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Conger conger (Linnaeus, 1758)
EUROPEAN CONGER
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Congridae   Conger


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Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Conger conger%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

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Conger conger
Conger conger
Conger Eel
ID: 0000 0000 0413 4290 [detail]
© 2013 Simon J. Tonge

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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Conger&speciesname=conger ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Conger-conger.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Conger conger   (Linnaeus, 1758)

European conger Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
Conger conger   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Conger conger (European conger) Conger conger
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Congridae (Conger and garden eels) > Congrinae
Etymology: Conger: Latin, conger = conger (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 1171 m (Ref. 56504 ).   Temperate; 68°N - 12°N, 32°W - 42°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway and Iceland to Senegal. Also in the Mediterranean and Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 200.0   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 300 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4453 ); common length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645 ); common length :150 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 110.0 kg (Ref. 35388 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on rocky and sandy bottoms (Ref. 12382 ). Depth range from 0-500 m (Ref. 4453 ) and from 305-1171 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504 ). It stays near the coast when young and moves toward deeper waters upon reaching adulthood (Ref. 5377 ). A nocturnal (Ref. 12382 ) predator of fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods (Ref. 6521 ). Like other species of the group, it reproduces only once in its life (Ref. 5377 ). Sexually mature at an age of 5-15 years. Spawn in summer in the Atlantic off Portugal and in the Mediterranean. Produces 3-8 million of eggs (Ref. 35388 ). Marketed fresh and frozen. Eaten fried and baked (Ref. 9988 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Eggs are deposited in the open sea, at depths between 2,000 and 3,000 m (Ref. 12382 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Smith, D.G. , 1990. Congridae. p. 156-167. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4453 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911 )




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums FAO(fisheries: production , species profile ; publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
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Ecology
Diet
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
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Allele frequencies
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Diseases
Processing
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Pictures
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Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
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Tools

Bio-Quiz | E-book | Field guide | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | OsteoBase( skull , spine ) | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00039 (0.00029 - 0.00052), b=3.26 (3.19 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (K=0.06; tm=5-15 (female tm>10); Fec=3,000,000). Prior r = 0.27, 2 SD range = 0.16 - 0.46, log(r) = -1.31, SD log(r) = 0.27, Based on: 2 K, 2 tgen, 2 Fec records Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Very high vulnerability (86 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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