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Dalea purpurea Vent.
PURPLE PRAIRIE CLOVER
Purple prairie-clover; Petalostemon purpureus

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Dalea

Dalea purpurea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dalea purpurea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

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Dalea purpurea, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dalea purpurea, leaf - on upper stem
Dalea purpurea, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dalea purpurea, stem - showing leaf bases

Dalea purpurea, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Dalea purpurea, whole plant - in flower - general view
Dalea purpurea, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Dalea purpurea, leaf and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Pseudopanurgus parvus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Apidae  Bombus fervidus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus rufocinctus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes coreopsis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes wheeleri @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Cicadidae  Cicadetta calliope @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Colletidae  Colletes kincaidii @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Colletes robertsonii @ BBSL__MEM (4)

Colletes susannae @ AMNH_BEE (11)

Hylaeus affinis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus confusus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus rubicundus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum ellisiae @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum pruinosum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum semicaeruleum @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Megachilidae  Megachile brevis @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile latimanus @ AMNH_BEE (4)
Miridae  Lopidea minor @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Petalostemon purpureus (Vent.) Rydb. - Purple Prairie Clover

Petalostemon purpureus plant

Family - Fabaceae

Stems - To -1m tall, simple or branching above, Multiple from base, erect to ascending, glabrous to densely villous, herbaceous.

Petalostemon purpureus stem

Leaves - Alternate, odd-pinnate, stipulate, to -5cm long. Stipules linear, 5mm long. Leaflets typically 3-5, linear to linear-oblong, involute, opposite, -2cm long, 2mm broad, entire, sparse villous, glandular punctate below, subsessile or on very short petiolule to .7mm long. Petiole punctate glandular, villous, with adaxial groove.

Petalostemon purpureus leaves

Inflorescence - Dense, indeterminate, cylindrical spikes to 7cm tall, 1.2cm in diameter, terminating stems.
Each flower subtended by an apiculate bract to 5mm long, +/-2mm broad. Bracts cupped and pubescent below tip.

Petalostemon purpureus inflorescence

Flowers - Petals purplish-pink, clawed, connected to staminal column (column to 3mm long, white, glabrous), 4-6mm long, 1mm broad. Claws to -4mm long. Stamens 5, monodelphous. Filaments 5-6mm long, purplish. Anthers .9mm long, orange. Style 8-9mm long, white to pinkish, mostly glabrous but bearded below, filiform. Ovary 1.4mm long, pubescent at apex. Calyx tube to 3mm long, white, dense pubescent, 5-lobed. Lobes green acute, 1.2mm long, equal, dense pubescent.

Petalostemon purpureus flowers Young flowers with stamens not yet expanded.

Flowering - June - September.

Habitat - Prairies, glades, open woods, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - At first glance the flowers and spikes of this plant appear somewhat uncharacteristic of most plants in the bean family. Closer examination reveals that indeed the plant is properly placed.
This plant is common yet striking to look at. The foliage and stems can be glabrous or very pubescent and some authors split the species up into different varieties based on this and other characteristics.
The plants are frequented by flying insects such as butterflies.
Synonyms for the plant include P. purpureum and Dalea purpurea Vent.

Photographs taken at Alley Spring, MO., 6-13-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DAPU5 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DAPU5
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DAPU5 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DAPU5
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DAPU5 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DAPU5
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Dalea purpurea Vent.
purple prairie clover

Image of Dalea purpurea

General Information
Symbol: DAPU5
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
  • PM Publications
  • Data Source and Documentation
    About our new maps
    Plants-NRCS Logos
    green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
    image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
    Native Status:
    lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

    Images

    click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Dalea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

    ©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

    slideshow

    Synonyms

    Classification

    Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
    Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
    Kingdom Plantae – Plants
    Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
    Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
    Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
    Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
    Subclass Rosidae
    Order Fabales
    Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
    Genus Dalea L. – prairie clover
    Species Dalea purpurea Vent. – purple prairie clover

    Subordinate Taxa

    The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Dalea purpurea . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Dalea purpurea</i>
Vent. var. <i>
arenicola</i>
(Wemple) Barneby
    Dalea purpurea var. arenicola
    purple prairie clover Distribution of <i>
Dalea purpurea</i>
Vent. var. <i>
purpurea </i>
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    purple prairie clover

    Legal Status

    Threatened and Endangered Information:
    This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
    Kentucky purple prairie-clover Special Concern
    Michigan purple prairie-clover Probably Extirpated
    Ohio purple prairie-clover Presumed Extirpated
    Tennessee purple prairie-clover Endangered

    Wetland Status

    Interpreting Wetland Status

    Related Links

    More Accounts and Images
    ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (DAPU5)
    CalPhotos (DAPU5)
    Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DAPU5)
    Kemper Center for Home Gardening (DAPU5)
    Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (DAPU5)
    Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (DAPU5)
    Native Plants Network (DAPU5)
    USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (DAPU5)
    University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (DAPU5)
    Related Websites
    MT & ND-Planting Guide (Forbs/Legumes) (DAPU5)

    Wildlife

    Food

    Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

    Cover

    Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

    Description of Values

    Value Class Food Cover


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    Following modified from CalPhotos
       Top | See original


    CalPhotos     Photo Database

     

    Number of matches : 23
    Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Dalea purpurea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

    Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

    Dalea purpurea
    Dalea purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 0000 1004 0128 [detail]
    © 2004 Jeff Abbas

    Dalea purpurea
    Dalea purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 0000 1004 0129 [detail]
    © 2004 Jeff Abbas

    Dalea purpurea
    Dalea purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 0000 1004 0130 [detail]
    © 2004 Jeff Abbas

    Dalea purpurea
    Dalea purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 0000 1004 0131 [detail]
    © 2004 Jeff Abbas

    Dalea purpurea
    Dalea purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 0000 1004 0132 [detail]
    © 2004 Jeff Abbas

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    ID: 0000 0000 0105 0674 [detail]
    © 2005 Louis-M. Landry

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    ID: 0000 0000 0506 1741 [detail]
    © 2006 Louis-M. Landry

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    ID: 0000 0000 0506 1742 [detail]
    © 2006 Louis-M. Landry

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    ID: 0000 0000 0506 1743 [detail]
    © 2006 Louis-M. Landry

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4048 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4049 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4050 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4051 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4052 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4053 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4054 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4055 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4056 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4057 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4058 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4059 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4060 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4061 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


    Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

    CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

    Following modified from CalPhotos
       Top | See original


    CalPhotos     Photo Database

     

    Number of matches : 18
    Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Dalea purpurea var. purpurea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

    Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    ID: 0000 0000 0105 0674 [detail]
    © 2005 Louis-M. Landry

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    ID: 0000 0000 0506 1741 [detail]
    © 2006 Louis-M. Landry

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    ID: 0000 0000 0506 1742 [detail]
    © 2006 Louis-M. Landry

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    ID: 0000 0000 0506 1743 [detail]
    © 2006 Louis-M. Landry

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4048 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4049 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4050 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4051 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4052 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4053 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4054 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4055 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4056 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4057 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4058 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4059 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4060 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
    Purple Prairie Clover
    ID: 0000 1111 1234 4061 [detail]
    © 2016 Keir Morse

    Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


    Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

    CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

    Updated: 2017-06-26 14:19:22 gmt
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