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Fundulus heteroclitus (Linnaeus, 1766)
MUMMICHOG
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Fundulidae   Fundulus

Fundulus heteroclitus
© Copyright Peter Burn 2011 · -1
Fundulus heteroclitus

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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Fundulus&speciesname=heteroclitus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Fundulus-heteroclitus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Fundulus heteroclitus   (Linnaeus, 1766)

Mummichog Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Fundulus heteroclitus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Fundulus heteroclitus (Mummichog) Fundulus heteroclitus
Juvenile picture by Terceira, A.C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Fundulidae (Topminnows and killifishes)
Etymology: Fundulus: Latin, fundus = bottom; a peculiar name for a topminnow, coined for a bottom species of Atlantic coast being "the abode of the fundulus mudfish" (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; non-migratory.   Temperate; 10°C - 24°C (Ref. 12468 ); 52°N - 28°N, 82°W - 57°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence to northeast Florida, USA. Two subspecies were previously recognized: Fundulus heteroclitus heteroclitus and Fundulus heteroclitus macrolepidotus (Ref. 86798 ). Introduced to southern Portugal and southern Spain (Ref. 59043 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139 ); common length : 8.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193 ); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 59043 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from nearly identical species Fundulus grandis by having the following characters: more convex upper profile; dark bars alternating with silvery interspaces on side; small ocellus at rear of dorsal fin of male; and each mandible with 4 pores (Ref. 86798 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in saltwater marshes, tidal creeks and nearby fresh water (Ref. 86798 ). A resident intertidal species with homing behavior (Ref. 32612 ). Adults are mainly found in saltwater marshes and in tidal creeks. They may leave tide pools if aquatic conditions become inhospitable (Ref. 31184 ). They also enter fresh water to a limited extent (Ref. 7251 ). Not a seasonal killifish. They breathe air when out of water (Ref. 31184 ). Difficult to maintain in aquariums (Ref. 27139 ). Introduction has caused the decline of native species and near extinction of Aphanius baeticus in southwestern Spain (Ref. 59043 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Deposits eggs in the shells of Modiolus demissus (Ref. 26281 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr , 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
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Ecotoxicology
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Age/Size
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Length-frequencies
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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 6.1 - 23.7, mean 9.3 (based on 163 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00514 - 0.02340), b=3.19 (3.00 - 3.38), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.48 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm<1; tmax=4). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Torres, Armi G. Fish Forum
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Updated: 2017-12-17 07:33:10 gmt
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