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Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758
MAHI MAHI
Common Dolphinfish; Dolphin; Dolphin Fish; Dolphin-fish; Dorado; Mahi-mahi; Mahimahi

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Coryphaena hippurus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Coryphaena hippurus

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Coryphaena hippurus
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Coryphaena hippurus
Coryphaena hippurus
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Coryphaena hippurus
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Resumen
  • altura cuerpo <25% ls
  • pectoral >1/2 cabeza
  • a: margen anterior cóncava

Dorado común

Radios dorsales 58-67; radios anales 25-30; altura mayor del cuerpo en adultos menor que el 25% de la longitud estándar; un parche ovalado de dientes en la lengua; aleta pectoral más que la mitad de la longitud de la cabeza; aleta anal con borde cóncavo.

Color verde azul brillante metálico en el dorso, desvaneciéndose a amarillo dorado ventralmente, con manchas dispersas verde azul iridiscentes; aleta dorsal verde azul profundo; aletas caudal, anal y pélvicas principalmente amarillas; juveniles pequeños color dorado con alrededor de 12 barras oscuras en el costado. Los colores brillantes se debilitan muy pronto a gris plateado con puntos negros y aletas oscuras después de morir.

Tamaño: alcanza 210 cm y 39.6 Kg.

Hábitat pelágico en aguas costeras y oceánicas.

Profundidad: 0-85 m.

Distribución Circuntropical; en todas partes de nuestra región.


Attributes
Abundance: Común.
Cites: No listado.
Climate Zone: Templado Norte (Provincia de California y/o norte del Golfo de California); Subtropical Norteño (Provincia de Cortez + Brecha de Sinaloa); Tropical Norteño (Provincia Mejicana hasta Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Ecuatorial (Costa Rica hasta Ecuador + Galápagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); Templado Sureño (Provincia Peruviana).
Depth Range Max: 85 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: pulpos/calamares/sepias; crustáceos pelágicos; peces óseos.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=35; Southern limit=-20; Western limit=-121; Eastern limit=-70; Latitudinal range=55; Longitudinal range=51.
Egg Type: Pelágico; Larva pelágica.
Feeding Group: Carnívoro.
FishBase Habitat: Pelágico.
Global Endemism: Circumtropical (Océanos Indico + Pacífico + Atlántico); Pacífico Este + Atlántico (Este +/u Oeste); Transismico (Pacífico Este + Atlántico de Centro América); Pacífico Este + todo Atlántico (Este + Oeste); POT no endémico; "Transpacífico" (Pacífico Este + Central y/u Oeste); Todas las especies.
Habitat: Restos flotantes; Columna de agua.
Inshore Offshore: Costeros; Oceánicos; Costeros y Oceánicos.
IUCN Red List: No evaluado / Listado.
Length Max: 210 cm.
Regional Endemism: Isla (s); Continente; Continente + Isla (s); Pacífico Oriental no endémico; Pacífico Oriental Tropical (POT) no endémico; Todas las especies.
Residency: Residente.
Salinity: Marino; Solo Marino.
Water Column Position: Media Agua; Cerca de la Superficie; Superficie; Columna de agua solamente;


Names
Scientific source:

Vinculos a otros sitios

Literatura
  • Acero, A. and Franke, R., 2001., Peces del parque nacional natural Gorgona. En: Barrios, L. M. y M. Lopéz-Victoria (Eds.). Gorgona marina: Contribución al conocimiento de una isla única., INVEMAR, Serie Publicaciones Especiales No. 7:123-131.
  • Aguilar-Palomino, B., Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Muhlia-Melo, A.F., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 1998., Feeding aspects of the dolphin Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 in Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 24:253-265.
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1936., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(3):1-56.
  • Briggs, J.C., 1960., Fishes of worldwide (circumtropical) distribution., Copeia, 1960:171-180.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Cuesta, T.C., 1932., Lista de los peces de las costas de la Baja California., Inst. Biol. Mexico, Anal, 3(1):75-80.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Franke , R. and Acero P., A., 1993., Peces Carangoideos del Parque Gorgona, Pacific Colombiano (Osteichthyes: Carangidae, Nemastistiidae y Coryphaenidae)., Revista de Biología Marina, Valparaiso, 28:51-73.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Gotshall, D.W., 1996., Fishes of Rocas Alijos. In Rocas Alijos. Ed. R. W. Schmieder. Cornell Expeditions., Kluwer Academic Publishers: 347-354.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Hunter, J. R. and Mitchell, C. T., 1966., Association of fishes with flotsam in the offshore waters of Central America., Fishery Bulletin, 66:13-29.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Kendall , W.C. and Radcliffe, L., 1912., The shore fishes. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer ALBATROSS, from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garret, U.S.N., Commanding. XXV., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 35(3):75-171.
  • Linnaeus, C., 1758., Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae., Systema Nat. ed. 10, 1:1-824.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1925., The marine fishes of Panama. Part II., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:331-707.
  • Molina, L., Danulat, E., Oviedo, M., González, J.A., 2004., Guía de especies de interés pesquero en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos., Fundación Charles Darwin / Agencia Espeñola de Cooperación Internacional / Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, 115pp.
  • Orellana, J.J., 1985., Marine Fishes of Los Cóbanos: Fishes of El Salvador., Sigma Found:126pp.
  • Ramírez Rodríguez, M., 1997., Producción pesquera en la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:273-282.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1986., Notas sobre la ictiofauna de la Isla de Gorgona, Colombia., Boletin Ecotropica. Univ. Bog. Jorge Tadeo Lozano, 13:86-112.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Sánchez Ortíz , C. , Arreola Robles , J. L. , Aburto Oropeza , O. and Cortés Hernández, M., 1997., Peces de arrecife en la región de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:189-200.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.
  • Walker, B. W. and Baldwin, W. J., 1964., Provisional check list of fishes of the Revillagigedo islands., 18 pp.

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/3ef4e91c-5d4b-455a-822e-8c42be47aafe/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/3ef4e91c-5d4b-455a-822e-8c42be47aafe/
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Coryphaenidae  
 Genus Coryphaena  
  Coryphaena hippurus    Linnaeus, 1758 
Provider: Wei-Chuan Chiang 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Corypaena hippurua Coryphaena argyrurus Coryphaena chrysurus Coryphaena dolfyn Coryphaena dorado Coryphaena fasciolata Coryphaena hipporus Coryphaena hyppurus Coryphaena immaculata Coryphaena imperialis Coryphaena japonica details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)
Character: The body is elongated and compressed with small cycloid scales. It has a long dorsal fin that stretches from their nape to a fork tail. The greatest body depth in adults is less than 25% standard length. The anal fin is concave and the pectoral fin is more than half the length of the head. The tooth patch on the tongue is small and oval. In juveniles only the tips of the caudal fins are white and the pelvic fins are black. Mature males posses a prominent bony crest in front of the head. This species is This fish may be one of the most colorful fish usually metallic blue-green above and silver with a golden sheen on the sides. These bright colors are quickly lost when the fish dies after being boated. 
Habitat: Found in open waters but also near the coast. Forms schools. Feeds on almost all forms of fish and zooplankton; also takes crustaceans and squid. Sexual maturity is reached in 4-5 months (3 for captive fish). Spawns in the open sea and probably approximat 
Distribution: The common dolphinfish is highly migratory species, widely distributed in the tropical and temperate waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. It is occasionally found in estuaries and harbors, generally restricted by the 20℃ isotherm. 
Utility: The common dolphinfish is sought after by human cultures because of their firm meat and delicate flavor. The dolphinfish support commercial and sportfishing industries worldwide. 
Name Code: 381638
  IUCN Red List:NL      
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Coryphaena hippurus   Linnaeus , 1758

Common dolphinfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | Year 2100
Coryphaena hippurus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos     Stamps, Coins | Google image Image of Coryphaena hippurus (Common dolphinfish) Coryphaena hippurus
Picture by Winterbottom, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Coryphaenidae (Dolphinfishes)
Etymology: Coryphaena: Greek, koryphaina = dolphin fish (Ref. 45335 ) .   More on author: Linnaeus .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 85 m (Ref. 13608 ), usually 5 - 10 m (Ref. 40849 ).   Subtropical; 21°C - 30°C (Ref. 26 ), preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945 ); 47°N - 38°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 54341 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: in tropical and subtropical waters. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 55.8 , range 35 - 93.1 cm
Max length : 210 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9846 ); common length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3390 ); max. published weight: 40.0 kg (Ref. 30874 ); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 2885 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 58-66; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 25 - 31; Vertebrae : 31. Greatest body depth in adults less than 25% of standard length; tooth patch on tongue small and oval; single dorsal fin extending from above eye almost to caudal fin with 58-66 rays; a concave anal fin extending from anus almost to caudal fin; pectoral fin more than half of head length (Ref. 10948 ). Caudal vertebrae usually 18 (Ref. 10998 ). Mature males posses a prominent bony crest in front of the head. The color is striking with golden hues on the sides, metallic blues and greens on the back and sides, with white and yellow on the underparts. Small specimens have pronounced vertical bars on the sides of the body.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found in open waters but also near the coast (Ref. 9293 , 11230 ). Form schools. Feed on almost all forms of fish and zooplankton; also takes crustaceans and squid (Ref. 2850 ). Sexual maturity is reached in 4-5 months (3 for captive fish) (Ref. 11441 ). Spawn in the open sea and probably approximate to the coast when water temperature rises (Ref. 9293 ). Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6755 ). Attracting devices such as floating bundles of bamboo reeds or cork planks are used to concentrate dolphin fish before the nets are set. Marketed frozen (Ref. 9987 ) and fresh and is of high value (Ref. 9293 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

In East African waters, spawning season may last from March to early June and spawning occurs inshore. In the western Pacific, sex ratios were about equal during spawning season. Spawning in the western Atlantic occurs over an extended period of time. Spawn naturally in captivity without artificial inducement (Ref. 41779 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Palko, B.J., G.L. Beardsley and W.J. Richards , 1982. Synopsis of the biological data on dolphin-fishes, Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus and Coryphaena equiselis Linnaeus. FAO Fish. Synop. (130); NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. (443). (Ref. 26 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911 )




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(fisheries: production , species profile ; publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.01283 - 0.02051), b=2.84 (2.77 - 2.91), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.4   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.4-1.2; tm<1; tmax=5; Fec=85,000). Prior r = 0.77, 2 SD range = 0.39 - 1.54, log(r) = -0.26, SD log(r) = 0.35, Based on: 11 K, 9 tgen, 3 tmax, 8 Fec records Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

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