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Acanthistius pictus (Tschudi, 1846)
PERUVIAN SEA-BASS
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Serranidae   Acanthistius

Acanthistius pictus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Acanthistius pictus

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Acanthistius pictus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Acanthistius pictus
espa˝ol

Overview
Main identification features
  • opercle: 3 spines, dark bar between top 2
  • opercle - 2 oblique stripes
  • lower edge preopercle - spines point forward
Oblong compressed; forehead profile nearly straight; mouth large; lips very thick in large fish; jaws with inner bands of small, slender teeth, and outer row of small canines; teeth at front and center of roof of mouth; a small supramaxilla bone above main bone (maxilla) of top jaw; preopercle serrated, with 2-3 large forward pointing spines on its lower edge; operculum with 3 strong spines; 10-12 lower rakers, 2-3 upper; dorsal fin continuous, XI, 3rd to 5th spines longest, 17 soft rays, rear edge rounded; anal fin III, 2nd spine largest, 8 rays, with rounded margin; tail with straight edge and rounded corners, with 15 branched rays; 19 pectoral rays, most branched; pelvics inserted behind base of pectoral, reaching nearly to anal origin in small fish; scales very rough, small, about 145-150 in lateral series; lateral line complete, tubes with branches; lateral line scales distinct, about equal sized to neighboring scales.

Mottled brown; dorsal, tail, anal and pelvic fins dark brown; pectorals pinkish; a dark stripe from snout through eye; a dark oblique bar from eye to lower corner of operculum, another similar bar from corner of mouth to lower edge of operculum; a dark oblique blotch with a white rear margin on upper edge of operculum between uppermost two spines.

Apparently reaches ~80cm.

Depth: 10-50 m.

Found on shallow rocky reefs.

Southern Ecuador to southern Chile.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 50 m.
Depth Range Min: 10 m.
Diet: octopus/squid/cuttlefish; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=-3; Southern limit=-23; Western limit=-82; Eastern limit=-70; Latitudinal range=20; Longitudinal range=12.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore Only; Inshore.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 80 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Peruvian province, primarily; All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • BÚarez , P. and JimÚnez, P., 2002., New records of serranids (Teleostei, Perciformes) from the continental shelf of Ecuador with a key to the species, and comments on ENSO-associated fish dispersal., Cybium, 2002.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., BÚarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Tschudi, J. J. von., 1846., Ichthyologie. Pp. ii-xxx + 1-35, Pls. 1-6. In: Untersuchungen Řber die Fauna Peruana., Scheitlin & Zollikofer:1-693.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Acanthistius&speciesname=pictus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Acanthistius-pictus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Acanthistius pictus   (Tschudi, 1846)

Brick seabass Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Acanthistius pictus (Brick seabass) Acanthistius pictus
Picture by Wolfe, G.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiinae
Etymology: Acanthistius: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, istion = sail (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated.   Tropical; 20°N - 26°S, 112°W - 68°W (Ref. 56292 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Chile and Peru.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763 ); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763 ); max. published weight: 1.9 kg (Ref. 53696 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-18; Anal soft rays : 8 - 9

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Peque├▒o, G. , 1989. Peces de Chile. Lista sistematica revisada y comentada. Rev. Biol. Mar., Valparaiso 24(2):1-132. (Ref. 9068 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.2   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Busson, Fr├ęd├ęric Fish Forum
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