Kinds of Testudines World

Turtles of the World

Andrew Durso, University of Georgia

Scientific name -- Other names
Bataguridae Gaffney and Meylan, 1988 -- Batagurine turtles, Geoemydidae
   Batagur baska (Gray, 1831) -- River terrapin
   Callagur borneoensis (Schlegel and M\374ller in Temminck, 1844) -- Painted terrapin
   Chinemys nigricans (Gray, 1834) -- Red necked pond turtle
   Chinemys reevesii (Gray, 1831) -- Reeves turtle
   Cistoclemmys flavimarginata (Gray, 1863) -- Yellow margined box turtle
   Cistoclemmys galbinifrons Bourret, 1939 -- Indochinese box turtle
   Cuora amboinensis (Suckow, 1798) -- Southeast asian box turtle
   Cuora aurocapitata Luo and Zong, 1988 -- Yellow headed box turtle
   Cuora mccordi Ernst, 1988 -- Mccords box turtle
   Cuora pani Song, 1984 -- Pans box turtle
   Cuora trifasciata (Bell, 1825) -- Chinese three striped box turtle
   Cuora yunnanensis (Boulenger, 1906) -- Yunnan box turtle
   Cuora zhoui Zhao in Zhao, Zhou and Ye, 1990 -- Zhous box turtle
   Cyclemys atripons Iverson and McCord, 1997
   Cyclemys dentata (Gray, 1831) -- Asian leaf turtle
   Cyclemys oldhami Gray, 1863
   Cyclemys tcheponensis Bourret, 1939 -- Stripe necked leaf turtle
   Geoclemys hamiltonii (Gray, 1831) -- Spotted pond turtle
   Geoemyda depressa (Anderson, 1875) -- Arakan forest turtle
   Geoemyda japonica Fan, 1931 -- Ryuku leaf turtle
   Geoemyda leytensis Taylor, 1920 -- Philippine pond turtle
   Geoemyda silvatica Henderson, 1912 -- Cochin forest cane turtle
   Geoemyda spengleri (Gmelin, 1789) -- Black breasted leaf turtle
   Hardella thurjii (Gray, 1831) -- Crowned river turtle
   Heosemys grandis (Gray, 1860) -- Giant asian pond turtle
   Heosemys spinosa (Gray, 1831) -- Spiny turtle
   Hieremys annandalii (Boulenger, 1903) -- Yellow bellied temple turtle
   Kachuga dhongoka (Gray, 1834) -- Three striped roof turtle
   Kachuga kachuga (Gray, 1831) -- Red crowned roofed turtle
   Kachuga smithii (Gray, 1863) -- Brown roofed turtle
   Kachuga sylhetensis (Jerdon, 1870) -- Assam roofed turtle
   Kachuga tecta (Gray, 1831) -- Indian roofed turtle
   Kachuga tentoria (Gray, 1834) -- Indian tent turtle
   Kachuga trivittata (Duméril and Bibron, 1835) -- Burmese roofed turtle
   Leucocephalon yuwonoi (McCord et al, 1995) -- Sulawesi forest turtle
   Malayemys subtrijuga (Schweigger, 1812) -- Malayan snail eating turtle
   Mauremys annamensis (Siebenrock, 1903) -- Annam leaf turtle
   Mauremys caspica (Gmelin, 1774) -- Caspian turtle
   Mauremys iversoni Pritchard and McCord, 1991 -- Fujian pond turtle
   Mauremys japonica (Temminck and Schlegel, 1835) -- Japanese pond turtle
   Mauremys leprosa (Schweigger, 1812) -- Mediterranean turtle
   Mauremys mutica (Cantor, 1842) -- Yellow pond turtle
   Melanochelys tricarinata (Blyth, 1856) -- Tricarinate hill turtle
   Melanochelys trijuga (Schweigger, 1812) -- Indian black turtle
   Morenia ocellata (Duméril and Bibron, 1835) -- Burmese eyed turtle
   Morenia petersi (Anderson, 1879) -- Indian eyed turtle
   Notochelys platynota (Gray, 1834) -- Malaysian flat shelled turtle
   Ocadia glyphistoma McCord and Iverson, 1994 -- Guangxi stripe necked turtle
   Ocadia philippeni McCord and Iverson, 1992 -- Philippens stripe necked turtle
   Ocadia sinensis (Gray, 1834) -- Chinese stripe necked turtle
   Orlitia borneensis Gray, 1873 -- Malaysian giant turtle
   Pyxidea mouhotii (Gray, 1862) -- Keeled box turtle
   Rhinoclemmys annulata )(Gray, 1860) -- Brown wood turtle
   Rhinoclemmys areolata (Duméril, Bibron and Duméril, 1851) -- Furrowed wood turtle
   Rhinoclemmys diademata (Mertens, 1954) -- Maracaibo wood turtle
   Rhinoclemmys funerea (Cope, 1876) -- Black wood turtle
   Rhinoclemmys melanosterna (Gray, 1861) -- Colombian wood turtle
   Rhinoclemmys nasuta (Boulenger, 1902) -- Large nosed wood turtle
   Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima (Gray, 1855) -- Painted wood turtle
   Rhinoclemmys punctularia (Daudin, 1801) -- Spot legged turtle
   Rhinoclemmys rubida (Cope, 1870) -- Mexican spotted wood turtle
   Sacalia bealei (Gray, 1831) -- Beals eyed turtle
   Sacalia pseudoocellata Iverson and McCord, 1992 -- False eyed turtle
   Sacalia quadriocellata Siebenrock, 1903 -- Four eyed turtle
   Siebenrockiella crassicollis (Gray, 1831) -- Black marsh turtle
Carettochelyidae Boulenger, 1887 -- Pitted shell turtles
   Carettochelys insculpta Ramsay, 1887 -- Pignosed turtle
Chelidae Gray, 1825 -- Austroamerican side necked turtles
   Acanthochelys chacoensis (Rhodin, Mittermeier and McMorris, 1984) -- Pantanal swamp turtle
   Acanthochelys macrocephala (Rhodin, Mittermeier and McMorris, 1984) -- Pantanal swamp turtle
   Acanthochelys pallidipectoris (Freiberg, 1945) -- Chaco side necked turtle
   Acanthochelys radiolata (Mikan, 1820) -- Brazilian radiolated swamp turtle
   Acanthochelys spixii (Duméril and Bibron, 1835) -- Spiny necked turtle
   Chelodina expansa Gray, 1857 -- Giant snake necked turtle
   Chelodina longicollis (Shaw, 1794) -- Common snake necked turtle
   Chelodina mccordi Rhodin, 1994 -- Roti island snake necked turtle
   Chelodina novaeguineae Boulenger, 1888 -- New guinea snake necked turtle
   Chelodina oblonga Gray, 1841 -- Narrow breasted snake-necked turtle
   Chelodina parkeri Rhodin and Mittermeier, 1976 -- Parkers snake necked turtle
   Chelodina reimanni Philippen and Grossmann, 1990 -- Reimanns snake necked turtle
   Chelodina rugosa Ogilby, 1890 -- Northern Australian snake necked turtle
   Chelodina siebenrocki Werner, 1901 -- Siebenrocks Snake necked turtle
   Chelodina steindachneri Siebenrock, 1914 -- Steindachners snake necked Turtle
   Chelus fimbriatus (Schneider, 1783) -- Matamata turtle; Chelus fimbriata
   Elseya dentata (Gray, 1863) -- Northern australian snapping turtle
   Elseya latisternum Gray, 1867 -- Serrated snapping turtle
   Elseya novaeguineae (Meyer, 1874) -- New guinea snapping turtle
   Elusor macrurus Cann and Legler, 1994 -- Mary river turtle
   Emydura australis (Gray, 1841) -- Australian big headed turtle
   Emydura krefftii (Gray, 1871) -- Kreffts River Turtle
   Emydura macquarrii (Gray, 1831) -- Murray River Turtle
   Emydura signata Ahl, 1932 -- Brisbane Short necked Turtle
   Emydura subglobosa (Krefft, 1876) -- Red bellied Short necked Turtle
   Emydura victoriae (Gray, 1842) -- Victoria Short necked Turtle
   Hydromedusa maximiliani (Mikan, 1820) -- Brazilian Snake necked Turtle
   Hydromedusa tectifera Cope, 1869 -- South American Snake necked Turtle
   Phrynops dahli Zangerl and Medem, 1958 -- Dahls Toad headed Turtle
   Phrynops geoffroanus (Schweigger, 1812) -- Geoffroys Side necked Turtle
   Phrynops gibbus (Schweigger, 1812) -- Gibba Turtle
   Phrynops hilarii (Duméril and Bibron, 1835) -- Hilaires Side necked Turtle
   Phrynops hogei Mertens, 1967 -- Brazilian Sideneck Turtle; Hoges Side necked Turtle; Hoges Sideneck Turtle
   Phrynops nasutus (Schweigger, 1812) -- Common Toad headed Turtle
   Phrynops raniceps (Gray, 1856) -- Amazon toad headed turtle
   Phrynops rufipes (Spix, 1824) -- Red Side necked Turtle
   Phrynops tuberculatus (Luederwaldt, 1926) -- Tuberculate Toad headed Turtle
   Phrynops vanderhaegei Bour, 1973 -- Vanderhaeges Toad headed Turtle
   Phrynops williamsi Rhodin and Mittermeier, 1983 -- Williams Side necked Turtle
   Phrynops zuliae Pritchard and Trebbau, 1984 -- Zulia Toad headed Turtle
   Platemys platycephala (Schneider, 1792) -- Twisted neck Turtle
   Pseudemydura umbrina Siebenrock, 1901 -- Western Swamp Turtle
   Rheodytes leukops Legler and Cann, 1980 -- Fitzroy River Turtle
Cheloniidae Oppel, 1811 -- Marine turtles; Hard shelled sea turtles
   Caretta caretta (Linnaeus, 1758) -- Loggerhead
   Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758) -- Green turtle
   Eretmochelys imbricata (Linnaeus, 1758) -- Atlantic hawksbill
   Lepidochelys kempii (Garman, 1880) -- Atlantic ridley
   Lepidochelys olivacea (Eschscholtz, 1829) -- Pacific ridley
   Natator depressus (Garman, 1880) -- Flatback turtle
Chelydridae Gray, 1831 -- Snapping turtles
   Chelydra serpentina (Linnaeus, 1758) -- Common snapping turtle
   Macrochelys temminickii (Troost in Harlan, 1835) -- Alligator snapping turtle
Dermatemydidae Gray, 1870 -- River turtles
   Dermatemys mawii Gray, 1847 -- Central american river turtle
Dermochelyidae Fitzinger, 1843 -- Leatherback sea turtles
   Dermochelys coriacea (Vandelli, 1761) -- Leatherback
Emydidae Rafineqsue, 1815 -- Pond turtles
   Actinemys marmorata (Baird and Girard, 1852) -- Pacific pond turtle
   Chrysemys picta (Schneider, 1783) -- Painted turtle
   Clemmys guttata (Schneider, 1792) -- Spotted turtle
   Deirochelys reticularia (Latreille, 1801) -- Chicken turtle
   Emydoidea blandingii (Holbrook, 1838) -- Blandings turtle
   Emys orbicularis (Linnaeus, 1758) -- European pond turtle
   Glyptemys insculpta (LeConte, 1830) -- Wood turtle
   Glyptemys muhlenbergii (Schoepff, 1801) -- Bug turtle
   Graptemys barbouri Carr and Marchand, 1942 -- Barbours map turtle
   Graptemys caglei Haynes and McKown, 1974 -- Cagles map turtle
   Graptemys ernsti Lovich and McCoy, 1992 -- Escambia map turtle
   Graptemys flavimaculata Cagle, 1954 -- Yellow blotched map turtle; Yellow blotched sawback
   Graptemys geographica (Le Sueur, 1817) -- Common map turtle
   Graptemys gibbonsi Lovich and McCoy, 1992 -- Pascagoula map turtle
   Graptemys nigrinoda Cagle, 1954 -- Black knobbed map turtle
   Graptemys oculifera (Baur, 1890) -- Ringed map turtle
   Graptemys ouachitensis Cagle, 1953 -- Ouachita map turtle
   Graptemys pseudogeographica (Gray, 1831) -- False map turtle
   Graptemys pulchra Baur, 1893 -- Alabama map turtle
   Graptemys versa Stejneger, 1925 -- Texas map turtle
   Malaclemys terrapin (Schoepff, 1793) -- Diamondback terrapin
   Pseudemys alabamensis Baur, 1893 -- Alabama red bellied cooter
   Pseudemys concinna (Le Conte, 1830) -- River cooter
   Pseudemys gorzugi Ward, 1984 -- Rio grande cooter
   Pseudemys nelsoni Carr, 1938 -- Florida red bellied turtle
   Pseudemys peninsularis (Carr, 1938) -- Peninsular cooter
   Pseudemys rubriventris (Le Conte, 1830) -- American red bellied turtle
   Pseudemys suwanniensis Carr, 1937 -- Suwannee cooter
   Pseudemys texana Baur, 1893 -- Texas cooter
   Terrapene carolina (Linnaeus, 1758) -- Eastern box turtle
   Terrapene coahuila Schmidt and Owens, 1944 -- Aquatic box turtle; Coahulian box turtle
   Terrapene nelsoni Stejneger, 1925 -- Spotted box turtle
   Terrapene ornata (Agassiz, 1857) -- Western box turtle; Ornate box turtle
   Trachemys decorata (Barbour and Carr, 1940) -- Hispanoilan slider
   Trachemys decussata (Gray, 1831) -- North Antillean slider
   Trachemys dorbigni (Duméril and Bibron, 1835) -- Orbignys slider
   Trachemys gaigeae Hartweg, 1939 -- Big bend slider
   Trachemys scripta (Schoepff, 1792) -- Common slider
   Trachemys stejnegeri (Schmidt, 1928) -- Central antillean slider
   Trachemys terrapen (Lacépède, 1788) -- Jamaican slider; Cat Island turtle
Kinosternidae Agassiz, 1857 -- Mud and musk turtles
   Claudius angustatus Cope, 1865 -- Narrow bridged musk turtle
   Kinosternon acutum (Gray, 1831) -- Tabasco mud turtle
   Kinosternon alamosae Berry and Legler, 1980 -- Alamos mud turtle
   Kinosternon angustipons Legler, 1965 -- Narrow bridged mud turtle
   Kinosternon baurii Garman, 1891 -- Striped mud turtle
   Kinosternon chimalhuaca Berry, Seidel and Iverson, 1997 -- Jalisco mud turtle
   Kinosternon creaseri Hartweg, 1934 -- Creasers mud turtle
   Kinosternon dunni Schmidt, 1947 -- Dunns mud turtle
   Kinosternon flavescens (Agassiz, 1857) -- Yellow mud turtle
   Kinosternon herrerai Stejneger, 1925 -- Herreras mud turtle
   Kinosternon hirtipes Wagler, 1830 -- Rough footed mud turtle
   Kinosternon integrum LeConte, 1854 -- Mexican mud turtle
   Kinosternon leucostomum Duméril and Bibron, 1851 -- White lipped mud turtle
   Kinosternon oaxacae Berry and Iverson, 1980 -- Oaxaca mud turtle
   Kinosternon scorpioides (Linnaeus, 1766) -- Scorpion mud turtle; Kinosternon cruentatum
   Kinosternon sonoriense LeConte, 1854) -- Sonora mud turtle
   Kinosternon subrubrum (Lacépède, 1788) -- Eastern mud turtle
   Staurotypus salvinni Gray, 1864 -- Pacific coast giant musk turtle
   Staurotypus triporcatus (Wiegmann, 1828) -- Mexican giant musk turtle
   Sternotherus carinatus (Gray, 1856) -- Razor backed musk turtle
   Sternotherus depressus Tinkle and Webb, 1955 -- Flattened musk turtle
   Sternotherus minor (Agassiz, 1857) -- Loggerhead musk turtle
   Sternotherus odoratus (Latreille in Sonnini and Latreille, 1801) -- Common musk turtle; Stinkpot
Pelomedusidae Cope, 1868 -- Afroamerican side necked turtles
   Pelomedusa subrufa (Lacépède, 1788) -- Helmeted turtle
   Pelusios adansonii (Schweigger, 1812) -- Adansons Mud Turtle
   Pelusios bechuanicus FitzSimons, 1932 -- Okavango Mud Turtle
   Pelusios broadleyi Bour, 1986 -- Turkana Mud Turtle
   Pelusios carinatus Laurent, 1956 -- African Keeled Mud Turtle
   Pelusios castaneus (Schweigger, 1812) -- West African Mud Turtle
   Pelusios castanoides Hewitt, 1931 -- Yellow bellied Mud Turtle
   Pelusios chapini Laurent, 1965 -- Central African Mud Turtle
   Pelusios gabonensis (Duméril, 1856) -- African Forest Turtle
   Pelusios nanus Laurent, 1956 -- African Dwarf Mud Turtle
   Pelusios niger (Duméril and Bibron, 1835) -- West African Black Turtle
   Pelusios rhodesianus Hewitt, 1927 -- Variable Mud Turtle
   Pelusios seychellensis (Siebenrock, 1906) -- Seychelles Mud Turtle
   Pelusios sinuatus (Smith, 1838) -- East African Serrated Mud Turtle
   Pelusios subniger (Lacépède, 1788) -- East African Black Mud Terrapin; East African black mud turtle
   Pelusios upembae Broadley, 1981 -- Upemba Mud Turtle
   Pelusios williamsi Laurent, 1965 -- Williams Mud Turtle
Platysternidae Gray, 1869 -- Big headed turtles
   Platysternon megacephalum Gray, 1831 -- Big headed turtle
Podocnemididae Gray, 1869 -- Madagascan big headed and American side necked river turtles
   Erymnochelys madagascariensis (Grandidier, 1867) -- Madagascan big headed turtle
   Peltocephalus dumerilianus (Schweigger, 1812) -- Big headed Amazon River turtle
   Podocnemis erythrocephala (Spix, 1824) -- Red headed River Turtle
   Podocnemis expansa (Schweigger, 1812) -- South American River Turtle
   Podocnemis lewyana Duméril, 1852 -- Magdalena River Turtle
   Podocnemis sextuberculata Cornalia, 1849 -- Six tubercled River Turtle
   Podocnemis unifilis Troschel, 1848 -- Yellow spotted River Turtle
   Podocnemis vogli Müller, 1935 -- Savanna Side necked Turtle
Testudinidae Batsch, 1788 -- Tortoises
   Chersina angulata (Schweigger, 1812) -- South african bowsprit tortoise
   Dipsochelys dussumieri (GRAY, 1831) -- Aldabra tortoise; Dipsochelys dussumieri; Aldabrachelys gigantea
   Geochelone carbonaria (Spix, 1824) -- Red footed tortoise
   Geochelone chilensis (Gray, 1870) -- Chaco tortoise
   Geochelone denticulata (Linnaeus, 1766) -- South american yellow footed tortoise
   Geochelone elegans (Schoepff, 1795) -- Indian star tortoise
   Geochelone nigra (Quoy and Gaimard, 1824) -- Galapagos tortoise
   Geochelone pardalis (Bell, 1828) -- Leopard tortoise
   Geochelone platynota (Blyth, 1863) -- Burmese star tortoise
   Geochelone radiata (Shaw, 1802) -- Radiated tortoise
   Geochelone sulcata (Miller, 1779) -- African spurred tortoise
   Geochelone yniphora (Vaillant, 1885) -- Angulated tortoise; Angonoka
   Gopherus agassizii (Cooper, 1863) -- Desert tortoise
   Gopherus berlandieri Agassiz, 1857 -- Berlandiers tortoise
   Gopherus flavomarginatus Legler, 1959 -- Bolson tortoise
   Gopherus polyphemus (Daudin, 1802) -- Gopher tortoise
   Homopus areolatus (Thunberg, 1787) -- Beaked cape tortoise
   Homopus bergeri Lindholm, 1906 -- Bergers cape tortoise
   Homopus boulengeri Duerden, 1906 -- Boulengers cape tortoise
   Homopus femoralis Boulenger, 1888 -- Karroo cape tortoise
   Homopus signatus (Walbaum, 1782) -- Speckled cape tortoise
   Indotestudo elongata (Blyth, 1854) -- Elongated tortoise
   Indotestudo forstenii (Schlegel and Müller in Temminck, 1844) -- Travancore tortoise
   Kinixys belliana Gray, 1831 -- Hingeback tortoise
   Kinixys erosa (Schweigger, 1812) -- Bells hingeback tortoise
   Kinixys homeana Bell, 1827 -- Homes hingback tortoise
   Kinixys natalensis Hewitt, 1935 -- Natal hingeback tortoise
   Malacochersus tornieri (Siebenrock, 1903) -- African pancake tortoise
   Manouria emys (Schlegel and Müller in Temminck, 1844) -- Asian brown tortoise
   Manouria impressa (Günther, 1882) -- Impressed tortoise
   Psammobates geometricus (Linnaeus, 1758) -- Geometric tortoise
   Psammobates oculifer (Kuhl, 1820) -- Serrated tortoise
   Psammobates tentorius (Bell, 1828) -- Tent tortoise
   Pyxis arachnoides Bell, 1827 -- Common spider tortoise
   Pyxis planicauda (Grandidier, 1867) -- Flat shelled spider tortoise
   Testudo graeca Linnaeus, 1758 -- Spur thighed tortoise
   Testudo hermanni Gmelin, 1789 -- Hermanns tortoise
   Testudo horsfieldii Gray, 1844 -- Central asian tortoise
   Testudo kleinmanni Lortet, 1883 -- Egyptian tortoise
   Testudo marginata Schoepff, 1792 -- Marginated tortoise
Trionychidae Fitzinger, 1826 -- Softshell turtles
   Amyda cartilaginea (Boddaert, 1770) -- Asiatic softshell turtle
   Apalone ferox (Schneider, 1783) -- Florida softshell turtle
   Apalone mutica (Le Sueur, 1827) -- Smooth softshell turtle
   Apalone spinifera (Le Sueur, 1827) -- Spiny softshell turtle
   Aspideretes gangeticus (Cuvier, 1825) -- Indian softshell turtle
   Aspideretes hurum (Gray, 1831) -- Indian peacock softshell turtle
   Aspideretes leithii (Gray, 1872) -- Leiths softshell turtle
   Aspideretes nigricans (Anderson, 1875) -- Black softshell turtle
   Chitra indica (Gray, 1831) -- Narrow headed softshell turtle
   Cyclanorbis elegans (Gray, 1869) -- Nubian flapshell turtle
   Cyclanorbis senegalensis (Duméril and Bibron, 1835) -- Senegal flapshell turtle
   Cycloderma aubryi Duméril1, 1856 -- Aubrys flapshell turtle
   Cycloderma frenatum Peters, 1854 -- Zambesi flapshell turtle
   Dogania subplana (Geoffroy, 1809) -- Malayan flapshell turtle
   Lissemys punctata (Lacépède, 1788) -- Indian flapshell turtle
   Lissemys scutata (Peters, 1868) -- Burmese flapshell turtle
   Nilssonia formosa (Gray, 1869) -- Burmese peacock flapshell turtle
   Palea steindachneri (Siebenrock, 1906) -- Wattle necked softshell turtle
   Pelochelys bibroni (Owen, 1853) -- Asian giant softshell turtle
   Pelochelys cantorii Gray, 1864 -- Cantors giant softshell turtle
   Pelochelys signifera Webb, 2002
   Pelodiscus sinensi (Thunberg, 1787) -- Chinese softshell turtle
   Rafetus euphraticus (Daudin, 1802) -- Euphrates softshell turtle
   Rafetus swinhoei (Gray, 1873) -- Shanghai softshell turtle
   Trionyx triunguis Forskl, 1775 -- African softshell turtle

Updated: 2012-05-25 18:17:33

Discover Life | All Living Things | Vertebrata | Reptilia | Testudines | Kinds