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Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.
VARIEGATED THISTLE
Milk Thistle; Holly Thistle; Ladys Thistle; St Marys Thistle; Bull Thistle; Spotted Milk Thistle; Spotted Thistle; Virgin Marys Thistle; Carduus marianus L; Mariana mariana L Hill; Centaurea dalmatica; Blessed milkthistle

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Silybum

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Silybum marianum, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Silybum marianum, seed
Silybum marianum, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Silybum marianum, seed

Silybum marianum
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum, flower bud
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Silybum marianum, flower bud

Silybum marianum, habitat
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Silybum marianum, habitat
Silybum marianum, leaf
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Silybum marianum, leaf

Silybum marianum, leaf
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Silybum marianum, leaf
Silybum marianum
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Silybum marianum

Silybum marianum, stem
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Silybum marianum, stem
Silybum marianum
© Copyright Sameh AbouZid 2009 · 0
Silybum marianum

Silybum marianum Flower
© Copyright Sameh AbouZid 2009 · 0
Silybum marianum Flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); CSCA_TCN (2)

Uroleucon ( @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ BBSL (4)

Bombus melanopygus @ BBSL (1)

Ceratina acantha @ BBSL (4)

Ceratina tejonensis @ BBSL (1)

Diadasia bituberculata @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (4)
Cerambycidae  Ipochus fasciatus @ UCRC_ENT (5)
Cicadellidae  Ceratagallia ( @ UCR_ENT (4)

Colladonus flavocapitatus @ UCR_ENT (6)

Colladonus montanus @ UCR_ENT (1)

Empoasca ( @ UCR_ENT (10)

Homalodisca liturata @ UCR_ENT (1)

Pagaronia tredecimpunctata @ UCR_ENT (23)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (3)
Curculionidae  Rhinocyllus conicus @ UCRC_ENT (10)
Halictidae  Halictus farinosus @ BBSL (1)

Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (2)

Lasioglossum incompletum @ BBSL (2)
Largidae  Largus californicus @ UCR_ENT (7)
Lygaeidae  Lygaeus kalmii @ UCR_ENT (1)

Neacoryphus rubicollis @ UCR_ENT (3)

Nysius raphanus @ UCR_ENT (1)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis albifrons @ BBSL (3)

Megachile fidelis @ BBSL (1)

Megachile montivaga @ BBSL (1)

Osmia californica @ BBSL (6)

Osmia coloradensis @ UCRC_ENT (1); BBSL (3)

Osmia montana @ BBSL (1)

Osmia texana @ BBSL (2)
Membracidae  Tortistilus albidosparsus @ UCR_ENT (3)
Microbotryaceae  Microbotryum silybum @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Adelphocoris vandalicus @ UCR_ENT (1)

Closterocoris amoenus @ UCR_ENT (2)

Irbisia californica @ UCR_ENT (10)

Irbisia solani @ UCR_ENT (1)

Orthocephalus proserpinae @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Poecilocapsus lineatus @ UCR_ENT (1)

Taylorilygus apicalis @ UCR_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria silybi @ BPI (3)
Nogodinidae  Danepteryx artemisiae @ UCR_ENT (1)
Pentatomidae  Euschistus conspersus @ UCR_ENT (18)

Tepa rugulosa @ UCR_ENT (1)
Pleosporaceae  Pleospora herbarum @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia calcitrapae @ BPI (1)

Puccinia cirsii @ BPI (1)

Puccinia cruchetiana @ BPI (2)

Puccinia mariana @ BPI (2)
Rhopalidae  Arhyssus validus @ UCR_ENT (1)

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SIMA3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SIMA3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.
blessed milkthistle

Image of Silybum marianum

General Information
Symbol: SIMA3
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Annual
Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Silybum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Santa Barbara Co., Channel Islands National Park, Santa Cruz Island, Canada de la Portezula. April 18, 2008. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Santa Barbara Co., Channel Islands National Park, Santa Cruz Island, Canada de la Portezula. April 18, 2008. Usage Requirements .

©Gary A. Monroe. United States, CA, Santa Barbara Co., Channel Islands National Park, Santa Cruz Island, Canada de la Portezula. April 18, 2008. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 555. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CAMA32 Carduus marianus L.
MAMA27 Mariana mariana (L.) Hill, nom. inval.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Silybum Adans. – milkthistle
Species Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. – blessed milkthistle

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arkansas Silybum
thistle Noxious weed
Oregon milk thistle "B" designated weed
Washington milk thistle Class A noxious weed milk thistle Noxious weed seed and plant quarantine
U.S. Weed Information
Silybum Silybum marianum blessed milkthistle milk thistle spotted thistle variegated thistle This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SIMA3)
CalPhotos (SIMA3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAMA32)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MAMA27)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SIMA3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SIMA3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SIMA3)
Related Websites
Arizona: abstract & image of milk thistle (Silybum marianum) (SIMA3)
Herbal Information Resources (SIMA3)
New Zealand Environment Bay of Plenty: abstract & images (SIMA3)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (SIMA3)
Victoria - Natural Resources & Environment: Landcare Notes (SIMA3)
WA-King County Noxious Weeds (SIMA3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Silybum+marianum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Silybum+marianum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 115
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Silybum marianum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Milk Thistle
ID: 0177 3303 3352 0090 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed, Milk Thistle
ID: 0175 3301 3808 0011 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milkthistle
ID: 0000 0000 1203 0527 [detail]
© 2003 Keir Morse

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Milk Thistle
ID: 0177 3303 3352 0091 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Milk Thistle
ID: 1335 3153 0668 0045 [detail]
H. Vannoy Davis
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Milk Thistle
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0034 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milkthistle
ID: 0000 0000 0703 0777 [detail]
© 2003 George W. Hartwell

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milkthistle
ID: 0000 0000 0703 0776 [detail]
© 2003 George W. Hartwell

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Milk Thistle
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0035 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milkthistle
ID: 8120 3181 4903 0130 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milkthistle
ID: 8120 3181 4903 0131 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Milk Thistle
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0036 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milkthistle
ID: 8120 3181 4567 0046 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Milk Thistle
ID: 0177 3303 3352 0088 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Milk Thistle
ID: 0177 3303 3352 0089 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Milk Thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0804 0437 [detail]
© 2004 Heath McAllister

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milk-thistle
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0362 [detail]
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milk-thistle
ID: 0000 0000 1104 0363 [detail]
© 2004 Carol W. Witham

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milk-thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1040 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milk-thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0405 2075 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milk-thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0405 2096 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milk-thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0405 2099 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milk-thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0505 0212 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Silybum marianum
Silybum marianum
Blessed Milk-thistle
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1569 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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