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Pygocentrus piraya (Cuvier, 1819)
SAN FRANCISCO PIRANHA
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Characidae   Pygocentrus


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Pygocentrus piraya   (Cuvier, 1819)

San Francisco piranha Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Pygocentrus piraya (San Francisco piranha) Pygocentrus piraya
Picture by Magallanes, F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Serrasalmidae ()
Etymology: Pygocentrus: Greek, pyge = rump + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Sao Francisco River basin in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39031 ); max. published weight: 3.2 kg (Ref. 40637 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Dangerous, import prohibited in some countries. Largest of the piranhas.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Fink, W.L. , 1993. Revision of the piranha genus Pygocentrus . Copeia 1993(3):665-687. (Ref. 27142 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums FAO(Publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

E-book | Field guide | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.7   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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