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Kalmia latifolia L.
MOUNTAIN-LAUREL
Mountain laurel

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ericaceae   Kalmia

Kalmia latifolia
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Kalmia latifolia

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Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia

Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia

Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia

Kalmia latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kalmia latifolia
Kalmia latifolia
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Kalmia latifolia

Kalmia latifolia, Mountain laurel flowers, Howard County, Md, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Kalmia latifolia, Mountain laurel flowers, Howard County, Md, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
Kalmia latifolia, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Kalmia latifolia, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Kalmia latifolia, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Kalmia latifolia, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Kalmia latifolia, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Kalmia latifolia, fruit - as borne on the plant

Kalmia latifolia, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Kalmia latifolia, twig - orientation of petioles
Kalmia latifolia, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Kalmia latifolia, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Aleuroplatus plumosus @ CSCA_TCN (5)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia artocreas @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia kalmicola @ BPI (3)

Pestalotia vaccinii @ BPI (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena bradleyi @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Andrena kalmiae @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena mandibularis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena nasonii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena rugosa @ CUIC_ENT (4)
Aphididae  Illinoia ( @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Apidae  Bombus bimaculatus @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Bombus impatiens @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus sandersoni @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Xylocopa virginica @ BBSL (1)
Boliniaceae  Endoxyla macrostoma @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Guignardia vaccinii @ 598506A (1); 598506B (1)

Phyllosticta kalmicola @ BPI (44)

Phyllosticta latifolia @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta latifoliae @ BPI (18)
Chaetosphaeriaceae  Menispora glauconigra @ BPI (1)
Cladoniaceae  Cladonia caespiticia @ GAL (1)
Clavicipitaceae  Cordyceps militaris @ BPI (1)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora byssoidea @ BPI (1)

Coniophora dryina @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium alboflavescens @ BPI (3)

Corticium polyporoideum @ BPI (2)

Corticium roseum @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces deliquescens @ BPI (1)

Dacrymyces minor @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Tapesia fusca @ BPI (1)

Tapesia subiculata @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe kalmiae @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis kalmiae @ 358561A (1); BPI (35)

Phomopsis kalmicola @ BPI (1); 358561B (1)

Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Diaspis texensis @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Exidiaceae  Exidia recisa @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Glomerella cingulata @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon texanus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum acuminatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Helotiaceae  Sporonema oxycocci @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum membranaceum @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocreopsis lichenoides @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora kalmiae @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterium kalmiae @ BPI (1)

Hysterium @ BPI (1)
Lygaeidae  Kleidocerys resedae @ NCSU (1)
Margarodidae  Icerya purchasi @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Megachilidae  Osmia virga @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Membracidae  Cyrtolobus pallidifrontis @ NCSU (1)

Platycotis vittata @ NCSU (2)
Miridae  Deraeocoris quercicola @ NCSU (1)

Dicyphus famelicus @ NCSU (5)

Hyaliodes vitripennis @ NCSU (6)

Lygus rubroclarus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Neolygus belfragii @ AMNH_ENT (7)

Neolygus laureae @ NCSU_ENT (45); AMNH_IZC (4)

Neolygus omnivagus @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Phytocoris salicis @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Plagiognathus obscurus @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Rhinocapsus rubricans @ NCSU_ENT (10)

Rhinocapsus vanduzeei @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Stenotus binotatus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Tupiocoris rhododendri @ NCSU (10)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora kalmiae @ BPI (51)

Cercospora sparsa @ BPI (2)

Cercospora @ BPI (3)

Mycosphaerella colorata @ BPI (54)

Mycosphaerella @ BPI (1)

Rhabdospora kalmiarum @ BPI (5)

Septoria angustifolia @ BPI (1)

Septoria kalmicola @ 380712B (1); BPI (56); 380712A (1)

Septoria @ BPI (2)
Parmeliaceae  Hypotrachyna taylorensis @ GAL (1)

Parmelinopsis horrescens @ GAL (1)

Parmelinopsis minarum @ GAL (1)

Punctelia subrudecta @ GAL (1)
Pentatomidae  Acrosternum hilare @ NCSU (1)

Podisus maculiventris @ NCSU (1)
Phacidiaceae  Ceuthospora foliicola @ BPI (1)

Ceuthospora @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium arctesporum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (2)

Poria friesiana @ BPI (2)

Poria inermis @ BPI (3)

Poria punctata @ BPI (1)

Poria sinuosa @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (2)
Septobasidiaceae  Septobasidium @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia aspera @ BPI (1)

Odontia @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum rameale @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Cryptodiscus foveolaris @ BPI (1)
Tingidae  Stephanitis rhododendri @ NCSU (51)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium subvenosum @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora @ BPI (2)

Diplodina @ BPI (1)

Valsa peckiana @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Venturia kalmiae @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Sphaeria andromedae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria kalmicola @ BPI (1)
_  Cercoseptoria @ BPI (1)

Chaunopycnis pustulata @ BPI (1)

Chromocrea gelatinosa @ BPI (1)

Clithris @ BPI (1)

Colletogloeum @ BPI (1)

Depazea kalmicola @ BPI (1)

Fumago vagans @ BPI (1)

Massilieurodes americanus @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Monochaetia @ BPI (1)

Valsaria peckii @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 480, 481, 482 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Kalmia

1. Kalmia latifolia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 391. 1753.

Mountain laurel

Chamaedaphne latifolia (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Kalmia latifolia var. laevipes Fernald

Shrubs or, rarely, trees, erect, (1-)2-8(-12) m. Twigs terete, viscid, stipitate-glandular, glabrescent. Leaves alternate (seemingly whorled on slow-growing twigs); petiole 10-30 mm, glabrous or puberulent, sometimes stipitate-glandular; blade elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 4-12 × 1.5-5 cm, margins plane, apex acute, surfaces stipitate-glandular, glabrescent abaxially, glabrous, midrib puberulent adaxially. Inflorescences terminal, panicles, (12-)20-40-flowered. Pedicels 20-40 mm. Flowers: sepals green to reddish, usually oblong, 3-3.5 mm, apex acute, surfaces glabrous or stipitate-glandular; petals connate nearly their entire lengths, usually pink (ranging from deep red to white) with purple spots around each anther pocket, 20-25 × 15-30 mm, abaxial surface usually lightly stipitate-glandular, adaxial puberulent; filaments 4-5 mm; style 10-18 mm. Capsules 5-locular, 3-5 × 4-7 mm, stipitate-glandular. Seeds winged, obovoid and curved, 0.5-1 mm. 2 n = 24.

Flowering Apr-Jun. Rocky or sandy hardwood forests on mountain slopes, stream bluffs, ravines, or in pure, dense thickets; 0-1900 m; Ala., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va.; introduced in Europe (England).

Kalmia latifolia is a showy and beautiful American indigenous plant. E. S. Rand (1871) wrote that "no words can describe the beauty of this plant on the mountains of the Middle States, where it covers acres, and sheets whole hillsides with pink and white."

SELECTED REFERENCE Kress, A. 1988. Beobachtungen an Blüten von Kalmia latifolia L. (Ericaceae). Phytologia 65: 249-284.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Kalmia+latifolia+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Kalmia+latifolia+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Updated: 2017-12-14 16:26:41 gmt
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