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Prunella vulgaris L.
SELF-HEAL
Self Heal; Self-heal, Heal All; Prunella australis Sweet; Selfheal; Common selfheal; Native self-heal

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Lamiaceae   Prunella

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Prunella vulgaris, Self-heal
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Prunella vulgaris, Self-heal
Prunella vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Prunella vulgaris

Prunella vulgaris, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Prunella vulgaris, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Prunella vulgaris, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Prunella vulgaris, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Prunella vulgaris, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Prunella vulgaris, whole plant - in flower - general view
Prunella vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Prunella vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Prunella vulgaris, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Prunella vulgaris, stem - showing leaf bases
Prunella vulgaris, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Prunella vulgaris, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Prunella vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Prunella vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Prunella vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Prunella vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Prunella vulgaris, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Prunella vulgaris, stem - showing leaf bases
Prunella vulgaris, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Prunella vulgaris, whole plant - in flower - general view

Prunella vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Prunella vulgaris
Prunella vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Prunella vulgaris

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Anthophora terminalis @ PN- (3)

Bombus fervidus @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Bombus flavifrons @ BBSL (1)

Bombus vagans @ PN- (1)

Bombus vosnesenskii @ BBSL__JPS (1)
Cucurbitariaceae  Gibberidea abundans @ BPI (10)

Gibberidea heliopsidis @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe desmazierii @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Sphaerotheca castagnei @ BPI (4)

Sphaerotheca humuli @ BPI (6)
Gnomoniaceae  Linospora brunellae @ BPI (23)
Halictidae  Augochlorella aurata @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Hesperiidae  Achalarus lyciades @ I_RPY (1)

Lerodea eufala @ I_RPY (1)

Oligoria maculata @ I_RPY (1)
Megachilidae  Megachile latimanus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile mendica @ BBSL (1)

Osmia densa @ BBSL__BBSLID (3)

Osmia subfasciata @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Ramularia ajugae @ BPI (1)

Ramularia brunellae @ BPI (7)

Ramularia @ BPI (1)

Rhabdospora prunellae @ 388286A (1); 388286B (1); 388286C (1)

Septoria brunellae @ BPI (4)

Septoria prunellae @ BPI (22)

Septoria trailiana @ BPI (4)
Papilionidae  Battus philenor @ I_RPY (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia brunellarum-moliniae @ BPI (2)

Puccinia moliniae @ BPI (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium aecidioides @ BPI (1)

Synchytrium aureum @ 793964A (1); 793961A (1); 793947A (1); BPI (6)

Synchytrium montanum @ BPI (3)
Valsaceae  Asteroma prunellae @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Sphaeria inquilina @ BPI (1)
_  Beloniella prunellae @ BPI (2)

Ceuthocarpon brunellae @ BPI (3)

Chrysididae @ PN- (1)

Montagnella heliopsidis @ BPI (1)

Naumovia abundans @ BPI (5)

Pachybasium pyramidale @ BPI (5)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Prunella vulgaris L. var. lanceolata (Barton) Fern. Native Self-heal
Lamiaceae — Mint family
Native
Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
June 2001 Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata
White Clay Creek
August 2016

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Prunella vulgaris L. - Heal-All

Prunella vulgaris plant

Family - Lamiaceae

Stems - To +40cm tall, erect (or rarely creeping), 4-angled (the angles minutely winged, the wing .3mm broad), glabrous to villous on angles or antrorse strigose, herbaceous, from fibrous roots, typically simple, single or multiple from base.

Prunella vulgaris stem

Leaves - Opposite, petiolate. Petioles +3c, long at base of plant, reduced above, villous, winged on upper leaves. Blades lance-ovate below, lanceolate above, to +/-6cm long, =2cm broad, entire or with a few shallow teeth, somewhat undulate, strigose.

Prunella vulgaris leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal dense 4-angled spike of verticillasters to +/-7cm tall(long), 1.5-2cm thick. Verticillasters each with 6 flowers(3 flowers per cymule). Cymules subtended by broad ciliate-margined bracts. Bracts decussate, abruptly acuminate, 1.6cm broad. Flowers sessile.

Prunella vulgaris inflorescence

Flowers - Corolla bilabiate whitish-purple. Corolla tube to 8mm long, glabrous. Upper lip galeate, purple, 6-7mm long, 5mm broad, with a few villous hairs externally on midvein. Lower lip 3-lobed. Lateral lobes 2-3mm long, 1.5mm broad. Central lobe 4mm long, deflexed, fimbriate-erose at apex, light purple. Stamens 4, didynamous, included under the galea, upper pair adnate near base of galea, lower pair adnate near base of corolla tube. Filaments purple, glabrous, the longest to 1.2cm. Anthers purplish-brown. Style inserted between upper pair of stamens, glabrous, lilac, 1.6cm long. Stigma 2-lobed. Ovary 4-parted. Calyx bilabiate, accrescent, 10-nerved. Tube to 5mm long in flower. Upper lip with three mucronate lobes, reddish-purple at apex.  Lower lip 2-lobed. Lobes acuminate, 3mm long in flower, reddish-purple. Calyx villous on margins and on nerves. Nutlets to 2mm long, brownish-yellow, glabrous.

Prunella vulgaris corolla Corolla, side-view.

Prunella vulgaris corolla Front-view.

Flowering - May - September.

Habitat - Waste ground, disturbed sites, open woods, pastures, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Europe, Asia, and North America.

Other info. - This is a very common species in this state. The plant is generally quite small and can bloom at just a few cm in height if it is growing in an area where it gets frequently cut or mowed. The species designation means "common" and is frequently used in botanical nomenclature to describe plants that are indeed common.
Steyermark busts the species apart into different varieties and forms. I won't go into those here but it is worth noting that our plants belong to variety lanceolata (Bart.) Fern. and the European plants belong to variety vulgaris . Both varieties can be found in Missouri but var. lanceolata is much more common.

Photographs taken off Hwy V, Shannon County, MO., 5-23-03.


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Following modified from Malezas de Mexico, CONABIO
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Lamiales  
 Family Labiatae  
 Genus Prunella  
  Prunella vulgaris  
  L.  subsp.  asiatica  var.  nanhutashanensis   S. S. Ying 1975 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Prunella vulgaris nanhutashanensis   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 4: 514, 1998
Name Code: 203521
   Wang,2012:VU   Wang,2012:VU   
Suggested Link    Discover Life    National Plant Genetic Resources Center    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Prunella+vulgaris&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Prunella+vulgaris&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Prunella+vulgaris+ssp.+lanceolata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Prunella+vulgaris+ssp.+lanceolata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Prunella+vulgaris+var.+vulgaris&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Prunella+vulgaris+var.+vulgaris&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Updated: 2017-12-18 23:08:22 gmt
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