- Carolina Rose
- Woody, erect, branching, to -1m tall but typically seen much less. New growth and last seasons twigs olive green, glabrous, with a few (to moderate) straight needle-like thorns.
Old stem with needle-like thorns.
- Alternate, odd-pinnate, stipulate. Stipules to +1cm long, entire, acuminate at the apex, with a few piose hairs and distinct red glands on the margins. Rachis of leaf with a few pilose hairs or glabrous. Leaflets typically 5. Lateral leaflets sessile, terminal leaflet stalked. All leaflets ovate to oblong-lanceolate, serrate, to +/-4cm long, +/-2cm broad, deep green and glabrous adaxially, light green and mostly glabrous abaxially but with a few hairs on the midrib or villous.
- Terminal single flower on new seasons growth. Pedicel to +/-1cm long, with a few stalked glands.
- Fragrant. Petals 5, pinkish, glabrous, distinct, spreading, to +2.5cm long, +2cm broad at the apex, emarginate to notched at the apex. Stamens many (+50), spreading. Filaments yellow, glabrous, to 8mm long. Anthers yellow, to 3mm long. Carpels many, with yellow stigmas, slightly exserted from the hypanthium, densely pubescent. Sepals 5, reflexed in flower, long-attenuate, with moderate glandular and arachnoid pubescence abaxially, to -2cm long, with moderate white arachnoid pubescence adaxially and on the margins. Hypanthium green (light), with few to many stalked glands.
- May - June.
- Open woods, glades, prairies, thickets, clearings, roadsides, railroads.
- Native to U.S.
- This is a common species found throughout Missouri. The plant is variable in flower size, leaflets shape, and leaf pubescence. It grows well from seed and would make a good garden subject. Although there are approximately 15 species of roses growing wild in Missouri, this species and another,
, make up the bulk of the native rose flora in the state.
Photographs taken in the Ozark Scenic Riverways, Shannon County, MO., 5-23-03 and 5-31-03.