Abdomen, T1 and T2, color | Continent where bee was collected | Country in Europe where bee was collected | Female, abdomen, T5, shape of apical end | Females, abdomen, S6 | Females, mandibles | Head, Paraocular region | Head, clypeus, color | Males, abdomen, S6 | Sex, number of antennal segments | State or province where bee was collected in U.S. or Canada | Thorax, mesepisternum - mesopleuron | Thorax, scutellum

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Number scored for a state is in green.

1. Continent where bee was collected

4Europe and adjacent countries    26North America   

2. State or province where bee was collected in U.S. or Canada    [Explain]

4AL    10AZ    2BC    4CA    4CO    2CT    2DC    2DE    6FL    4GA    2ID    4IL    2IN    2KY    4LA    2MA    2MD    4MS    16Mexico    4NC    4NE    2NJ    4NM    4NV    2NW Chihuahuan Desert    2NY    2OH    2OK    2OR    2PA    2RI    4SC    2TN    2TX    4UT    2VA    2WV   

3. Country in Europe where bee was collected

2Albania    2Austria    2Belgium    4Bulgaria    4Crete    2Croatia    4Cyprus    2Czech Republic    2Denmark    2Estonia    2Finland    4France    2Germany    4Greece    2Hungary    4Italy    2Lithuania    2Luxemburg    2Montenegro    2Netherlands    2Poland    4Portugal    2Republic of Macedonia    2Romania    2Slovakia    2Slovenia    4Spain    2Switzerland    4Turkey   

4. Sex, number of antennal segments

1512, female    1513, male   



5. Head, clypeus, color

12Entirely black    19Entirely yellow or red, or with black only in part   



6. Head, Paraocular region

2RED maculation extra long, ending near top of compound eye    1RED maculation long, ending above antennal sutures but no where near the top of the compound eye    2Yellow maculation long, ending above antennal sutures    14Yellow maculation short, ending at antennal sutures    6Yellow maculations shortER, ending below antennal sutures   

7. Abdomen, T1 and T2, color

6All BLACK    2Black with RED complete stripes    21Black with YELLOW markings   




8. Female, abdomen, T5, shape of apical end

13Median extension 1/2 as wide as segment width, shallowly concave NOT forming two strong angles medially but WITH two lateral angles    1Median extension 1/3 as wide as segment width, deeply angled inward forming two strong projecting angles medially   

9. Females, abdomen, S6

11Last sternite apically only covered with very short scopal hairs WITHOUT spine-like projections    1Last sternite densely covered with pale scopal hairs and at the apical sides WITH hidden slender reddish orange spine-like projections, these are as long as the scopal hairs   

10. Thorax, mesepisternum - mesopleuron

5The upper part of the carinate omaulus is CONCAVE, the omaulus is the angle between the anterior and lateral surface of the mesepisternum or mesopleuron    17The upper part of the carinate omaulus is STRAIGHT, the omaulus is the angle between the anterior and lateral surface of the mesepisternum or mesopleuron   

11. Females, mandibles

1Only with a clear apical and subapical tooth    11With 4 clear teeth   

12. Males, abdomen, S6

1WITH a central, long, spine-like projection EXTENDING as far as the tip of T7    13WITHOUT spine-like projection   

13. Thorax, scutellum

22With ROUNDED posterolateral angles    2With SHARP posterolateral angles