unnamed cave 60, stoke mark

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unnamed cave_60, _stoke_mark, I_AMC6160
© Copyright Alan Cressler 2011

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This is a classic cane torch bundle stoke mark. The individual cane charcoal rings are plainly visible. This lighting technology spans several thousand years of prehistoric time. At least in the southeastern U.S. it was the only known light source for prehistoric exploration of caves. The burning torch bundles were struck against the wall to remove excess ash and to refresh the burning end. The charcoal from this action is often preserved below one of these marks. Radiocarbon dates from this type of charcoal indicates the technology was used from over 5,000 years ago to around the time of contact with European explorers. These subtle archaeological features are often the only evidence we see of prehistoric cave exploration. They are also easily impacted by modern cave explorers who simply don't see them or don't know what they are.


title unnamed cave 60, stoke mark
date yyyymmdd hr:mn 2009:02:01 06:09:10
source Flickr
flickr_agent alan_cressler

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