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Rumex crispus L.
CURLED DOCK
Curly dock; Sour Dock; Yellow Dock; Narrow-Leaved Dock

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Polygonaceae   Rumex

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Rumex crispus, Curly Dock
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Rumex crispus, Curly Dock
Rumex crispus, Curly Dock
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Rumex crispus, Curly Dock

Rumex crispus, Curly dock
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Rumex crispus, Curly dock
Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus

Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus

Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus

Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus

Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus

Rumex crispus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rumex crispus
Rumex crispus, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Rumex crispus, whole plant - in flower - general view

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (1); NCSU_ENT (64); AMNH_PBI (2)

Dysaphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (1); NCSU_ENT (2); AMNH_PBI (4)

Macrosiphum venafuscae @ I_DJV (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pemphigus betae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Pemphigus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta straminella @ BPI (1)
Braconidae  Aphidius ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (67)

Praon unicum @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella rumicis @ BPI (2)
Coccinellidae  Coccinella septempunctata @ I_LB (39)

Coleomegilla maculata @ I_LB (4)

Cycloneda munda @ I_LB (1)

Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (13)

Hippodamia convergens @ I_LB (3)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (2)

Oidium monosporium @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (40)

Neolygus semivittatus @ AMNH_PBI (1); MEMU_ENT (1)

Orthotylus modestus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Orthotylus ornatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Taylorilygus apicalis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora rumicis @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella rumicis @ BPI (1)

Ovularia monosporia @ 413491A (1); BPI (10); 413491B (1)

Ovularia obliqua @ BPI (95)

Ovularia obovata @ BPI (1)

Ramularia decipiens @ BPI (28)

Ramularia macrospora @ BPI (2)

Ramularia obovata @ BPI (5)

Ramularia occidentalis @ BPI (6)

Ramularia pratensis @ BPI (1)

Ramularia rubella @ BPI (1)

Ramularia rumicis-crispi @ BPI (2)
Nectriaceae  Gibberella pulicaris @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia lapathicola @ BPI (2)

Puccinia phragmitis @ 090365B (1); 090368B (1); 090368A (1); BPI (19); 090365A (1)

Puccinia punctiformis @ BPI (1)

Uromyces rumicis @ BPI (11)
Stictidaceae  Stictis radiata @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium scutula @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium rubellum @ BPI (1)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago domestica @ BPI (1)

Ustilago kuehneana @ BPI (3)

Ustilago parlatorei @ BPI (1)

Ustilago vinosa @ BPI (1)
_  Coniosporium fuckelii @ BPI (1)

Trichothecium roseum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Rumex crispus  L. - Curly Dock

Rumex crispus plant

Family - Polygonaceae

Stems - Stems to -2m tall, simple or branching at the apex, erect, from a big taproot, herbaceous, glabrous, ribbed, becoming red with age.

Rumex crispus stem Stem of mature plant.

Leaves - Basal leaves petiolate, to +/-50cm long (with petiole). Ocrea to -15cm long, scarious. Petiole to 20cm long, carinate. Blade lanceolate, crisped, glabrous, acute, +/-11cm broad, +/-45cm long, rounded at base, not cordate. Cauline leaves to +/-14cm long, glabrous, with smaller petiole than basal leaves, more crisped than basal leaves.

Rumex crispus leaf Leaf showing crisped margins.

Inflorescence - Terminal bracteate panicles to +/-40cm long (tall). Pedicels to 5mm long, with small swollen joint in basal 1/2.

Flowers - Outer perianth segments 3, 1.5mm long, green, glabrous, with scarious margins, rounded at apex. Inner perianth segments broadly ovate, to 2.5mm long in flower, glabrous, green. Ovary 3-sided, green, glabrous, 1mm long. Styles 3, reflexed, .6mm long. Stamens 6, adnate at base of perianth segments. Anthers yellow, to +1mm long. Filaments greenish, glabrous, 1mm long. Fruiting perianth segments becoming ferruginous, glabrous, to 5mm long, each with a tubercle. Tubercles to 1/2 the length of the fruiting perianth segments. Achenes ferruginous.

Rumex crispus fruits Fruiting perianth(s).

Rumex crispus plant Plant with mature fruits.

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Fields, roadsides, railroads, waste ground, disturbed sites.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - This aggressive species is found throughout Missouri. The plant spreads easily can grow to quite a large size.
The tissues of this species, and most plants in this genus, have high concentrations of oxalic acid and can be irritating to some people. Traditionally the plant is eaten or made into a tea for many ailments such and fever, scurvy, tumors, and cancer.

Photographs taken at the Kansas City Zoo, and off Mill St., Parkville, MO., 5-6-01, and in Van Buren, MO., 5-26-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Caryophyllales  
 Family Polygonaceae  
 Genus Rumex  
  Rumex crispus    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Rumex crispus fauriei Rumex fauriei   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 2: 314, 1996; Wu, S. H., C. F. Hsieh, and Marcel Rejmanek. 2004. Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania
Name Code: 203918
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RUCR ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RUCR
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Rumex+crispus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Rumex+crispus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
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Updated: 2018-02-22 01:46:37 gmt
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