Kinds of Salamanders

Caudata in North America

Andrew Durso, Xavier Glaudas ,
Sara Serji, and John Pickering
University of Georgia, Athens

Scientific name -- Other names
Ambystomatidae -- Mole salamanders
   Ambystoma annulatum Cope, 1886 -- Ringed salamander
   Ambystoma barbouri Kraus and Petranka, 1989 -- Streamside salamander
   Ambystoma californiense (Gray, 1853) -- California Tiger Salamander
   Ambystoma cingulatum (Cope, 1868) -- Flatwoods salamander
   Ambystoma gracile (Baird, 1859) -- Northwestern Salamander
   Ambystoma jeffersonianum (Green, 1827) -- Jefferson salamander
   Ambystoma laterale Hallowell, 1856 -- Blue-spotted salamander
   Ambystoma mabeei Bishop, 1928 -- Mabees salamander
   Ambystoma macrodactylum Baird, 1849 -- Long-toed Salamander
   Ambystoma maculatum (Shaw, 1802) -- Spotted salamander
   Ambystoma mavortium Baird, 1850 -- Barred Tiger Salamander
   Ambystoma opacum (Gravenhorst, 1807) -- Marbled salamander
   Ambystoma talpoideum (Holbrook, 1838) -- Mole salamander
   Ambystoma texanum (Matthes, 1855) -- Smallmouth salamander
   Ambystoma tigrinum (Green, 1825) -- Tiger salamander; Eastern Tiger Salamander
Amphiumidae -- Amphiumas; Congo eels
   Amphiuma means Garden, 1821 -- Two-toed amphiuma
   Amphiuma pholeter Neill, 1964 -- One-toed amphiuma
   Amphiuma tridactylum Cuvier, 1827 -- Three-toed amphiuma
Cryptobranchidae -- Giant salamanders
   Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Daudin, 1803) -- Eastern hellbender; Ozark hellbender
Dicamptodontidae -- Pacific giant salamanders
   Dicamptodon copei Nussbaum, 1970 -- Copes Giant Salamander
   Dicamptodon ensatus (Eschscholtz, 1833) -- California Giant Salamander
   Dicamptodon tenebrosus (Baird and Girard, 1852) -- Pacific Giant Salamander
Necturidae -- Mudpuppies; Waterdogs
Plethodontidae -- Lungless salamanders; Slender salamanders
   Aneides aeneus (Cope and Packard, 1881) -- Green salamander
   Aneides ferreus (Cope, 1869) -- Clouded Salamander
   Aneides flavipunctatus (Strauch, 1870) -- Black Salamander
   Aneides hardii (Taylor, 1941) -- Sacramento Mountain Salamander
   Aneides lugubris (Hallowell, 1849) -- Arboreal Salamander
   Aneides vagrans (Wake and Jackman, 1999) -- Wandering Salamander
   Batrachoseps attenuatus (Eschscholtz, 1833) -- California Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps campi Marlow, Brode and Wake, 1979 -- Inyo Mountains Salamander
   Batrachoseps diabolicus Jockusch, Wake and Yanev, 1998 -- Hell Hollow Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps gabrieli Wake, 1996 -- San Gabriel Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps gavilanensis Jockusch, Yanev and Wake, 2001 -- Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps gregarius Jockusch, Wake and Yanev, 1998 -- Gregarious Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps kawia Jockusch, Wake and Yanev, 1998 -- Sequoia Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps luciae Jockusch, Yanev and Wake, 2001 -- Santa Lucia Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps major Camp, 1915 -- Garden Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps minor Jockusch, Yanev and Wake, 2001 -- Lesser Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps nigriventris Cope, 1869 -- Blackbelly Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps pacificus (Cope, 1865) -- Channel Islands Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps regius Jockusch, Wake and Yanev, 1998 -- Kings River Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps relictus Brame and Murray, 1968 -- Relictual Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps simatus Brame and Murray, 1968 -- Kern Canyon Slender Salamander
   Batrachoseps stebbinsi Brame and Murray, 1968 -- Tehachapi Slender Salamander
   Desmognathus aeneus Brown and Bishop, 1947 -- Seepage salamander
   Desmognathus apalachicolae Bruce and Karlin, 1989 -- Apalachicola dusky salamander
   Desmognathus auriculatus (Holbrook, 1838) -- Southern dusky salamander
   Desmognathus brimleyorum Stejneger, 1894 -- Ouachita dusky salamander
   Desmognathus carolinensis Dunn, 1916 -- Carolina Dusky Salamander
   Desmognathus conanti Rossman, 1958 -- Spotted dusky salamander
   Desmognathus folkertsi Camp, Tilley, Austin, and Marshall, 2002 -- Dwarf Black-bellied Salamander
   Desmognathus fuscus (Green, 1818) -- Northern dusky salamander
   Desmognathus imitator Dunn, 1927 -- Imitator salamander
   Desmognathus marmoratus Moore, 1899 -- Shovelnose salamander; Shovel-nosed Salamander
   Desmognathus monticola Dunn, 1916 -- Seal salamander
   Desmognathus ochrophaeus Cope, 1859 -- Mountain dusky salamander
   Desmognathus ocoee Nicholls, 1949 -- Ocoee Salamander; Ocoee Dusky Salamander
   Desmognathus orestes Tilley and Mahoney, 1996 -- Blue Ridge Dusky Salamander
   Desmognathus quadramaculatus (Holbrook, 1840) -- Blackbelly salamander; Black-bellied Salamander
   Desmognathus santeetlah Tilley, 1981 -- Santeetlah dusky salamander
   Desmognathus welteri Barbour, 1950 -- Black mountain salamander
   Desmognathus wrighti King, 1936 -- Pygmy salamander; Pigmy Salamander
   Ensatina eschscholtzii Gray, 1850 -- Monterey Ensatina
   Eurycea aquatica -- Brownback salamander; Dark-sided salamander
   Eurycea bislineata (Green, 1818) -- Northern two-lined salamander
   Eurycea chamberlaini Harrison and Guttman, 2003 -- Chamberlains Dwarf Salamander
   Eurycea chisholmensis Chippindale, Price, Wiens and Hillis, 2000 -- Chisholm Trail Salamander
   Eurycea cirrigera -- Southern two-lined salamander
   Eurycea guttolineata (Holbrook, 1838) -- Holbrooks Triton; Three-lined Salamander; Southern Long-tailed Salamander
   Eurycea junaluska Sever, Dundee and Sullivan, 1976 -- Junaluska salamander
   Eurycea latitans Smith and Potter, 1946 -- Cascade Cavern Salamander
   Eurycea longicauda -- Three-lined salamander; Longtail salamander; Dark-sided salamander; Long-tailed Salamander
   Eurycea lucifuga Rafinesque, 1822 -- Cave salamander
   Eurycea multiplicata (Moore and Hugues, 1841) -- Graybelly salamander; Many-ribbed salamander
   Eurycea nana Bishop, 1941 -- San Marcos salamander
   Eurycea naufragia Chippindale, Price, Wiens and Hillis, 2000 -- Georgetown salamander; San gabriel springs salamander
   Eurycea neotenes Bishop and Wright, 1937 -- Texas salamander
   Eurycea pterophila Burger, Smith and Potter, 1950 -- Fern Bank Salamander
   Eurycea quadridigitata (Holbrook, 1842) -- Dwarf salamander
   Eurycea rathbuni Stejneger, 1895 -- Texas blind salamander
   Eurycea robusta Longley, 1978 -- Texas blind salamander
   Eurycea sosorum Chippindale, Price and Hillis, 1993 -- Barton Springs Salamander
   Eurycea spelaea Stejneger, 1892 -- Grotto salamander; Ozark blind salamander; Typhlotriton spelaeus
   Eurycea tonkawae Chippindale, Price, Wiens and Hillis, 2000 -- Tonkawa Springs Salamander; Jollyville Salamander
   Eurycea tridentifera Mitchell and Reddell, 1965 -- Comal blind salamander
   Eurycea tynerensis Moore and Hughes, 1939 -- Oklahoma salamander
   Eurycea wallacei (Carr, 1939) -- Georgia blind salamander; Haideotriton wallacei
   Eurycea waterlooensis Hillis, Chamberlain, Wilcox and Chippindale, 2001 -- Austin Blind Salamander
   Eurycea wilderae Dunn, 1920 -- Blue Ridge two-lined salamander
   Gyrinophilus gulolineatus Brandon, 1965 -- Berry Cave Salamander
   Gyrinophilus palleucus McCrady, 1954 -- Tennessee cave salamander
   Gyrinophilus porphyriticus -- Blue Ridge spring salamander; Spring salamander
   Gyrinophilus subterraneus Besharse and Holsinger, 1977 -- West Virginia Spring Salamander
   Hemidactylium scutatum (Temminck and Schlegel, 1838) -- Four-toed salamander
   Hydromantes brunus Gorman, 1954 -- Limestone Salamander
   Hydromantes platycephalus (Camp, 1916) -- Mount Lyell Salamander
   Hydromantes shastae Gorman and Camp, 1953 -- Shasta Salamander
   Phaeognathus hubrichti Highton, 1961 -- Red Hills salamander
   Plethodon ainsworthi Lazell, 1998 -- Catahoula Salamander
   Plethodon albagula Grobman, 1944 -- Western slimy salamander
   Plethodon amplus Highton and Peabody, 2000 -- Blue ridge gray-cheeked salamander
   Plethodon aureolus Highton, 1983 -- Tellico Salamander
   Plethodon caddoensis Pope and Pope, 1951 -- Caddo mountain salamander
   Plethodon chattahoochee Highton, 1989 -- Chattahoochee slimy salamander
   Plethodon cheoah Highton and Peabody, 2000 -- Cheoah Bald Salamander
   Plethodon chlorobryonis Mittleman, 1951 -- Atlantic coast slimy salamander
   Plethodon cinereus Pope and Pope, 1951 -- Redback salamander
   Plethodon cylindraceus (Harlan, 1825) -- White spotted slimy salamander
   Plethodon dorsalis Grobman, 1944 -- Ozark zigzag salamander; Eastern zigzag salamander; Southern Zigzag Salamander
   Plethodon dunni Bishop, 1934 -- Dunns Salamander
   Plethodon electromorphus Highton, 1999 -- Northern ravine salamander
   Plethodon elongatus Van Denburgh, 1916 -- Del Norte Salamander
   Plethodon glutinosus (Green, 1818) -- Northern slimy salamander
   Plethodon grobmani Allen & Neill, 1949 -- Southeastern slimy salamander
   Plethodon hoffmani Highton, 1971 -- Valley and ridge salamander
   Plethodon hubrichti Thurow, 1957 -- Peaks of otter salamander
   Plethodon idahoensis Slater and Slip, 1940 -- Coeur dAlene Salamander
   Plethodon jordani Blatchley, 1901 -- Jordans salamander
   Plethodon kentucki Mittleman, 1951 -- Cumberland plateau salamander
   Plethodon kiamichi Highton, 1989 -- Kiamichi slimy salamander
   Plethodon kisatchie Highton, 1989 -- Louisiana slimy salamander
   Plethodon larselli Burns, 1954 -- Larch mountain salamander
   Plethodon meridianus Highton and Peabody, 2000 -- South mountain graycheek salamander
   Plethodon metcalfi Brimley, 1912 -- Southern graycheek salamander; Southern Gray-cheeked Salamander
   Plethodon mississippi Highton, 1989 -- Mississippi slimy salamander
   Plethodon montanus Highton and Peabody, 2000 -- Northern graycheek salamander
   Plethodon neomexicanus Stebbins and Riemer, 1950 -- Jemez Mountains Salamander
   Plethodon nettingi Green, 1938 -- Cheat mountain salamander
   Plethodon ocmulgee Highton, 1989 -- Ocmulgee slimy salamander
   Plethodon ouachitae Dunn and Heintze, 1933 -- Rich mountain salamander
   Plethodon petraeus Wynn, Highton and Jacobs, 1988 -- Pigeon mountain salamander
   Plethodon punctatus Highton, 1972 -- White-spotted salamander; Cow knob salamander
   Plethodon richmondi Netting and Mittleman, 1938 -- Ravine salamander
   Plethodon savannah Highton, 1989 -- Savannah slimy salamander
   Plethodon sequoyah Highton, 1989 -- Sequoyah slimy salamander
   Plethodon serratus Grobman, 1944 -- Southern redback salamander
   Plethodon shenandoah Highton and Worthington, 1967 -- Shenandoah salamander
   Plethodon shermani Brimley, 1912 -- Red-legged Salamander
   Plethodon stormi Highton and Brame, 1965 -- Siskiyou Mountains Salamander
   Plethodon teyahalee Hairston, 1950 -- Southern appalachian salamander; Plethodon oconaluftee
   Plethodon vandykei Van Denburgh, 1906 -- Van Dykes Salamander
   Plethodon variolatus Gilliams, 1818 -- South carolina slimy salamander
   Plethodon vehiculum (Cooper, 1860) -- Western Redback Salamander
   Plethodon ventralis Highton, 1997 -- Southern Zigzag Salamander
   Plethodon virginia Highton, 1999 -- Shenandoah Mountain Salamander
   Plethodon websteri Highton, 1979 -- Websters salamander
   Plethodon wehrlei Fowler and Dunn, 1917 -- Wehrles Salamander; Plethodon dixi; Plethodon jacksoni
   Plethodon welleri Walker, 1931 -- Wellers salamander
   Plethodon yonahlossee Dunn, 1917 -- Yonahlossee salamander
   Pseudotriton montanus Netting and Goin, 1942 -- Rusty mud salamander; Eastern mud salamander; Northern red salamander; Blackchin red salamander; Southern red salamander; Mud Salamander
   Pseudotriton ruber (Sonnini de Manoncourt and Latreille, 1801) -- Red Salamander
   Stereochilus marginatus (Hallowell, 1856) -- Many-lined salamander
Proteidae -- Mudpuppies; Waterdogs
   Necturus alabamensis Viosca, 1937 -- Alabama Waterdog; Blackwarrior Waterdog
   Necturus beyeri Viosca, 1937 -- Gulf coast waterdog; Alabama Waterdog
   Necturus maculosus (Rafinesque, 1818) -- Mudpuppy; Mudpuppy or Waterdog
   Necturus punctatus (Gibbes, 1850) -- Dwarf waterdog
Rhyacotritonidae Tihen, 1958 -- Torrent salamanders
   Rhyacotriton cascadae Good and Wake, 1992 -- Cascades torrent salamander
   Rhyacotriton kezeri Good and Wake, 1992 -- Columbia torrent salamander
   Rhyacotriton olympicus (Gaige, 1917) -- Olympic torrent salamander
   Rhyacotriton variegatus Stebbins and Lowe, 1951 -- Southern torrent salamander
Salamandridae -- True salamanders; Newts
   Notophthalmus meridionalis (Cope, 1880) -- Black-spotted newt
   Notophthalmus perstriatus Bishop, 1941 -- Striped newt
   Notophthalmus viridescens (Rafinesque, 1820) -- Eastern newt; Broken-striped newt; Central newt; Peninsula newt; Red-spotted newt; Red eft
   Taricha granulosa (Skilton, 1849) -- Roughskin Newt
   Taricha rivularis (Twitty, 1935) -- Redbelly Newt
   Taricha torosa (Rathke in Eschscholtz, 1833) -- California Newt
Sirenidae -- Sirens
   Pseudobranchus axanthus Netting and Goin, 1942 -- Southern Dwarf Siren
   Pseudobranchus striatus (Le Conte, 1824) -- Northern Dwarf siren
   Siren intermedia Barnes, 1826 -- Lesser siren
   Siren lacertina Linnaeus, 1766 -- Greater siren

Updated: 2012-10-29 21:09:17

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