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Following modified from CalPhotos
|http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lepomis+gibbosus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lepomis+gibbosus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal|
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Lepomis+gibbosus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal
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Following modified from FishBase
|http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Lepomis&speciesname=gibbosus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Lepomis-gibbosus.html|
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Common name (e.g. trout)
Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref.
from gibbous, or like a full moon, referring to body shape (Ref.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15; potamodromous (Ref.
). Temperate; 4°C - 22°C (Ref.
); 50°N - 30°N
North America: New Brunswick in Canada to South Carolina in the USA; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and upper Mississippi basins from Quebec and New York west to southeast Manitoba and North Dakota, and south to north Kentucky and Missouri. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); common length : 9.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); max. published weight: 630.00 g (Ref.
); max. reported age: 12 years (Ref.
(total): 10 - 12;
: 8 - 11;
: 28 - 30
Adults inhabit vegetated lakes and ponds, as well as vegetated pools of creeks and small rivers (Ref.
). They feed on small fishes and other vertebrates (Ref.
), as well as fish eggs (Ref.
). An introduced species in Europe which avoids swift waters and occurs in estuaries with a salinity up to 18.2 ppt (Ref.
). Reported in Europe to prey on a wide variety of invertebrates (Ref.
). Considered undesirable catch (Ref.
Males build the nest on very shallow waters near the shore. The pair then swims in a circular path over the nest and eggs and sperm is released in intervals. The male guards the eggs for about 7 days (Ref.
) and the young (to about 11 days after hatching), then prepares the nest for another spawning with the same or different females (Ref.
). In European waters, each male may spawn with several females in one nest and guard the nest until abandoned by larvae (Ref.
). Produces up to 1000 eggs (Ref.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr
, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref.
Least Concern (LC)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
Sea Around Us
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Alien/Invasive Species database
Websites from users
Catalog of Fishes
Fishes of Iran
IGFA World Record
Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes
| Reef Life Survey |
Tree of Life
) | World Records Freshwater Fishing |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00945 - 0.01529), b=3.10 (3.05 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.3 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2; Fec=600-5000).
Prior r = 0.46, 2 SD range = 0.21 - 0.99, log(r) = -0.78, SD log(r) = 0.39, Based on: 6 tgen, 1 tmax, 1 Fec records
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Luna, Susan M.
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