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Sisymbrium altissimum L.
TALL TUMBLEMUSTARD
Tall Rocket; Tumble Mustard; Tall Hedge Mustard; Jim Hill Mustard; Tall Sisymbrium

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Sisymbrium

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Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma oleracea @ BPI (1)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (24)
Andrenidae  Andrena piperi @ BBSL (1)

Andrena sladeni @ BBSL (2)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (15)

Lipaphis erysimi @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Apidae  Bombus huntii @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes pallidisignata @ BBSL (1)
Colletidae  Colletes fulgidus @ BBSL (1)

Colletes kincaidii @ AMNH_BEE (7)

Colletes lutzi @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Colletes phaceliae @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Hylaeus bisinuatus @ BBSL (1)

Hylaeus leptocephalus @ AMNH_BEE (10)

Hylaeus mesillae @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Delphacidae  Muirodelphax arvensis @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon angelicus @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon cockerelli @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon tyleri @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon virescens @ AMNH_BEE (1); BBSL (1)

Halictus rubicundus @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum albipenne @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum laevissimum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum sisymbrii @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (4)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis producta @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile brevis @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Megachile fidelis @ BBSL (1)

Megachile gentilis @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Miridae  Lygus elisus @ AMNH_IZC (3)

Orthotylus albocostatus @ AMNH_PBI (4); AMNH_IZC (84)

Orthotylus robineaui @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus stanleyaea @ AMNH_IZC (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria sisymbrii @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora sisymbrii-officinalis @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia subnitens @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Typhula @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Sisymbrium altissimum L. Tall Hedge-mustard
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Non-native
Sisymbrium altissimum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
June 2008

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Sisymbrium altissimum L. - Tumble Mustard

Sisymbrium altissimum plant

Family - Brassicaceae

Stems - To -1m tall, erect, herbaceous, branching in he apical 1/3, hispid in the basal 1/4, glabrous and glaucous above, from a big taproot, purplish at the nodes or not, slightly angled from decurrent petiole tissue.

Sisymbrium altissimum stem Upper stem.

Sisymbrium altissimum stem Lower stem.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, odd-pinnatifid. Lowest leaves with the rachis sparse hispid, petioles purplish at the base, green and glabrous apically. Divisions of the lower leaves +/-9 per side, subulate-lanceolate, coarsely toothed or not, hispidulous, often involute, 1-1.5cm long, +/-5mm broad, thinner near the base of the leaf. Terminal divisions broader than the laterals, not folded. All divisions acute. Upper cauline leaves reduced towards the apex. Divisions of the upper leaves linear, involute, glabrous, many with smaller divisions at their bases, to +2.5cm long, +/-1mm broad, acute, entire. Rachis of upper leaves glabrous to sparse hispidulous.

Sisymbrium altissimum leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal and lateral racemes to +/-15cm long, compact in flower, elongating quickly in fruit, axis glabrous. Pedicels 7-8mm long in flower, to 1cm long and thickened in fruit, glabrous.

Flowers - Petals 4, spreading in the apical 1/2, white to yellow, spatulate, rounded at the apex, glabrous, tapering to a clawed base, 1cm long, 2-3mm broad at the apex. Stamens 6 (4 larger, 2 smaller), erect, exserted. Filaments to 5mm long, glabrous, translucent-white. Anthers -2mm long, erect and then spreading at dehiscence. Ovary cylindric, green, glabrous, to 6mm long in flower, superior, erect. Style wanting. Stigma capitate, two-lobed, 1.1mm broad. Sepals 4, spreading to erect, linear, 5-6mm long, involute, 1.3mm broad, glabrous, rounded and scarious at the apex, green. Fruits ascending, glabrous, to +/-8cm long, 1.1mm broad, angled, falcate, with a capitate (old stigma) apex.

Sisymbrium altissimum calyx

Sisymbrium altissimum flower White flower.

Sisymbrium altissimum flower Yellow flower.

Flowering - April - August.

Habitat - Fields, pastures, roadsides, railroads, sand y and rocky open ground.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This species can be found scattered throughout Missouri. The plant can be identified by the filiform divisions of its cauline leaves and its fairly big flowers (can be yellow or white). The basal and lowest leaves of the plant have broader divisions and are very typical for the genus Sisymbrium .

Photographs taken at Eagle Bluffs Conservation Area, Boone County, MO., 5-3-04.


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http://conabioweb.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/brassicaceae/sisymbrium-altissimum/fichas/0pagina1.htm ---> http://www.conabio.gob.mx/institucion/notfound/doctos/notfound.html
 
 
 
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SIAL2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SIAL2
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SIAL2

Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 668 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Sisymbrium

1. Sisymbrium altissimum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 659. 1753.

Tumbleweed

Annuals; glabrous or pubescent. Stems erect, branched distally, (2-)4-12(-16) dm, sparsely to densely hirsute basally, glabrous or glabrate distally. Basal leaves rosulate; petiole 1-10(-15) cm; blade broadly oblanceolate, oblong, or lanceolate (in outline), (2-)5-20(-35) cm × (10-)20-80(-100) mm, margins pinnatisect, pinnatifid, or runcinate; lobes (3-)4-6(-8) on each side, oblong or lanceolate, smaller than terminal lobe, margins entire, dentate, or lobed. Cauline leaves similar to basal; distalmost blade with linear to filiform lobes. Fruiting pedicels usually divaricate, rarely ascending, stout, nearly as wide as fruit, (4-)6-10(-13) mm. Flowers: sepals ascending or spreading, oblong, (cucullate), 4-6 × 1-2 mm; petals spatulate, (5-)6-8(-10) × 2.5-4 mm, claw 3.5-6 mm; filaments 2-6 mm; anthers oblong, 1.5-2.2 mm. Fruits narrowly linear, usually straight, smooth, stout, (4.5-)6-9(-12) cm × 1-2 mm; valves glabrous; ovules 90-120 per ovary; style 0.5-2 mm; stigma prominently 2-lobed. Seeds 0.8-1 × 0.5-0.6 mm. 2 n = 14.

Flowering Apr-Sep. Roadsides, fields, pastures, waste grounds, disturbed sites, grasslands; 0-2700 m; introduced; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., D.C., Fla., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; w Asia; nw Africa; introduced also in South America (Argentina, Chile).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Sisymbrium+altissimum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Sisymbrium+altissimum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Sisymbrium+altissimum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2018-04-22 23:43:26 gmt
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