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Linum usitatissimum L.
FLAX
Common flax

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Linaceae   Linum

Linum usitatissimum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Linum usitatissimum, whole plant - in flower - general view

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Linum usitatissimum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Linum usitatissimum, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Linum usitatissimum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Linum usitatissimum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Linum usitatissimum, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Linum usitatissimum, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Linum usitatissimum, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Linum usitatissimum, leaf - on upper stem

Linum usitatissimum, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Linum usitatissimum, stem - showing leaf bases
Linum usitatissimum, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Linum usitatissimum, fruit - lateral or general close-up

Linum usitatissimum, inflorescence - closeup of flower interior
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Linum usitatissimum, inflorescence - closeup of flower interior
Linum usitatissimum, seeds
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Linum usitatissimum, seeds

Linum usitatissimum, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Linum usitatissimum, pollen

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Bombus borealis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus pensylvanicus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus rufocinctus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum versans @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Pseudococcidae  Balanococcus diminutus @ CSCA_TCN (2)

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Linum usitatissimum L. - Common Flax

Linum usitatissimum plant

Family - Linaceae

Stems - To .75m tall, herbaceous, glabrous, reclining to erect, multiple from base, branching above.

Linum usitatissimum stem

Leaves - Alternate, linear, entire, glabrous, glaucous, sessile, to 3cm long, 3mm broad.

Inflorescence - Loose panicles terminating stems.

Flowers - Corolla blue-purple, rotate. Petals 5, to 2cm long, free, cuneate, glabrous, yellowish at base. Stamens 5. Filaments to -4mm long, connected and forming ring around ovary at base, white and fading into light blue-purple at apex. Anthers pale yellow, to 2mm long. Styles 5, to 5mm long, purplish. Ovary globose to subcylindric, glabrous, 10-carpellate.

Linum usitatissimum calyx Calyx.

Linum usitatissimum flower

Fruit - Ovoid capsule to -1cm long, splitting (dehiscing) into 10 portions.

Flowering - May - September.

Habitat - Waste ground, disturbed sites, roadsides, railroads. Also cultivated.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This plant is the common cultivated "Flax" which is used to make linen and linseed oil (a classic wood finish for carpenters). The plant is very high in fatty acid content, especially the unsaturated - linolenic acid. It can be found cultivated throughout the state and is rarely escaped.

Photographs taken in Columbia, MO., 4-25-04.


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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIUS ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIUS
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Linum usitatissimum L.
common flax

Image of Linum usitatissimum

General Information
Symbol: LIUS
Group: Dicot
Family: Linaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   W
L48   I
Other Common Names: flax
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Linum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 436. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
LIHU3 Linum humile Mill.
LIUSH Linum usitatissimum L. var. humile (Mill.) Pers.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Linales
Family Linaceae – Flax family
Genus Linum L. – flax
Species Linum usitatissimum L. – common flax

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (LIUS)
CalPhotos (LIUS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LIHU3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LIUS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LIUSH)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (LIUS)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (LIUS)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (LIUS)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (LIUS)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (LIUS)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 6
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Linum usitatissimum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Linum usitatissimum
Linum usitatissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2340 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Linum usitatissimum
Linum usitatissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2341 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Linum usitatissimum
Linum usitatissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2342 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Linum usitatissimum
Linum usitatissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2343 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Linum usitatissimum
Linum usitatissimum
common flax
ID: 0000 0000 0514 0926 [detail]
© 2014 Al Keuter

Linum usitatissimum
Linum usitatissimum
Common Flax
ID: 0000 0000 0515 1170 [detail]
© 2015 Barry Breckling

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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Updated: 2017-05-26 15:31:06 gmt
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