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Pastinaca sativa L.
PARSNIP
Wild Parsnip; Peucedanum sativum L Benth & Hookf ex SWatson; Pastinaca sativa subsp sylvestris (Mill) Rouy & EG Camus; Pastinaca sativa var sylvestris (Mill) Dc; Pastinaca sylvestris Mill

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Apiaceae   Pastinaca

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Pastinaca sativa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Pastinaca sativa

Pastinaca sativa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Pastinaca sativa

Pastinaca sativa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Pastinaca sativa

Pastinaca sativa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Pastinaca sativa

Pastinaca sativa var. sativa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Pastinaca sativa var. sativa
Pastinaca sativa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Pastinaca sativa

Pastinaca sativa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Pastinaca sativa

Pastinaca sativa
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 1
Pastinaca sativa

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena commoda @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Andrena crataegi @ CUIC_ENT (27)

Andrena hippotes @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena medionitens @ BBSL (1)

Andrena miranda @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena spiraeana @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena thaspii @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena w-scripta @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Andrena wilkella @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Perdita zebrata @ BBSL (4)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); CSUC_TCN (2); NCSU_ENT (4)

Cavariella ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); NCSU_ENT (23)

Cavariella aegopodii @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Cavariella pastinacae @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Cavariella theobaldi @ AMNH_PBI (11)

Hyadaphis foeniculi @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Apidae  Anthophora squammulosa @ BBSL (1)

Nomada parva @ BBSL (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca curvata @ III (1)

Empoasca ditata @ III (1)

Empoasca esuma @ III (1)

Empoasca vergena @ III (1)
Colletidae  Colletes lutzi @ BBSL (2)

Hylaeus bisinuatus @ BBSL (1)
Halictidae  Halictus ligatus @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (11)

Sphecodes pecosensis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Miridae  Campylomma verbasci @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Orthops scutellatus @ AMNH_ENT (1)
Reduviidae  Reduvius personatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Thyreocoridae  Corimelaena nigra @ UCR_ENT (1)
_  unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (2)

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Following modified from Global Invasive Species Team, The Nature Conservancy
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&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 403 Forbidden http://wiki.bugwood.org/Pastinaca_sativa/

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Pastinaca sativa L. Wild Parsnip
Apiaceae — Carrot family
Non-native
Pastinaca sativa
June 2003

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Pastinaca sativa  L. - Parsnip

Pastinaca sativa plant

Family - Apiaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Pastinaca sativa stem

Leaves - No info. yet.

Pastinaca sativa leaf Adaxial leaf surface.

Pastinaca sativa leaf Abaxial leaf surface.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Flowers - No info. yet.

Pastinaca sativa flowers Flowers.

Pastinaca sativa fruits Developing fruits.

Flowering - May - October.

Habitat - Fields, waste ground, cultivated ground, disturbed sites, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - This big and weedy species is the commonly eaten "Parsnip." The plant grows to over 1.5m tall and is very robust. The white root of the plant can grow to over 80cm on rare occasions but is typically much much smaller. In Missouri, P. sativa can be found in most parts of the states except for much of the Ozark region.
Cultivated plants are of the variety hortensis Ehrh. , which has the large root. Another variety, var. pratensis Pers. , has thin roots.
Some people may have an allergic reaction when handling this species. This is due to the xanthotoxin the plant contains. This reaction is a photodermatitis. Native Americans used a tea made from the roots to treat female disorders and sharp pains.

Photographs taken off Hwy 47, Franklin County, MO., 5-15-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PASA2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PASA2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PASA2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PASA2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PASA2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PASA2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Pastinaca sativa L.
wild parsnip

Image of Pastinaca sativa

General Information
Symbol: PASA2
Group: Dicot
Family: Apiaceae
Duration: Biennial
Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   W
L48   I
SPM   W
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Pastinaca thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Brazil, San Paulo. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, IA, Centerville. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 634. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PASAP Pastinaca sativa L. var. pratensis Pers.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Apiales
Family Apiaceae ⁄ Umbelliferae – Carrot family
Genus Pastinaca L. – parsnip
Species Pastinaca sativa L. – wild parsnip

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Pastinaca sativa . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Pastinaca sativa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
sylvestris</i>
(Mill.) Rouy & E.G. Camus [excluded]
Pastinaca sativa ssp. sylvestris

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Ohio wild parship Prohibited noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Pastinaca sativa parsnip wild parsnip This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants . Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PASA2)
CalPhotos (PASA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PASA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PASAP)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PASA2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PASA2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PASA2)
University of Washington Burke Museum (PASA2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (PASA2)
Related Websites
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (PASA2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 8
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Pastinaca sativa%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
Wild Parsnip
ID: 0000 0000 0801 0850 [detail]
© 1998 Dean Wm. Taylor

Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
Wild Parsnip
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1698 [detail]
© 2006 Jeff Abbas

Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
Wild Parsnip
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1699 [detail]
© 2006 Jeff Abbas

Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
Wild Parsnip
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1700 [detail]
© 2006 Jeff Abbas

Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
Wild Parsnip
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1701 [detail]
© 2006 Jeff Abbas

Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1238 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1239 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Pastinaca sativa
Pastinaca sativa
Wild Parsnip
ID: 0000 0000 0909 1830 [detail]
© 2009 Phil Pullen

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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