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Solanum dulcamara L.
BITTERSWEET
Climbing nightshade; Blue Bindwing; Fellenwort; Woody Nightshade; Scarlet Berry; Bitter Nightshade

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Solanaceae   Solanum

Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet Nightshade
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet Nightshade

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Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma dulcamarae @ BPI (1)

Phoma herbarum @ BPI (2)

Phoma jaapii @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Apidae  Bombus griseocollis @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta perforans @ BPI (1)
Cercopidae  Philaenus spumarius @ AMNH_IZC (2)
Cucurbitariaceae  Cucurbitaria dulcamarae @ BPI (8)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe dulcamarae @ BPI (8)

Diaporthe sarothamni @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum coriaceum @ UCMS_ENT (3)
Helotiaceae  Heteropatella lacera @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Stenotus binotatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Cercospora @ BPI (1)

Ramularia dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Septoria dulcamarae @ BPI (12)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria agnita @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaeria @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Dendryphion toruloides @ BPI (3)
Pythiaceae  Phytophthora infestans @ BPI (2)
_  Aplosporella dulcamarae @ BPI (2)

Ascochyta dulcamarae @ BPI (2)

Ascochyta @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia filamentosa @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Solanum dulcamara L. Climbing Nightshade
Solanaceae — Nightshade family
Non-native
Solanum dulcamara
May 2001

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Solanum dulcamara L. - Climbing Nightshade

Solanum dulcamara plant

Family - Solanaceae

Stems - To -2m tall, from taproot or rhizomatous, erect, herbaceous to somewhat woody below, branches divergent, purple above, greenish below, erect to clambering, glabrous to antrorse strigose above.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate. Petiole to +/-1.5cm long, winged(wing -1mm broad), sparse antrorse strigose. Blade to 8cm long, 5cm broad, typically 3-lobed in upper portion of plant, cordate to ovate in lower portion of plant, sparse pubescent to glabrous. Lateral lobes small much smaller than larger central lobe, entire. Central lobe acute to acuminate, entire.

Solanum dulcamara leaves

Inflorescence - Axillary and terminal cymes or panicles, loose, to +/-8cm long, arising opposite leaf at node. Branches of inflorescence purple, antrorse strigose. Pedicels to 7mm long, purple.

Flowers - Corolla 4-5 lobed, purple with pale yellow to greenish spots at base internally. Corolla tube short, to -1mm long. Lobes recurved at maturity, to 9mm long, 3.5mm broad, with puberulent margins and slightly uncinate at apex. Stamens 5. Anthers yellow, connate around style, dehiscing from apex, 5mm long. Style 1, exserted just beyond anthers, light green, glabrous, 7mm long. Ovary superior, green, glabrous, ovoid, 1.5mm long. Calyx tube purple, -2mm long, 5-lobed, sparse antrorse strigose, campanulate. Lobes shallow, acute to subacute, .6mm long, accrescent. Berries subglobose, red, to -1cm long, glabrous.

Solanum dulcamara flowers Flowers.

Solanum dulcamara fruits Fruits.

Flowering - May - November.

Habitat - Low woods, thickets, roadsides, fence rows, pond margins.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - Although this is a pretty plant to look at, it's not worth planting because it's introduced and very toxic. All parts of the plant are toxic. The berries resemble small bright tomatoes but are not to be eaten. This species is scattered throughout the state but is relatively uncommon.

Photographs taken at Lake Geneva State Park, Geneva, OH. 8-4-00, and in Marquette, MI., 9-10-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SODU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SODU
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Solanum+dulcamara&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Solanum+dulcamara&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Solanum+dulcamara&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2017-11-20 12:44:58 gmt
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