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Helenium autumnale L.
SNEEZEWEED
Common sneezeweed

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Helenium

Helenium autumnale, Common Sneezeweed
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Helenium autumnale, Common Sneezeweed

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Helenium autumnale, Common Sneezeweed
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Helenium autumnale, Common Sneezeweed
Helenium autumnale
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Helenium autumnale

Helenium autumnale
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Helenium autumnale

Helenium autumnale
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Helenium autumnale

Helenium autumnale
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Helenium autumnale

Helenium autumnale
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Helenium autumnale

Helenium autumnale
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale, Common Sneezeweed
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Helenium autumnale, Common Sneezeweed

Helenium autumnale, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Helenium autumnale, leaf and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Perdita perpallida @ UCRC_ENT (6)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (6)

Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (90)
Apidae  Melissodes humilior @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes verbesinarum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Xylocopa virginica @ BBSL (1)
Cicadellidae  Draeculacephala @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Empoasca ( @ MEMU_ENT (7)

Graphocephala versuta @ MEMU_ENT (8)

Xestocephalus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma compositarum @ BPI (4)

Entyloma helenii @ BPI (1)

Entyloma polysporum @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (8)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum coeruleum @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (8)

Orthotylus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Tropidosteptes pacificus @ AMNH_ENT (3)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria helenii @ BPI (6)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia extensicola-solidaginis @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium compositarum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Helenium autumnale L. Autumn Sneezeweed
Asteraceae — Aster family
Native
Helenium autumnale
Paper Mill Park
September 2008

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Helenium autumnale L.

Helenium autumnale plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Helenium autumnale stem

Leaves - No info. yet.

Helenium autumnale leaves

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Involucre -No info. yet.

Ray flowers - No info. yet.

Helenium autumnale flowers

Disk flowers - No info. yet.

Helenium autumnale flowers Mature flowerhead.

Flowering - August - November.

Habitat - Moist ground along streams, ponds, ditches, wet meadows, wet prairies, wet open ground.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species can be found throughout most of Missouri but is absent from the extreme southeastern corner of the state. The plant is simple to identify in the field because of its heavily winged stems, and solid yellow flowers heads. Another winged species, H. flexuosum Raf. , has flowerheads with yellow rays and dark brown disk flowers.
H. autumnale was used traditionally to treat many ailments. A snuff of dried and powdered plants was used to treat colds. This snuff induces sneezing. A lactone found in the plant, Helenalin, shows very good antitumor activity. This same compound is toxic to invertebrates as well as fish. The plant is also ignored by cattle and livestock.
As the species epithet would indicate, this species blooms in the fall.

Photographs taken along the shores of the Current River, Shannon County, MO., 9-20-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HEAU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HEAU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HEAU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HEAU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HEAU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HEAU
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Helenium autumnale L.
common sneezeweed

Image of Helenium autumnale

General Information
Symbol: HEAU
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Helenium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA, Hunting Creek. Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United Kingdom, England, Kew, Royal Botanic Gardens. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 510. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Helenium L. – sneezeweed
Species Helenium autumnale L. – common sneezeweed

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Helenium autumnale . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Helenium autumnale</i>
L. var. <i>
autumnale </i>
Helenium autumnale var. autumnale
common sneezeweed Distribution of <i>
Helenium autumnale</i>
L. var. <i>
grandiflorum</i>
(Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray
Helenium autumnale var. grandiflorum
fall sneezeweed Distribution of <i>
Helenium autumnale</i>
L. var. <i>
montanum</i>
(Nutt.) Fernald
Helenium autumnale var. montanum
mountain sneezeweed

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Helenium autumnale bitterweed common sneezeweed false sunflower This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (HEAU)
CalPhotos (HEAU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HEAU)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (HEAU)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (HEAU)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (HEAU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (HEAU)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (HEAU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (HEAU)
University of Washington Burke Museum (HEAU)
Related Websites
IL-Weeds of the North Central States (HEAU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Minor

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 21 Page 427, 430 , 431 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Helenium

8. Helenium autumnale Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 886. 1753.

Common sneezeweed, hélénie automnale

Helenium autumnale var. canaliculatum (Lamarck) Torrey & A. Gray; H. autumnale var. fylesii B. Boivin; H. autumnale var. grandiflorum Torrey & A. Gray; H. autumnale var. montanum (Nuttall) Fernald; H. autumnale var. parviflorum (Nuttall) Fernald; H. latifolium Miller; H. parviflorum Nuttall

Perennials, 50—130 cm. Stems 1(—7), branched distally, strongly winged, sparsely to densely hairy proximally, moderately to densely hairy distally. Leaves usually moderately to densely hairy, sometimes glabrous; basal blades (withered by flowering) lanceolate, oblanceolate, or obovate, entire or weakly lobed; proximal and mid blades obovate to oblanceolate, usually dentate or entire; distal blades oblanceolate to lanceolate, entire or dentate. Heads 5—70(—100+) per plant, in paniculiform arrays. Peduncles 3—10 cm, moderately to densely hairy. Involucres globoid, 8—20 × 8—23 mm. Phyllaries (connate proximally) moderately to densely hairy. Ray florets 8—21, pistillate, fertile; corollas yellow, 10—23 × 4—10 mm. Disc florets 200—400(—800+); corollas yellow proximally, yellow to yellow-brown distally, 2.4—4 mm, lobes 5. Cypselae 1—2 mm, sparsely to moderately hairy; pappi of 5—7 entire, aristate scales (0.5—)0.9—1.5(—1.8) mm. 2 n = 32, 34, 36.

Flowering (Jul—)Aug—Oct(—Nov). Roadsides, fields, along streams, ditches, seepage areas, around ponds and lakes; 20—2600 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.W.T., Ont., Que., Sask.; Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., Wash., W.Va., Wyo.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Helenium+autumnale+var.+montanum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Helenium+autumnale+var.+montanum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Helenium autumnale var. montanum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Helenium autumnale var. montanum
Helenium autumnale var. montanum
Montane Autumn Sneezeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1202 0757 [detail]
© 1996 Christopher L. Christie

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Helenium+autumnale&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Helenium+autumnale&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
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Number of matches : 36
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Helenium autumnale%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0394 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0395 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0854 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0855 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0856 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2093 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2094 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2095 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2096 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2097 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0881 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0882 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0883 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0884 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0885 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0886 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 0712 1669 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
ID: 0000 0000 1012 1623 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1015 1761 [detail]
© 2015 Richard Spellenberg

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1015 1762 [detail]
© 2015 Richard Spellenberg

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1015 1763 [detail]
© 2015 Richard Spellenberg

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Bitterweed
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1767 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Bitterweed
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1768 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Helenium autumnale
Helenium autumnale
Bitterweed
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1769 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Helenium+autumnale+var.+grandiflorum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Helenium+autumnale+var.+grandiflorum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Helenium autumnale var. grandiflorum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Helenium autumnale var. grandiflorum
Helenium autumnale var. grandiflorum
Mountain Sneezeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0111 0848 [detail]
© 2011 Ryan Batten

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2018-06-24 13:30:13 gmt
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