Kinds of Caudata World

Salamanders and Newts of the World

Andrew Durso, Thao Quan & John Pickering,
University of Georgia, Athens.

Compiled from American Museum of Natural History, Amphibian Species of the World and other sources.

Scientific name -- Other names
Ambystomatidae -- Mole salamanders
   Ambystoma altamirani Dugès, 1895 -- Mountain stream siredon; Lake zempoala siredon
   Ambystoma amblycephalum Taylor, 1940 -- Blunthead salamander
   Ambystoma andersoni Krebs and Brandon, 1984 -- Andersons salamander
   Ambystoma annulatum Cope, 1886 -- Ringed salamander
   Ambystoma barbouri Kraus and Petranka, 1989 -- Streamside salamander
   Ambystoma bombypellum Taylor, 1940 -- Delicateskin salamander
   Ambystoma californiense Gray, 1853 -- California tiger salamander; California axolotl
   Ambystoma cingulatum Cope, 1868
   Ambystoma dumerilii (Dugès, 1870)
   Ambystoma flavipiperatum Dixon, 1963
   Ambystoma gracile (Baird, 1859) -- Northwestern Salamander
   Ambystoma granulosum Taylor, 1944
   Ambystoma jeffersonianum (Green, 1827) -- Jefferson salamander
   Ambystoma laterale Hallowell, 1856 -- Blue-spotted salamander
   Ambystoma leorae (Taylor, 1943)
   Ambystoma lermaense (Taylor, 1940)
   Ambystoma mabeei Bishop, 1928 -- Mabees salamander
   Ambystoma macrodactylum Baird, 1849 -- Long-toed salamander
   Ambystoma maculatum (Shaw, 1802) -- Spotted salamander
   Ambystoma mavortium Baird, 1850 -- Barred Tiger Salamander
   Ambystoma mexicanum (Shaw and Nodder, 1798)
   Ambystoma opacum (Gravenhorst, 1807) -- Marbled salamander
   Ambystoma ordinarium Taylor, 1940
   Ambystoma rivulare (Taylor, 1940)
   Ambystoma rosaceum Taylor, 1941
   Ambystoma talpoideum (Holbrook, 1838) -- Mole salamander
   Ambystoma taylori Brandon, Maruska, and Rumph, 1982
   Ambystoma texanum (Matthes, 1855) -- Smallmouth salamander
   Ambystoma tigrinum (Green, 1825) -- Tiger salamander; Eastern Tiger Salamander
   Ambystoma velasci (Dugès, 1888)
Amphiumidae -- Amphiumas; Congo eels
   Amphiuma means Garden, 1821 -- Two-toed amphiuma
   Amphiuma pholeter Neill, 1964 -- One-toed amphiuma
   Amphiuma tridactylum Cuvier, 1827 -- Three-toed amphiuma
Cryptobranchidae Fitzinger, 1826 -- Asian giant salamanders; Hellbenders
   Andrias davidianus (Blanchard, 1871)
   Andrias japonicus (Temminck, 1836)
   Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Daudin, 1803) -- Eastern hellbender; Ozark hellbender
Dicamptodontidae Tihen, 1958
   Dicamptodon aterrimus (Cope, 1868)
   Dicamptodon copei Nussbaum, 1970 -- Copes Giant Salamander
   Dicamptodon ensatus (Eschscholtz, 1833) -- California Giant Salamander
   Dicamptodon tenebrosus (Baird and Girard, 1852) -- Pacific Giant Salamander
Hynobiidae Cope, 1859
   Batrachuperus gorganensis Clergue-Gazeau and Thorn, 1979
   Batrachuperus karlschmidti Liu, 1950
   Batrachuperus londongensis Liu and Tian In Liu, Hu, Tian, and Wu, 1978
   Batrachuperus mustersi Smith, 1940
   Batrachuperus persicus Eiselt and Steiner, 1970
   Batrachuperus pinchonii (David, 1872) -- Batrachuperus cochranae
   Batrachuperus taibaiensis Song, Zeng, Wu, Liu, and Fu, 2001
   Batrachuperus tibetanus Schmidt, 1925
   Batrachuperus yenyuanensis Liu, 1950
   Hynobius abei Sato, 1934
   Hynobius amjiensis Gu, 1992
   Hynobius arisanensis Maki, 1922
   Hynobius boulengeri (Thompson, 1912)
   Hynobius chinensis Günther, 1889
   Hynobius dunni Tago, 1931
   Hynobius formosanus Maki, 1922
   Hynobius hidamontanus Matsui, 1987
   Hynobius kimurae Dunn, 1923
   Hynobius leechii Boulenger, 1887
   Hynobius lichenatus Boulenger, 1883
   Hynobius naevius (Temminck and Schlegel, 1838)
   Hynobius nebulosus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1838)
   Hynobius nigrescens Stejneger, 1907
   Hynobius okiensis Sato, 1940
   Hynobius quelpartensis Mori, 1928
   Hynobius retardatus Dunn, 1923
   Hynobius sonani (Maki, 1922)
   Hynobius stejnegeri Dunn, 1923
   Hynobius takedai Matsui and Miyazaki, 1984
   Hynobius tokyoensis Tago, 1931
   Hynobius tsuensis Abé, 1922
   Hynobius turkestanicus Nikolskii, 1910
   Hynobius yangi Kim, Min, and Matsui, 2003
   Hynobius yiwuensis Cai, 1985
   Hynobius yunanicus Chen, Qu, and Niu, 2001
   Onychodactylus fischeri (Boulenger, 1886)
   Onychodactylus japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782)
   Pachyhynobius shangchengensis Fei, Qu, and Wu, 1983
   Protohynobius puxiongensis Fei and Ye, 2000
   Ranodon flavomaculatus (Hu and Fei In Hu, Fei, and Ye, 1978) -- Yellow spotted salamander
   Ranodon shihi (Liu, 1950) -- Sichuan salamander; Wushan salamander
   Ranodon sibiricus Kessler, 1866 -- Siberian salamander; Semirechensk salamander; Central asian salamander
   Ranodon tsinpaensis Liu and Hu In Hu, Zhao, and Liu, 1966 -- Shaanxi salamander; Tsinpa salamander; Qinpa salamander
   Salamandrella keyserlingii Dybowski, 1870 -- Dybowskis salamander; Siberian newt; Manchurian salamander; Siberian salamander
Necturidae -- Mudpuppies; Waterdogs
Plethodontidae Gray, 1850
   Aneides aeneus (Cope and Packard, 1881) -- Green salamander
   Aneides ferreus Cope, 1869
   Aneides flavipunctatus (Strauch, 1870) -- Black Salamander
   Aneides hardii (Taylor, 1941) -- Sacramento Mountain Salamander
   Aneides lugubris (Hallowell, 1849) -- Arboreal Salamander
   Aneides vagrans Wake and Jackman, 1999
   Batrachoseps attenuatus (Eschscholtz, 1833) -- California slender salamander
   Batrachoseps campi Marlow, Brode, and Wake, 1979 -- Inyo mountains salamander
   Batrachoseps diabolicus Jockusch, Wake, and Yanev, 1998
   Batrachoseps gabrieli Wake, 1996 -- San gabriel slender salamander
   Batrachoseps gavilanensis Jockusch, Yanev, and Wake, 2001 -- Gabilan mountains slender salamander
   Batrachoseps gregarius Jockusch, Wake, and Yanev, 1998 -- Gregarious slender salamander
   Batrachoseps incognitus Jockusch, Yanev, and Wake, 2001
   Batrachoseps kawia Jockusch, Wake, and Yanev, 1998
   Batrachoseps luciae Jockusch, Yanev, and Wake, 2001
   Batrachoseps major Camp, 1915 -- Garden Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps minor Jockusch, Yanev, and Wake, 2001 -- Lesser slender salamander
   Batrachoseps nigriventris Cope, 1869 -- Blackbelly Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps pacificus (Cope, 1865) -- Channel islands slender salamander
   Batrachoseps regius Jockusch, Wake, and Yanev, 1998 -- Kings river slender salamander
   Batrachoseps relictus Brame and Murray, 1968 -- Relictual slender salamander
   Batrachoseps robustus Wake, Yanev, and Hansen, 2002 -- Relictual slender salamander
   Batrachoseps simatus Brame and Murray, 1968 -- Kern canyon slender salamander
   Batrachoseps stebbinsi Brame and Murray, 1968 -- Tehachapi slender salamander
   Batrachoseps wrightorum (Bishop, 1937)
   Bolitoglossa adspersa (Peters, 1863)
   Bolitoglossa alberchi García-París, Parra-Olea, Brame, and Wake, 2002
   Bolitoglossa altamazonica (Cope, 1874)
   Bolitoglossa alvaradoi Taylor, 1954
   Bolitoglossa anthracina Brame, Savage, Wake, and Hanken, 2001
   Bolitoglossa biseriata Tanner, 1962
   Bolitoglossa borburata Trapido, 1942
   Bolitoglossa capitana Brame and Wake, 1963
   Bolitoglossa carri McCranie and Wilson, 1993
   Bolitoglossa celaque McCranie and Wilson, 1993
   Bolitoglossa cerroensis (Taylor, 1952)
   Bolitoglossa chica Brame and Wake, 1963
   Bolitoglossa colonnea (Dunn, 1924)
   Bolitoglossa compacta Wake, Brame, and Duellman, 1973
   Bolitoglossa conanti McCranie and Wilson, 1993
   Bolitoglossa cuchumatana (Stuart, 1943)
   Bolitoglossa cuna Wake, Brame, and Duellman, 1973
   Bolitoglossa decora McCranie and Wilson, 1997
   Bolitoglossa diaphora McCranie and Wilson, 1995
   Bolitoglossa digitigrada Wake, Brame, and Thomas, 1982
   Bolitoglossa diminuta Robinson, 1976
   Bolitoglossa dofleini (Werner, 1903)
   Bolitoglossa dunni (Schmidt, 1933)
   Bolitoglossa engelhardti (Schmidt, 1936)
   Bolitoglossa epimela Wake and Brame, 1963
   Bolitoglossa equatoriana Brame and Wake, 1972
   Bolitoglossa flavimembris (Schmidt, 1936)
   Bolitoglossa flaviventris (Schmidt, 1936)
   Bolitoglossa franklini (Schmidt, 1936)
   Bolitoglossa gracilis Bolaños, Robinson, and Wake, 1987
   Bolitoglossa guaramacalensis Schargel, García-Pérez, and Smith, 2002
   Bolitoglossa hartwegi Wake and Brame, 1969
   Bolitoglossa helmrichi (Schmidt, 1936)
   Bolitoglossa hermosa Papenfuss, Wake, and Adler, 1984
   Bolitoglossa hiemalis Lynch, 2001
   Bolitoglossa hypacra (Brame and Wake, 1962)
   Bolitoglossa jacksoni Elias, 1984
   Bolitoglossa lignicolor (Peters, 1873)
   Bolitoglossa lincolni (Stuart, 1943)
   Bolitoglossa longissima McCranie and Cruz-Díaz, 1996
   Bolitoglossa lozanoi Acosta-Galvis and Restrepo, 2001
   Bolitoglossa macrinii (Lafrentz, 1930)
   Bolitoglossa marmorea (Tanner and Brame, 1961)
   Bolitoglossa medemi Brame and Wake, 1972
   Bolitoglossa meliana Wake and Lynch, 1982
   Bolitoglossa mexicana Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854
   Bolitoglossa minutula Wake, Brame, and Duellman, 1973
   Bolitoglossa mombachoensis Köhler and McCranie, 1999
   Bolitoglossa morio (Cope, 1869)
   Bolitoglossa mulleri (Brocchi, 1883)
   Bolitoglossa nicefori Brame and Wake, 1963
   Bolitoglossa nigrescens (Taylor, 1949)
   Bolitoglossa oaxacensis Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2002
   Bolitoglossa occidentalis Taylor, 1941
   Bolitoglossa odonnelli (Stuart, 1943)
   Bolitoglossa orestes Brame and Wake, 1962
   Bolitoglossa palmata (Werner, 1897)
   Bolitoglossa pandi Brame and Wake, 1963
   Bolitoglossa paraensis (Unterstein, 1930)
   Bolitoglossa peruviana (Boulenger, 1883)
   Bolitoglossa pesrubra Taylor, 1952
   Bolitoglossa phalarosoma Wake and Brame, 1962
   Bolitoglossa platydactyla (Gray In Cuvier, 1831)
   Bolitoglossa porrasorum McCranie and Wilson, 1995
   Bolitoglossa ramosi Brame and Wake, 1972
   Bolitoglossa riletti Holman, 1964
   Bolitoglossa robusta (Cope, 1894)
   Bolitoglossa rostrata (Brocchi, 1883)
   Bolitoglossa rufescens (Cope, 1869)
   Bolitoglossa salvinii (Gray, 1868)
   Bolitoglossa savagei Brame and Wake, 1963
   Bolitoglossa schizodactyla Wake and Brame, 1966
   Bolitoglossa silverstonei Brame and Wake, 1972
   Bolitoglossa sima (Vaillant, 1911)
   Bolitoglossa sooyorum Vial, 1963
   Bolitoglossa spongai Barrio-Amorós and Fuentes-Ramos, 1999
   Bolitoglossa striatula (Noble, 1918)
   Bolitoglossa stuarti Wake and Brame, 1969
   Bolitoglossa subpalmata (Boulenger, 1896)
   Bolitoglossa synoria McCranie and Köhler, 1999
   Bolitoglossa taylori Wake, Brame, and Myers, 1970
   Bolitoglossa vallecula Brame and Wake, 1963
   Bolitoglossa veracrucis Taylor, 1951
   Bolitoglossa walkeri Brame and Wake, 1972
   Bolitoglossa yucatana (Peters, 1882)
   Bolitoglossa zapoteca Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2002
   Bradytriton silus Wake and Elias, 1983
   Chiropterotriton arboreus (Taylor, 1941)
   Chiropterotriton chiropterus (Cope, 1863)
   Chiropterotriton chondrostega (Taylor, 1941)
   Chiropterotriton cracens Rabb, 1958
   Chiropterotriton dimidiatus (Taylor, 1940)
   Chiropterotriton lavae (Taylor, 1942)
   Chiropterotriton magnipes Rabb, 1965
   Chiropterotriton mosaueri (Woodall, 1941)
   Chiropterotriton multidentatus (Taylor, 1939)
   Chiropterotriton orculus (Cope, 1865)
   Chiropterotriton priscus Rabb, 1956
   Chiropterotriton terrestris (Taylor, 1941)
   Cryptotriton adelos (Papenfuss and Wake, 1987)
   Cryptotriton alvarezdeltoroi (Papenfuss and Wake, 1987)
   Cryptotriton monzoni (Campbell and Smith, 1998)
   Cryptotriton nasalis (Dunn, 1924)
   Cryptotriton veraepacis (Lynch and Wake, 1978)
   Cryptotriton wakei (Campbell and Smith, 1998)
   Dendrotriton bromeliacius (Schmidt, 1936)
   Dendrotriton cuchumatanus (Lynch and Wake, 1975)
   Dendrotriton megarhinus (Rabb, 1960)
   Dendrotriton rabbi (Lynch and Wake, 1975)
   Dendrotriton sanctibarbarus (McCranie and Wilson, 1997)
   Dendrotriton xolocalcae (Taylor, 1941)
   Desmognathus abditus Anderson and Tilley, 2003
   Desmognathus aeneus Brown and Bishop, 1947 -- Seepage salamander
   Desmognathus apalachicolae Means and Karlin, 1989
   Desmognathus auriculatus (Holbrook, 1838) -- Southern dusky salamander
   Desmognathus brimleyorum Stejneger, 1895
   Desmognathus carolinensis Dunn, 1916 -- Carolina Dusky Salamander
   Desmognathus conanti Rossman, 1958 -- Spotted dusky salamander
   Desmognathus folkertsi Camp, Tilley, Austin, and Marshall, 2002 -- Dwarf Black-bellied Salamander
   Desmognathus fuscus (Rafinesque, 1820)
   Desmognathus imitator Dunn, 1927 -- Imitator salamander
   Desmognathus marmoratus Moore, 1899 -- Shovelnose salamander; Shovel-nosed Salamander
   Desmognathus monticola Dunn, 1916 -- Seal salamander
   Desmognathus ochrophaeus Cope, 1859 -- Mountain dusky salamander
   Desmognathus ocoee Nicholls, 1949 -- Ocoee Salamander; Ocoee Dusky Salamander
   Desmognathus orestes Tilley and Mahoney, 1996 -- Blue Ridge Dusky Salamander
   Desmognathus quadramaculatus (Holbrook, 1840) -- Blackbelly salamander; Black-bellied Salamander
   Desmognathus santeetlah Tilley, 1981 -- Santeetlah dusky salamander
   Desmognathus welteri Barbour, 1950 -- Black mountain salamander
   Desmognathus wrighti King, 1936 -- Pygmy salamander; Pigmy Salamander
   Ensatina eschscholtzii Gray, 1850 -- Monterey Ensatina
   Eurycea aquatica Rose and Bush, 1963
   Eurycea bislineata (Green, 1818) -- Northern two-lined salamander
   Eurycea chamberlaini Harrison and Guttman, 2003 -- Chamberlains Dwarf Salamander
   Eurycea chisholmensis Chippindale, Price, Wiens, and Hillis, 2000
   Eurycea cirrigera (Green, 1831)
   Eurycea guttolineata Holbrook, 1838
   Eurycea junaluska Sever, Dundee, and Sullivan, 1976
   Eurycea latitans Smith and Potter, 1946 -- Cascade Cavern Salamander
   Eurycea longicauda (Green, 1818)
   Eurycea lucifuga Rafinesque, 1822 -- Cave salamander
   Eurycea multiplicata (Moore and Hugues, 1841) -- Graybelly salamander; Many-ribbed salamander
   Eurycea nana Bishop, 1941 -- San Marcos salamander
   Eurycea naufragia Chippindale, Price, Wiens, and Hillis, 2000
   Eurycea neotenes Bishop and Wright, 1937 -- Texas salamander
   Eurycea pterophila Burger, Smith, and Potter, 1950
   Eurycea quadridigitata (Holbrook, 1842) -- Dwarf salamander
   Eurycea rathbuni Stejneger, 1895 -- Texas blind salamander
   Eurycea robusta Longley, 1978 -- Texas blind salamander
   Eurycea sosorum Chippindale, Price, and Hillis, 1993
   Eurycea spelaea Stejneger, 1892 -- Grotto salamander; Ozark blind salamander; Typhlotriton spelaeus
   Eurycea tonkawae Chippindale, Price, Wiens, and Hillis, 2000
   Eurycea tridentifera Mitchell and Reddell, 1965 -- Comal blind salamander
   Eurycea troglodytes Baker, 1957
   Eurycea tynerensis Moore and Hughes, 1939 -- Oklahoma salamander
   Eurycea wallacei (Carr, 1939) -- Georgia blind salamander; Haideotriton wallacei
   Eurycea waterlooensis Hillis, Chamberlain, Wilcox, and Chippindale, 2001
   Eurycea wilderae Dunn, 1920 -- Blue Ridge two-lined salamander
   Gyrinophilus gulolineatus Brandon, 1965 -- Berry Cave Salamander
   Gyrinophilus palleucus McCrady, 1954 -- Tennessee cave salamander
   Gyrinophilus porphyriticus (Green, 1827)
   Gyrinophilus subterraneus Besharse and Holsinger, 1977 -- West Virginia Spring Salamander
   Haideotriton wallacei Carr, 1939
   Hemidactylium scutatum (Temminck and Schlegel, 1838) -- Four-toed salamander
   Hydromantes brunus Gorman, 1954 -- Limestone Salamander
   Hydromantes platycephalus (Camp, 1916) -- Mount Lyell Salamander
   Hydromantes shastae Gorman and Camp, 1953 -- Shasta Salamander
   Ixalotriton niger Wake and Johnson, 1989
   Ixalotriton parva Lynch and Wake, 1989
   Lineatriton lineolus (Cope, 1865)
   Lineatriton orchileucos Brodie, Mendelson, and Campbell, 2002
   Lineatriton orchimelas Brodie, Mendelson, and Campbell, 2002
   Nototriton abscondens (Taylor, 1948)
   Nototriton barbouri (Schmidt, 1936)
   Nototriton brodiei Campbell and Smith, 1998
   Nototriton gamezi García-París and Wake, 2000
   Nototriton guanacaste Good and Wake, 1993
   Nototriton lignicola McCranie and Wilson, 1997
   Nototriton limnospectator McCranie, Wilson, and Polisar, 1998
   Nototriton major Good and Wake, 1993
   Nototriton picadoi (Stejneger, 1911)
   Nototriton richardi (Taylor, 1949)
   Nototriton saslaya Köhler, 2002
   Nototriton stuarti Wake and Campbell, 2000
   Nototriton tapanti Good and Wake, 1993
   Nyctanolis pernix Elias and Wake, 1983
   Oedipina alfaroi Dunn, 1921
   Oedipina alleni Taylor, 1954
   Oedipina altura Brame, 1968
   Oedipina carablanca Brame, 1968
   Oedipina collaris (Stejneger, 1907)
   Oedipina complex (Dunn, 1924)
   Oedipina cyclocauda Taylor, 1952
   Oedipina elongata (Schmidt, 1936)
   Oedipina gephyra McCranie, Wilson, and Williams, 1993
   Oedipina gracilis Taylor, 1952
   Oedipina grandis Brame and Duellman, 1970
   Oedipina ignea Stuart, 1952
   Oedipina maritima García-París and Wake, 2000
   Oedipina pacificensis Taylor, 1952
   Oedipina parvipes (Peters, 1879)
   Oedipina paucidentata Brame, 1968
   Oedipina poelzi Brame, 1963
   Oedipina pseudouniformis Brame, 1968
   Oedipina savagei García-París and Wake, 2000
   Oedipina stenopodia Brodie and Campbell, 1993
   Oedipina stuarti Brame, 1968
   Oedipina taylori Stuart, 1952
   Oedipina uniformis Keferstein, 1868
   Parvimolge townsendi (Dunn, 1922)
   Phaeognathus hubrichti Highton, 1961 -- Red Hills salamander
   Plethodon ainsworthi Lazell, 1998 -- Catahoula Salamander
   Plethodon albagula Grobman, 1944 -- Western slimy salamander
   Plethodon amplus Highton and Peabody, 2000 -- Blue ridge gray-cheeked salamander
   Plethodon angusticlavius Grobman, 1944
   Plethodon aureolus Highton, 1984
   Plethodon caddoensis Pope and Pope, 1951 -- Caddo mountain salamander
   Plethodon chattahoochee Highton, 1989 -- Chattahoochee slimy salamander
   Plethodon cheoah Highton and Peabody, 2000 -- Cheoah Bald Salamander
   Plethodon chlorobryonis Mittleman, 1951 -- Atlantic coast slimy salamander
   Plethodon cinereus Pope and Pope, 1951 -- Redback salamander
   Plethodon cylindraceus (Harlan, 1825) -- White spotted slimy salamander
   Plethodon dorsalis Grobman, 1944 -- Ozark zigzag salamander; Eastern zigzag salamander; Southern Zigzag Salamander
   Plethodon dunni Bishop, 1934 -- Dunns Salamander
   Plethodon electromorphus Highton, 1999 -- Northern ravine salamander
   Plethodon elongatus Van Denburgh, 1916 -- Del Norte Salamander
   Plethodon fourchensis Duncan and Highton, 1979
   Plethodon glutinosus (Green, 1818) -- Northern slimy salamander
   Plethodon grobmani Allen and Neill, 1949
   Plethodon hoffmani Highton, 1972
   Plethodon hubrichti Thurow, 1957 -- Peaks of otter salamander
   Plethodon idahoensis Slater and Slipp, 1940
   Plethodon jordani Blatchley, 1901 -- Jordans salamander
   Plethodon kentucki Mittleman, 1951 -- Cumberland plateau salamander
   Plethodon kiamichi Highton, 1989 -- Kiamichi slimy salamander
   Plethodon kisatchie Highton, 1989 -- Louisiana slimy salamander
   Plethodon larselli Burns, 1954 -- Larch mountain salamander
   Plethodon meridianus Highton and Peabody, 2000 -- South mountain graycheek salamander
   Plethodon metcalfi Brimley, 1912 -- Southern graycheek salamander; Southern Gray-cheeked Salamander
   Plethodon mississippi Highton, 1989 -- Mississippi slimy salamander
   Plethodon montanus Highton and Peabody, 2000 -- Northern graycheek salamander
   Plethodon neomexicanus Stebbins and Riemer, 1950 -- Jemez Mountains Salamander
   Plethodon nettingi Green, 1938 -- Cheat mountain salamander
   Plethodon ocmulgee Highton, 1989 -- Ocmulgee slimy salamander
   Plethodon ouachitae Dunn and Heinze, 1933
   Plethodon petraeus Wynn, Highton, and Jacobs, 1988
   Plethodon punctatus Highton, 1972 -- White-spotted salamander; Cow knob salamander
   Plethodon richmondi Netting and Mittleman, 1938 -- Ravine salamander
   Plethodon savannah Highton, 1989 -- Savannah slimy salamander
   Plethodon sequoyah Highton, 1989 -- Sequoyah slimy salamander
   Plethodon serratus Grobman, 1944 -- Southern redback salamander
   Plethodon shenandoah Highton and Worthington, 1967 -- Shenandoah salamander
   Plethodon shermani Stejneger, 1906
   Plethodon stormi Highton and Brame, 1965 -- Siskiyou Mountains Salamander
   Plethodon teyahalee Hairston, 1950 -- Southern appalachian salamander; Plethodon oconaluftee
   Plethodon vandykei Van Denburgh, 1906 -- Van Dykes Salamander
   Plethodon variolatus Gilliams, 1818 -- South carolina slimy salamander
   Plethodon vehiculum (Cooper, 1860) -- Western Redback Salamander
   Plethodon ventralis Highton, 1997 -- Southern Zigzag Salamander
   Plethodon virginia Highton, 1999 -- Shenandoah Mountain Salamander
   Plethodon websteri Highton, 1979 -- Websters salamander
   Plethodon wehrlei Fowler and Dunn, 1917 -- Wehrles Salamander; Plethodon dixi; Plethodon jacksoni
   Plethodon welleri Walker, 1931 -- Wellers salamander
   Plethodon yonahlossee Dunn, 1917 -- Yonahlossee salamander
   Pseudoeurycea ahuitzotl Adler, 1996
   Pseudoeurycea altamontana (Taylor, 1939)
   Pseudoeurycea amuzga Pérez-Ramos and Saldaña de la Riva, 2003
   Pseudoeurycea anitae Bogert, 1967
   Pseudoeurycea aquatica Wake and Campbell, 2001
   Pseudoeurycea aurantia Canseco-Márquez and Parra-Olea, 2003
   Pseudoeurycea bellii (Gray, 1850)
   Pseudoeurycea brunnata Bumzahem and Smith, 1955
   Pseudoeurycea cephalica (Cope, 1865)
   Pseudoeurycea cochranae (Taylor, 1943)
   Pseudoeurycea conanti Bogert, 1967
   Pseudoeurycea exspectata Stuart, 1954
   Pseudoeurycea firscheini Shannon and Werler, 1955
   Pseudoeurycea gadovii (Dunn, 1926)
   Pseudoeurycea galeanae (Taylor, 1941)
   Pseudoeurycea gigantea (Taylor, 1939)
   Pseudoeurycea goebeli (Schmidt, 1936)
   Pseudoeurycea juarezi Regal, 1966
   Pseudoeurycea leprosa (Cope, 1869)
   Pseudoeurycea longicauda Lynch, Wake, and Yang, 1983
   Pseudoeurycea lynchi Parra-Olea, Papenfuss, and Wake, 2001
   Pseudoeurycea melanomolga (Taylor, 1941)
   Pseudoeurycea mixcoatl Adler, 1996
   Pseudoeurycea mystax Bogert, 1967
   Pseudoeurycea naucampatepetl Parra-Olea, Papenfuss, and Wake, 2001
   Pseudoeurycea nigromaculata (Taylor, 1941)
   Pseudoeurycea praecellens (Rabb, 1955)
   Pseudoeurycea rex (Dunn, 1921)
   Pseudoeurycea robertsi (Taylor, 1939)
   Pseudoeurycea ruficauda Parra-Olea, García-París, Hanken, and Wake, 2004
   Pseudoeurycea saltator Lynch and Wake, 1989
   Pseudoeurycea scandens Walker, 1955
   Pseudoeurycea smithi (Taylor, 1939)
   Pseudoeurycea tenchalli Adler, 1996
   Pseudoeurycea teotepec Adler, 1996
   Pseudoeurycea tlahcuiloh Adler, 1996
   Pseudoeurycea tlilicxitl Lara-Góngara, 2003
   Pseudoeurycea unguidentis (Taylor, 1941)
   Pseudoeurycea werleri Darling and Smith, 1954
   Pseudotriton montanus Netting and Goin, 1942 -- Rusty mud salamander; Eastern mud salamander; Northern red salamander; Blackchin red salamander; Southern red salamander
   Pseudotriton ruber (Sonnini de Manoncourt and Latreille, 1801) -- Red Salamander
   Speleomantes ambrosii (Lanza, 1954) -- Amrosis cave salamander; Spezia cave salamander newt
   Speleomantes flavus (Stefani, 1969) -- Mount albos cave salamander; Monte albo cave salamander; Yellowish cave salamander; Stefanis salamander
   Speleomantes genei (Temminck and Schlegel, 1838) -- Brown cave salamander; Sardinian cave salamander; Genes cave salamander; Sardinia salamander
   Speleomantes imperialis (Stefani, 1969) -- Odorous cave salamander; Imperial cave slamander; Imperial salamander; Scented cave salamander
   Speleomantes italicus (Dunn, 1923) -- Italian cave salamander; Apennines salamander; Central cave salamander; Eastern cave salamander
   Speleomantes strinatii (Aellen, 1958) -- Strinatis cave salamander; Western cave salamander
   Speleomantes supramontis (Lanza, Nascetti, and Bullini, 1986) -- Supramonte cave salamander; Nuoro salamander
   Stereochilus marginatus (Hallowell, 1856) -- Many-lined salamander; Margined triton; Margined salamander
   Thorius arboreus Hanken and Wake, 1994
   Thorius aureus Hanken and Wake, 1994
   Thorius boreas Hanken and Wake, 1994
   Thorius dubitus Taylor, 1941 -- Acultzingo pigmy salamander
   Thorius grandis Hanken, Wake, and Freeman, 1999 -- Grand minute salamander
   Thorius infernalis Hanken, Wake, and Freeman, 1999 -- Atoyac minute salamander
   Thorius insperatus Hanken and Wake, 1994
   Thorius lunaris Hanken and Wake, 1998
   Thorius macdougalli Taylor, 1949 -- Macdougalls pigmy salamander
   Thorius magnipes Hanken and Wake, 1998
   Thorius minutissimus Taylor, 1949 -- Oaxacan pigmy salamander
   Thorius minydemus Hanken and Wake, 1998
   Thorius munificus Hanken and Wake, 1998
   Thorius narismagnus Shannon and Werler, 1955 -- San martin pigmy salamander
   Thorius narisovalis Taylor, 1940 -- Upper cerro pigmy salamander
   Thorius omiltemi Hanken, Wake, and Freeman, 1999 -- Omiltemi minute salamander
   Thorius papaloae Hanken and Wake, 2001 -- Papalo minute salamander
   Thorius pennatulus Cope, 1869 -- Veracruz pigmy salamander; Volcan orizaba pigmy salamander
   Thorius pulmonaris Taylor, 1940 -- Lower cerro pigmy salamander
   Thorius schmidti Gehlbach, 1959 -- Schmidts pigmy salamander; Zoquitlan pigmy salamander
   Thorius smithi Hanken and Wake, 1994
   Thorius spilogaster Hanken and Wake, 1998
   Thorius troglodytes Taylor, 1941 -- Taylors pigmy salamander
Proteidae Gray, 1825
   Necturus alabamensis Viosca, 1937 -- Alabama Waterdog; Blackwarrior Waterdog
   Necturus beyeri Viosca, 1937 -- Gulf coast waterdog; Alabama Waterdog
   Necturus lewisi Brimley, 1924
   Necturus maculosus (Rafinesque, 1818) -- Mudpuppy; Mudpuppy or Waterdog
   Necturus punctatus (Gibbes, 1850) -- Dwarf waterdog
   Proteus anguinus Laurenti, 1768 -- Blind cave salamander; Olm; Common proteus
Rhyacotritonidae Tihen, 1958 -- Torrent salamanders
   Rhyacotriton cascadae Good and Wake, 1992 -- Cascades torrent salamander
   Rhyacotriton kezeri Good and Wake, 1992 -- Columbia torrent salamander
   Rhyacotriton olympicus (Gaige, 1917) -- Olympic torrent salamander
   Rhyacotriton variegatus Stebbins and Lowe, 1951 -- Southern torrent salamander
Salamandridae -- True salamanders; Newts
   Chioglossa lusitanica Bocage, 1864
   Cynops chenggongensis Kou and Xing, 1983
   Cynops cyanurus Liu, Hu, and Yang, 1962
   Cynops ensicauda (Hallowell, 1861)
   Cynops orientalis (David, 1873)
   Cynops orphicus Risch, 1983
   Cynops pyrrhogaster (Boie, 1826)
   Cynops wolterstorffi (Boulenger, 1905)
   Echinotriton andersoni (Boulenger, 1892)
   Echinotriton chinhaiensis Chang, 1932
   Euproctus asper (Dugès, 1852)
   Euproctus montanus (Savi, 1838)
   Euproctus platycephalus (Gravenhorst, 1829)
   Mertensiella caucasica (Waga, 1876)
   Neurergus crocatus Cope, 1862
   Neurergus kaiseri Schmidt, 1952
   Neurergus microspilotus (Nesterov, 1916)
   Neurergus strauchii (Steindachner, 1887)
   Notophthalmus meridionalis (Cope, 1880) -- Black-spotted newt
   Notophthalmus perstriatus Bishop, 1941 -- Striped newt
   Notophthalmus viridescens (Rafinesque, 1820) -- Eastern newt; Broken-striped newt; Central newt; Peninsula newt; Red-spotted newt; Red eft
   Pachytriton brevipes (Sauvage, 1876)
   Pachytriton labiatus (Unterstein, 1930)
   Paramesotriton caudopunctatus (Liu and Hu In Hu, Zhao, and Liu, 1973)
   Paramesotriton chinensis (Gray, 1859)
   Paramesotriton deloustali (Bourret, 1934)
   Paramesotriton fuzhongensis Wen, 1989
   Paramesotriton guanxiensis (Huang, Tang, and Tang, 1983)
   Paramesotriton laoensis Stuart and Papenfuss, 2002
   Pleurodeles nebulosus (Guichenot, 1850)
   Pleurodeles poireti (Gervais, 1835)
   Pleurodeles waltl Michahelles, 1830
   Salamandra algira Bedriaga, 1883 -- Algerian salamander
   Salamandra atra Laurenti, 1768 -- Alpine salamander; Black salamander
   Salamandra corsica Savi, 1838 -- Corsican fire salamander
   Salamandra infraimmaculata (Martens, 1885)
   Salamandra lanzai Nascetti, Andreone, Capula, and Bullini, 1988 -- Large alpine salamander; Lanzas fire salamander; Lanzas alpine salamander
   Salamandra luschani (Steindachner, 1891)
   Salamandra salamandra (Linnaeus, 1758) -- Spotted salamander; European salamander; Fire salamander; Central spanish fire salamander; Pyrenean fire salamander; Portuguese fire salamander; Italian fire salamander; Banded salamander; European fire salamander
   Taricha granulosa (Skilton, 1849) -- Roughskin Newt
   Taricha rivularis (Twitty, 1935) -- Redbelly Newt
   Taricha torosa (Rathke, 1833)
   Triturus alpestris (Laurenti, 1768)
   Triturus boscai (Lataste In Tourneville, 1879)
   Triturus carnifex (Laurenti, 1768) -- Vienna newt; Alpine crested newt; Alpine warty newt; Italian crested newt
   Triturus cristatus (Laurenti, 1768)
   Triturus dobrogicus (Kiritzescu, 1903) -- Danube newt; Danube crested newt
   Triturus helveticus (Razoumovsky, 1789)
   Triturus italicus (Peracca, 1898)
   Triturus karelinii (Strauch, 1870) -- Karelins newt; Southern crested newt; Balkan crested newt; Iranian crest newt
   Triturus marmoratus (Latreille, 1800)
   Triturus montandoni (Boulenger, 1880)
   Triturus pygmaeus (Wolterstorff, 1905) -- Southern marbled newt
   Triturus vittatus (Gray In Jenyns, 1835)
   Triturus vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
   Tylototriton asperrimus Unterstein, 1930 -- Mount yao newt; Black knobby newt
   Tylototriton hainanensis Fei, Ye, and Yang, 1984 -- Hainan knobby newt
   Tylototriton kweichowensis Fang and Chang, 1932 -- Kweichow crocidile newt; Red tailed knobby newt
   Tylototriton shanjing Nussbaum, Brodie, and Yang, 1995 -- Yunnan newt; Emperor newt; Emperor crocodile salamander
   Tylototriton taliangensis Liu, 1950 -- Pusakang crocodile newt; Taliang knobby newt
   Tylototriton verrucosus Anderson, 1871 -- Crocodile newt; Crocodile salamander; Himalayan newt; Red knobby newt; Orange warted salamander; Inthanon salamander
   Tylototriton wenxianensis Fei, Ye, and Yang, 1984 -- Wenxian knobby salamander; Wenxian knobby newt
Sirenidae -- Sirens
   Pseudobranchus axanthus Netting and Goin, 1942 -- Southern Dwarf Siren
   Pseudobranchus striatus (Le Conte, 1824) -- Northern Dwarf siren
   Siren intermedia Barnes, 1826 -- Lesser siren
   Siren lacertina Linnaeus, 1766 -- Greater siren

Updated: 2012-04-03 19:31:02

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