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Geranium carolinianum L.
CAROLINA CRANES-BILL
Carolina geranium

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Geraniaceae   Geranium

Geranium carolinianum, Carolina Cranesbill
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Geranium carolinianum, Carolina Cranesbill

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Geranium carolinianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Geranium carolinianum
Geranium carolinianum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Geranium carolinianum

Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Geranium carolinianum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Geranium carolinianum, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, stem - showing leaf bases
Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view

Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, whole plant - in flower - general view
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Geranium carolinianum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Geranium carolinianum, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, stem - showing leaf bases

Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Geranium carolinianum, fruit - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Geranium carolinianum, fruit - juvenile

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena nasonii @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ NCSU (2)
Apidae  Nomada articulata @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Nomada seneciophila @ BBSL (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta geranii @ BPI (1)
Coccinellidae  Coccinella septempunctata @ I_LB (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium geranii @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Sphaerotheca humuli @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis producta @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (11)

Orthotylus ornatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora geranii @ BPI (3)

Ramularia geranii @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora geranii @ BPI (1)

Plasmopara geranii @ BPI (109)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia polygoni-amphibii @ BPI (2)

Uromyces proeminens @ BPI (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium geranii @ BPI (30)
Venturiaceae  Venturia glomerata @ BPI (1)
_  Aulacorthum( @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Pestalozziella subsessilis @ BPI (7)

Stigmatea confertissima @ BPI (1)

Stigmatea geranii @ BPI (2)

Stigmatea robertiani @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Geranium carolinianum L. Carolina Crane's-bill
Geraniaceae — Geranium family
Native
Geranium carolinianum
Bellevue State Park
May 2001

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Geranium carolinianum L.

Geranium carolinianum plant

Family - Geraniaceae

Stems - From a big taproot, multiple from the base, erect to ascending, herbaceous, often reddish, widely branching, densely glandular and simple pubescent, terete, to +50cm tall (long).

Geranium carolinianum stem

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, stipulate. Stipules to 1cm long, subulate, 3mm broad at the base, ciliate at least on one margin, often pinkish. Petioles to +15cm long, terete, pubescent as the stem. Blades palmately 5-lobed, as broad or broader than long, to +/-5cm broad and long, pubescent mostly on the veins abaxially and at the base of the leaf, the adaxial surface sparsely pubescent. Veins of the blade impressed above, expressed below. Lobes of leaf divided again. Ultimate divisions of the leaf often with a minute reddish tip, subacute to acute.

Geranium carolinianum leaves

Inflorescence - Paired pedunculate flowers. Peduncle expanding to +5cm long in fruit, densely simple and glandular pubescent. Ciliate subulate bracts subtending the pedicels. Pedicels to 1cm long in fruit, pubescent as the peduncle.

Flowers - Petals 5, distinct, pale pink, slightly emarginate at the apex, glandular externally, glabrous internally, to 3-4mm long, 2mm broad. Stamens 10, erect, surrounding the ovary. Filaments compressed and expanded at the base, green to pinkish, ciliate. Anthers pinkish-yellow, .7mm broad and long. Ovary superior, densely long ciliate (non-glandular), 5-carpellate. Carpels green, ovoid. Styles 5, green, glabrous at the apex, united at the base. Sepals 5, erect, oblong-ovate, with a 1-2mm long mucro, accrescent, +/-5mm long in flower, to 1cm long in fruit, 4-5mm broad (in fruit), ciliate externally (some glandular), very sparse pubescent to glabrous internally. Carpels in fruit to 4mm long, becoming black, densely long ciliate (some glandular), expanded style tube to -2cm long, pubescent and with a few glandular hairs.

Geranium carolinianum flower

Geranium carolinianum calyx Calyx.

Geranium carolinianum fruit Developing fruits.

Flowering - May - July.

Habitat - Meadows, prairies, fields, pastures, waste ground, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This weedy yet showy species can be found throughout most of Missouri but is less common in the north-central portion of the state. The plant can be identified by its hairy stems, divided leaves, pinkish flowers, tapered sepals, and non-reticulate fruits. This is the most abundant Geranium in Missouri.

Photographs taken along Hwy 29 near Greensboro, NC., 4-20-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Geraniales  
 Family Geraniaceae  
 Genus Geranium  
  Geranium carolinianum    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Geranium atrum Geranium carolinianum albiflorum Geranium carolinianum carolinianum Geranium carolinianum confertiflorum Geranium carolinianum sphaerospermum Geranium carolinum Geranium dissectum carolinianum Geranium langloisii Geranium lanuginosum Geranium lenticulum Geranium sphaerospermum details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 3: 403, 1993; Wu, S. H., C. F. Hsieh, and Marcel Rejmanek. 2004. Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania
Name Code: 203405
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=GECA5 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=GECA5
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Geranium+carolinianum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Geranium+carolinianum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Geranium+carolinianum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2018-02-24 17:00:49 gmt
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