistle
ID: 5207 1611 0747 0085 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0175 3301 2288 0093 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle Or Common Thistle
ID: 8253 3202 4137 0122 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0175 3301 3808 0025 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0175 3301 3808 0027 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0175 3301 3808 0026 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0291 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0904 0539 [detail]
© 2004 Steve Matson

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0904 0540 [detail]
© 2004 Steve Matson

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2685 [detail]
© 2005 Christopher L. Christie

Cirsium vulgare
Cirsium vulgare
Bull Thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2686 [detail]
© 2005 Christopher L. Christie

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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