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Ptychocheilus grandis (Ayres, 1854)
SACRAMENTO PIKEMINNOW
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cyprinidae   Ptychocheilus


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Ptychocheilus&speciesname=grandis ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Ptychocheilus-grandis.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Ptychocheilus grandis   (Ayres, 1854)

Sacramento pikeminnow Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Ptychocheilus grandis (Sacramento pikeminnow) Ptychocheilus grandis
Picture by IGFA

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Ptychocheilus: Greek, ptyx, ptychos = fold + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate; 39°N - 35°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Sacramento-San Joaquin, Pajaro-Salinas, Russian, and Clear Lake drainages in California, USA. Introduced elsewhere in California, including Eel River and tributaries to Morro Bay.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723 ); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193 ); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 72486 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Anal soft rays : 8. Dorsal fin usually with 8 rays; anal fin with 8 rays; 38-44 scales on back from head to dorsal fin; 65-78, usually 67-75, scales on lateral line; and 12-15 scales above lateral line (Ref. 86798 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky and sandy pools and runs of small to large rivers. Usually found in clear, warm streams (Ref. 5723 ). Voracious minnow with pike-like habits. Small pikeminnows (less than or equal to 7 cm SL) are found in shallow water with cover and lower velocities. The microhabitat use of these juveniles is controlled by the presence of large pikeminnows which connotes intraspecific predation. The microhabitat shift is observed to be significantly influenced by the presence rather than the number of large pikeminnows in the area (Ref. 55069 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr , 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually FAO(Publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.9   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Very high vulnerability (81 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Torres, Armi G. Fish Forum
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Updated: 2017-09-23 03:21:01 gmt
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