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Hypsoblennius jenkinsi (Jordan and Evermann, 1896)
MUSSEL BLENNY
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Blenniidae   Hypsoblennius

Hypsoblennius jenkinsi
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Hypsoblennius jenkinsi

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Hypsoblennius jenkinsi
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Hypsoblennius jenkinsi
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • 1 bushy eye cirrus
  • d: ~no notch after spines
  • mottled brown, saddles under d
  • eye: 2 bars under, crescent behind
Gill openings restricted to sides of body by fusion of gill cover membranes to throat; nostril with a cirrus; 1 pair heavily branched cirri above eyes; jaw teeth incisor-like, in 1 row, immovable; dorsal XI-XIII, 15-19, little or no notch between spiny & soft parts; anal II, 15-20; pelvic I, 3; lateral line ends above origin of anal fin.

Head pale, with 2 thin dark bars under eye, usually a dark crescent behind eye, lower side of head without red color; body mottled brown, often tinged with red, series of short dark bars under dorsal fin; dorsal & anal lightly speckled, tail with 2 faint bars, dark smudge on base of pectoral.

Size: 13 cm.

Habitat: in burrows of boring clams & worm tubes on rocky shores, also in mussel beds.

Depth: 1-20 m.

California to central Baja and the northern half of the Gulf of California.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: benthic microalgae; mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=36; Southern limit=25; Western limit=-122; Eastern limit=-111; Latitudinal range=11; Longitudinal range=11.
Egg Type: Benthic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Omnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Barnacles & worm tubes; Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 13 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; California province, primarily; Continent only; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Bath, H., 2000., Verwandtschaftliche beziehungen der arten der gattung Hypsoblennius Gill 1861 (Pisces, Blenniidae)., Senckenbergiana Biologica, 80:175-187.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part III., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:2183-3136.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Stephens , J.S. , Johnson , R.K. , Key , G. S. and McCosker, J. E., 1970., The comparative ecology of three sympatric species of California blennies of the genus Hypsoblennius Gill (Teleostomi, Blenniidae)., Ecology Monographs., 40:213-233.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Hypsoblennius jenkinsi   (Jordan & Evermann, 1896)

Mussel blenny Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Hypsoblennius jenkinsi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Hypsoblennius jenkinsi (Mussel blenny) Hypsoblennius jenkinsi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Blenniidae (Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Hypsoblennius: Greek, hypsi = high + Greek, blennios = mucus (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 21 m (Ref. 2850 ), usually ? - 10 m (Ref. 56052 ).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: southern California, USA to Puerto Marquez, Mexico, including the Gulf of California.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850 ); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 56052 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found in rocky areas (Ref. 37955 ), inhabiting holes and crevices, often in burrows of boring clams or tubes of marine worms, also in mussel beds (Ref. 2850 ). Mostly sedentary and territorial (Ref. 2850 ). Demersal spawners in nearshore habitats (Ref. 56049 ). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205 ), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114 ). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann , 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.7   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=5.5; Fec = 1,540). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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