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Teucrium canadense L.
CANADA GERMANDER
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Lamiaceae   Teucrium

Teucrium canadense, American Germander
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Teucrium canadense, American Germander

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Teucrium canadense, American Germander
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Teucrium canadense, American Germander
Teucrium canadense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Teucrium canadense

Teucrium canadense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Teucrium canadense
Teucrium canadense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Teucrium canadense

Teucrium canadense
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Teucrium canadense
Teucrium canadense, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Teucrium canadense, leaf and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Anthophora walshii @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Bombus bimaculatus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Bombus citrinus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Bombus fervidus @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Bombus griseocollis @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCMS_ENT (13)

Bombus pensylvanicus @ AMNH_BEE (2); UCMS_ENT (13)

Bombus vagans @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Centris lanosa @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Ceratina calcarata @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Ceratina dupla @ UCMS_ENT (10)

Epeolus lectoides @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Triepeolus lunatus @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (1)
Colletidae  Colletes nudus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Hylaeus schwarzii @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon splendens @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Agapostemon texanus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Agapostemon virescens @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Augochlorella aurata @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Lasioglossum oceanicum @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Megachilidae  Coelioxys rufitarsis @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Megachile brevis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile gemula @ UCMS_ENT (17)

Megachile latimanus @ UCMS_ENT (4)

Megachile mendica @ UCMS_ENT (4)
Miridae  Gn_orthotylinigp12 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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Following served from Monroe-Randolph Regional Office of Education
   
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   
Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Teucrium canadense L. var. canadense Canadian Germander
Lamiaceae — Mint family
Native
Teucrium canadense var. canadense
St. Jones Reserve
July 2007

Guide to Teucrium of Delaware

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Teucrium canadense L. var. virginicum (L.) Eat. American Germander
Lamiaceae — Mint family
Uncommon native
Teucrium canadense var. virginicum Teucrium canadense var. virginicum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Pump House Road
July 2010 Teucrium canadense var. virginicum
Shenandoah National Park, VA
July 2005

Guide to Teucrium of Delaware

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Teucrium canadense L. - American Germander

Teucrium canadense plant

Family - Lamiaceae

Stems - To +1m tall, from horizontal rhizomes, typically simple but branching also, 4-angled, herbaceous, with dense retrorse pubescence, hollow, erect.

Teucrium canadense stem

Leaves - Opposite, decussate, petiolate. Petiole to +/-1cm, tomentose. Blade elliptic to lance-ovate or lance-oblong, serrate, +/-11cm long, +/-4cm broad, acute, pubescent below, sparse pubescent to glabrous above. Leaf tissue abruptly contracted at base and creating a slight wing on petiole to 1mm broad.

Teucrium canadense leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal spikiform arrangement of verticillasters to +30cm tall(long). Verticillasters with +/-5 flowers each. Flowers on pedicels 2mm long. Pedicels and axis tomentose. Each flower subtended by a lanceolate-attenuate bract to +/-8mm long.

Teucrium canadense inflorescence

Flowers - Corolla highly irregular, bilabiate, light pink to purplish. Corolla tube greenish, 5mm long, dense glandular pubescent and pilose at apex. Upper lip with 2 lobes erect and shaped as horn-like appendages. Lobes to 4mm long(tall). Lower lip with two lateral rounded lobes and one large cupped central lobe. Lateral lobes to 3mm long. Central lobe to 7mm long, 6mm broad, glandular externally, often with two pinkish-purple spots near base internally. Stamens 4, didynamous, well exserted from corolla, deflexed. Filaments greenish-white, 1.4cm long, pubescent near base, glabrous above. Anthers reddish-brown, .7mm broad. Style 1.5cm long, white, glabrous, exserted from between opposing pairs of stamens, down-curved. Stigma 2-lobed. Ovary of 4 nutlets. Nutlets green and glabrous in flower. Calyx bilabiate. Calyx tube to 5mm long, glandular and tomentose. Upper lip 3-lobed. Central lobe slightly deflexed, acute, 2mm long, 2.6mm broad. Lateral lobes 1.5mm long. Lower lip 2-lobed. Lobes attenuate, 3mm long. Calyx accrescent.

Teucrium canadense flowers Flowers.

Teucrium canadense flower Flower close-up.

Flowering - June - September.

Habitat - Prairies, wet meadows, thickets, streambanks, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species can be found throughout Missouri. The unusual flowers of this species make it a simple to ID in the field. The flowers are also quite showy and make the plant much deserving of cultivation. Flying insects are attracted to the flowers and the large central lobe of the lower corolla lip serves as a platform for insects to land on. The two purplish spots on the lobe are like runway lights guiding the insects to the flower.
The leaves of T. canadense have a slightly fowl odor when crushed.
Some authors, including Steyermark, split the species into different varieties but they are so similar that I won't go into them here.

Photographs taken at Logan Creek, Reynolds County, MO., 6-29-03.


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Following served from Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00001265 wa%201996%20l35%20h113
   
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TECA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TECA3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TECA3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TECA3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TECA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TECA3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Teucrium canadense L.
Canada germander

Image of Teucrium canadense

General Information
Symbol: TECA3
Group: Dicot
Family: Lamiaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Teucrium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Woodbridge, Occoquan National Wildlife Refuge. Usage Requirements .

©Nelson DeBarros. United States. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 102. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae ⁄ Labiatae – Mint family
Genus Teucrium L. – germander
Species Teucrium canadense L. – Canada germander

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Teucrium canadense . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Teucrium canadense</i>
L. var. <i>
canadense </i>
Teucrium canadense var. canadense
Canada germander Distribution of <i>
Teucrium canadense</i>
L. var. <i>
hypoleucum</i>
Griseb.
Teucrium canadense var. hypoleucum
Canada germander Distribution of <i>
Teucrium canadense</i>
L. var. <i>
occidentale</i>
(A. Gray) E.M. McClint. & Epling
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
western germander

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Teucrium canadense American germander Canada germander germander wood sage This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (TECA3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TECA3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (TECA3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (TECA3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (TECA3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (TECA3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (TECA3)
Related Websites
IL-Weeds of the North Central States (TECA3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 21
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Teucrium canadense%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Teucrium canadense
Teucrium canadense
Wood Sage
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1923 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Teucrium canadense
Teucrium canadense
Wood Sage
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1926 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Teucrium canadense
Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander
ID: 0000 0000 1213 2488 [detail]
© 2013 Wynn Anderson

Teucrium canadense
Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander
ID: 0000 0000 1213 2489 [detail]
© 2013 Wynn Anderson

Teucrium canadense
Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander
ID: 0000 0000 1213 2490 [detail]
© 2013 Wynn Anderson

Teucrium canadense
Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander
ID: 0000 0000 1213 2492 [detail]
© 2013 Wynn Anderson

Teucrium canadense
Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander
ID: 0000 0000 1213 2493 [detail]
© 2013 Wynn Anderson

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1085 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1086 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1087 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4900 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4901 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4902 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4903 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4904 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4905 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4906 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4907 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4908 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4909 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4910 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 14
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Teucrium canadense var. occidentale%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1085 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1086 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1087 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4900 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4901 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4902 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4903 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4904 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4905 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4906 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4907 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4908 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4909 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
Teucrium canadense var. occidentale
American Germander
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4910 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2017-05-27 06:24:55 gmt
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