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Helianthus tuberosus L.
JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Helianthus

Helianthus tuberosus, Jerusalem Artichoke
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Helianthus tuberosus, Jerusalem Artichoke

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Helianthus tuberosus
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 6
Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Helianthus tuberosus

Helianthus tuberosus, Jerusalem Artichoke
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Helianthus tuberosus, Jerusalem Artichoke
Helianthus tuberosus, Jerusalem Artichoke
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Helianthus tuberosus, Jerusalem Artichoke

Helianthus tuberosus, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Helianthus tuberosus, leaf and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena chromotricha @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Andrena helianthi @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Pseudopanurgus piercei @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSUC_TCN (1); NCSU_ENT (2)

Capitophorus elaeagni @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Uroleucon ( @ NCSU (18)
Apidae  Bombus ashtoni @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus citrinus @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Bombus fervidus @ VTST_ENT (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus huntii @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus pensylvanicus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus rufocinctus @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus terricola @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Bombus vagans @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Melissodes agilis @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Melissodes bidentis @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Melissodes coreopsis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Nomada vincta @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Triepeolus helianthi @ AMNH_BEE (4)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (10)
Halictidae  Augochlorella aurata @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Augochlorella persimilis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Dufourea marginata @ BBSL (7)

Halictus ligatus @ AMNH_BEE (4)
Megachilidae  Coelioxys rufitarsis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile brevis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile latimanus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile mendica @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile pugnata @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Membracidae  Acutalis tartarea @ NCSU (3)

Entylia carinata @ UDCC_TCN (1); NCSU (7)

Stictocephala bisonia @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Miridae  Ilnacora divisa @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Slaterocoris breviatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Helianthus tuberosus L. Jerusalem Artichoke
Asteraceae — Aster family
Native
Helianthus tuberosus
Woodland Beach Wildlife Area
August 2001 Helianthus tuberosus
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
September 2010

Guide to Helianthus of Delaware

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HETU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HETU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HETU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HETU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HETU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HETU
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Helianthus tuberosus L.
Jerusalem artichoke

Image of Helianthus tuberosus

General Information
Symbol: HETU
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Helianthus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . United States, TX, Knox City. Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 486. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 486. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
HETO4 Helianthus tomentosus Michx.
HETUS2 Helianthus tuberosus L. var. subcanescens A. Gray

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Helianthus L. – sunflower
Species Helianthus tuberosus L. – Jerusalem artichoke

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke Jerusalem sunflower girasole This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (HETU)
CalPhotos (HETU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HETO4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HETU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HETUS2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (HETU)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (HETU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (HETU)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (HETU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (HETU)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (HETU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 21 Page 147, 159, 160, 161 , 162 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Helianthus

32. Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 905. 1753.

Jerusalem artichoke , topinambour

Helianthus tomentosus Michaux; H. tuberosus var. subcanescens A. Gray

Perennials , 50—200+ cm (rhizomatous, producing tubers late in growing season). Stems erect, scabro-hispid to hirsute (sometimes glaucous). Leaves mostly cauline; opposite or alternate proximally, usually alternate distally; petioles 2—8 cm (often ± winged); blades (3-nerved from near bases) lanceolate to ovate, 10—23 × 7—15 cm, bases broadly to narrowly cuneate, margins entire or serrate (flat), abaxial faces puberulent or hirsutulous to tomentulose and gland-dotted (abaxial) or ± scabrous (adaxial). Heads 3—15. Peduncles 1—15 cm. Involucres hemispheric, (10—25 ×) 8—12 mm. Phyllaries (often dark green, drying nearly black) 22—35 (bases appressed, apices ± spreading, sometimes reflexed in fruit), lanceolate, 8.5—15 × 2—4 mm (subequal), (margins ciliate) apices acuminate, abaxial faces hispidulous or puberulent, gland-dotted. Paleae 8—9 mm, 3-toothed (apices hairy). Ray florets 10—20; laminae 25—40 mm. Disc florets 60+; corollas 6—7 mm, lobes yellow; anthers dark brown or black, appendages dark or yellowish. Cypselae 5—7 mm, glabrous or distally hairy; pappi of 2 aristate scales 1.9—3 mm plus 0—1 deltate scales 0.5—0.8 mm. 2 n = 102.

Flowering late summer—fall. Roadsides, fields, waste areas; 0—1000(—1500) m; Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Ark., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; cultivated and adventive in Europe.

Helianthus tuberosus is variable, probably in part stemming from hybridization with other polyploids, including H. pauciflorus, H. resinosus , and H. strumosus . Helianthus tuberosus is so widely spread as a weedy species that its original distribution is difficult to discern. It has been used as a food plant for its tubers by native Americans (although not necessarily domesticated or even cultivated); it has been developed as a crop primarily in Europe, where it has become widely naturalized. The common name Jerusalem artichoke is a misnomer, as explained by C. B. Heiser (1976).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 44
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Helianthus tuberosus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Girasole
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0412 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0823 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0824 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0825 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0829 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0830 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0831 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0832 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0833 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1862 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0904 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0905 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0906 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0907 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0908 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0909 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0910 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0911 [detail]
2008 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2522 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0311 0612 [detail]
2011 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0311 0613 [detail]
2011 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0311 0614 [detail]
2011 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke
ID: 0000 0000 0311 0615 [detail]
2011 Nick Kurzenko

Helianthus tuberosus
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem-artichoke
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1884 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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