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Abies kawakamii (Hayata) Ito
KAWAKAMI FIR
Taiwan fir

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Abies

Abies kawakamii
© Hsu-Hong Lin, 2006 · 1
Abies kawakamii

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Abies kawakamii
© Hsu-Hong Lin, 2006 · 1
Abies kawakamii
Abies kawakamii
© Hsu-Hong Lin, 2006 · 1
Abies kawakamii
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Line drawing; for full size image go to the Flora of China ( Wu and Raven 1999 ).

Abies kawakamii

A. kawakamii in habitat (Offsite link; opens in new window).

A. kawakamii

A. kawakamii in foliage and active pollen and seed cones (Offsite link; opens in new window).

Abies kawakamii

A. kawakamii mature seed cones (Offsite link; opens in new window).

 

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Conservation status

Abies kawakamii

(Hayata) Itô 1909

Common names

台灣冷杉 [Chinese] ( Huang 1994 ), Kawakami fir ( Silba 1986 ), Taiwan fir ( Liu 1970 ).

Taxonomic notes

Syn: A. mariesii Mast. var. kawakami Hayata 1908.

Description

Trees to 16 m tall and 100 cm dbh with single, straight trunk and whorled horizontal branches. Bark smooth and resinous, gray-white, becoming gray-brown and scaly. Branchlets deeply grooved, yellowish-gray to dark brown, with brown pubescence. Buds ovoid, very resinous, brown to reddish, scales obtuse, to 1 mm. in diameter. Leaves linear, flat, 10-15 mm long, dark green above, whitish below, with some stomata on the upper surface near the rounded to notched apex. Pollen cones cylindrical, to 15 mm long. Seed cones oblong to cylindric, 6-7.5 × 3.5-4 cm, maturing purple, bracts hidden (about 1/2 length of seed scales), seed scales fan-shaped, 15-18 mm long. Seeds 7-9 mm long plus a 9 mm wing ( Silba 1986 , Huang 1994 ).

Distribution and Ecology

Taiwan: widespread at 2,800-3,000(-3,950) m elevation in the central ranges, usually forming pure stands ( Huang 1994 ). Reported occurrences in the area 120°51'E to 121°19'E by 23°13'N to 24°28'N, in Abies-Juniperus-Rhododendron shrub forest and Yushania stands. Found in Sheipa, Yushan, and Taroko National Parks ( HAST Database ). Hardy to Zone 6 (cold hardiness limit between -23.2°C and -17.8°C) ( Bannister and Neuner 2001 ).

Big tree

Oldest

Dendrochronology

Ethnobotany

Observations

Shei-Pa , Taroko and Yushan National Parks look like good places to see it.

Remarks

Citations

Itô T. 1909. Encyclopedia Japonica 2:167.

See also

The species account at Threatened Conifers of the World .

Farjon ( 1990 , 2010 ).

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Last Modified 2017-11-12

Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Coniferophyta  
 Class Pinopsida  
 Order Pinales  
 Family Pinaceae  
 Genus Abies  
  Abies kawakamii    (Hayata) Ito, 1909 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Abies mariesii kawakamii   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 1: 567, 1994. Encycl. Jap. 2: 167, 1909. Form Tree Rev. ed. 2. 39. f. 7, 1936. Monog. Gen. Abies 364. pls. 6&57c, 1971. Flora of Taiwan 1:516. pl. 179, 1975. Fl. Reip. Pop. Sin. 7:88. pl. 19. f. 14-19, 1978.
Name Code: 201102
  IUCN Red List:NT       Endemic     
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