D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Agkistrodon piscivorus Gloyd, 1969
COTTONMOUTH
Florida cottonmouth

Life   Vertebrata   Reptilia   Serpentes   Viperidae   Agkistrodon

Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Will Booker 2014 · 5
Agkistrodon piscivorus

Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guides

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Agkistrodon piscivorus

Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 3
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Andrew Durso, 2005 · 2
Agkistrodon piscivorus

Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 2
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Will Booker 2014 · 1
Agkistrodon piscivorus

Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Will Booker 2014 · 1
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Andrew Durso, 2005 · 1
Agkistrodon piscivorus

Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Todd Pierson 2010 · 1
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Todd Pierson 2010 · 1
Agkistrodon piscivorus

Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Todd Pierson 2010 · 1
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Todd Pierson 2010 · 1
Agkistrodon piscivorus

Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Todd Pierson 2010 · 1
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
© Copyright Todd Pierson 2010 · 1
Agkistrodon piscivorus
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following served from Nuvox Communications
   
Top | See original context

Following modified from Central Florida Zoological Park
   
Top | See original

1 2 3

Florida Cottonmouth

Agkistrodon piscivorus conanti

 

The Florida cottonmouth, also called the cottonmouth moccasin and water moccasin, is one of three subspecies of the only venomous water snake in North America.

Range:

It ranges through the wetlands of Florida, southeastern Alabama and southern Georgia.

 

 

Habitat:

Any wetlands or waterway in the state

 

 

Size/Description/Coloration:

Adults average 20-48 inches in length, with a record length of 74 1/2 inches.

 

Heads are spade shaped; noticeably larger and thicker than their necks. 

When viewed from directly above, the eyes cannot be seen – unlike other water snakes. The pupil is vertical (catlike). There is a deep facial pit between the nostril and the eye.

Identification of this animal can be tricky as their color is variable and also changes as they get older. The eye is camouflaged by a broad, dark, facial stripe.  Dark brown cheek stripes are edged with light lines. The dark stripes running from the eyes backwards along the head are bordered top and bottom by a cream color. This is probably the best way to identify this subspecies since it holds true for all color variations, including those of the juveniles.  Faint brown stripes encircle the body. The chin is a light cream color. 

Juvenile cottonmouths have a bright, yellow tail (caudal lure) which they hold erect and wiggle like a caterpillar to attract prey within striking range. Their tail serves as a lure for frogs, a staple of their juvenile diets. Adults lose their juvenile coloration and become brownish black in color.

The cottonmouth is rather sluggish and is slow to move away if disturbed. Instead, when threatened, the cottonmouth may respond by vibrating its tail (like a rattlesnake), coiling its body and opening its mouth as though ready to bite. The exposed white interior of the mouth is what gave rise to the common name,”cottonmouth.” This open mouth threat display has led to the widespread belief that cottonmouths are aggressive snakes. In fact, they are one of the more sedate and if not hard pressed, the cottonmouth usually will retreat.  Note:  the snake does not  always display prior to striking. 

The bite of the moccasin can be lethal and they are able to bite underwater! Few fatalities have been recorded although their hemotoxic venom causes extensive local tissue damage.

 

Reproduction:

Females are viviparous (retain egg sacs internally), the young hatch and give the appearance of live birth. The young have no parental care. This snake bears one to 15 babies, averaging seven inches in length.  The young are born alive and are venomous at birth.

 

 

Diet:

Small mammals and birds as well as cold-blooded prey of various types. 

 

 

Status in the Wild:

Common

 

 

Comments:

Though the cottonmouth occurs throughout Florida, it is not as abundant as the many species of harmless water snakes that occur in much the same habitats. Many Florida residents do not even realize that other water snakes exist. As a consequence,  many large dark-colored snakes found near water are often killed, as a “cottonmouth.”

 

 

Source:

Web page, “List of Florida Snakes”, Copyright © 1999, 2000 Florida Museum of Natural History.

 

Login Register

Reptiles


Contact Us
Central Florida Zoo & Botanical Gardens
3755 W. Seminole Blvd. Sanford, FL
407.323.4450 | information@centralfloridazoo.org
Our Sponsors
Stay Connected
linkedin facebook vimeo flickr twitter youtube Shop Online | Visit | Events | About The Zoo | Education Adventures | Animals & Exhibits | Get Involved
Memphis Web Design by Speak | Site Map

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Agkistrodon+piscivorus+leucostoma&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Agkistrodon+piscivorus+leucostoma&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 13
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0007 [detail]
© 2006 Thomas Eimermacher

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 1007 1449 [detail]
© 2007 Lisa Powers

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 1007 1451 [detail]
© 2007 Lisa Powers

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Photographer with Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 1007 1461 [detail]
© 2007 Lisa Powers

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 1111 1111 1111 6553 [detail]
© 2007 Lisa Powers

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 1007 1448 [detail]
© 2007 Lisa Powers

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
ID: 0000 0000 0208 1417 [detail]
© 2008 Tim Colston

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 1108 1177 [detail]
© 2008 Thomas Eimermacher

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0110 2762 [detail]
© 2010 Matthew Niemiller

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0112 0751 [detail]
© 2012 Michael R. Spencer

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0312 0601 [detail]
© 2012 Michael R. Spencer

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0312 0701 [detail]
© 2012 Michael R. Spencer

Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Western Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0712 1560 [detail]
© 2012 Christopher J. Williams

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Agkistrodon+piscivorus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Agkistrodon+piscivorus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 64
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Agkistrodon piscivorus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 1111 1111 2222 0062 [detail]
© 1999 Joyce Gross

Agkistrodon piscivorus
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0019 0045 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Agkistrodon piscivorus
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0023 0049 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
ID: 0000 0000 0406 0880 [detail]
© 2006 Nathan Nazdrowicz

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 1006 0088 [detail]
© 2006 Brad Moon

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1341 [detail]
© 2007 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1342 [detail]
© 2007 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 0831 [detail]
© 2008 Maik Dobiey

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 0833 [detail]
© 2008 Maik Dobiey

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 0834 [detail]
© 2008 Maik Dobiey

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 0845 [detail]
© 2008 Maik Dobiey

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 0846 [detail]
© 2008 Maik Dobiey

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 0847 [detail]
© 2008 Maik Dobiey

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 0848 [detail]
© 2008 Maik Dobiey

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0909 0188 [detail]
© 2009 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0909 0291 [detail]
© 2009 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0277 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0281 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0285 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0288 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0291 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0297 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0306 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Agkistrodon piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0308 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Agkistrodon+piscivorus+piscivorus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Agkistrodon+piscivorus+piscivorus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 21
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0203 0587 [detail]
© 2003 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth (skull)
(shown with Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta )
ID: 0000 0000 0104 0991 [detail]
© 2004 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0104 0992 [detail]
© 2004 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth (neonate)
ID: 0000 0000 0202 0278 [detail]
© 2001 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0502 0288 [detail]
© 2002 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0502 0289 [detail]
© 2002 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth (neonate)
ID: 0000 0000 0202 0279 [detail]
© 2001 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0702 0076 [detail]
© 2002 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0147 [detail]
© 2004 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0205 0180 [detail]
© 2005 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0205 0181 [detail]
© 2005 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 1737 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 1738 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 1739 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 1740 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 1741 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 1742 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 1743 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 1744 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Eastern Cottonmouth
ID: 0000 0000 0808 1745 [detail]
© 2008 John White

Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus
ID: 0000 0000 1011 0233 [detail]
© 2011 Todd Pierson

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2018-07-22 22:36:11 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation