Kinds of Fruit Pests

Chan Fook Wing
CAB International

f.chan@cabi.org

Sheena Zhang
University of Georgia

Scientific name -- Other names
   Huanglongbing citrus bacteria -- Citrus greening; Citrus huanglongbing
   Cephaleuros virescens -- Algal leaf spot
   Brevipalpus californicus -- Red flat mite; Citrus flat mite; Scarlet tea mite; Bunch mite; False spider mite
   Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) -- False spider mite; Passion vine mite; Red and black flat mite; Red crevice mite; Scarlet mite
   Oligonychus -- Spruce spider mite
   Panonychus citri -- Citrus red mite; Purple mitered spider mite
   Tetranychus cinnabarinus -- Carmine spider mite; Common spider mite; Tropical red spider mite
   Tetranychus fijiensis
   Tetranychus kanzawai Kishida -- Kanzawa spider mite
   Tetranychus piercei -- Spider mite
   Tetranychus urticae -- Two-spotted spider mite; Glasshouse red spider mite
   Tyrophagus putrescentiae -- Cereal mite; Cheese mite; Copra itch mite; Forage mite; Mill mite; Mold mite
   Phyllocoptruta oleivora -- Citrus rust mite; Buckskin
   Polyphagotarsonemus latus -- Broad mite; Chilli mite; Citrus silver mite; Jute white mite; Rubber leaf mite; Tropical mite; Yellow tea mite
   Dolichotetranychus floridanus (Banks) -- Pineapple flat mite
Bacteria
   Gluconobacter oxydans -- Pink disease
   Rhizobium radiobacter -- Bacterial stem gall; Burr knot; Crown knot; Root gall; Beet crown gall; Rosaceae crown gallApple hairy root
   Rhizobium rhizogenes -- Bacterial stem gall; Beet crown gall; Burr knot; Apple hairy root
   Erwinia chrysanthemi -- Bacterial leafspot
   Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. zeae (Sabet) -- Bacterial stalk; Top rot
   Pseudomonas ananas
   Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri -- Citrus bacterial canker
   Pseudoperonospora cubensis -- Cucumber downy mildew; False mildew
   Phytophthora cactorum -- Seedling damping-off; Apple collar rot; Apple crown rot
   Phytophthora capsici -- Tomato soft rot; Pepper blight; Cucumber leaf blight; Tomato leaf blight; Cucumber root rot; Pepper root rot; Tomato root rot
   Phytophthora cinnamomi -- Avocado root rot; Chestnut ink disease; Eucalyptus jarrah dieback; Cinnamon stripe canker; Swamp wilt; Pineapple heart rot; Azalea root rot; Blueberry root rot; Heather root rot; Peach root rot; Pineapple top rot
   Phytophthora citrophthora -- Citrus fruit brown rot; Cocoa black pod; Citrus foot rot
   Phytophthora drechsleri -- Watermelon fruit rot; Safflower root rot
   Phytophthora heveae -- Brazil nut leaf blight
   Phytophthora nicotianae -- Black shank; Gummosis; Buckeye; Fruit rot; Stem blight
   Phytophthora palmivora -- Root rot
   Pythium aphanidermatum -- Collar rot; Damping-off; Seedlings black leg; Seedlings stem rot; Water rot
   Pythium debaryanum -- Damping-off
   Pythium irregulare -- Carrot cavity spot; Cucumber crown rot; Damping-off; Carrot dieback; Corn red root rot; Apple replant disease; Conifer root rot; Alfalfa rootlet disease; Seedling death; Black beet vascular necrosis; Peach tree decline
   Pythium myriotylum -- Groundnut brown rot; Cocoyam root rot; Kernel rot; Pod rot; Tannia leaf burning disease; Groundnut wilt
   Pythium splendens H. Braun -- Leaf rot
   Pythium vexans -- Damping off; Water rot
   Physomeris grossipes var. oedimerus
Agents
Fungi
   Pestalotiopsis psidii (Pat.) Mordue, 1976 -- Rust fungus
   Botryosphaeria ribis Grossenb. & Duggar (1911) -- Fruit rot; Bot rot; White rot
   Lasiodiplodia theobromae -- Crown rot
   Ceratocystis fimbriata Ellis and Halsted -- Mango blight; Mango wilt; Cacoa wilt; Rubber mouldy rot; Sweet potato black rot; Coffee canker; Aspen black canker; Aspen target canker; Taro black rot; Plane tree canker stain; Mallet canker
   Ceratocystis paradoxa (Dade) C. Moreau -- Black rot
   Cladosporium oxysporum -- Leaf spot; Bean seed rot
   Phomopsis caricae-papayae Petr. & Cif. -- Black spot
   Phomopsis psidii -- Fruit spot
   Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat. -- Mango stem-end rot
   Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) -- Ashy stem blight; Tobacco bean blight; Tobacco bean charcoal rot
   Myrothecium roridum -- Eggplant blight; Coffee leaf spot; Tomato ring rot; Coffee stem necrosis
   Elsinoe fawcettii -- Citrus scab
   Sphaceloma fawcettii var. scabiosa A.E. Jenkins -- Australian citrus scab; Tyrons scab
   Leveillula taurica (Le'v.) Arn. -- Powdery mildew
   Podosphaera fuliginea -- Bean powdery mildew; Cucurbits powdery mildew
   Colletotrichum acutatum -- Colletotrichum blight
   Colletotrichum capsici -- Dieback and stem canker
   Colletotrichum orbiculare -- Anthracnose
   Glomerella cingulata -- Anthracnose; Brown blight; Dieback; Fruit rot; Tear stain; Stem canker; Fruit black spot; Pepper ripe rot
   Didymella bryoniae (Fuckel) -- Gummy stem blight; Cucumber black rot; Cucurbits leaf spot
   Mycosphaerella tassiana (De Not.) Johans. -- Brown leaf spot
   Nectria haematococca Berk. & Broome (1873) -- Fungal root-rot
   Nectria rigidiuscula -- Cushion gall disease
   Nattrassia mangiferae -- Apple branch wilt
   Alternaria alternata -- Alternaria leaf spot; Tobacco brown spot; Apple core rot; Tomato fruit rot; Bean leaf blight; Apple storage rot; Pear storage rot
   Alternaria brassicae (Berk) -- Alternaria blight; Black spot of rape; Curd rot; Crucifer leaf blight; Cabbage grey leaf spot; Cauliflower brown rot
   Cochliobolus lunatus R.R. Nelson & Haasis -- Curvularia leaf spot
   Curvularia -- Black grain; Black kernel; Black smudge; Dirty panicle disease; Sheath rot disease; Rice grain spot; Paddy ear rot; Glume spots disease; Red stripe disease
   Botryotinia fuckeliana (de Bary) Whetzel -- Botrytis spur; Blossom blight
   Aspergillus niger Van Tieghem, 1867 -- Onion black mold
   Penicillium funiculosum -- Pineapple black spot; Pineapple core rot; Pineapple post-harvest decay
   Rosellinia bunodes -- Black root rot
   Thanatephorus cucumeris -- Citrus aleorate leaf spot; Leaf blight
   Corticium koleroga -- Thread blight
   Corticium rolfsii Curzi -- Fruit blotch
   Corticium salmonicolor Berk. & Broome -- Pink disease
   Marasmiellus scandens -- White thread blight
   Marasmius crinis-equi Muller ex Kalchbrenner -- Horse hair blight
   Marasmius palmivorus Sharples -- Embryo rot; Oil palm bunch rot; Shoot rot
   Rigidoporus microporus -- Root rot disease; White cocoa root disease; White root rot; White thread
   Phoma exigua var. exigua -- Leaf blotch; Leaf spot; Root rot; Stem lesions; Tuber gangrene; Tuber rot
Insecta -- Insects
Coleoptera
Anthribidae
   Araecerus fasciculatus (DeGeer, 1775) -- Coffee weevil; Coffee bean weevil; Cocoa weevil; Nutmeg weevil; Areca nut weevil
   Deporaus marginatus (Pascoe, 1883) -- Mango leaf-cutting weevil
Bostrichidae
   Sinoxylon conigerum -- Conifer auger beetle
   Xylopsocus capucinus (Fabricius) -- False powderpost beetle
Cerambycidae
   Batocera rubus (Linnaeus, 1758) -- Mango longhorn beetle; Rubber root borer; Lateral-banded mango longhorn beetle
   Batocera rufomaculata DeGeer -- Mango stem-borer; Mango tree borer; Tropical fig borer
   Neoplocaederus ruficornis (Newman, 1842) -- Plocaederus ruficornis
   Oemona hirta -- Lemon tree borer
   Rhytidodera simulans -- Mango branch borer
   Protaetia fusca (Herbst) -- Mottled flower scarab
Chrysomelidae
   Aulacophora coffeae
   Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas, 1849) -- Red pumpkin beetle; Hamra beetle; Red melon beetle; Red leaf beetle
   Aulacophora indica Gmelin, 1790 -- Leaf beetle; Pumpkin beetle; Squash beetle
   Monolepta bifasciata
   Podontia quatuordecimpunctata Linnaeus
Coccinellidae
   Epilachna indica
Cucujidae
Curculionidae
   Alcidodes -- Weevils
   Euwallacea fornicatus -- Tea shot-hole borer
   Hypomeces squamosus -- Gold-dust beetle; Gold-dust weevil; Green weevil
Hypothenemus Westwood, 1836 -- Scolytids
   Rhabdoscelus obscurus -- Beetle borer; Cane weevil borer; Sugarcane weevil borer
   Sternochetus frigidus -- Mango flesh weevil; Mango pulp weevil; Northern mango weevil
   Sternochetus mangiferae -- Mango seed weevil; Mango stone weevil
Xyleborus -- Pinhole borers
   Xyleborus emarginatus Eichhoff
   Xyleborus ferrugineus -- Scolytid beetle
   Xyleborus perforans (Wollaston) -- Island pinhole borer
   Xyleborus similis Ferrari -- Shot-hole borer; Trunk borer
   Xylosandrus compactus (Eichhoff) -- Black twig borer
   Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Motschulsky) -- Asian ambrosia beetle; Granulate ambrosia beetle
Dryophthoridae
Helodidae
Nitidulidae
   Carpophilus
   Carpophilus dimidiatus (Fabricius) -- Cornsap beetle
   Carpophilus humeralis (Fabricius, 1758) -- Yellowshouldered souring beetle; Pineapple beetle
   Haptoncus luteolus (Erichson, 1843) -- Pineapple sap beetle; Dried fruit beetle; Souring beetle
Scarabaeidae
   Adoretus compressus -- Rose beetle; Brown cockchafer
   Adoretus versutus Harold -- Rose beetle; Japanese rose beetle; Indian rose beetle; Fijian cane root grub
   Anomala antigua Piper -- White muscardine fungus beetle
   Anomala cupripes -- Large green chafer beetle
   Anomala pallida -- Cockchafer
   Apogonia cribricollis Burmeister -- Chafer beetle; White grub
   Autoserica -- Garden beetle
   Lepidiota stigma -- Sugarcane white grub
   Leucopholis rorida -- White grub
   Scirtes -- Water beetles
   Ahasverus advena (Waltl) -- Foreign grain beetle
   Tribolium castaneum (Herbst, 1797) -- Rust-red flour beetle
Diptera
Cecidomyiidae
   Aprionus flavescens -- Longhorn stem borer
   Procontarinia matteiana -- Mango gall fly; Leaf-gall midge
Drosophilidae
   Drosophila melanogaster Meigen -- Fruit fly; Common vinegar fly
Muscidae
   Atherigona orientalis Schiner -- Pepper fruit fly; Tomato fly
Stratiomyidae
   Ptecticus cingulatus -- Soldier fly
Tephritidae
   Bactrocera albistrigata De Meijere
   Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock -- Carambola fruit fly; Starfruit fruit fly
   Bactrocera caudata Fabricius
   Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillett, 1899 -- Melon fruit fly
   Bactrocera dorsalis complex Hendel -- Oriental fruit fly
   Bactrocera latifrons Hendel -- Malaysian fruit fly
   Bactrocera occipitalis (Bezzi) -- Breadfruit fruit fly
   Bactrocera papayae Drew & Hancock -- Asian papaya fruit fly; Pff
   Bactrocera tau Walker -- Fruit fly
   Bactrocera umbrosa (Fabricius) -- Jackfruit fly; Breadfruit fly
   Monacrostichus citricola -- Fruit fly
Hemiptera
Cicadellidae
   Hishimonus phycitis (Distant) -- Leafhopper
   Idioscopus clypealis -- Mango leafhopper
   Idioscopus niveosparsus -- Mango leafhopper; Brown mango leafhopper
   Jacobiasca formosana -- Tea green leafhopper
Flatidae
   Lawana conspersa
Alydidae
   Leptocorisa acuta -- Rice seed bug; Asian rice bug; Paddy bug; Rice sappers; Paddy fly
Coreidae
   Acanthocoris scabrator Fabricius -- Coreid bug; Squash bug
   Amblypelta cocophaga China -- Coconut bug
   Anoplocnemis phasiana (Fabricius) -- Coreid bug
   Leptoglossus gonagra (Fabricius, 1775) -- Squash bug
   Mictis longicornis -- Rose coreid; Twig wilter
   Megymenum brevicorne -- Cucurbit shield bug
Miridae
   Helopeltis -- Tea mosquito; Mirid bug
   Helopeltis theivora -- Tea bug; Tea mosquito
Pentatomidae
   Eysarcoris guttiger -- Two-spotted sesame bug
   Nezara viridula -- Green shield bug; Green stink bug; Green vegetable bug; Tomato and bean bug
   Rhynchocoris poseidon -- Spined fruit bug; Citrus stink bug
   Tessaratoma papillosa -- Litchi stink bug; Longan stink bug; Lychee stink bug
Pyrrhocoridae
   Dysdercus cingulatus (Fabricius)
Aleyrodidae -- Whitefly
   Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Quaintance) -- Spiny whitefly
   Aleurocanthus woglumi -- Citrus blackfly; Blue grey fly; Citrus spring whitefly; Aleurocanthus punjabensis
   Aleurodicus dispersus -- Spiraling whitefly
   Aleurotuberculatus psidii (Singh)
   Dialeurodes -- Whitefly
   Orchamoplatus mammaeferus (Quaintancer and Baker, 1917) -- Croton whitefly
Aphididae
   Aphis craccivora Koch -- Groundnut aphid
   Aphis gossypii Glover -- Melon aphid; Cotton aphid
   Aphis spiraecola Patch -- Spiraea aphid; Apple aphid
   Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach) -- Foxglove aphid
   Macrosiphum euphorbiae -- Potato aphid; Tomato aphid; Pink and green potato aphid
   Myzus persicae -- Cabbage aphid; Green peach aphid; Green sesame aphid; Peach curl aphid; Potato aphid; Tobacco aphid
   Rhopalosiphum maidis -- Green corn aphid; Barley aphid; Cereal leaf aphid; Corn aphid; Darkgreen grain aphid; Maize aphid
   Toxoptera aurantii (Boyer de Fonscolombe) -- Black citrus aphid
   Toxoptera citricida -- Black citrus aphid; Brown citrus aphid; Tropical citrus aphid
   Toxoptera odinae -- Mango aphid; Sapium aphid
Asterolecaniidae
   Asterolecanium ungulatum Russel
Coccidae
   Ceroplastes ceriferus (Fabricius) -- Indian wax scale; Indian white wax scale; Japanese wax scale
   Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock -- Florida wax scale
   Ceroplastes rubens Maskell -- Pink wax scale
   Chloropulvinaria polygonata
   Coccus hesperidum Linnaeus -- Soft brown scale
   Coccus viridis (Green) -- Green coffee scale
   Kilifia acuminata -- Mango shield scale; Acuminate scale
   Parasaissetia nigra -- Black coffee scale; Nigra scale; Pomegranate scale; Hibiscus shield scale
   Protopulvinaria mangiferae -- Mango soft scale
   Pulvinaria psidii -- Green shield scale; Guava mealy scale; Mango scale
   Saissetia coffeae -- Brown coffee scale; Coffee helmet scale; Hemispherical scale; Brown shield scale
   Saissetia oleae -- Brown olive scale; Citrus black scale; Olive soft scale; Black shield scale; Mediterranean black scale
Diaspididae
   Aonidiella aurantii -- Red scale; California red scale; Orange scale; Citrus red scale
   Aonidiella citrina -- Yellow scale; Citrus yellow scale
   Aonidiella orientalis (Newstead) -- Oriental scale
   Aspidiotus destructor (Signoret) -- Coconut scale; Transparent scale; Bourbon scale
   Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead -- White mango scale; Mango scale
   Chrysomphalus aonidum (Linneaus) -- Circular black scale; Florida red scale
   Chrysomphalus dictyospermi Morgan -- Palm scale
   Diaspis boisduvalii
   Diaspis bromeliae
   Hemiberlesia lataniae -- Latania scale; Palm scale
   Hemiberlesia palmae
   Lepidosaphes
   Lepidosaphes beckii -- Purple scale; Citrus mussel scale
   Lepidosaphes gloverii
   Parlatoria ziziphi -- Black parlatoria scale; Black scale; Citrus parlatoria; Mediterranean scale
   Pinnaspis aspidistrae -- Lesser snow scale; Hibiscus snow scale; Cotton white scale
   Pinnaspis strachani -- Lesser snow scale; Hibiscus snow scale; Cotton white scale
   Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli -- Magnolia white scale; False oleander scale
   Pseudaulacaspis pentagona -- Mulberry scale; West Indian peach scale; White peach scale
   Unaspis citri -- Citrus snow scale; Orange chionaspis; Orange snow scale; White louse scale
Margarodidae
Drosicha
   Icerya aegyptiaca -- Breadfruit mealybug; Egypt icerya; Egyptian cushion scale; Egyptian fluted scale; Giant mealybug
   Icerya pulchra
   Icerya purchasi
   Icerya seychellarum
Ortheziidae
   Orthezia insignis -- Greenhouse orthezia; Jacaranda bug; Lantana bug
Pseudococcidae
   Cataenococcus hispidus (Morrison) -- Citrus mealybug
   Dysmicoccus brevipes
   Ferrisia virgata
   Formicicoccus
   Maconellicoccus hirsutus -- Pink hibiscus mealybug
   Nipaecoccus filamentosus
   Nipaecoccus viridis
   Planococcus citri
   Planococcus lilacinus
   Planococcus minor
   Pseudococcus comstocki
   Pseudococcus cryptus
   Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi
   Pseudococcus longispinus
   Rastrococcus iceryoides -- Downey snow line mealy bug; Mango mealy bug
   Rastrococcus invadens -- Mango mealybug
   Rastrococcus spinosus -- White mealybug
   Saccharicoccus sacchari
Psyllidae
   Allocarsidara malayensis (Crawford) -- Durian psyllid; Durian jumping plantlice
   Diaphorina citri
Hymenoptera
Eurytomidae
   Bruchophagus
Formicidae
   Solenopsis geminata
Isoptera
Macrotermitidae
   Microtermes pakistanicus
Rhinotermitidae
Coptotermes
   Coptotermes curvignathus
   Coptotermes formosanus
Lepidoptera
Arctiidae
   Amsacta lactinea -- Red tiger moth
Cossidae
   Indarbela tetraonis -- Orange shoot borer
   Zeuzera coffeae
   Diaphania indica -- Cotton caterpillar; Cucumber moth; Melon moth; Pumpkin caterpillar
   Glyphodes caesalis -- Jackfruit borer
   Scirpophaga excerptalis -- Sugarcane top moth borer; White top borer
   Spoladea recurvalis
Geometridae
   Hyposidra talaca -- Black inch worm
Gracillariidae
   Conopomorpha cramerella
   Phyllocnistis citrella
Lasiocampidae
   Paralebeda plagifera
Trabala
Limacodidae
   Chalcocelis albiguttatus (Snellen, 1879) (Limacodidae)
   Chalcoscelides castaneipars
   Darna diducta
   Darna trima
   Hindothosea cervina -- Common_name languageenglishGrub assam nettle; Assam tea seed moth
   Parasa lepida -- Nettle caterpillar; Blue-striped nettle grub; Greenstriped nettle grub
   Setora nitens -- Coconut nettle caterpillar; Palm nettle caterpillar
   Thosea -- Nettle grubs
Lycaenidae
   Deudorix epijarbas (Moore) 1858
   Rapala pheretima
Lymantriidae
   Calliteara horsfieldii Saunders -- Tussock moth
   Dasychira inclusa
   Dasychira mendosa
   Euproctis
   Euproctis scintillans
   Euproctis similis
   Lymantria marginata
   Orgyia postica
   Orgyia turbata
Metarbelidae
Noctuidae
   Achaea janata (Linnaeus) -- Caster oil looper
   Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel, 1766)
   Chlumetia transversa
   Chrysodeixis eriosoma Doubleday
   Eublemma abrupta
   Eublemma brachygonia
   Eublemma versicolor
   Eudocima fullonia -- Fruit-sucking moth; Fruit-piercing moth
   Helicoverpa armigera -- Cotton bollworm; Corn earworm; African cotton bollworm; Tomato grub; Tobacco budworm; Gram pod borer
   Mudaria luteileprosa -- Durian seed borer
   Mudaria magniplaga -- Durian seed borer
   Oxyodes scrobiculata -- Leaf eating looper
   Penicillaria jocosatrix -- Largae mango tip borer; Mango shoot caterpillar
   Spodoptera exigua -- Beet armyworm; Asparagus fern caterpillar; Berseem armyworm; Lesser cottonworm; PIgweed caterpillar; Lucerne armyworm; Onion armyworm; Sugarbeet armyworm; Small mottled willow moth; Inchworm
   Spodoptera litura -- Armyworm; Taro caterpillar; Tobacco budworm; Cotton leafworm; Rice cutworm; Cluster caterpillar; Cotton worm; Egyptian cotton leafworm; Tobacco cutworm; Common cutworm
   Tiracola plagiata (Walker) -- Androng caterpillar; Plague caterpillar; Banana fruit caterpillar; Cocoa armyworm
   Trichoplusia ni -- Cabbage looper; Lettuce looper; Ni moth; Cabbage plusia
Notodontidae
   Dudusa nobilis Walker, 1982
   Hyperaeschrella insulicola
   Stauropus alternus -- Lobster caterpillar
Nymphalidae
   Euthalia aconthea -- Baron butterfly
   Euthalia adonia
   Euthalia alpheda
   Melanitis leda ismene -- Rice butterfly; Rice green-horned caterpillar
Papilionidae
   Chilasa clytia (Linnaeus, 1758) -- Common mime butterfly
   Graphium agamemnon -- Green spotted triangle butterfly; Tailed jay butterfly
   Papilio demoleus
   Papilio demolion
   Papilio helenus
   Papilio memnon agenor
   Papilio polytes
Pieridae
   Delias hyparete
Psychidae
   Chalioides sumatrensis Heyl
   Mahasena corbetti -- Coconut case caterpillar; Coconut bagworm; Oilpalm bagworm
   Pteroma pendula
   Pteroma plagiophleps
Pterophoridae
   Diacrotricha fasciola
Pyralidae
   Cadra cautella (Walker 1863) -- Almond moth
   Citripestis sagittiferella
   Conogethes punctiferalis
   Haritalodes derogata -- Cotton leaf roller
   Orthaga icarusalis
   Tirathaba mundella -- Oil palm bunch moth
Saturniidae
   Attacus atlas -- Atlas moth; Giant indian silkworm; Snake head moth
   Cricula trifenestrata
   Samia cynthia -- Cynthia silk moth
Tortricidae
   Adoxophyes privatana
   Ancylis
   Archips
   Archips machlopis Meyrick
   Archips tabescens (Meyrick)
   Cryptophlebia encarpa (Meyrick) -- Cocoa huskborer; Cocoa husk borer
   Homona coffearia -- Coffee tortrix; Tea flushworm; Tea tortrix
   Statherotis discana -- Litchi leaf roller
   Strepsicrates rhothia
Yponomeutidae
   Prays citri -- Citrus flower moth
   Prays endocarpa
Orthoptera
Acrididae -- Short-horned grasshoppers
   Chondracris rosea
   Locusta migratoria -- Migratory locust; African migratory locust; Asiatic migratory locust; Malagasy migratory locust; Oriental migratory locust
   Valanga nigricornis
Thysanoptera
Thripidae
   Chaetanaphothrips orchidii (Moutlon) -- Anthurium thrips; Orchid thrips; Banana red rust thrips; Banana rust thrips; Citris rust thrips
   Frankliniella occidentalis -- Western flower thrip; Alfalfa thrip
   Frankliniella schultzei
   Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis -- Black glasshouse thrip; Black tea thrip; Greenhouse thrip
   Megalurothrips usitatus (Bagnall) -- Bean flower thrips
   Scirtothrips dorsalis -- Castor thrips; Chilli thrips; Yellow tea thrips
   Selenothrips rubrocinctus -- Cacao thrips; Cocoa thrips; Red-banded thrips
   Thrips flavus
   Thrips hawaiiensis
   Thrips palmi
   Thrips parvispinus
Mollusca
   Achatina fulica
Nematoda
Criconemella -- Ring nematode
   Meloidogyne arenaria -- Peanut root-knot nematode; Groundnut root knot nematode
   Meloidogyne incognita -- Root-knot nematode; Root-knot eelworm; Southern root knot nematode
   Meloidogyne javanica -- Sugarcane eelworm; Javanese root knot nematode; Root-knot nematode
   Helicotylenchus dihystera -- Common spiral nematode
   Helicotylenchus multicinctus -- Banana spiral nematode
   Pratylenchus brachyurus -- Meadow nematode; Root-lesion nematode; Smooth headed nematode
   Pratylenchus coffeae -- Banana root nematode; Root lesion nematode
   Pratylenchus zeae -- Corn root lesion nematode
   Radopholus similis -- Citrus burrowing nematode; Pepper yellows nematode; Slow wilt nematode; Nematode root rot; Banana balck head disease; Banana burrowing nematode
   Longidorus
Xiphinema -- Dagger nematode
   Rotylenchulus reniformis
   Tylenchulus semipenetrans -- Citrus root nematode
Plantae
   Amaranthus spinosus
   Ageratum conyzoides
   Bidens pilosa -- Hairy beggarticks; Cobblers pegs
   Chromolaena odorata King & Robinson
   Crassocephalum crepidioides
   Emilia sonchifolia
   Synedrella nodiflora
   Tridax procumbens
   Heliotropium indicum
   Convolvulus arvensis
   Momordica charantia
   Chamaesyce hirta
   Cassia obtusifolia -- Sicklepod
   Mimosa invisa
   Mimosa pudica
   Sida acuta
   Melastoma malabathricum
   Oxalis corniculata
   Passiflora foetida
   Polygonum hydropiper
   Oryctes rhinoceros
   Solanum nigrum
   Solanum torvum
   Lantana camara
   Commelina benghalensis
   Commelina diffusa
   Cyperus rotundus
   Kyllinga brevifolia
   Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav.
   Axonopus compressus (Poaceae) -- Wide-leaved carpetgrass
   Cenchrus echinatus (Poceae) -- Sandbur; Burr grass; Golden grass; Hedgehog grass; Mossman river grass
   Chloris barbata -- Swollen fingergrass
   Cynodon dactylon
   Dactyloctenium aegyptium
   Digitaria ciliaris
   Echinochloa crus-galli
   Imperata cylindrica
   Leptochloa chinensis
   Panicum maximum -- Baseka babua
   Panicum repens
   Paspalum conjugatum
   Pennisetum purpureum
   Rottboellia cochinchinensis
   Saccharum spontaneum
   Setaria parviflora
   Callosciurus notatus -- Plantain squirrel
Viruses
   Cucumber mosaic virus -- CMV; Pepper rosette disease; Southern celery mosaic virus; Spinach blight; Cucumber wart disease
   Tomato spotted wilt virus
   Closterovirus citrus_tristeza -- Citrus tristeza virus
   Pineapple wilt-associated virus
   Squash mosaic virus
   Tobacco leaf curl virus
   Banana bunchy top virus -- Abaca bunchy top virus; Bbtv; Bunchy top virus
   Exocortis citrus viroid -- Citrus exocortis viroid
   Papaya ringspot virus
   Watermelon mosaic virus
   Zucchini yellow mosaic virus

Updated: 2013-09-26 18:17:07

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