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Rosa carolina L.
PASTURE ROSE
Carolina rose

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Rosaceae   Rosa

Rosa carolina
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Rosa carolina

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Rosa carolina, Carolina Rose Hips
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, Carolina Rose Hips
Rosa carolina, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, whole tree or vine - general

Rosa carolina, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, twig - orientation of petioles
Rosa carolina, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Rosa carolina, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, leaf - whole upper surface
Rosa carolina, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, twig - orientation of petioles

Rosa carolina, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, bark - of a small tree or small branch
Rosa carolina, inflorescence - ventral view of flower + perianth
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, inflorescence - ventral view of flower + perianth

Rosa carolina, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, whole tree or vine - general
Rosa carolina, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, fruit - as borne on the plant

Rosa carolina, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Rosa carolina, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, fruit - as borne on the plant

Rosa carolina, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Rosa carolina, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rosa carolina, twig - orientation of petioles

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena arabis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena crataegi @ CUIC_ENT (14)

Andrena hippotes @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena miranda @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena nasonii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena nivalis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena thaspii @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Andrena virginiana @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena w-scripta @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Apidae  Bombus griseocollis @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Xylocopa virginica @ CUIC_ENT (2)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Augochlora pura @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum hitchensi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum macoupinense @ CUIC_ENT (8)

Lasioglossum obscurum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum truncatum @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum zonulum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Rosa carolina  L. - Carolina Rose

Rosa carolina plant

Family - Rosaceae

Stems - Woody, erect, branching, to -1m tall but typically seen much less. New growth and last seasons twigs olive green, glabrous, with a few (to moderate) straight needle-like thorns.

Rosa carolina stem Old stem with needle-like thorns.

Leaves - Alternate, odd-pinnate, stipulate. Stipules to +1cm long, entire, acuminate at the apex, with a few piose hairs and distinct red glands on the margins. Rachis of leaf with a few pilose hairs or glabrous. Leaflets typically 5. Lateral leaflets sessile, terminal leaflet stalked. All leaflets ovate to oblong-lanceolate, serrate, to +/-4cm long, +/-2cm broad, deep green and glabrous adaxially, light green and mostly glabrous abaxially but with a few hairs on the midrib or villous.

Inflorescence - Terminal single flower on new seasons growth. Pedicel to +/-1cm long, with a few stalked glands.

Flowers - Fragrant. Petals 5, pinkish, glabrous, distinct, spreading, to +2.5cm long, +2cm broad at the apex, emarginate to notched at the apex. Stamens many (+50), spreading. Filaments yellow, glabrous, to 8mm long. Anthers yellow, to 3mm long. Carpels many, with yellow stigmas, slightly exserted from the hypanthium, densely pubescent. Sepals 5, reflexed in flower, long-attenuate, with moderate glandular and arachnoid pubescence abaxially, to -2cm long, with moderate white arachnoid pubescence adaxially and on the margins. Hypanthium green (light), with few to many stalked glands.

Rosa carolina flower

Rosa carolina hypanthium Hypanthium.

Flowering - May - June.

Habitat - Open woods, glades, prairies, thickets, clearings, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is a common species found throughout Missouri. The plant is variable in flower size, leaflets shape, and leaf pubescence. It grows well from seed and would make a good garden subject. Although there are approximately 15 species of roses growing wild in Missouri, this species and another, R. setigera Michx. , make up the bulk of the native rose flora in the state.

Photographs taken in the Ozark Scenic Riverways, Shannon County, MO., 5-23-03 and 5-31-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ROCA4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ROCA4
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ROCA4 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ROCA4
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ROCA4 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ROCA4
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Rosa carolina L.
Carolina rose

Image of Rosa carolina

General Information
Symbol: ROCA4
Group: Dicot
Family: Rosaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Rosa thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, NY, Rochester. Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 285. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae – Rose family
Genus Rosa L. – rose
Species Rosa carolina L. – Carolina rose

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Rosa carolina . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Rosa carolina</i>
L. var. <i>
carolina </i>
Rosa carolina var. carolina
Carolina rose Distribution of <i>
Rosa carolina</i>
L. var. <i>
setigera</i>
Crép.
Rosa carolina var. setigera
Carolina rose

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ROCA4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ROCA4)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (ROCA4)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ROCA4)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ROCA4)
Native Plants Network (ROCA4)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (ROCA4)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ROCA4)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ROCA4)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Low Minor Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Moderate

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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