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Discover Life 118 kinds match:
Allodape interrupta  [popup]
Allodape mirabilis  [popup]
Amegilla acraensis  [popup]
Amegilla albocaudata  [popup]
Amegilla atribasis  [popup]
Amegilla atrocincta  [popup]
Amegilla calens  [popup]
Amegilla cincta  [popup]
Amegilla eritrina  [popup]
Amegilla nigroclypeata  [popup]
Amegilla nila  [popup]
Anthidium speciesAmale  [popup]
Anthophora caelebs  [popup]
Apis mellifera  [popup]
Apotrigona nebulata  [popup]
Axestotrigona cameroonensis  [popup]
Axestotrigona ferruginea  [popup]
Axestotrigona simpsoni  [popup]
Braunsapis bouyssoui  [popup]
Braunsapis facialis  [popup]
Braunsapis foveata  [popup]
Braunsapis ghanae  [popup]
Braunsapis leptozonia  [popup]
Braunsapis luapulana  [popup]
Braunsapis rolini  [popup]
Ceratina citriphila  [popup]
Ceratina ericia  [popup]
Ceratina mocsaryi  [popup]
Ceratina moerenhouti  [popup]
Ceratina penicillata  [popup]
Ceratina sp. 1  [popup]
Ceratina sp. 2  [popup]
Coelioxys apicata  [popup]
Coelioxys cherenensis  [popup]
Coelioxys cyanura  [popup]
Coelioxys heterozona  [popup]
Coelioxys loricula  [popup]
Coelioxys torrida  [popup]
Coelioxys umbripennis  [popup]
Dactylurina staudingeri  [popup]
Halictus jucundus  [popup]
Hoplitis perezi  [popup]
Hypotrigona araujoi  [popup]
Hypotrigona gribodoi  [popup]
Hypotrigona ruspolii  [popup]
Lasioglossum aburiellum  [popup]
Lasioglossum aburiense  [popup]
Lasioglossum clavigerellum  [popup]
Lasioglossum speciesA  [popup]
Liotrigona parvula  [popup]
Lipotriches cirrita  [popup]
Lipotriches natalensis  [popup]
Lipotriches orientalis  [popup]
Lipotriches tridentata  [popup]
Lipotriches triodonta  [popup]
Lipotriches yapiensis  [popup]
Lithurgus pullatus  [popup]
Lithurgus sparganotes  [popup]
Megachile accraensis  [popup]
Megachile armipygata  [popup]
Megachile battorensis  [popup]
Megachile benitocola  [popup]
Megachile biseta  [popup]
Megachile bituberculata  [popup]
Megachile bombiformis  [popup]
Megachile cincta  [popup]
Megachile concinna  [popup]
Megachile congruens  [popup]
Megachile curtula  [popup]
Megachile cyanipennis  [popup]
Megachile eupyrrha  [popup]
Megachile ikuthaensis  [popup]
Megachile latimetatarsis  [popup]
Megachile malimbana  [popup]
Megachile manguna  [popup]
Megachile masaiella  [popup]
Megachile mefistofelica  [popup]
Megachile planatipes  [popup]
Megachile rufipes  [popup]
Megachile semierma  [popup]
Megachile septentrionella  [popup]
Megachile simulator  [popup]
Megachile sinuata  [popup]
Megachile tetracantha  [popup]
Megachile torrida  [popup]
Meliplebeia beccarii  [popup]
Meliponula bocandei  [popup]
Nomia bouyssoui  [popup]
Nomia chandleri  [popup]
Nomia viridicincta  [popup]
Nomia zonaria  [popup]
Pachyanthidium benguelense  [popup]
Pachyanthidium bicolor  [popup]
Pachyanthidium bouyssoui  [popup]
Pasites atratulus  [popup]
Pasites barkeri  [popup]
Pseudapis amoenula  [popup]
Pseudapis interstitinervis  [popup]
Pseudapis squamata  [popup]
Pseudoanthidium truncatum  [popup]
Steganomus junodi  [popup]
Tetralonia macrognatha  [popup]
Tetraloniella katangensis  [popup]
Thrinchostoma torridum  [popup]
Thyreus bouyssoui  [popup]
Thyreus grahami  [popup]
Thyreus interruptus  [popup]
Thyreus meripes  [popup]
Thyreus pretextus  [popup]
Thyreus splendidulus  [popup]
Xylocopa albiceps  [popup]
Xylocopa erythrina  [popup]
Xylocopa hottentotta  [popup]
Xylocopa imitator  [popup]
Xylocopa nigrita  [popup]
Xylocopa olivacea  [popup]
Xylocopa torrida  [popup]
Xylocopa varipes  [popup]


REMAINING (number with state)
Family
 Apidae (56)
 Megachilidae (42)
 Halictidae (20)
Female, Abdomen ,T1, Color, yellow, white, blue, or red markings contrasing with a dark background color - NOT color of hair
 Absent (47)
 Present (6)
Female, Abdomen ,T2, Color, yellow, white, blue, or red markings contrasing with a dark background color - NOT color of hair
 Absent (46)
 Present (7)
Female, Abdomen ,T3, Color, yellow, white, blue, or red markings contrasing with a dark background color - NOT color of hair
 Absent (47)
 Present (5)
Female, Abdomen ,T4, Color, yellow, white, blue, or red markings contrasing with a dark background color - NOT color of hair
 Absent (47)
 Present (5)
Female, Abdomen ,T5, Color, yellow, white, blue, or red markings contrasing with a dark background color - NOT color of hair
 Absent (49)
 Present (3)
Female, Abdomen, Latidudinal bands of hair in a contrasting color to the integument or other hair present, on an individual segment, can go completely across the abdomen or only partially, can be many or few
 Absent (31)
 Present (26)
Female, Head, Antenna, Length of flagellar segment 1 compared to 2 - Note, measure on the segments longest side
 3. F1 greater than F2 (44)
 1. F1 smaller than F2 (30)
 2. F1 the same size as F2 (24)
Female, Head, Antenna, Length of flagellar segment 2 compared to 3 - Note, measure on the segments longest side
 1. F2 smaller than F3 (44)
 3. F2 greater than F3 (42)
 2. F2 the same size as F3 (41)
Female, Head, Base of Mandibles, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (46)
 Present (8)
Female, Head, Clypeus, Color, Presence of yellow, white, or red surface markings
 Absent (38)
 Present (15)
Female, Head, Lateral Ocelli, Distance between ocelli versus distance to edge of head - Measured from edge of ocelli
 Between ocelli more (39)
 Between ocelli less (21)
 Equal To (12)
Female, Head, Mandible, Number of Teeth - The tip of the tooth counts as one, if mandible is closed you may not be able to see all the teeth in groups like Megachile
 2. Two (24)
 3. Three (18)
 4. Four (8)
 1. One (6)
 6. More than Five (1)
Female, Head, Parocular Area, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 1. None (48)
 2. Markings do not reach the antennal bases (3)
 3. Markings reach the antennal bases (2)
 4. Markings go beyond the antennal bases (2)
Female, Head, Scape, Red, yellow, or white markings present
 Absent (45)
 Present (5)
Female, Head,Cheek or Gena Area, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (50)
 Present (1)
Female, Head,Labrum, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (47)
 Present (8)
Female, Hind Tibia
 Tibia with uniform or substantial amounts of hair (43)
 Tibia modified to form a corbicula for carrying pollen, tibia is very wide, flattened to concave, central area shining, without hairs or with only a few hairs but with hairs along the edges of the tibia (8)
Female, Thorax ,Mesepisturnum, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (51)
 Present (1)
Female, Thorax ,Pronotal Collar, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (51)
 Present (3)
Female, Thorax ,Scutellum, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (49)
 Present (3)
Female, Thorax ,Scutum, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (50)
 Present (2)
Female, Thorax, Pronotal Lobe, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (43)
 Present (9)
Female, Thorax, Scutum, Color of hair
 White, tan, grey, or off-white (21)
 Black or dark brown (19)
 Yellow or orange (10)
 Mixed light and dark (9)
 Bright iridescent green or blue! (2)
Female, Thorax, Scutum, Density of Hair
 2. Some hair but most of surface clearly visible (47)
 1. No hair at all (25)
 3. About half the surface hidden by hair (25)
 4. All or almost all the surface hidden by hair (13)
Female, Thorax, axilla, shape
 Rear margin tame, without projection, in line with the rest of the scuttellum (45)
 Axilla, end projecting out of the rear of the scutellum as a triangle, spine, or, rarely, rounded over (6)
Female, Thorax, primary color - Note this is the base color, not the hair color, there can be various other markings in addition
 Black or brown (49)
 Blue, dark blue, blue-green, or dark green, usually dulled by a rough surface or inscribed microscopic surface lines, often with distinct metallic overtones (5)
Female, leg, pollen carrying hairs, location - Note, lots of variability in density and type of pollen carrying hairs, can be tricky to determine, see explain for details
 On tibia (36)
 Underside of abdomen (11)
 On femur (8)
 No scopa present (4)
Females, Scopa or Pollen Carrying Hairs, Color
 White, gray, dirty white, or tan (27)
 Black or dark brown (18)
 Yellow to orange (13)
 A mix of dark and light colors (5)
 Has no scopal hairs (1)
Genus
 Megachile (27)
 Amegilla (9)
 Xylocopa (8)
 Braunsapis (7)
 Ceratina (7)
 Coelioxys (7)
 Lipotriches (6)
 Thyreus (6)
 Lasioglossum (4)
 Nomia (4)
 Axestotrigona (3)
 Hypotrigona (3)
 Pachyanthidium (3)
 Pseudapis (3)
 Allodape (2)
 Lithurgus (2)
 Pasites (2)
 Anthidium (1)
 Anthophora (1)
 Apis (1)
 Apotrigona (1)
 Dactylurina (1)
 Halictus (1)
 Hoplitis (1)
 Liotrigona (1)
 Meliplebia (1)
 Meliponula (1)
 Pseudoanthidium (1)
 Steganomus (1)
 Tetralonia (1)
 Tetraloniella (1)
 Thrinchostoma (1)
Halictus vs Lasioglossum - Two very common genera
 Halictus - RIMS of T2 and T3 covered by a complete, uniform, dense band of prone short pale hairs - All transcubital veins of the submarginal cells the same thickness (1)
 Lasioglossum - T2 and T3 with either no dense bands of prone short pale hair at all or that band is located at the BASE of the segment, often appearing to come out from UNDERNEATH the rim of the preceeding segment - Outermost transcubital vein weakened IN FEMALES, this character hard to discern in some males, appearing to be much fainter than than the other veins of the wing, at high magnification this can appear like a single faint line while the other veins appear as 2 parallel lines, in some smaller species both the 2nd and the 3rd veins are weakened (1)
Head, Antennal Bases, Location from the top of the head
 Approximately half way down from the top of the head (49)
 Clearly more than half way down from the top of the head (8)
Head, Clypeus, Dimensions
 Latitudinally wider than longitudinally long (48)
 Longitudinally longer than Latitudinally wide (18)
 About Equal (10)
Head, Eyes, With obvious scattered hairs across the surface
 No (56)
 Yes (1)
Leg, arolium - A pad-like structure that rests between the two claws
 Present - although sometimes minute and usually also associated with long hairs (37)
 Absent - look closely, while there may be no pad there is often a clump of hairs (28)
Male, Abdomen ,T1, Color, yellow, white, blue, or red markings, contrasting with a dark background color - NOT color of hair
 Absent (23)
 Present (6)
Male, Abdomen ,T2, Color, yellow, white, blue, or red markings contrasing with a dark background color - NOT color of hair
 Absent (23)
 Present (6)
Male, Abdomen ,T3, Color, yellow, white, blue, or red markings contrasing with a dark background color - NOT color of hair
 Absent (23)
 Present (6)
Male, Abdomen ,T4, Color, yellow, white, blue, or red markings contrasing with a dark background color - NOT color of hair
 Absent (23)
 Present (6)
Male, Abdomen ,T5, Color, yellow, white, blue, or red markings contrasing with a dark background color - NOT color of hair
 Absent (24)
 Present (6)
Male, Abdomen, Latidudinal bands of hair in a contrasting color to the integument or other hair present, on an individual segment, can go completely across the abdomen or only partially, can be many or few
 Absent (21)
 Present (12)
Male, Head, Antenna, Length of flagellar segment 1 compared to 2 - Note, measure on the segments longest side
 1. F1 shorter than F2 (20)
 3. F1 longer than F2 (16)
 2. F1 and F2 about equal (9)
Male, Head, Antenna, Length of flagellar segment 2 compared to 3 - Note, measure on the segments longest side
 1. F2 shorter than F3 (26)
 2. F2 and F3 about equal (26)
 3. F2 longer than F3 (26)
Male, Head, Base of Mandibles, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (21)
 Present (7)
Male, Head, Clypeus, Color, Presence of yellow, white, or red surface markings
 Absent (16)
 Present (14)
Male, Head, Lateral Ocelli, Distance between ocelli versus distance to edge of head - Measured from edge of ocelli
 Between ocelli more (20)
 Between ocelli less (11)
 Equal to (6)
Male, Head, Mandible, Number of Teeth - The tip of the mandible counts as one, if mandible is closed you may not be able to see all the teeth in groups like Megachile
 1. One (9)
 2. Two (9)
 3. Three (6)
 4. Four (1)
Male, Head, Parocular Area, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 1. None (19)
 2. Markings do not reach the antennal bases (8)
 3. Markings reach the antennal bases (7)
 4. Markings go beyond the antennal bases (6)
Male, Head, Scape, Red, yellow, or white markings present
 Absent (21)
 Present (6)
Male, Head,Cheek or Gena Area, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (26)
 Present (1)
Male, Head,Labrum, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (21)
 Present (9)
Male, Thorax ,Pronotal Collar, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (26)
 Present (2)
Male, Thorax ,Propodeum, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (26)
 Present (2)
Male, Thorax ,Scutellum, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (25)
 Present (1)
Male, Thorax ,Scutum, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (27)
 Present (1)
Male, Thorax, Pronotal Lobe, Color, Yellow, White, or Red Markings
 Absent (22)
 Present (5)
Male, Thorax, Scutum, Color of hair
 White, tan, off-white, or grey (14)
 Yellow or orange (9)
 Mixed light and dark (7)
 Black or dark brown (3)
 Bright iridescent green or blue! (1)
Male, Thorax, Scutum, Density of Hair
 2. Some hair but most of surface clearly visible (23)
 3. About half the surface hidden by hair (20)
 4. All or almost all of the scutum hidden by hair (8)
 1. No hair at all (7)
Male, Thorax, axilla, shape
 Rear margin tame, without projection, in line with the rest of the scuttellum (26)
 Axilla, end projecting out of the rear of the scutellum as a triangle, spine, or, rarely, rounded over (3)
Male, Thorax, primary color - Note this is the base color, not the hair color, there can be various other markings in addition
 Black or brown (29)
 Blue, dark blue, blue-green, or dark green, usually dulled by a rough surface or inscribed microscopic surface lines, often with distinct metallic overtones (2)
Male, leg, rear pair, basitarsus
 Shorter than tibia (28)
 As long as or longer than tibia (12)
Size, In comparison to a Honeybee
 2. About half to almost the same size (29)
 4. Clearly larger but not twice as large (23)
 1. Smaller than half as big (21)
 3. About the same size (19)
 5. Twice the size or larger (12)
Species guide status - This guide is only partially completed. A number of species and or genders of individual species have yet to be seen and therefore have yet to be scored. So to use this guide we recomomend that you click on the appropriate gender category to eliminate the unscored species. Just be aware that the species you are identifying may be one of the species we have yet to score
 Unscored Males (91)
 Unscored Females (67)
 Scored Females (51)
 Scored Males (26)
Subfamily
 Megachilinae (40)
 Apinae (30)
 Xylocopinae (24)
 Nomiinae (14)
 Halictinae (6)
 Lithurginae (2)
 Nomadinae (2)
Wing, Hind Wing, Length of Jugal Lobe Compared to Vanal Lobe
 2. Half to almost one quarter (38)
 3. Three quarters to almost one half (33)
 1. One quarter or less (9)
Wing, Marginal Cell, Tip or farthest point of cell, Location
 Tip is pulled away from the edge of the wing (34)
 Tip is right on the margin (18)
 Marginal cell open, veins not connected at the end (8)
Wing, basal vein of forewing
 Gently and UNIFORMLY arched or straight THROUGHOUT its length (50)
 Lower portion STRONGLY bent or arched (8)
Wing, marginal cell, tip shape alone
 Pointed or minutely squared off - truncate (32)
 Rounded (32)
 Marginal cell open, veins not connected at the end (8)
Wing, submarginal cell number
 2 (26)
 3 (23)
 Submarginal cells not closed (8)
Xylocopa, Female, Head, Color of Hairs
 All black (4)
 All or primarily bright white (3)
 All or primarily yellow or yellow-orange (1)
Xylocopa, Female, X. albiceps, X. imitator, X. nigrita
 X. albiceps - Distance between lateral ocelli GREATER than distance between ocelli and back edge of head - Pit density between the lateral ocelli HIGHER, pitting with very few spaces more than 1 pit diameter apart - Hairs on mesepisturnum and abdomen entirely BLACK - Smaller, under 20cm long (1)
 X. imitator - Distance between lateral ocelli LESS than distance between ocelli and back edge of head - Pit density between the lateral ocelli LOWER, pitting with many gaps and regions well over 1 pit diameter in width - Hairs on mesepisturnum and abdomen entirely BLACK - Larger, greater than 20cm long (1)
 X. nigrita - Distance between lateral ocelli LESS than distance between ocelli and back edge of head - Hairs on mesepisturnum largely WHITE - Prominent patches of WHITE hairs on the lateral sides of T2-5 - VERY LARGE, greater than 30cm (1)
Xylocopa, Female, X. erythrina, X. hottentota, X. torrida
 X. erythrina Narrowest distance between the base of the mandibles and the bottom of the compound eye is WIDER than the width of the flagellar segments - Rear edge of the scutellum rounded over and does not overhang the metanotum Large 25-30 cm long (1)
 X. hottentota - Narrowest distance between the base of the mandibles and the bottom of the compound eye is NARROWER than the width of the flagellar segments - Rear edge of the scutellum rounded over and does not overhang the metanotum Small, about 20cm or less (1)
 X. torrida - Narrowest distance between the base of the mandibles and the bottom of the compound eye is slightly narrower than the width of the flagellar segments Rear edge of the scutellum clearly OVERHANGS the metanotum as a THIN SHELF, the edge sharp Very large, greater than 30cm long (1)
Xylocopa, Male, Abdomen, Color and Pattern of Hairs
 All, or primarily, black (4)
 All, or primarily, yellow (2)