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Echium vulgare L.
VIPERS-BUGLOSS
Common vipers bugloss

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Boraginaceae   Echium

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Echium vulgare
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 4
Echium vulgare

Echium vulgare
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Echium vulgare

Echium vulgare
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Echium vulgare

Echium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Echium vulgare

Echium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Echium vulgare

Echium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Echium vulgare

Echium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Echium vulgare

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Bombus griseocollis @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Bombus ternarius @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Melissodes apicata @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Melissodes bimaculata @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Melissodes communis @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Augochlorella aurata @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Halictus rubicundus @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (2)
Megachilidae  Anthidium manicatum @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Hoplitis adunca @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hoplitis albifrons @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Hoplitis anthocopoides @ CUIC_ENT (29)

Hoplitis cylindrica @ BBSL (1)

Hoplitis pilosifrons @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Hoplitis producta @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Megachile latimanus @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile relativa @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia distincta @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Osmia lignaria @ AMNH_BEE (2)

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ERROR -- Need to remove recursive link: http://pick18.pick.uga.edu/mp/20p%3Fsee%3DI_USID234%26res%3D320 USID_Seeds

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Echium vulgare L. Viper's-bugloss
Boraginaceae — Borage family
Non-native
Echium vulgare
Shenandoah National Park, VA
July 2005

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Echium vulgare  L. - Blue Weed, Bugloss

Echium vulgare plant

Family - Boraginaceae

Stems - To +1m tall, erect, lateral stems often ascending, typically multiple from base, simple, herbaceous, from big taproot, green with purple spotting (from spine bases), dense pubescent and also with straight spines. Spines clear and crystalline.

Echium vulgare stem

Leaves - Alternate, sessile. The basal and lower cauline leaves to +15cm long, 3cm broad. all leaves entire, acute, linear to linear lanceolate or linear-oblong, with single midvein, strigose above and below, with spines on midrib below, green above, light green below.

Echium vulgare leaves

Inflorescence - Axillary and terminal scorpoid racemes from upper 2/3 of stem. Racemes subtended by foliaceous bracts. Flowers secund, sessile, each subtended by a lanceolate bract. Bracts typically equaling the calyx. Bracts and axis of inflorescence pubescent and with spines.

Echium vulgare inflorescence

Flowers - Corolla shallowly 5-lobed, zygomorphic, blue-purple to pink, to 1.5cm long. Corolla tube sericeous externally, glabrous internally. Lobes rounded, the upper two larger and extended further than the lower three. Stamens 5, adnate near base of corolla tube, opposite of corolla lobes, exserted. Filaments 1.3cm long, reddish, glabrous. Anthers greyish-green, .6mm broad. Style densely pubescent, pinkish-red, 2cm long. Stigma 2-lobed, 1.5mm long. Ovary superior, 4-lobed, 2mm in diameter, subtended by nectariferous ring. Lobes rounded, glabrous, green. Sepals 5, green, attenuate, spined and pubescent externally, glabrous internally, to 8mm long in flower, distinct. Calyx accrescent. Fruit 1-seeded. Many times only one of the four lobes of the ovary developing into a mature fruit.

Echium vulgare flower

Echium vulgare flower

Flowering - May - September.

Habitat - Waste ground, roadsides, gravel bars, sand bars.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This striking species is best viewed and not touched. The sharp spines, which cover the plant, are a powerful deterrent and become lodged in the skin much like those of a cactus. This species is becoming common in many areas of Missouri and should not be willingly spread. It would be a good garden subject in an area of little water.
Traditionally the leaves of the plant were boiled and made into a tea which helped fevers and headaches. The plant contains alkaloids.

Photographs taken off Highway 106 in Ellington, MO., 6-8-01, and off Hwy 40, Iron County, MO., 6-1-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ECVU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ECVU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ECVU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ECVU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ECVU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ECVU
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Echium vulgare L.
common viper's bugloss

Image of Echium vulgare

General Information
Symbol: ECVU
Group: Dicot
Family: Boraginaceae
Duration: Annual
Biennial
Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   W
L48   I
SPM   I
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Echium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, AZ, Flagstaff, Arboretum. July 14, 2001. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 94. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Family Boraginaceae – Borage family
Genus Echium L. – viper's bugloss
Species Echium vulgare L. – common viper's bugloss

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Washington blueweed Class B noxious weed blueweed, blue thistle, blue devil, viper's bugloss, snake flower Noxious weed seed and plant quarantine
U.S. Weed Information
Echium vulgare blueweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ECVU)
CalPhotos (ECVU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ECVU)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (ECVU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ECVU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ECVU)
University of Washington Burke Museum (ECVU)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ECVU)
Related Websites
British Columbia Ag. & Food, Crop Protection Program (ECVU)
Swedish Virtual Flora: images & text (in Swedish) (ECVU)
Victoria - Natural Resources & Environment: Landcare Notes (ECVU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 20
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Echium vulgare%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Vipers Bugloss
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0613 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Vipers Bugloss
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0615 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Vipers Bugloss
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0617 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Vipers Bugloss
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0618 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Blueweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1806 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Blueweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1807 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Blueweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1808 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Blueweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1809 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Blueweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1810 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Blueweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1811 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Blueweed
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1812 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Viper's Bluglos, Blueweed
ID: 0000 0000 0605 1270 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Antonio Martinez

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Viper's Bluglos, Blueweed
ID: 0000 0000 0605 1271 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Antonio Martinez

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Viper's Bluglos, Blueweed
ID: 0000 0000 0605 1272 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Antonio Martinez

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Limba Sarpelui
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0920 [detail]
© 2006 Mihaela Daraban

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Viper's Bugloss
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0923 [detail]
© 2006 Ana Cojocariu

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
Viper's Bugloss / Ro_limba Sarpelui
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0924 [detail]
© 2006 Ana Cojocariu

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0753 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0754 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Echium vulgare
Echium vulgare
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0755 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

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