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Electrona antarctica (Gunther, 1878)
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Myctophidae   Electrona


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Electrona antarctica   (Günther, 1878)

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Electrona antarctica   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Electrona antarctica Electrona antarctica
Picture by SFSA

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes (Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae (Lanternfishes) > Myctophinae
Etymology: Electrona: Greek, elektron = amber (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 1 - 1010 m (Ref. 114491 ).   Polar; 45°S - 78°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Circumpolar south of Antarctic Polar Front, but not found in Ross Sea; adults only in higher latitudes (South Orkneys, South Shetlands, Peter Island) and south of the Weddell-Scotia confluence, but adults and juveniles in the region of South Sandwich I, South Georgia and Bouvet. Reported from off the Cape, South Africa and from 43°17'S, 48°55'E (Ref. 4066 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 7.4   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114491 ); 10.3 cm SL (female); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 94119 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 19 - 22

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Oceanic and mesopelagic, found in the upper 100 m south of the Antarctic Polar Front but deeper northwards (Ref. 4066 ). Adults take more euphausiids and also prey upon polychaetes. The diet of juveniles of less than 6 cm SL consists mainly of copepods, with some euphausiids and hyperiids. Possibly the most common myctophid occurring south of the Antarctic Polar Front.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Paxton, John | Collaborators

Hulley, P.A. , 1990. Myctophidae. p. 146-178. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5182 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: FAO(Publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00479 - 0.02087), b=3.14 (2.95 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.17-0.25; tmax=11). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Jarre-Teichmann, Astrid Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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