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Discover Life 41 kinds match:
Sphecodes antennariae  [popup] female
Sphecodes aroniae  [popup] female
Sphecodes atlantis  [popup] female
Sphecodes autumnalis  [popup] female
Sphecodes banksii  [popup] female
Sphecodes brachycephalus  [popup] female
Sphecodes carolinus  [popup] female
Sphecodes castaneae  [popup] female
Sphecodes clematidis  [popup] female
Sphecodes confertus  [popup] female
Sphecodes coronus  [popup] female
Sphecodes crawfordi  [popup] female
Sphecodes cressonii  [popup] female
Sphecodes davisii  [popup] female
Sphecodes dichrous  [popup] female
Sphecodes exaltus  [popup] female
Sphecodes fattigi  [popup] female
Sphecodes galerus  [popup] female
Sphecodes heraclei  [popup] female
Sphecodes hydrangeae  [popup] female
Sphecodes ignitus  [popup] female
Sphecodes illinoensis  [popup] female
Sphecodes johnsonii  [popup] female
Sphecodes levis  [popup] female
Sphecodes mandibularis  [popup] female
Sphecodes minor  [popup] female
Sphecodes nigricorpus  [popup] female
Sphecodes paraplesius  [popup] female
Sphecodes persimilis  [popup] female
Sphecodes pimpinellae  [popup] female
Sphecodes prosphorus  [popup] female
Sphecodes prostygius  [popup] female
Sphecodes pycnanthemi  [popup] female
Sphecodes ranunculi  [popup] female
Sphecodes shawi  [popup] female
Sphecodes smilacinae  [popup] female
Sphecodes solonis  [popup] female
Sphecodes stygius  [popup] female
Sphecodes townesi  [popup] female
Sphecodes trentonensis  [popup] female
Sphecodes wheeleri  [popup] female


REMAINING (number with state)
Abdomen, T2, in the center of the segment, average distance from one pit to the one nearest it, excluding any bare rim - Measured in units of pit diameters
 2. 1 to 3 (27)
 3. Greater than 3 (27)
 1. Less than 1 (18)
 4. No pits present (4)
Abdomen, T2, in the center of the segment, percent of unpitted region along the rim, measured in longitudinal distance
 4. 25 to 50 (30)
 3. 15 to 25 (15)
 2. 5 to 15 (9)
 5. No pits present (3)
EXPERIENCED USERS - Legs, tibia, hind pair, presence of small setae or spines along the dorsal edge - These are usually reddish, and often very DIFFICULT TO SEE
 Absent (27)
 Greater than 50 percent of the height of the surrounding white hairs (20)
 Less than 50 percent of the height of the surrounding white hairs (15)
Head, cheek, presence of a carina or minutely upturned ridge along the lower edge
 Absent (35)
 Present (3)
Head, mandible, shape along upper or dorsal margin
 With a distinct subapical rounded tooth set back a short distance from the tip (25)
 Entire, an unbroken smooth line (16)
 Margin disrupted by a distinct projecting angle in the outline just back from the tip of the mandible (16)
Head, region between the antennae and ocelli, surface between the pits
 Dull, heavily lined, tessellate, but surface smooth, not raised (27)
 Smooth, shiny, mirror-like (22)
 Dull, rugulose, surface not smooth, but with raised areas of some kind between the pits (14)
Head, vertex
 Unmodified, similar to most bee species (35)
 With a large, smooth, elliptical tubercle (2)
Legs, coxa, front pair, surface
 Weakly or strongly mounded across its surface, dull, and usually covered with hairs (36)
 Distinctly flattened, surface shiny, and density of hair absent on the face or with only a few scattered hairs (5)
Problematic species in which only the types are known or their identification is uncertain
 RECOMMENDED- Drop these species from the list (37)
 DISPLAY - Show all these species (4)
S. atlantis vs. S. carolinus vs. S. cressonii vs. S. pimpinellae vs. S. smilacinae
 S. atlantis and S. cressonii - These two species cannot be told apart in the female - Thorax, scutum appearance, SHINY between pits, with most pits in the center NOT TOUCHING another pit - Abdomen, color, usually ORANGISH - Size, 4-6mm (1)
 S. carolinus - Thorax, scutum appearance, SHINY between pits, with most pits in the center NOT TOUCHING another pit - Scutum PIT DENSITY LOW, which is unique in combination with the larger size and shininess between pits - Abdomen, color, usually ORANGISH - Size, 7-8mm (1)
 S. pimpinellae - UNIQUE, Wings with 2 submarginals - Thorax, scutum appearance, DULL reflecting little light from between the pits, which is unique, with MANY PITS TOUCHING another pit in the center - Abdomen, color, usually ORANGISH - Size, 7-8mm (1)
 S. smilacinae - Thorax, scutum appearance, SHINY between pits, with pit DENSITY VARIABLE - Abdomen, color, very DARK RED to BLACK, which is unique - Size, 5-6mm (1)
S. autumnalis vs. S. brachycephalus vs. S. crawfordi vs. S. pimpinellae vs. S.townesi
 S. autumnalis - Head, flagellar segments 2 and 9, length compared to width, length SHORTER THAN or equal to width - Mandible, with a DISTINCT SUBAPICAL TOOTH dorsally - Thorax, mesepisternum appearance, surface shiny to dulled by some MICROSCOPIC LINES - Mesepisternum, topography, surface dead FLAT without any noticable topography - Propodeum, dorsal triangle portion, with STRIATIONS that go almost ALL THE WAY to the rim (1)
 S. brachycephalus - Head, flagellar segment 2, length compared to width, length SHORTER THAN or equal to width - Flagellar segment 9, length compared to width, length LONGER THAN width - Mandible, with a subapical MINUTE TOOTH or angle dorsally, or NO subapical tooth dorsally - Thorax, mesepisternum appearance, surface dull to shiny - Mesepisternum, topography, surface flat with low profile LATERAL STRIATIONS - Propodeum, dorsal triangle portion, with STRIATIONS that go only about HALF WAY to the rim (1)
 S. crawfordi - Head, flagellar segment 2, length compared to width, length SHORTER THAN width - Flagellar segment 9, length compared to width, length LONGER THAN width - Mandible, with a subapical MINUTE TOOTH or angle dorsally, or NO subapical tooth dorsally - Thorax, mesepisternum appearance, surface dull to shiny - Mesepisternum, topography, surface flat with low profile LATERAL STRIATIONS - Propodeum, dorsal triangle portion, with STRIATIONS that go almost ALL THE WAY to the rim (1)
 S. pimpinellae - UNIQUE, Wing with 2 submarginal cells - Head, flagellar segment 2, length compared to width, length SHORTER THAN width - Flagellar segment 9, length compared to width, length LONGER THAN width - Mandible, variable - Thorax, mesepisternum appearance, surface DULL not reflecting light - Mesepisternum, topography, surface ROUGH or rugose, and composed of prominent clearly RAISED ANGULAR HILLS and lateral striations - Propodeum, dorsal triangle portion, with STRIATIONS that go almost ALL THE WAY to the rim (1)
 S. townesi - Head, flagellar segment 2, length compared to width, length ABOUT EQUAL to width - Flagellar sement 9, length compared to width, length LONGER THAN width - Mandible, with a subapical MINUTE TOOTH or angle dorsally, or NO subapical tooth dorsally - Thorax, mesepisternum appearance, surface DULL not reflecting light - Thorax, mesepisternum appearance, surface DULL not reflecting light - Mesepisternum, topography, surface ROUGH or rugose, and composed of SMALL clearly RAISED above the surface ANGULAR HILLS, however, at the top of the mesepisturnum, just below the front wing attachment point, is a raised area, present in all bees, but in this case it is SMOOTH with SCATTERED PITS rather than rugose - Propodeum, dorsal triangle portion, with STRIATIONS that go almost ALL THE WAY to the rim (1)
S. banksii vs. S. crawfordi vs. S. fattigi vs. S. illinoensis vs. S. mandibularis
 S. banksii - Spaces between pits on scutum SHINY, clearly REFLECTING LIGHT and flat - Abdomen, T2 unpitted apical rim, taking up about 25 percent of the segment - Head, flagellar segments 1 and 2, combined length compared to width, ABOUT EQUAL or only very slightly longer than wide - Size, 4-5mm (1)
 S. crawfordi - Spaces between pits shiny to dull and flat on scutum - Abdomen, T2 unpitted apical rim, taking up about 25 percent of the segment - Head, flagellar segments 1 and 2, combined length compared to width, CLEARLY LONGER than width - Size, 5-6mm - Told from S. illinoensis by the greater density of pits on the scutum, PITS so DENSE that there are no spaces larger than a pit diameter between them - In direct comparison to the other species the pits on T2 - 4 are very clearly defined, dense, and readily visible, in other species these pits are visible, but only with effort (1)
 S. fattigi - Spaces between pits DULL, not reflecting light, surface ROUGH, rugose, NOT FLAT, and pits often difficult to see amidst the surface topography on scutum - Abdomen, T2 unpitted apical rim, taking up about 75 percent of the segment - Head, flagellar segments 1 and 2, combined length compared to width, CLEARLY LONGER than width - Size, 8-9mm (1)
 S. illinoensis - Spaces between pits shiny to slightly dulled and flat on scutum - Abdomen, T2 unpitted apical rim, taking up about 25 percent of the segment - Head, flagellar segment 1 and 2, combined length compared to width, CLEARLY LONGER than width - Size, 6-7mm - Told from S. crawfordi by the lower pit density on the scutum, pitting relatively dense but there are some spaces between pits that are clearly wider than 1 pit diameter, in direct comparison the rear face of the propodeum with finer striations, lower in height and most trending across the segment latitudinally (1)
 S. mandibularis - Spaces between pits dull to slightly shiny, running from completely flat to surface slightly uneven due to slightly raised lines on scutum, nowhere near as much as S. fattigi - Abdomen, T2 unpitted apical rim, taking up about half to 33 percent of the segment - Head, flagellar segments 1 and 2, combined length compared to width, CLEARLY LONGER than width - Size 6-7mm (1)
S. brachycephalus vs. S. illinoensis
 S. brachycephalus - Propodeum, propodeal triangle, STRIATIONS run only about HALF WAY from the base to the rim, rim smooth and unmarked - Head, scape, CLEARLY LONGER than distance from antennal fossae to the rim of the clypeus - Size, 5-6mm (1)
 S. illinoensis - Propodeum, propodeal triangle, STRIATIONS run almost ALL THE WAY to the rim - Head, scape, AS LONG AS the distance from antennal fossae to the rim of the clypeus - Size, 6-7mm (1)
S. carolinus vs. S. minor
 S. carolinus - Thorax, propodeum, region at the center of the rim of the propodeal triangle and just below it forming another, smaller triangle whose base runs along the rim and the remainder of the triangle runs along the rear face of the propodeum, this triangle BARE, UNMARKED, and SHINING - Only the humeral ridge is present on the pronotum - Size 6-8mm (1)
 S. minor - Thorax, propodeum, completed covered in raised, RETICULATED LINES, no shiny triangles present on the rear face - Although difficult to describe, there is a small carina or raised ridge that runs along the front of the pronotum in the area of the humeral ridge, but is running at an oblique angle to the ridge - Size, 9-10mm (1)
S. carolinus vs. S. solonis
 S. carolinus - Thorax, propodeum, with a clear unreticulated shiny triangle in the center of the rear face, the base of this triangle aligning with the edge between the dorsal and rear faces of the propodeum with its the tip pointing down the rear face (1)
 S. solonis - Thorax, propodeum, completed covered in raised, reticulated lines, no shiny triangles present on the rear face (1)
S. casteneae vs. S. crawfordi
 S. castaneae - Mandible with a clear dorsal subapical tooth or sharp angle (1)
 S. crawfordi - Mandible without a tooth, but can have something that looks like a very minute angle (1)
S. clematidis vs. S. galerus
 S. clematidis - Thorax, scutum, with only a slightly and obscurely depressed line from the anterior edge down the center, not at all similar to the paropsidial lines - Leg, hind tibia, dorsal edge with a series of small translucent REDDISH CURVED SETAE hidden among the larger white setae that cover the outer surface of the segment - Size, 9-10mm (1)
 S. galerus - Thorax, scutum, with a CLEAR DEPRESSED SULCUS or line runs like a shallow gully from the center of the anterior edge of the scutum about half way down, similar in width to the paropsidial lines - Leg, hind tibia, dorsal edge of the hind tibia with 2-4 hidden short curved setae in the center about half the size of the surrounding hairs - Size, 7-8mm (1)
S. confertus vs. S. fattigi
 S. confertus - Head, 1st flagellar segment LONGER THAN WIDE - Clypeus, with a CLEAR DEPRESSED LINE running down the center dividing it into right and left hand sides - Size, 8-10mm (1)
 S. fattigi - Head, 1st flagellar segment clearly WIDER THAN LONG - Clypeus, without a depressed central line - Size, 7-8mm (1)
S. davisii vs. S. johnsonii vs. S. pimpinellae vs. S. prosphorus
 S. davisii - Head, scape, HEAVILY PITTED, pits separated by about 1 pit diameter, surface dulled by many lines and reflecting little light - Scape length, LONGER THAN or equal to the distance from the edge of the antennal fossae to the rim of the clypeus - Leg, hind tibia, dorsal edge with a series of small translucent reddish curved setae hidden among the larger white setae that cover the outer surface of the segment - Thorax, scutum, HEAVILY PITTED, surface dulled by lines, distance between pits always less than 1 pit diameter - Compared to S. johnsonii the pits on the clypeus are denser with many overlapping one another in the center and few, if any, gaps greater than 1 pit apart (1)
 S. johnsonii - Head, scape, HEAVILY PITTED, pits separated by about 1 pit diameter, surface dulled by many lines and reflecting little light - Scape length, LONGER THAN or equal to the distance from the edge of the antennal fossae to the rim of the clypeus - Leg, hind tibia, dorsal edge with NO HIDDEN curved setae - Thorax, scutum, HEAVILY PITTED, surface dulled by lines, distance between pits always less than 1 pit diameter - Compared to S. davisii the pits on the clypeus are less dense with few pits overlapping one another and several gaps 1 pit apart or greater present (1)
 S. pimpinellae - UNIQUE, Wing with 2 submarginal cells - Head, scape, MODERATELY to heavily pitted, pits separated by about 1 pit diameter or more, surface varies from dull to shiny - Scape length, SHORT, not equaling the distance from the edge of the antennal fossae to the rim of the clypeus - Leg, hind tibia, dorsal edge with NO HIDDEN reddish curved setae - Scutum, HEAVILY PITTED, surface dulled by lines, distance between pits always less than 1 pit diameter (1)
 S. prosphorus - Head, scape, LIGHTLY PITTED, pits clearly separated by more than 1 pit diameter, surface very shiny and reflective - Scape length, LONGER THAN or equal to the distance from the edge of the antennal fossae to the rim of the clypeus - Leg, hind tibia, dorsal edge with a series of small translucent REDDISH curved SETAE HIDDEN among the larger white setae that cover the outer surface of the segment - Scutum, not as heavily pitted, surface SHINY BETWEEN PITS, distance between pits close, but at least some places in the center of the segment where there are clear spaces greater than 1 pit diameter (1)
S. heraclei vs. S. ignitus
 S. heraclei - Thorax, color, all BLACK (1)
 S. ignitus - Thorax, color, extensively or entirely RED (1)
S. levis vs S. pimpinellae
 S. levis - Wings, SUBMARGINAL CELLS 3 - Thorax, mesepisternum, rounded mound near the dorsal edge largely smooth with a few scattered raised lines and pits, quite different from the rough sculpturing surrounding the mound - Abdomen, integument, more on the red side of the color spectrum, legs largely dark brown to black with minor lightened orangish areas only on the apical end of the tibia (1)
 S. pimpinellae - Wings, SUBMARGINAL CELLS 2 - Thorax, mesepisternum, rounded mound near the dorsal edge uniformly ROUGHLY sculptured, similar to the sculpturing surrounding the mound - Abdomen, integument, more on the orange side of the color spectrum, legs often with lightened orangish areas on the exterior sides (1)
S. minor vs. S. solonis
 S. minor - Thorax, scutellum length longitudinally, LONGER THAN propodeal triangle - In comparison, pit density of scutum higher, only a few regions without pits more than 1 pit diameter wide - Size, 9-10mm (1)
 S. solonis - Thorax, scutellum length longitudinally, SHORTER THAN propodeal triangle - In comparison, pit density of scutum lower, some regions without pits several pit diameters across - Size, 7-8mm (1)
S. solonis vs. S. smilacinae
 S. smilacinae - Thorax, propodeum, region at the center of the rim of the propodeal triangle and just below it forming another, smaller triangle whose base runs along the rim and the remainder of the triangle runs along the rear face of the propodeum, this triangle BARE, UNMARKED, and SHINING - In direct comparison, the rims of T5 and S6 have less and shorter hair, also the scutum is with a slightly higher density of pits - Size, 6-7mm (1)
 S. solonis - Thorax, propodeum, completed covered in raised, RETICULATED LINES, no shiny triangles present on the rear face - In direct comparison, the rims of T5 and S6 have more and longer hair, also pit density of scutum lower with spaces between pits sometimes exceeding several pit diameters - Size, 7-8mm (1)
Species currently listed as subspecies, but now considered to be species
 RECOMMENDED- Include these species on the list (41)
 Drop these species from the list (21)
Species for which only males are known
 RECOMMENDED- Drop these species from the list (39)
 Display these species (2)
Species thought to be synonyms of other species
 RECOMMENDED - Drop these species from list (36)
 DISPLAY these species (5)
Thorax, pronotum, lateral or humeral ridge, shape
 Strongly angled, with a sharp clear edge (32)
 Ridge rounded over, not sharply defined (16)
Thorax, propodeum, triangle, percent distance from the base to the rim that raised reticulations are present
 1. 100 (34)
 2. 95 to 50 (11)
 3. Less than 50 (1)
Thorax, scutum, pits in the center
 2. Many pits touching one another (22)
 1. All pits touching one another (21)
 3. Some pits touching but the majority not (18)
 4. No pits touching one another (13)
Total length in millimeters
 6 (23)
 7 (19)
 8 (19)
 5 (18)
 10 (14)
 9 (14)
 11 (11)
 4 (10)
 12 (3)
 13 (1)