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Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle
TREE OF HEAVEN
Tree-of-Heaven; Toxicodendron altissimum Mill; Ailanthus glandulosa Desf; Ailanthus rhodoptera FMuell; Ailantus rhodoptera orth var FMuell; Chinese Sumac; Stink Sumac; Paradise-Tree; Copal-Tree

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Simaroubaceae   Ailanthus

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Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven fruit
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven fruit
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven

Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven

Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus altissima, _fruit_close_up.JP80279_45.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Ailanthus altissima, fruit close up
JP80279_45
Ailanthus altissima, _leaves.JP80279_46.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Ailanthus altissima, leaves
JP80279_46

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma glandulosae @ BPI (1)
Arthoniaceae  Arthonia quintaria @ I_GBP (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Phyllactinia ailanthi @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (4)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora glandulosa @ BPI (2)
Nitschkiaceae  Fracchiaea heterogenea @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Pseudococcus comstocki @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Pseudococcus viburni @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
_  Lycorma delicatula @ UDCC_TCN (6)

Patouillardiella @ BPI (1)

Septotrullula bacilligera @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from PCA Alien Plant Working Group
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Following modified from Global Invasive Species Team, The Nature Conservancy
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ERROR -- Need to remove recursive link: http://pick18.pick.uga.edu/mp/20p%3Fsee%3DI_USID10%26res%3D320 USID_Seeds

Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle - Tree of Heaven

Ailanthus altissimus plant

Family - Simaroubaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Ailanthus altissimus inflorescence Staminate inflorescence.

Flowers - Staminate flowers - Fetid. Pedicels to 6mm long, sparse pubescent. Calyx tube 1mm long, 2mm broad, 5-lobed. Lobes acute, .8mm long. Petals 5, cupped, greenish-white, 3.5mm long, alternating with the calyx lobes, 3.5mm long, 1.2mm broad, densely pubescent near the base abaxially, also pubescent on the margins and some adaxially. Stamens 10, erect to spreading. Filaments densely pubescent (at least in the basal 1/2), white, 2.5mm long. Anthers yellow, 1.2mm long.

Ailanthus altissimus flowers

Ailanthus altissimus calyx Calyx.

Flowering - May - June.

Habitat - Waste ground, along streams, base of bluffs, thickets, roadsides, railroads, commonly cultivated.

Origin - Native to Asia.

Other info. - This common tree can be found scattered throughout Missouri in the wild and is widely cultivated. The plant grows fast and is quite a noxious weed. It also grows well from seed. It should not be willingly spread in the wild. Trees can be staminate, pistillate, or perfect. Only the staminate plants have a bad odor when flowering.
A. altissima has been used medicinally in the past. A tea made from the bark is used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, and tapeworms. Large doses of the tea, however, may be toxic. The tree has also been shown to have antimalarial properties. In China, some cases of hay fever have been attributed to the plant.
The wood of this species can be mixed with other hardwoods for pulp in the paper-making process. Sap from the wood has been known to give cause rashes in some people.

Photographs taken at the Kansas City Zoo, 5-18-00.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Sapindales  
 Family Simaroubaceae  
 Genus Ailanthus  
  Ailanthus altissima  
  (Miller) Swingle  var.  tanakai  (Hayata) Sasaki 1928 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 3: 545, 1993
Name Code: 204488
   Endemic     
Suggested Link    Discover Life    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
Previous Page       Home Page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AIAL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AIAL
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AIAL

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 60
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ailanthus altissima%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree-of-heaven
ID: 8076 3101 3985 0075 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus
ID: 5315 2021 1568 0057 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree-of-heaven
ID: 5315 2021 1568 0055 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Copal Tree
ID: 2222 0803 0003 0001 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus
ID: 5315 2021 1568 0056 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree-of-heaven
ID: 8076 3101 3986 0099 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0180 [detail]
© 2005 George W. Hartwell

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0181 [detail]
© 2005 George W. Hartwell

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2198 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2199 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2200 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0871 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0872 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0507 1360 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0507 1363 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0669 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0675 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0680 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0809 1421 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0809 1420 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0809 1419 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus
ID: 0000 0000 0709 1390 [detail]
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus
ID: 0000 0000 0709 1391 [detail]
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 1009 1122 [detail]
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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