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Totoaba macdonaldi (Gilbert, 1890)
TOTUAVA
Totoaba; Totoaba -

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Sciaenidae   Totoaba

Totoaba macdonaldi
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Totoaba macdonaldi

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Overview
Main identification features Totoaba

Body elongate, compressed; snout sharp, lower jaw projecting; mouth large, oblique; no barbels on chin or lower jaw; teeth in narrow bands, somewhat enlarged and conical on outer row of top jaw, including a few sharp teeth at tip of jaw; inner teeth of lower jaw slightly larger than those of outer row; margin of preopercle almost smooth; rakers on first gill arch 15-20 (10-16 on lower limb); dorsal X + I,23-26, with deep notch; anal II, 7-8, 2nd spine moderate; pectoral 15-17 rays; margin of tail pointed, middle rays longest; 50-56 pored lateral line scales.

Dusky silver, fins darker; juvenile spotted.

Reaches 200 cm and nearly 100 Kg.

Habitat: benthic on soft bottoms, entering rivers to spawn, juveniles usually in river mouths and around rock reefs.

Depth: 0-25 m.

Northern 2/3 of the Gulf of California.

Formerly very abundant, but now stock is seriously depleted due to overfishing. A much sought after food fish.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Appendix I.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 25 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=32; Southern limit=26; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-109; Latitudinal range=6; Longitudinal range=6.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Bentho-Pelagic.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Estuary; Mud; Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Reef and soft bottom; Reef (rock &/or coral); Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Critically endangered; Listed.
Length Max: 200 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Northern Gulf of California endemic; Continent only; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Brackish; Marine; Freshwater.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Bottom; Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1936., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(3):1-56.
  • Castri-Aguirre, J.L., Espinoza-Pérez, H. and Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2002., Lista sitemática, biogeográfica y ecológica de la ictiofauna estuarino lagunar y vicaria de México. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:117-142.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L., 1999., Ictiofauna estuarino-lagunar y vicaria de México., Editorial Limusa S.A. de C.V.: 1-629pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Gilbert, C.H., 1890., A preliminary report on the fishes collected by the steamer "Albatross" on the Pacific coast of North America during the year 1889, with descriptions of twelve new genera and ninety-two new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 13:49-126.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part II., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1241-2183.
  • Minckley, W.L., 2002., Fishes of the lowermost colorado river, its delta, and estuary: a commentary on biotic change. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:63-78.
  • Musick, J.A., Harbin, M.M., Berkeley, S.A., Burgess, G.H. Eklund, A.M., Findley, L., Gilmore, R.G., Golden, J.T., Ha, D.S., Huntsman, G.R., McGovern, J.C., Parker, S.J., Poss, S.G., Sala, E., & Schmidt, T.W., Sedberry, G.R., Weeks, H., Wright, S.G., 2000., Marine, estuarine, and diadromous fish stocks at risk of extinction in North America (exclusive of Pacific salmonids)., Fisheries, 25:6-30.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Totoaba macdonaldi   (Gilbert, 1890)

Totoaba Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Totoaba macdonaldi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Totoaba macdonaldi (Totoaba) Totoaba macdonaldi
Picture by Kira, G.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 10 - ? m.   Subtropical, preferred 20°C (Ref. 107945 ); 32°N - 17°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of California. Formerly abundant, now threatened by extinction due to fishing and habitat change (Ref. 27438 ). International trade banned ( CITES I, since 4.2.1977).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9118 ); max. published weight: 100.0 kg (Ref. 32717 ); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 796 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters; juveniles in river mouths and near rocky coasts (Ref. 9118 ). Feed on fishes and shrimps (Ref. 9118 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Chao, L.N. , 1995. Sciaenidae. Corvinas, barbiches, bombaches, corvinatas, corvinetas, corvinillas, lambes, pescadillas, roncachos, verrugatos. p. 1427-1518. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para identificacion de especies para los fines de la pesca. Pacifico Centro-oriental. 3 volumes. 1813 p. (Ref. 9118 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396 )

  Critically Endangered (CR)  (A2bcd)

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Appendix I:
International trade banned

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00419 - 0.01809), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.70 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.3; tm=7; tmax=15). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Cruz, Tess Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum Comments & Corrections Sign our Guest Book Back to Search Random Species Back to Top
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