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Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758)
EUROPEAN SEABASS
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Moronidae   Dicentrarchus


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Dicentrarchus&speciesname=labrax ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Dicentrarchus-labrax.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Dicentrarchus labrax   (Linnaeus, 1758)

European seabass Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
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Dicentrarchus labrax   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos     Google image Image of Dicentrarchus labrax (European seabass) Dicentrarchus labrax
Picture by Crocetta, F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Moronidae (Temperate basses)
Etymology: Dicentrarchus: Greek, di = two + Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, archos = anus (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; oceanodromous; depth range 10 - 100 m (Ref. 9987 ).   Subtropical; 8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944 ); 72°N - 11°N, 19°W - 42°E (Ref. 54221 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco, the Canary Islands and Senegal. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Absent from White, Barents, Baltic and Caspian Seas (Ref. 59043 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 32.3 , range 23 - 46 cm
Max length : 103 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637 ); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6916 ); max. published weight: 12.0 kg (Ref. 1468 ); max. reported age: 30 years (Ref. 59043 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 10 - 12. Diagnosis: head with cycloid scales above; mouth moderately protractile (Ref. 231 ). Vomerine teeth only anteriorly (Ref. 231 ), in a crescentic band (Ref. 231 , 57391 ). Scales on interorbital space cycloid (Ref. 57391 ). Posterior edge of opercle finely serrated, lower edge with strong forward- directed denticles (Ref. 231 ). 2 flat opercular spines (Ref. 231 , 57391 ). Young with some dark spots on upper part of body (Ref. 231 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults manifest demersal behavior, inhabit coastal waters down to about 100m depth but more common in shallow waters (Ref. 54221 , 57391 ). Found in the littoral zone on various kinds of bottoms on estuaries, lagoons and occasionally rivers. They enter coastal waters and river mouths in summer, but migrate offshore in colder weather and occur in deep water during winter in the northern range. Young fish form school, but adults appear to be less gregarious (Ref. 9987 ). Feed chiefly on shrimps and mollusks, also on fishes (Ref. 5990 ). Juveniles feed on invertebrates, taking increasingly more fish with age. Adults piscivorous . (Ref. 59043 ). Spawn in batches (Ref. 51846 ). Spawning takes place in the spring near the British Isles, and earlier in its southern range. Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 35388 ). Marketed fresh or smoked (Ref. 9987 ). Highly sought by sport fishermen (Ref. 30578 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawn in groups. Eggs are pelagic. In the Mediterranean, first sexual maturity occurs generally between 2 and 4 years of age while in the Atlantic sexual maturity happens a little later (males between 4-7 years and females between 5-8 years). Spawning happens just once a year and it tends to be in winter, although in southern areas it can occur in spring. Eggs have 1-2 fat drops that fuse about 12 hours after laying. Embryo development lasts about three days at 13-14°C and larval development about 40 days at 19°C. Egg size 1.1-1.5 mm, larval length at hatching 3 mm.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Smith, C.L. , 1990. Moronidae. p. 692-694. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6916 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(Aquaculture: production , species profile ; fisheries: production , species profile ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
Ecosystems
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Ecology
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Food consumption
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | OsteoBase( skull , spine ) | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 7.3 - 19.5, mean 10.7 (based on 788 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.7656   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00748 - 0.01112), b=3.03 (2.97 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.50 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.06-0.33; tm=2-8; tmax=30; Fec=230,000). Prior r = 0.38, 2 SD range = 0.17 - 0.88, log(r) = -0.97, SD log(r) = 0.42, Based on: 1 M, 16 K, 11 tgen, 9 tmax, 2 Fec records Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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Updated: 2018-07-22 12:55:25 gmt
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