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Pinus echinata Mill.
SHORTLEAF PINE
Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Pinus

Pinus echinata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus echinata

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Pinus echinata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus echinata
Pinus echinata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus echinata

Pinus echinata, whole tree - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, whole tree - view up trunk
Pinus echinata, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, bark - of a large tree

Pinus echinata, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, bark - of a large tree
Pinus echinata, whole tree - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, whole tree - view up trunk

Pinus echinata, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Pinus echinata, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Pinus echinata, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, leaf - entire needle
Pinus echinata, twig - after fallen needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, twig - after fallen needles

Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open

Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia acicola @ BPI (1)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella capillifera @ BPI (3)

Ceratostomella ips @ BPI (14)

Ceratostomella minor @ BPI (2)

Ceratostomella obscura @ 595477A (1); 595477B (1); BPI (1)

Ceratostomella pilifera @ BPI (12)

Ceratostomella pini @ BPI (2)

Ceratostomella pluriannulata @ BPI (2)

Ceratostomella schrenkiana @ BPI (13)
Aphididae  Eulachnus rileyi @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Schizolachnus parvus @ NCSU (5)
Biatorellaceae  Biatorella resinae @ BPI (4)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Dothiorella pinastri @ BPI (1)
Capnodiaceae  Capnodium @ BPI (1)
Ceratocystidaceae  Ceratocystis ips @ BPI (4)
Chaetomiaceae  Chaetomium fusiforme @ BPI (1)

Chaetomium @ BPI (3)
Chrysothricaceae  Chrysothrix xanthina @ I_TQST (6); GAL (1)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium carneum @ BPI (76)

Coleosporium delicatulum @ BPI (10)

Coleosporium elephantopodis @ BPI (12)

Coleosporium helianthi @ BPI (2)

Coleosporium inconspicuum @ BPI (27)

Coleosporium ipomoeae @ BPI (122)

Coleosporium pinicola @ BPI (12)

Coleosporium solidaginis @ BPI (67)

Coleosporium terebinthinaceae @ BPI (21)

Coleosporium vernoniae @ BPI (43)
Coreidae  Leptoglossus corculus @ NCSU (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium berkeleyi @ BPI (2)

Corticium bombycinum @ BPI (1)

Corticium cremoricolor @ BPI (1)

Corticium galactinum @ BPI (4)
Coryneliaceae  Caliciopsis pinea @ BPI (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (29)

Cronartium comandrae @ BPI (1)

Cronartium comptoniae @ BPI (4)

Cronartium filamentosum @ BPI (1)

Cronartium fusiforme @ BPI (1)

Cronartium quercuum @ BPI (3)

Peridermium carneum @ BPI (6)

Peridermium helianthi @ BPI (1)

Peridermium ipomoeae @ BPI (2)

Peridermium terebinthinaceae @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Atropellis tingens @ BPI (20)

Atropellis @ BPI (2)

Gloeosporium @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Acutaspis perseae @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Chionaspis pinifoliae @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Echinosteliaceae  Echinostelium minutum @ BPI (1)
Entolomataceae  Claudopus nidulans @ BPI (1)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma tsugae @ BPI (1)
Gyalectaceae  Coenogonium pineti @ I_GBP (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium @ BPI (1)

Pezizella minuta @ BPI (1)

Tympanis pithya @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus ellisiana @ BPI (3)
Lachnocladiaceae  Vararia pallescens @ BPI (1)
Lecanoraceae  Lecanora strobilina @ GAL (3)
Lygaeidae  Neopamera bilobata @ NCSU (1)
Marasmiaceae  Armillaria mellea @ BPI (1)
Meliolaceae  Asteridiella pinicola @ BPI (2)
Meruliaceae  Merulius ambiguus @ BPI (3)

Merulius lacrimans @ BPI (1)
Microascaceae  Graphium aureum @ 448697A (1); BPI (1); 448697B (1)

Graphium penicillioides @ BPI (2)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus cecilsmithi @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Deraeocoris appalachianus @ NCSU (1)

Phoenicocoris rostratus @ NCSU_ENT (6)

Pilophorus heidemanni @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pilophorus laetus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pilophorus tibialis @ AMNH_PBI (4)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria acicola @ BPI (2)

Septoria @ 375939A (1); 375939B (1)
Orbiliaceae  Orbilia @ BPI (1)
Papilionidae  Graphium atrovirens @ BPI (1)
Paxillaceae  Paxillus panuoides @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora gigantea @ BPI (2)

Peniophora setigera @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium pinicola @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Cryptoporus volvatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes annosus @ BPI (4)

Fomes pini @ BPI (14)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (6)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus amorphus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus palustris @ BPI (2)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tenuis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus velutinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus @ BPI (2)

Poria cinerascens @ BPI (1)

Poria ferrugineofusca @ BPI (1)

Poria hibernica @ BPI (1)

Poria ornata @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (6)

Poria subavellanea @ BPI (1)

Poria vaporaria @ BPI (1)

Poria @ BPI (1)

Trametes carbonaria @ BPI (1)

Trametes odorata @ BPI (1)

Trametes pini @ BPI (1)

Trametes protracta @ BPI (1)
Rhizopogonaceae  Rhizopogon parasiticus @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Elytroderma deformans @ BPI (1)

Hypoderma hedgcockii @ BPI (14)

Hypoderma lethale @ BPI (33)

Lophodermium australe @ 651426A (1); 651427A (1); 651427B (1); 651426B (1)

Lophodermium pinastri @ BPI (6)

Lophodermium @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia furfurella @ BPI (1)
Stereocaulaceae  Lepraria friabilis @ I_GBP (1)
_  Cadophora @ BPI (1)

Hormiscium gelatinosum @ BPI (2)

Torula marginata @ BPI (1)

Zythia resinae @ BPI (1)

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Following served from Department of Botany, Iowa State University
   
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Following modified from US Forest Service
   
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Pinus echinata Mill.
shortleaf pine

Image of Pinus echinata

General Information
Symbol: PIEC2
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

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©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA, Falls Church. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. 1914. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. 1914. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. 1914. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. 1914. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Alfred R. Liddicoet. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, CA. 1939. Usage Requirements .

Bluford W. Muir. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AR. 1938. Usage Requirements .

Bluford W. Muir. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AR. 1938. Usage Requirements .

R.R. Reynolds. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AR. 1941. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AR. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AR. 1912. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AR. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AR. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AR, Ozark National Forest. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MO, Mark Twain National Forest. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MO, Mark Twain National Forest. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 58. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Pinus L. – pine
Species Pinus echinata Mill. – shortleaf pine

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Illinois shortleaf pine Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PIEC2)
Flora of North America (PIEC2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIEC2)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (PIEC2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PIEC2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PIEC2)
Native Plants Network (PIEC2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PIEC2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (PIEC2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PIEC2)
Related Websites
AL-Alabama Forestry Commission (PIEC2)
AL-Auburn University Plant Identification Resource (PIEC2)
Forestry Images (PIEC2)
Gymnosperm Database (PIEC2)
NC-BOTNET Herbarium Specimen Images (PIEC2)
NC-Plant Fact Sheet (NCSU) (PIEC2)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (PIEC2)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (PIEC2)
TX-Native Trees of Texas (TAMU) (PIEC2)
USDA FS Center for Wood Anatomy Research (PIEC2)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (PIEC2)
USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program (PIEC2)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (PIEC2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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19. Pinus echinata Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. Pinus no. 12. 1768.

Shortleaf pine

Trees to 40m; trunk to 1.2m diam., straight; crown rounded to conic. Bark red-brown, scaly-plated, plates with evident resin pockets. Branches spreading-ascending; 2-year-old branchlets slender (ca. 5mm or less), greenish brown to red-brown, often glaucous, aging red-brown to gray, roughened and cracking below leafy portion. Buds ovoid to cylindric, red-brown, 0.5--0.7(--1)cm, resinous. Leaves 2(--3) per fascicle, spreading-ascending, persistent 3--5 years, (5--)7--11(--13)cm ´ ca. 1mm, straight, slightly twisted, gray- to yellow-green, all surfaces with fine stomatal lines, margins finely serrulate, apex abruptly acute; sheath 0.5--1(--1.5)cm, base persistent. Pollen cones cylindric, 15--20mm, yellow- to pale purple-green. Seed cones maturing in 2 years, semipersistent, solitary or clustered, spreading, symmetric, lanceoloid or narrowly ovoid before opening, ovoid-conic when open, 4--6(--7)cm, red-brown, aging gray, nearly sessile or on stalks to 1cm, scales lacking contrasting dark border on adaxial surfaces distally; umbo central, with elongate to short, stout, sharp prickle. Seeds ellipsoid; body ca. 6mm, gray to nearly black; wing 12--16mm. 2 n =24.

Uplands, dry forests; 200--610m; Ala., Ark., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Although Pinus echinata is highly valued for timber and pulpwood, it is afflicted by root rot. It hybridizes with P . taeda , the pine most commonly associated with it.

Updated: 2018-08-15 03:53:54 gmt
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