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Discover Life 20 kinds match:
Epeolus ainsliei  [popup]
Epeolus australis  [popup] female
Epeolus autumnalis  [popup] female
Epeolus banksi  [popup] female
Epeolus bifasciatus  [popup] female
Epeolus canadensis  [popup] female
Epeolus carolinus  [popup] female
Epeolus erigeronis  [popup] female
Epeolus floridensis  [popup] female
Epeolus glabratus  [popup] female
Epeolus howardi  [popup] female
Epeolus ilicis  [popup] female
Epeolus interruptus  [popup] female
Epeolus lanhami  [popup] female
Epeolus lectoides  [popup] female
Epeolus minimus  [popup] female
Epeolus pusillus  [popup] female
Epeolus scutellaris  [popup] female
Epeolus vernalis  [popup] female
Epeolus zonatus  [popup] female


REMAINING (number with state)
Abdomen, T1 and T2, color
 1. Both dark BROWN/BLACK primarily (18)
 2. T1 AMBER colored, T2 dark BROWN/BLACK primarily (2)
 3. Both AMBER colored primarily (2)
Abdomen, T1, apical hair pattern
 2. Apical hair band CONNECTING at sides with basal hair (15)
 3. Apical hair band NOT or very thinly connecting at sides with basal hair (10)
 1. LACKING a distinct apical hair band (3)
Abdomen, T2, apical hair pattern
 With a distinct apical hair band that is medially INTERRUPTED (17)
 With a COMPLETE apical hair band, lacking any interruption in center (9)
 LACKING a distinct apical hair band (1)
Abdomen, T5, pattern of hair on the apical half surrounding the pseudopygidium
 4. With sparse to moderate amounts of WHITE mat-like hair covering the SIDES and dark hairs in the CENTER area above the pseudopygidium (14)
 3. Pseudopygidium bordered by light brownish hairs which are likewise bordered by white hair that cover the rest of the apical half (6)
 1. Appearing as if lacking hair, but with only fine blond or whitish hair that is not visible from all angles (4)
 2. With exceptionally SHORT white mat-like hairs that make the area look as if marked with little white SPOTS (3)
E. ainsliei vs E. interruptus
 E. ainsliei - Axillae strongly curved along its outer margin, which is about as long as its inner margin and clearly longer than its basal margin, somewhat claw-shaped overall - Normally the basal and apical hair bands of T1 appearing only very slightly connected at the lateral sides, but still connected nonetheless - The apical hair band of T1 is complete and not weakened medially (1)
 E. interruptus - Axillae roughly triangular, its basal margin LONGER than its outer margin, the outer margin appearing to be curved only at the very tip, if at all - Normally with the basal and apical hair bands of T1 clearly and entirely separate at the lateral sides, cannot be mistaken for being even slightly connected - The apical hair band of T1 is medially interrupted (1)
E. ainsliei vs E. lectoides
 E. ainsliei - The mesepisternum is evenly covered with short, white hairs - Mesepisternum pitting dense, interpit spacing averaging less than one pit diameter medially - The rear, vertical face of the propodeum is much more covered by white hairs, usually the propodeal triangle is the only bare area - The apical hair band of T1 is complete and not weakened medially - In direct comparison, smaller and more reddish, the scutellum appearing more orangish (1)
 E. lectoides - The mesepisternum is often bare of white hair near the middle, or it at least has a lower density of the hairs there - Mesepisternum interpit spacing averages well over one pit diameter medially, the interpit spacing sometimes surpassing two pit diameters - The rear, vertical face of the propodeum is largely bare of white hair, in contrast to the lateral sides of the rear face where there are dense white hairs present - The apical hair band of T1 is medially interrupted - In direct comparison, larger and more blackish overall, the scutellum appearing more dark reddish brown (1)
E. australis vs E. autumnalis, combination of characters
 E. australis - Tips of axillae projecting only slightly from sides of scutellum reaching only slightly past the middle of the scutellum - Cheeks approximately 1/3 as wide as the eye - T1 complete, with no medial interruption (1)
 E. autumnalis - Axillae robust, tips clearly projecting from the sides of the scutellum reaching very nearly to the rear margin of the scutellum - Cheeks approximately 1/2 as wide as the eye - T1 may be either complete or with a small medial interruption (1)
E. autumnalis vs E. banksi
 E. autumnalis - Hairs on the abdomen with a very slight yellowish cast - Outer upper edge of the tegulae rough with a clear raised border or carina - More common (1)
 E. banksi - Hairs on the abdomen with a clear gray to white cast with any hint of yellowishness - Outer upper edge of the tegulae without any clear raised border or carina - Rare (1)
E. banksi vs E. minimus - Difficult to separate pair
 E. banksi - Color of hair on dorsum of thorax and abdomen is WHITE - Antennae DARK brown, if at all lightened, then very SUBTLY so only on F1 (1)
 E. minimus - Color of hair on upper surface of scutum is SLIGHTYLY YELLOWED, usually laterally, can be subtle - Antennae DISTINCTLY lightened on one side of F1, also, though often to a lesser extent, lightened on the base and apex of the scape (1)
E. bifasciatus vs all, face, appearance of the area bordering the inner margin of the eyes between the antennal sockets and the lateral ocelli
 All others - NORMAL, area essentially flat and pitted (18)
 E. bifasciatus - With a prominent unpitted BUMP located just in from each eye and about half way between the antennal socket and lateral ocellus (1)
E. canadensis vs all, thorax, color of hair on metanotum
 All others - Entirely, or almost entirely covered with thick white hair (18)
 E. canadensis - With a SPOT of DARK hair in the center and white hair on the sides (1)
E. carolinus vs E. vernalis
 E. carolinus - Scutum pitting of larger size than in E. vernalis, average maximum pit diameter clearly greater than the width of the parapsidal lines, with the parapsidal lines often obscured by the irregular and often non-circular patterning the integument forms. - Tips of the axillae nearly as long as the posterior rim of the scutellum, the gap between the tip and the rim less than one third their own longitudinal length - BASAL hair band of T1 appearing complete medially or very nearly so - T2 pit interspaces very short, less than half the pit diameters, and uniform in size, giving the integument a very dulled appearance (1)
 E. vernalis - Scutum pitting of smaller size than in E. carolinus, average pit diameter appearing close to the width of the parapsidal line or smaller, these pits mostly circular or nearly so - Tips of axillae clearly NOT extending to the posterior edge of the scutellum, the gap between the tip and the rim one third or more of length of the axillael - Basal hair band of T1 incomplete medially - T2 pit interspaces variable, but usually equal in distance to half or more than the diameters of the pits themselves, such that the integument may appear slightly shiny (1)
E. carolinus, E. erigeronis, E. ilicis, E. lectoides, T1-T5, color of apical hair bands
 E. erigeronis, E. ilicis and E. lectoides - Off white (3)
 E. carolinus - Very YELLOW (1)
E. erigeronis vs E. interruptus
 E. erigeronis - Axillae well-defined, their length equal to or surpassing the longitudinal midpoint of the scutellum and appearing to share between half and two thirds of the inner margin of the scutellum - Scutellum with short, black bristles extending above the surface of the integument but that are nearly impossible to see due to the dark brownish-black color of the integument - The dorsal surface of the metanotum is flat to smoothly convex medially (1)
 E. interruptus - Axillae extremely short, their length not reaching to the halfway point of the scutellum and appearing to share nearly their entire inner margin with the scutellum - Scutellum with short, black bristles that are USUALLY obvious due to the reddish-brown to red color of the integument, be careful as the bristles may be worn off in some specimens - Metanotum with a clearly-raised bump on the dorsal surface at the latitudinal middle of the segment, which may comprise up to one fourth of the latitudinal width of the segment, appearing obviously elevated from the surface even when hairs are present (1)
E. erigeronis, E. ilicis, E. vernalis, combination of characters
 E. ilicis and E. vernalis - T2 with an apical band that is distinctly medially interrupted - Hair on clypeus markedly SPARSER than the hair in the areas surrounding the clypeus (2)
 E. erigeronis - T2 with an apical band that is very narrowly interrupted or COMPLETE - Hair on clypeus as DENSE as the hair in the areas surrounding the clypeus (1)
E. glabratus vs E. zonatus
 E. glabratus - Thorax, mesepisternum, UPPER HALF, smooth throughout, like a piece of sheet metal with holes in it, heavily pitted with many pits overlapping, but many gaps among the pits that are smooth and mirror like, clearly reflecting light - Abdomen, T2 and T3, patch of appressed, prone, small white hairs form PATCHES only at the lateral sides of the segment - Abdomen, T1 and T2, depressed apical third along the rim, usually, but not always, dark BLACK or BROWN (1)
 E. zonatus - Thorax, mesepisternum, UPPER HALF, rough, granular, as if covered in sand, pitting overlapping throughout and along with the heavy surface sculpture the entire surface is dull and does not reflect any light - Abdomen, T2 and T3, appressed, prone, small white hairs form distinct pale HAIR BANDS across almost the entire rim of the segments except for a brief interruptoin in the center - Abdomen, T1 and T2, depressed apical third along the rim, usually, but not always, AMBER, the same color as the basal portion of each segment (1)
E. howardi, E.pusillus, E. scutellaris, combination of characters
 E. pusillus and E. scutellaris - Apical hair bands on T1-T4 generally complete, if not, then only T1 and possibly T2 with a very small medial gap - Scutellum may be black or red and will likely be very slightly indented medially (2)
 E. howardi - Apical hair bands on T1-T4 medially interrupted, the interruptions on T3-T4 may be small, but should be distinct - Scutellum always completely red and straight across rear margin, lacking any sort of medial indentation (1)
E. ilicis vs E. vernalis - Abdominal terga, apical hair bands
 E. ilicis - Bands are interrupted on T1 - T2, and complete on T3 - T4, though in some rare cases the base on T3 may be narrowly interrupted - Bands are placed on the rim at sides becoming somewhat removed towards the center - In comparison, bands are somewhat broader (1)
 E. vernalis - Bands are interrupted on T1-T3, and complete on T4 - Bands are somewhat removed from the rim, especially in the center - In comparison, bands are somewhat narrower (1)
E. interruptus vs E. lectoides
 E. interruptus - With fine, DENSE pits on the scutum which rarely ever have interpit distances greater than one pit diameter which may SOMETIMES overlap, appearing uniformly spaced in their distribution or nearly so - Basal hair band of T1 incomplete at the center (1)
 E. lectoides - With coarse, SPARSE pits on the scutum which often have interpit distances greater than one pit diameter, appearing irregularly spaced in their distribution - Basal hair band of T1 only slightly weakened in the center, if at all, and usually entirely complete (1)
E. interruptus vs E. minimus, T1, basal hair band
 E. interruptus - The basal band on T1 is widely and distinctly INTERRUPTED in the middle (1)
 E. minimus - The basal band on T1 is COMPLETE, with no medial interruptions (1)
E. interruptus vs E. vernalis
 E. interruptus - The axillae are only weakly curved inward, the portion of their inner margin that is separate from the scutellum appearing only slightly indented - The dense white hairs found laterally along the sides of the propodeum usually continue into the rear face of the propodeum along the posterior margins of the propodeal triangle - On T1, the basal and apical hair bands are strongly connected laterally, the width of the band at this meeting point about equal to or often greater than half that of the apical band itself, the hair here being roughly the same density as in the apical band as well (1)
 E. vernalis - The axillae are strongly curved inward, appearing similar to claws, with the inner margin separate from the scutellum taking the form of a distinct half-circle indent - The dense white hairs of the propodeum are found only running vertically along the sides of the propodeum, the middle of the rear face being almost entirely bare and often very shiny - On T1, the basal and apical hair bands are only weakly connected laterally, often appearing almost unconnected, the width of the band at this lateral meeting point FAR smaller than that of the apical hair band, with the hair FAR less dense here than in the apical band (1)
E. lanhami vs all, front wing, number of submarginal cells
 All others - THREE (18)
 E. lanhami - TWO (1)
E. lectoides, E. erigeronis, E. ilicis, E. vernalis, mesopleura, surface appearance
 E. erigeronis, E. ilicis, and E. vernalis - Mesopleura almost rugose with medium sized and extremely DENSE pits, interpit spaces much less than half a pit diameter on average (3)
 E. lectoides - Mesopleura with LARGE and SPARSE pits, interpit spaces often as wide as the pits and shiny (1)
E. pusillus vs E. scutellaris, T1, basal face
 E. pusillus - Basal face of T1 completely covered in hair all the way down to the junction with the propodeum, no gap in the middle (1)
 E. scutellaris - Basal face of T1 with dense hair on upper 2/3 of sides, basal 1/3 near junction with propodeum lacking hair or with extremely thin hair, and possibly with a gap in the hair all the way down the middle of the face (1)
E.erigeronis, E. banksi, E. australis, scutum, hair pattern on upper half
 E. banksi and E. australis - With a pair of BROAD lines composed of mat-like hair, each line with a width about 1/3 its length (2)
 E. erigeronis - With a pair of NARROW lines composed of mat-like hair, each line with a width less than 1/5 of length (1)
Head, greatest width of the CHEEK vs the greatest width of the EYE as viewed from the side
 3. Very nearly 1/2 as wide or greater (15)
 2. Between 1/3 and 1/2 as wide (14)
 1. Between 1/4 and 1/3 as wide (4)
Head, vertex, length from lateral ocelli to rear edge of head
 About ONE ocellar diameter (18)
 Clearly MORE than one ocellar diameter (12)
 Clearly LESS than one ocellar diameter (8)
State or province where bee was collected
 FL (13)
 NC (13)
 SC (13)
 AL (12)
 GA (12)
 MS (12)
 DE (11)
 TN (11)
 PA (10)
 WI (10)
 CT (9)
 IL (9)
 IN (9)
 MA (9)
 MD (9)
 NY (9)
 OH (9)
 RI (9)
 VA (9)
 DC (8)
 KY (8)
 MI (8)
 WV (8)
 NJ (7)
 ME (4)
 NH (4)
 VT (4)
Thorax, axillae, length
 1. Clearly NOT reaching the rear margin of the scutellum (17)
 2. Extending TO or very near to the rear margin of the scutellum (8)
 3. Clearly extending PAST the rear margin of the scutellum (4)
Thorax, axillae, outer margin
 3. Strongly CARINATE, or with a thin raised ridge along entire outer margin, as if there were a little, tiny, fence on the dorsal surface, from the side appears wedge shaped with the base noticeably thicker and tapering in thickness towards the tip (12)
 1. Evenly ROUNDED from top to side - Thick when viewed from the side (9)
 2. SQUARED-OFF and very THIN, when viewed from the side resembling the edge view of a coin with an even thickness from base to tip (4)
Thorax, axillae, proportion of inner margin shared with scutellum
 2. More than half shared, but less than 3/4 (17)
 3. 3/4 or more shared with the scutellum (11)
 1. About half or less shared (9)
Thorax, axillae, shape of inner margins
 Inner margins of axillae are STRAIGHT from base to tip (12)
 Tips of axillae strongly CURVED inward, diverging from sides of scutellum, appearing HOOKED (10)
Thorax, pronotal collar, color
 1. All BROWN/BLACK (18)
 2. All or mostly AMBER colored (9)
Thorax, pronotal lobes, color
 2. All or mostly AMBER colored (18)
 1. All BROWN/BLACK (10)
Thorax, scutellum, rear vertical face
 At least half covered with pale mat like hairs, may be with or without black bristles (18)
 LACKING or with much less than half the surface covered with light hair, also lacking black bristles (6)
 LACKING light hair, but WITH many short BLACK BRISTLES (2)
Thorax, scutum, color
 1. Completely dark BROWN/BLACK (17)
 2. Mostly dark BROWN/BLACK with amber colored outer margins (9)
 3. Half or more AMBER colored (1)
Thorax, scutum, hair patterns
 3. Mat-like hairs forming distinct LINES or PATCHES of hair, usually as a pair of lines on the upper half of scutum (18)
 2. With hair, but LACKING mat-like hairs forming any type of distinct pattern (8)
 1. Essentially lacking hair (2)