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A Community Science, Technology, and Education Partnership
to Increase Minority Student Participation in the
Study of Natural History in National Parks

A proposal to the
Southeastern Regional Office of the National Park Service
and The University of Georgia, Athens

Karen Ballentine & Keith Langdon
Great Smoky Mountains National Park
National Park Service

Robert Bluett, Julie Bower, Stella Guerrero,
Norma McNair, Ken Sherman & Charles Worthy
Athens-Clarke County School District


Amy Edwards & Elizabeth McGhee
Museum of Natural History
Kitty Esco & Mary Lue Walser
Office of Special Academic Programs
Patty Gowaty, John Pickering & Elizabeth Skillen
Institute of Ecology
Thomas Hagen
Department of Microbiology
Robert Matthews
Department of Entomology
Jarvis McArthur & Bryan McLucas
School of Education
John O'Looney
School of Government
Catherine Teare Ketter
Division of Biological Sciences
University of Georgia

Draft -- August 31, 1998

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Discover Life is a new science and education organization to facilitate the understanding, conservation, and enjoyment of nature. Its primary scientific objective is to conduct a comprehensive study of all the species in Great Smoky Mountains National Park--in other words, an All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory (ATBI) of GSMNP.

Here we propose to develop a community partnership between Discover Life and Athens-Clarke County (ACC), Georgia. Our partnership's goals are (1) to enhance elementary and secondary school curricula by incorporating new technologies and scientific protocols, (2) to train school teachers and students so that they can conduct local research on natural history, particularly on those species that occur both locally and in the Great Smokies, and (3) to introduce minority students into the National Park Service.

Our team of scientists, educators, and resource managers includes members of the ACC School District, the National Park Service (NPS), and the University of Georgia, Athens (UGA). We propose to improve school science capabilities, train teachers, develop curricula, and mentor students. Project participants will get hands-on experience with scientific methods and state-of-the-art technology. Students and teachers will learn valuable skills such as how to collect, process, and present information in a meaningful way. Access to laptop computers, cameras, and other equipment will enable students to present their findings and photographs on the World Wide Web. Students will participate with researchers in scientific studies that contribute natural history information to the GSMNP-ATBI. Thus, they will gain a better understanding and appreciation of nature, grow as young scientists, and prepare themselves for the information age.

The proposed one-year pilot project includes: (1) an intensive summer course to train over 20 teachers and minority students from elementary, middle, and high schools, (2) workshops and field trips to familiarize students, teachers, and principals with some of the facilities, needs, and opportunities in the NPS, (3) developing curricula in which scientists, outreach personnel, teachers, and students participate together in biodiversity studies, (4) providing technical expertise and support throughout the school year to help school teachers incorporate and test new technology and lesson plans in their classes, and (5) an evaluation process to judge the success of the project's components. We hope that this pilot project will serve as a foundation for a wider program.

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CURRICULUM VITAE -- John Pickering

APPENDIX 1 Athens-Clarke County Teacher and Student Training Participants

APPENDIX 2 Smoky Mountain Adventure -- Example


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Discover Life plans to form partnerships to train students, develop school curricula, and coordinate the collecting, processing, and disseminating of scientific information. Its primary scientific objective is to complete a comprehensive study of all the species within Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GSMNP). Within the scientific community such a comprehensive study is called an All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory (ATBI). An ATBI is more than a simple list naming the species within a defined area. It assembles information on the taxonomy, identification, habitat associations, estimates of relative abundance and distribution, natural history (life stages, seasonality, associated species, etc.), and the ecological and economic importance of each species that lives in and moves through an area. Thus, an ATBI has many steps between data collection and the dissemination of its final product--useful information. A goal of Discover Life in America is to get school children involved in the ATBI's many facets and thereby improve their understanding of science, ability to use information technology, and appreciation of nature.

Keith Langdon, Coordinator of Inventories and Monitoring, GSMNP, and John Pickering, Institute of Ecology, UGA, are coordinating the GSMNP-ATBI. In December, 1997, they organized Discover Life's first planning workshop. The workshop was attended by over 120 individuals from over 50 universities and organizations. In February, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy hosted a briefing at which Discover Life was presented to scientists and government officials. At this briefing, Mike Soukup, Associate Director for Natural Resources Stewardship and Science of the National Park Service, stated that the GSMNP-ATBI is by far the largest and most important science project being undertaken in any national park. For more details see "Smoky Mountains All-Taxa Survey Proposed," J. Kaiser, 1997, Science 278:1871, and the organization's interim Web site .

On April 3, 1998, the Friends of GSMNP hosted a workshop to initiate the formal legal structure for Discover Life to develop and coordinate local, national, and international partnerships with GSMNP. These partnerships will involve students, scientists, educators, and other individuals interested in the study and conservation of biodiversity. Given the proximity of Athens-Clarke County (ACC) and GSMNP, and the overlap in species between Georgia's piedmont and the Great Smokies, we hope that Discover Life will form strong bonds between ACC and the Park.

As part of Discover Life, we propose to create a new educational program. This program will pilot methods to enhance science education by developing community partnerships with the National Park Service. We have held three community meetings in ACC to build this program. See for details and lists of meeting participants. These meetings resulted in the proposed 1-year plan that includes activities focused on training teachers and minority students how to study biodiversity and build Web pages.

The current proposal stems from the discussions at the community meetings. Participants in the community meetings included the National Park Service, ACC School District, State Botanical Gardens, parks, and libraries. Within the University, participants included the Museum of Natural History, Office of Special Academic Programs, and faculty, staff, and students from the College of Arts and Science, College of Education, and School of Government. The proposal has been developed in conjunction with Norma McNair, Executive Director, Instructional Services, Athens-Clarke County School District, who oversees the District's curricula, and with Robert Bluett, Julie Bower, Ken Sherman, and Charles Worthy, who are principals at participating schools. Funding for this project is requested from the Southeast Regional Office of the NPS and from various sources within UGA.

The school population in ACC School District is 56% African American and 9% other minorities. An important goal of the proposed project is for researchers and park employees to train, mentor, and encourage minority students to become scientists and consider careers in the National Park Service. Students today face an increasingly complex work environment filled with technological challenges. By linking students with researchers, we will provide a valuable inquiry-based, problem solving, educational experience that will prepare students for those challenges that lie ahead. If we are successful, we hope that some of the students whom we train will gain the interest, skills, and opportunity to work with the National Park Service in future years.

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Future Direction

Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE, see ) is a cooperative program of the National Science Foundation (NSF), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) that has K-12 students follow standard research protocols, collect scientific data, and report their finds to a data archive via the WWW. Students in almost 5,000 schools in 65 countries are taking environmental measurements, primarily on atmospheric conditions, climate, hydrology, soils and land cover. As a part of Discover Life's educational component, John Pickering has been encouraged by Tom Pyke, GLOBE's Director, to coordinate developing biodiversity protocols for GLOBE. The outreach program with teachers and students in Athens-Clarke County will help us develop and evaluate such research protocols and teaching methods. Ultimately, through partnerships that include GLOBE and the Concord Consortium, a leading educational organization founded to improve education through computer technology, we hope to enable students in many schools to study and appreciate natural history in the context of GLOBE's larger suite of environmental variables.

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Objectives and Rationale

This project has 6 objectives:

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Teacher Training

We propose to provide teachers with 6 Staff Development Units (SDU) of credit for completing the following 60 hours of training: (1) a 30-hour intensive summer course; (2) a 3-day field trip to GSMNP (20 hours); (3) five 2-hour follow-up sessions during the summer to be scheduled at the convenience of teachers and instructors; (4) classroom assistance during the academic year; and (5) minority teacher laboratory experience. Participants unable to attend the 30 hour intensive summer course may attend other available Web publishing workshops scheduled this summer.

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Minority Student Participation

The project will serve elementary, middle, and high schools in the northeast Georgia region. Teachers will bring minority students to the proposed summer training course to begin developing a teacher-student partnership that will continue through the school year. For participants in this course, we propose to provide a laptop computer for use at each school.

Natural History Curriculum Development

TREC and The Concord Consortium (1997) in a report on the "National Conference on Student and Scientist Partnerships" outlined three important components of any such alliance: (1) they depend on serious collaboration between scientists and students;( 2) they engage students in research of real value to scientists; and (3) they benefit both science and education. It is in this spirit that we will promote student and scientist partnerships to study and discover natural history and biodiversity, meet rigorous science education standards, and develop essential investigation skills. Topics students might investigate include: plant herbivory; insect and plant seasonality; predator-prey, host-parasite, plant-animal associations; geographic distributions and environmental requirements of selected taxa; the relative abundance of species in different habitats, and the effects of weather on biological activity, population dynamics, and individual growth rates and vitality.

One focus of the program will be to get faculty members at UGA to act as mentors to students in ACC. Faculty members such as Patty Gowaty and John Pickering, Institute of Ecology, Tom Hagen, Department of Microbiology, Bob Matthews, Department of Entomology, will bring the scientific questions to the program and curricula. These ideas will be taught to teachers and students by Amy Edwards and Liz McGhee (Museum of Natural History), Kitty Esco and Mary Lue Walser (Office of Special Academic Programs), and Elizabeth Skillen, through the summer training course, workshops, and continued in outreach during the academic year.

We will develop natural history curricula for elementary, middle and high school students. These curricula will be designed to meet objectives in Georgia's Quality Core Curriculum (QCC) with the assistance of Norma McNair, ACC School District. For example, under the QCC requirements for Biology under the topic "Diversity of Life (Kingdom Animalia: Invertebrates), " high school students will learn to identify certain insects, understand their classification system, and life processes. We will focus our curriculum development on involving students in authentic research while helping teachers fulfill QCC requirements. Curricula will also align with the new National Science Education Standards.

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Photography and Image Processing

We will train students and teachers in the summer course to create digital images of amphibians, vascular plants, insects, and birds. We will train students and teachers to use cameras and computer equipment, including flatbed and slide scanners and graphic software to optimize digital images for presentation on the World Wide Web (WWW).

After completing the summer training course, teachers will train students in their classrooms to use cameras, scanners, and computer software in the classroom with the help of in-class instructors from our program. The goal will be to have ACC students contribute to the inventory in the GSMNP-ATBI through yearlong activities related to natural history studies and species homepage development. They will ultimately produce 1-5 images per species homepage for the GSMNP-ATBI.

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Web Site Development for All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory

With guidance from Keith Langdon, GSMNP, students will create homepages of focal species within the park that will include images, tables, and hypertext links between them and other sites. Students will be active participants in developing Web sites for the GSMNP-ATBI. Some examples of the types of information the species Web pages might include are: species scientific name, species author, a list of common names, a listing of related taxa, an identification and description of a species including diagnostic characters to distinguish it from other species, and an overview of the species distribution and relative abundance. For an example of a Web page created by Catherine Branch, a UGA student, please see . For details of this assignment see .

GSMNP contains over 130 species of trees, 65 species of mammals, 27 species of salamanders, and more than 230 species of birds that use the Park (see ). Keith Langdon, John Pickering and Elizabeth Skillen will make a list of those species in common with both ACC and GSMNP before assigning Web pages to students. We propose that participating elementary school teachers' classes create a species homepage of a vertebrate, an invertebrate, and a vascular plant, for at total of 18 homepages. These students will create the homepages as class projects within their natural history curriculum. Similarly, the middle school teachers' classes will create at least 50 homepages by having students work in groups. The high school students will work independently or in small groups to create at least 60 home pages. Thus, in total, we anticipate that approximately 500 students will learn the technology and create over 120 species homepages for the GSMNP-ATBI.

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Help Introduce Minority Students to Careers in the National Park Service

The mission of the national park service to maintain a diverse work force is best stated by NPS Director Robert Stanton (1998):

"My vision of the National Park Service is to preserve and maintain the nation's treasures entrusted in our care, to the highest levels of quality possible, and to accomplish this through a highly skilled, dedicated work force that exemplifies the rich diversity of our national parks and our nation. In our efforts to carry out this mission and vision, we are committed to recruiting, hiring, developing, promoting and retaining a qualified diverse work force. Diversity in the work place values employees in all occupations and at all levels, and provides them with the opportunities for working at their full potential. Diversity encompasses more than differences in race, national origin, disabilities, age, gender, religion or sexual orientation; it includes the different values, cultures and perspectives possessed by individuals from different groups."

It is our goal to excite minorities about nature through studying natural history and visiting GSMNP. We propose to take middle and high school student participants of the 10-day summer course on a field trip to GSMNP, August 13-17, 1998. This trip will introduce them to the Park and to field techniques. In collaboration with Karen Ballentine, Educational Coordinator, GSMNP, students will participate in on-going authentic research in the park. The scientists and educators involved with this project will act as links between minority students and GSMNP in an effort to increase minority recruitment to the NPS.

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Technical Support

In the summer and fall, Bryan McLucas will provide technical computer assistance to teachers and students in the project. He will be available 20 hours each week at UGA's Bioscience Learning Center (BLC) or in school classrooms as needed. Bryan will maintain the Web site and help teachers and students with computer questions or problems. He will also assist teachers and students with the completion of the species homepages for the GSMNP-ATBI.

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Dissemination and Evaluation

Project evaluation will be conducted by Dr. Catherine Teare Ketter. It will assess four student-centered objectives:

We will use quantitative data to support formative and summative evaluation. Formative evaluations will be accomplished by the instructors. The methods to be used to support the curriculum will be pilot-tested in small groups prior to implementation. All student performance and attitude measures and procedures will be pilot-tested during the intensive summer workshop.

Time Table

Intensive Training Course June 18-July 1, 1998
Follow-up visits July -August 1998
Minority Teacher Laboratory Experience July -August 1998
Web Training Workshops June-July, 1998
Classroom Assistance September 1998- May 1999
Evaluation Workshop December 5, 1998 & May 5, 1999

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Personnel and Organizational Structure

Organizational Structure

John Pickering is the Principal Investigator. Elizabeth Skillen will oversee the day-to-day coordination of the many partners. Keith Langdon and Karen Ballentine will support student and teacher training through field trips and curricula development. UGA will provide support for the project through many participating departments. Faculty members, graduate students, and staff in the Institute of Ecology, Departments of Microbiology, Entomology, and Biology, School of Education, Museum of Natural History, and the Office of Special Academic Programs will contribute their time and energy to this project. Amy Edwards and Liz McGhee will coordinate the efforts of the Museum of Natural History, and Mary Lue Walser will oversee the role of the Office of Special Academic Programs. Specific roles of individuals within university departments are listed below.

Principals of local schools, Robert Bluett, Julie Bower, Ken Sherman and Charles Worthy will provide support in our local schools and assist with the curriculum development coordinated by Norma McNair of the ACC School District. Additionally, teacher support will be organized by Stella Guerrero in the secondary schools and by Patty Huberty in the elementary schools.


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Existing Facilities and Equipment

The BioScience Learning Center (BLC) has PCs and Power Macintoshes with Internet access including Web browser software. Ginger Baker, BLC System Administrator, will provide technical support for the Internet access needed in the intensive teacher and student course.

The Museum of Natural History has classroom facilities and museum specimens for use during the teacher and student training course. The Museum also has "Science Box Projects" as part of its educational outreach program. The science boxes are designed to be used in classrooms by teachers of grades K-8. The boxes contain a variety of materials on a specific natural history topic such as: Sea Shells, Invertebrates, Insects, Fish, Reptiles, Turtles, Birds, Mammals,Vertebrates, Oceans, Rocks & minerals, Fossils, The Dynamic Earth, Georgia's Native Americans, Trees. Staff working on the project well be able to check out a video project from the Museum for classroom computer presentations.

During the 3 public meetings this year we have gained the support of The State Botanical Garden and Sandy Creek Nature Center. The Botanical Garden is a living collection containing over 5 miles of nature trails that can be used for instruction during the 10-day summer course. Sandy Creek Nature Center has natural trails, a creek and a pond for use as outdoor classrooms as well.

The Microbiology Department Computer Lab is equipped with 22 multimedia Macintosh computers networked to each other and the Internet. All computers have the necessary software for networking, scientific, and basic productivity computing. Dr. Thomas J. Hagen, will provide space and internet access in this computer lab for students and teachers during the intensive summer course.

John Pickering maintains a computer network with a UNIX fileserver and 6 other computers. Peripheral devices include: a Hewlett Packard ScanJet 4c flatbed and Polaroid Sprint Scan 35 35mm scanner that interface with a Power Macintosh 8600. This equipment will be available for use in training students and teachers.

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Clarke County Board of Education. personal communication. 1998.

Georgia Department of Education. January 1997. Georgia Quality Core Curriculum: draft revision

Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE). 1997. Announcement o Opportunity for Science/Education Teams, Program Announcement and Guidelines. National Science Foundation. 7 p.

TERC and The Concord Consortium. 1997. Proceedings of the National Conference on Student and Scientist Partnerships. 23-25 October, 1996. 147 pp.

Stanton, R. 1998. Diversity in the National Park Service. Intake Newsletter. National Park Service Publication. 1:5.

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Senior Personnel
Pickering 1
Edwards & McGhee 2
Walser 3
SUBTOTAL (Senior Personnel)
Other Personnel
Graduate student stipends 4
Hourly student labor 5
Consulting for evaluation 6
SUBTOTAL (Other Personnel)
Macintosh computers 7
Disk Sub-system for Sun8
Digital Cameras 9
SUBTOTAL (Equipment)
Field trip 10
Student subsistence 11
Computer and laboratory supplies 12
Indirect Costs (10% TDC) 13

National Park Service
Great Smoky Mountains National Park 14
Graduate Student Stipends
Hourly Student Labor
Field Trip
Indirect Costs

University of Georgia
Salary Cost Share 1,2,3
Equipment Match (Lottery Money) 15
Vice President for Research
Vice President for Academic Affairs

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Senior Personnel
1 Pickering: Pickering will be the Principal Investigator. The Institute of Ecology will cost share $7,453 for one month of his salary and staff benefits.
2 Edwards & McGhee: The Museum of Natural History will cost share .0833 EFT for Edwards and McGhee for a total of $4,816. Please see approval letter from Dr. Betsy Reitz, Interim Director, The Museum of Natural History.
3 Walser: The Office of Special Programs will cost share one month salary, ($3,167) and benefits, ($918), for Walser. Please see attached letter from Walser.

Other Personnel

4 Graduate student stipends: Ms. Elizabeth Skillen, will be hired as a 4/9 time graduate student to oversee the day-to-day operation the project activities. She will be involved with teacher training, make follow-up visits to ACC schools, and assist with curriculum development. Ms. Skillen is a Ph.D student in Ecology and will collaborate on this project as part of her thesis work in GSMNP. In January, 1999, Ms. Beth Shapiro will be hired at 1/3 time for three months to help edit the content of the Web pages.
5 Technical support: In the summer and fall, Mr. Brian McLucas will work in the BioSciences Learning Center and in school classrooms giving technical computer and Web support to teachers and students. He will also be responsible helping with the technical develop the GSMNP-ATBI Web pages. Ms.Heather Alley will provide biological support to the project in insect processing and identification. They will be paid at $8.00/hour.
6 Consulting for evaluation: Dr. Catherine Teare Ketter will be a consultant and conduct the statistical analysis for the project evaluation for $1,200.


7 Macintosh Computers: Machintosh Computers: We will purchase 13 iMac computers (State Contract Price: $1,199 each) with 2 64MB Dimms (State Contract Price: $142.00 each), 2 4MB Video upgrade (State Contract Price: $45.00 each), 13 SuperDisk 120MB USB Drives (State Contract Price: $149.99 each), 2 SuperDisk 120MB diskette 10-packs (State Contract Price: $99.99), 2 Astra 1220 USB Scanners (State Contract Price: $149.99), 4 HP DeskJet 694C USB Printer (State Contract Price: $269.99), 1 Adobe Photoshop LE (State Contract Price: $230), 1 Filemaker Pro 4.0 software (State Contract Price: $119.95), 1 Biota software (State Contract Price: $150.00), and 1 Corel Wordperfect software, License, CD &Upgrade (@ $35.00). We will provide computers to the 9 teachers listed in Appendix 1 and to the following support staff: Edwards-McGhee, Pickering, Skillen and Esco-Walser. We will provide laptop computers to the 8 teachers listed in Appendix 1 and to the following support staff: Edwards-McGhee, Pickering, Skillen and Walser.

8 Disk Sub-system for Sun: Disk Sub-system for Sun: We will purchase 1 Quantum 18.2GB, 3.5" H/H (1.6"), Ultra Wide (LVD) SCSI disk drive (@ $1,176.00), 1 Kingston Technology, All Steel Desk-top enclosure (Wide SCSI) including 6' power cord (@$ 195.00), 1 Superflex 3' Ultra Wide SCSI external Round Shielded Cable (@$85.00), and 1 ATW External Wide Single Ended Active SCSI terminator w/ LED (@$45.00). The disk will be used with UGA's Sparc Ultra Web server for the project.

9 Digital Cameras: Digital Cameras: We will purchase 2 Nikon Coolpix 900 Digital Cameras (@ $899.95) with 2 AC Adapter Power Packs (@ $99.95), 2 Compact Flash Card Reader (@ $99.95), 2 Compact Flash Cards (15MB twin packs @ $199.95). The cameras will be used to take images of flora and fauna for species homepages.


10 Field trip: Students and teachers will get an opportunity for hands-on field experience during a 3-day field trip to the GSMNP at a cost of $2,000 for lodging, transportation & food.
11 Student subsistence: The 7 minority students associated with teachers listed in Appendix will recieve a $200 stipend each to cover food & travel costs during the summer course.


12 We need $3,000 for computer and laboratory supplies, including insect nets, and other teaching materials for the workshops and classroom activities.

Indirect Costs

13 Pendng approval of Dr. Joe Key, Vice President for Research, indirect costs will be 10% of TDC of $22,700.

Cooperatrive Agreement

14 Through a Cooperative Agreement between the United States Department of the Interior National Park Service and the University of Georgia, the NPS will contribute $24,970 to the project.

Equipment Match

15 We propose to pay for the equipment by matching Friends of GSMNP funds that have been awarded to Dr. John Pickering with UGA lottery funds.

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Associate Professor

Institute of Ecology
University of Georgia
Athens, GA 30602-2602

Phone: 706-542-1115; Fax: 706-542-3344
E-mail: ; Homepage:




My goal is to document, understand, and conserve biodiversity. I am conducting a tropical-temperate comparison of parasitic wasp communities in old-growth forests in Panama, Costa Rica, and Great Smoky Mountains National Park. I am particularly interested in the effect of seasonality and the El Niño cycle on population dynamics and trophic interactions.
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Athens-Clarke County Teacher and Student Training Participants

School Participant TitleStudents
Cedar Shoals High School Stella Guerrero Teacher7
Clarke Central High School Renee Smith Teacher0
Burney-Harris-Lyons Middle SchoolLaurie TuggleTeacher1
Hillsman Middle SchoolCarol HallTeacher1
Clarke Middle School Kim Reynolds-Manglitz Teacher0
Coile Middle School Letty Fitch Teacher0
Barrow County Elementary School Leigh Harvey Teacher0
Oglethorpe Avenue Elementary School Patrica Wimbush Teacher1
Habersham County Middle School Brenda Hunt Teacher2

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Great Smoky Mountains Institute at Tremont

Smoky Mountain Adventure -- Example

Friday - August 14th
1:00 P.M.Athens-Clarke County students arrive and move in
1:30 P.M. Athens-Clarke County orientation
2:15 P.M. Cooperation course
5:00 P.M. Table captains report
5:15 P.M. Everyone to Dining Hall
5:30 P.M. Supper
6:30 P.M. Predators--Marcella Cranford
8:00 P.M. Night Walks: GFMIT Staff

Saturday - August 15th

7:45 A.M. Table captain's report
8:00 A.M. Breakfast

Double Sessions


A.Geology hike to the falls-Steve (GSMIT)
B.Black bears of the smokies--Dr. Frank Van Mannen, University of Tennessee Black Bear Researcher
A. Stream Ecology-Jeremy (GSMIT)
B.Ornithology (Birds of the Area) - Bonnie Fancher
A. Multi-colored Russia - Masha (GSMIT)
B. Exotics - Jeremy (GSMIT)
12:15 P.M. Table captains report
12:30 P.M. Lunch

Double Sessions
1:30-4:30 Geology hike to the falls - Jeremy (GSMIT)

A.Plants and their uses-Steve (GSMIT)
B.Multi-colored Russia-Masha (GSMIT)

Saturday - August 15th (continued)
3:15-4:45 Mini Sessions
A.Stream Ecology-Sherry Bagwell (Wade Hampton)
B.Ornithology (Birds of the Area) - Bonnie Francher
4:45 P.M. Free time
5:15 P.M. Table captains report
5:30 P.M. Picnic supper in pavilion
6:30 P.M. Snakes--Doris Grove
8:00 P.M. Campfire: Songs and Stories

Sunday August 16

8:00 A.M. Breakfast
8:00 A.M. Pack-up and Clean-up


A. Falls hike - Masha (GSMIT)
B. Exotics - Jeremy (GSMIT)
C. Stream Ecology - Steve (GSMIT)
11:30 A.M. Closing Circle
11:45 A.M. Table captains report
12:00 P.M. Lunch and Depart

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Mary Lou Walser, Program Director, Office of Special Academic Programs, University of Georgia, Athens -- March 30, 1998
Elizabeth J. Reitz, Director, Museum of Natural History, University of Georgia, Athens -- March 25, 1998
Norma McNaire, Executive Director, Instructional Services, Athens-Clarke County School District -- April 16, 1998