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Solanum dulcamara L.
BITTERSWEET
Climbing nightshade; Blue Bindwing; Fellenwort; Woody Nightshade; Scarlet Berry; Bitter Nightshade

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Solanaceae   Solanum

Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet Nightshade
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Solanum dulcamara, Bittersweet Nightshade

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Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara

Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Solanum dulcamara

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma dulcamarae @ BPI (1)

Phoma herbarum @ BPI (2)

Phoma jaapii @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Apidae  Bombus griseocollis @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta perforans @ BPI (1)
Cercopidae  Philaenus spumarius @ AMNH_IZC (2)
Cucurbitariaceae  Cucurbitaria dulcamarae @ BPI (8)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe dulcamarae @ BPI (8)

Diaporthe sarothamni @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum coriaceum @ UCMS_ENT (3)
Helotiaceae  Heteropatella lacera @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Stenotus binotatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Cercospora @ BPI (1)

Ramularia dulcamarae @ BPI (3)

Septoria dulcamarae @ BPI (12)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria agnita @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaeria @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Dendryphion toruloides @ BPI (3)
Pythiaceae  Phytophthora infestans @ BPI (2)
_  Aplosporella dulcamarae @ BPI (2)

Ascochyta dulcamarae @ BPI (2)

Ascochyta @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia filamentosa @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/sdulcamara.htm

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Solanum dulcamara L. Climbing Nightshade
Solanaceae — Nightshade family
Non-native
Solanum dulcamara
May 2001

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Solanum dulcamara L. - Climbing Nightshade

Solanum dulcamara plant

Family - Solanaceae

Stems - To -2m tall, from taproot or rhizomatous, erect, herbaceous to somewhat woody below, branches divergent, purple above, greenish below, erect to clambering, glabrous to antrorse strigose above.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate. Petiole to +/-1.5cm long, winged(wing -1mm broad), sparse antrorse strigose. Blade to 8cm long, 5cm broad, typically 3-lobed in upper portion of plant, cordate to ovate in lower portion of plant, sparse pubescent to glabrous. Lateral lobes small much smaller than larger central lobe, entire. Central lobe acute to acuminate, entire.

Solanum dulcamara leaves

Inflorescence - Axillary and terminal cymes or panicles, loose, to +/-8cm long, arising opposite leaf at node. Branches of inflorescence purple, antrorse strigose. Pedicels to 7mm long, purple.

Flowers - Corolla 4-5 lobed, purple with pale yellow to greenish spots at base internally. Corolla tube short, to -1mm long. Lobes recurved at maturity, to 9mm long, 3.5mm broad, with puberulent margins and slightly uncinate at apex. Stamens 5. Anthers yellow, connate around style, dehiscing from apex, 5mm long. Style 1, exserted just beyond anthers, light green, glabrous, 7mm long. Ovary superior, green, glabrous, ovoid, 1.5mm long. Calyx tube purple, -2mm long, 5-lobed, sparse antrorse strigose, campanulate. Lobes shallow, acute to subacute, .6mm long, accrescent. Berries subglobose, red, to -1cm long, glabrous.

Solanum dulcamara flowers Flowers.

Solanum dulcamara fruits Fruits.

Flowering - May - November.

Habitat - Low woods, thickets, roadsides, fence rows, pond margins.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - Although this is a pretty plant to look at, it's not worth planting because it's introduced and very toxic. All parts of the plant are toxic. The berries resemble small bright tomatoes but are not to be eaten. This species is scattered throughout the state but is relatively uncommon.

Photographs taken at Lake Geneva State Park, Geneva, OH. 8-4-00, and in Marquette, MI., 9-10-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SODU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SODU
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SODU

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 21
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Solanum dulcamara%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Nightshade
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0089 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Nightshade
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0088 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Nightshade
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0086 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Nightshade
ID: 6249 3022 3538 0087 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2464 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2466 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0527 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0528 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0529 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0530 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0531 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0532 [detail]
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 0506 3196 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0965 [detail]
© 2007 Zoya Akulova

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0388 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1821 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1822 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1823 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1824 [detail]
© 2008 Trent M. Draper

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
Cilimbing Nightshade
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1524 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Solanum dulcamara
Solanum dulcamara
European Bittersweet
ID: 0000 0000 0614 1826 [detail]
2014 Mary Winter

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