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Vinca minor L.
LESSER PERIWINKLE
Common Periwinkle

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Apocynaceae   Vinca

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Vinca minor, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Vinca minor, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Vinca minor, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Vinca minor, leaf - on upper stem

Vinca minor, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Vinca minor, stem - showing leaf bases
Vinca minor, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Vinca minor, whole plant - in flower - general view

Vinca minor, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Vinca minor, pollen
Vinca minor, plant
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Vinca minor, plant

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Aulacorthum solani @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); NCSU (1)
Apidae  Bombus perplexus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Habropoda laboriosa @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia vincae @ BPI (3)

Macrophoma vincae @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta minor @ BPI (13)

Phyllosticta vincae-majoris @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta vincae-minoris @ BPI (9)

Phyllosticta vincae @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta @ BPI (2)

Sphaeropsis vincae @ BPI (1)
Braconidae  Aphidius ( @ AMNH_PBI (11)

Ephedrus ( @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Praon unicum @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (3); 456102A (1)
Coccidae  Coccus hesperidum @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (2)
Colletidae  Colletes inaequalis @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium @ 426069A (1)
Dermateaceae  Mollisia vincae @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis lirella @ 456102B (1)
Didymiaceae  Mucilago spongiosa @ BPI (1)
Dothioraceae  Metasphaeria vincae @ BPI (2)
Encyrtidae  Syrphophagus aphidivorus @ UCRC_ENTA (5)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus vincae @ BPI (2)
Megachilidae  Osmia pumila @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella vincae @ BPI (1)

Septoria vincae @ BPI (5)
Nectriaceae  Volutella vincae @ BPI (1)
Phacidiaceae  Ceuthospora feurichii @ BPI (5)

Ceuthospora foliicola @ BPI (2)

Phacidium vincae @ BPI (6)
Plectosphaerellaceae  Verticillium @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria @ 426069B (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus radiatus @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia cribrata @ BPI (11)

Puccinia vincae @ BPI (20)
Sarcosomataceae  Strumella vincae @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Stictis vincae @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium vincae @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Sclerotium rolfsii @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora foliicola @ BPI (3)

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Following served from University of Connecticut Plant Database
   
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Following modified from Ohio State University
   
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Following served from John Beck, University of Tennessee
   
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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   
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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Vinca minor L.

Periwinkle

Vinca minor plant

Family - Apocynaceae

Stems - Trailing, twining, herbaceous, green, glabrous or sparsely glandular pubescent, typically hollow, to +2m long.

Leaves - Opposite, petiolate. Petioles to 4mm long, glabrous. Blades elliptic-ovate to oblong-elliptic, glabrous, entire, acute, shiny green above, silvery green below, to +3.5cm long, -2cm broad.

Vinca minor leaves

Inflorescence - Single flowers from the leaf axils. Pedicels to -2cm long in flower.

Flowers - Corolla 2.5-3cm broad, salverform, 5-lobed, bluish-purple. Corolla tube 1.1cm long, glabrous externally, pubescent internally just at throat. Lobes truncate at apex, 1cm long and broad (at apex). Stamens 5, opposite the corolla lobes, adnate at apex of the corolla tube. Filaments green, 2.5mm long, bent at the base and with a few hairs in the lower portion of the bend, expanded and compressed at the apex. Anthers yellow, 1.6mm long, densely pubescent. Style green, 4.5mm long, glabrous. Stigma densely white pubescent (villous). Ovary 2-carpellate, superior, 1.4mm long, green, glabrous, with two opposing nectaries adjacent to the carpels. Nectaries yellowish to purple in flower. Calyx 5-lobed, green, glabrous. Tube to 1.5mm long. Lobes typically 4-5mm long, linear-subulate, acute, glabrous. Often 1 lobe expanded and colored as the corolla.

Vinca minor flower

Vinca minor calyx Calyx.

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Woods, bluffs, waste ground.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This popular species in cultivation has found its way to many wild places in Missouri. It can be aggressive if left unchecked and can form large mats covering many square meters. The striking blue flowers appear in the spring. This species can be differentiated from a similar species, V. major L. , by its smaller leaves and flowers.

Photographs taken off Hwy 158, Rockingham County, NC., 3-22-03.


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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Vinca minor L. Lesser Periwinkle
Apocynaceae — Dogbane family
Invasive non-native
Vinca minor
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
April 2003 Vinca minor
New Linden Hill Road
April 2015

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VIMI2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VIMI2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=VIMI2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VIMI2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VIMI2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VIMI2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Vinca minor L.
common periwinkle

Image of Vinca minor

General Information
Symbol: VIMI2
Group: Dicot
Family: Apocynaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Vine
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Vinca thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MI, White Pigeon. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, CO. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, CO. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 20. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Gentianales
Family Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Genus Vinca L. – periwinkle
Species Vinca minor L. – common periwinkle

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Vinca minor common periwinkle periwinkle This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants . Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (VIMI2)
CalPhotos (VIMI2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VIMI2)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (VIMI2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (VIMI2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (VIMI2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (VIMI2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Vinca+minor&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Vinca+minor&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 19
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Vinca minor%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Lesser Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0104 0407 [detail]
© 2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Common Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2538 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Common Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2539 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Common Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2540 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Common Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2541 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1710 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1711 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
ID: 0000 0000 0107 2052 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
ID: 0000 0000 0107 2053 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
ID: 0000 0000 0107 2054 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
ID: 0000 0000 0107 2055 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Lesser Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0038 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Lesser Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0040 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Lesser Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0041 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Lesser Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0042 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Lesser Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0307 0043 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Lesser Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0210 1205 [detail]
© 2010 Neal Kramer

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Lesser Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0210 1206 [detail]
© 2010 Neal Kramer

Vinca minor
Vinca minor
Lesser Periwinkle
ID: 0000 0000 0310 1236 [detail]
© 2010 Tommaso Sitzia

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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