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Sisymbrium altissimum L.
TALL TUMBLEMUSTARD
Tall Rocket; Tumble Mustard; Tall Hedge Mustard; Jim Hill Mustard; Tall Sisymbrium

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Sisymbrium

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Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum

Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Sisymbrium altissimum

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena piperi @ BBSL (1)

Andrena sladeni @ BBSL (2)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (15)

Lipaphis erysimi @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Apidae  Bombus huntii @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes pallidisignata @ BBSL (1)
Colletidae  Colletes fulgidus @ BBSL (1)

Colletes kincaidii @ AMNH_BEE (7)

Colletes lutzi @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Colletes phaceliae @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Hylaeus bisinuatus @ BBSL (1)

Hylaeus leptocephalus @ AMNH_BEE (10)

Hylaeus mesillae @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Delphacidae  Muirodelphax arvensis @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon angelicus @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon cockerelli @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon tyleri @ BBSL (1)

Agapostemon virescens @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus rubicundus @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum albipenne @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lasioglossum laevissimum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum sisymbrii @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (4)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis producta @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile fidelis @ BBSL (1)
Miridae  Lygus elisus @ AMNH_IZC (3)

Orthotylus albocostatus @ AMNH_PBI (4); AMNH_IZC (84)

Orthotylus robineaui @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus stanleyaea @ AMNH_IZC (2)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Sisymbrium altissimum L. Tall Hedge-mustard
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Non-native
Sisymbrium altissimum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
June 2008

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Sisymbrium altissimum L. - Tumble Mustard

Sisymbrium altissimum plant

Family - Brassicaceae

Stems - To -1m tall, erect, herbaceous, branching in he apical 1/3, hispid in the basal 1/4, glabrous and glaucous above, from a big taproot, purplish at the nodes or not, slightly angled from decurrent petiole tissue.

Sisymbrium altissimum stem Upper stem.

Sisymbrium altissimum stem Lower stem.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, odd-pinnatifid. Lowest leaves with the rachis sparse hispid, petioles purplish at the base, green and glabrous apically. Divisions of the lower leaves +/-9 per side, subulate-lanceolate, coarsely toothed or not, hispidulous, often involute, 1-1.5cm long, +/-5mm broad, thinner near the base of the leaf. Terminal divisions broader than the laterals, not folded. All divisions acute. Upper cauline leaves reduced towards the apex. Divisions of the upper leaves linear, involute, glabrous, many with smaller divisions at their bases, to +2.5cm long, +/-1mm broad, acute, entire. Rachis of upper leaves glabrous to sparse hispidulous.

Sisymbrium altissimum leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal and lateral racemes to +/-15cm long, compact in flower, elongating quickly in fruit, axis glabrous. Pedicels 7-8mm long in flower, to 1cm long and thickened in fruit, glabrous.

Flowers - Petals 4, spreading in the apical 1/2, white to yellow, spatulate, rounded at the apex, glabrous, tapering to a clawed base, 1cm long, 2-3mm broad at the apex. Stamens 6 (4 larger, 2 smaller), erect, exserted. Filaments to 5mm long, glabrous, translucent-white. Anthers -2mm long, erect and then spreading at dehiscence. Ovary cylindric, green, glabrous, to 6mm long in flower, superior, erect. Style wanting. Stigma capitate, two-lobed, 1.1mm broad. Sepals 4, spreading to erect, linear, 5-6mm long, involute, 1.3mm broad, glabrous, rounded and scarious at the apex, green. Fruits ascending, glabrous, to +/-8cm long, 1.1mm broad, angled, falcate, with a capitate (old stigma) apex.

Sisymbrium altissimum calyx

Sisymbrium altissimum flower White flower.

Sisymbrium altissimum flower Yellow flower.

Flowering - April - August.

Habitat - Fields, pastures, roadsides, railroads, sand y and rocky open ground.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This species can be found scattered throughout Missouri. The plant can be identified by the filiform divisions of its cauline leaves and its fairly big flowers (can be yellow or white). The basal and lowest leaves of the plant have broader divisions and are very typical for the genus Sisymbrium .

Photographs taken at Eagle Bluffs Conservation Area, Boone County, MO., 5-3-04.


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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SIAL2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SIAL2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Sisymbrium altissimum L.
tall tumblemustard

Image of Sisymbrium altissimum

General Information
Symbol: SIAL2
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Annual
Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Sisymbrium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, NV. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 174. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
NOAL3 Norta altissima (L.) Britton

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Sisymbrium L. – hedgemustard
Species Sisymbrium altissimum L. – tall tumblemustard

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Sisymbrium altissimum Jim Hill mustard tall mustard tumble mustard tumbleweed mustard This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii UPL
North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SIAL2)
CalPhotos (SIAL2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (NOAL3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SIAL2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SIAL2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SIAL2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (SIAL2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SIAL2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SIAL2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SIAL2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 7 Page 668 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Sisymbrium

1. Sisymbrium altissimum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 659. 1753.

Tumbleweed

Annuals; glabrous or pubescent. Stems erect, branched distally, (2-)4-12(-16) dm, sparsely to densely hirsute basally, glabrous or glabrate distally. Basal leaves rosulate; petiole 1-10(-15) cm; blade broadly oblanceolate, oblong, or lanceolate (in outline), (2-)5-20(-35) cm × (10-)20-80(-100) mm, margins pinnatisect, pinnatifid, or runcinate; lobes (3-)4-6(-8) on each side, oblong or lanceolate, smaller than terminal lobe, margins entire, dentate, or lobed. Cauline leaves similar to basal; distalmost blade with linear to filiform lobes. Fruiting pedicels usually divaricate, rarely ascending, stout, nearly as wide as fruit, (4-)6-10(-13) mm. Flowers: sepals ascending or spreading, oblong, (cucullate), 4-6 × 1-2 mm; petals spatulate, (5-)6-8(-10) × 2.5-4 mm, claw 3.5-6 mm; filaments 2-6 mm; anthers oblong, 1.5-2.2 mm. Fruits narrowly linear, usually straight, smooth, stout, (4.5-)6-9(-12) cm × 1-2 mm; valves glabrous; ovules 90-120 per ovary; style 0.5-2 mm; stigma prominently 2-lobed. Seeds 0.8-1 × 0.5-0.6 mm. 2 n = 14.

Flowering Apr-Sep. Roadsides, fields, pastures, waste grounds, disturbed sites, grasslands; 0-2700 m; introduced; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., D.C., Fla., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; w Asia; nw Africa; introduced also in South America (Argentina, Chile).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 40
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Sisymbrium altissimum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Jim Hill Mustard
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0044 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tumbling Mustard
ID: 8266 3261 1051 0029 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Jim Hill Mustard
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0045 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 3192 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tumbling Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0807 0944 [detail]
© 2007 Thomas Stoughton

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0708 1001 [detail]
© 2008 Steve Matson

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0708 1002 [detail]
© 2008 Steve Matson

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0708 1003 [detail]
© 2008 Steve Matson

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0708 1005 [detail]
© 2008 Steve Matson

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0708 1006 [detail]
© 2008 Steve Matson

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
ID: 0000 0000 0708 1007 [detail]
© 2008 Steve Matson

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tall Tumblemustard
ID: 0000 0000 0708 2156 [detail]
© 2008 Thomas Stoughton

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tall Tumblemustard
ID: 0000 0000 0708 2157 [detail]
© 2008 Thomas Stoughton

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tall Tumblemustard
ID: 0000 0000 0908 1045 [detail]
© 2008 Thomas Stoughton

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tall Tumblemustard
ID: 0000 0000 0908 1046 [detail]
© 2008 Thomas Stoughton

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tall Tumblemustard
ID: 0000 0000 0908 1047 [detail]
© 2008 Thomas Stoughton

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tall Tumblemustard
ID: 0000 0000 0908 1048 [detail]
© 2008 Thomas Stoughton

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tumble Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0191 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tumble Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0193 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tumble Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0194 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tumble Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0196 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tumble Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1164 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tumble Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0910 2055 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium altissimum
Tumble Mustard
ID: 0000 0000 0910 2056 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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