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Pterois miles (Bennett, 1828)
DEVIL FIREFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Scorpaenidae   Pterois


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You have requested an unaccepted/invalid name entry, the corresponding accepted/valid name is presented here as the result.
 
Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Scorpaeniformes  
 Family Scorpaenidae  
 Genus Pterois  
  Pterois lunulata    Temminck & Schlegel, 1843 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Pseudomonopterus volitans Pterois miles Pterois muricata Scorpaena miles   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Dorsal fin with XII spines and 11 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 7 soft rays; pectoral fin with 12-14 soft rays; lateral line pole 29.This species maybe confused with P. russellii . Median fish are almost clear, but become spotted in large adults. It is best identified by the pale-centered scales on the principal dark bands on the body forming a net-like pattern and V-like markings across the pectoral fin rays. 
Habitat: Inhabits on rocky substrates in subtropical waters. Usually found on open substrates with remote outcrops of reef or soft-bottom substrates at moderate depths. Feeds on fish and crustaceans. Spines are venomous. 
Distribution: On rocky substrates in subtropical waters. Usually found on open substrates with remote outcrops of reef or soft-bottom substrates at moderate depths. Feeds on fish and crustaceans. Spines are venomous. 
Utility: Not commercial food species, edible, common aquarium species. 
Name Code: 382863
  IUCN Red List:NL      
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Pterois miles   (Bennett, 1828)

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Pictures | Google image Image of Pterois miles (Devil firefish) Pterois miles
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Pteroinae
Etymology: Pterois: Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 25 - 85 m (Ref. 104785 ).   Tropical; 30°N - 36°S, 19°E - 112°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf (Ref.80050) and Red Sea south to Port Alfred, South Africa and east to Sumatra, Indonesia (Ref. 33390 ). Atlantic Ocean. Also known in eastern Mediterranean (Ref. 37421 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 6 - 7. Reddish to tan or grey in color, with numerous thin dark bars on body and head; tentacle above eye may be faintly banded (Ref. 4313 ). Adults have a band of small spines along the cheek and small spots in the median fins (Ref. 48635 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Lives in coastal waters in muddy habitats (Ref. 48635 ). Fin spines highly venomous, may cause human death (Ref. 30573 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N. , 1986. Scorpaenidae. p. 463-478. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4313 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 30573 )




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.5 - 29.3, mean 27.6 (based on 328 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00449 - 0.02935), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.7   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) .

Entered by Torres, Armi G. Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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