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Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.
BLACK ALDER
Common Alder; Betula alnus var glutinosa L; European alder

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Betulaceae   Alnus

Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Alnus glutinosa

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Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Alnus glutinosa
Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Alnus glutinosa

Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa
Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa

Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa
Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa

Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa
Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa

Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa
Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa

Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa
Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa

Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa
Alnus glutinosa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Alnus glutinosa

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma alnea @ BPI (3)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia alnea @ BPI (7)

Discosia artocreas @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Prociphilus ( @ NCSU (2)

Pterocallis alni @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria alnicola @ BPI (1)

Botryosphaeria ferruginea @ BPI (1)

Diplodia alni @ BPI (5)

Phyllosticta alni-glutinosae @ BPI (6)

Phyllosticta alnigena @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis alni @ BPI (2)
Calosphaeriaceae  Calosphaeria aurata @ BPI (1)

Calosphaeria macrospora @ BPI (1)
Capnodiaceae  Capnodium salicinum @ BPI (1)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella alni @ BPI (1)

Sphaerella conglomerata @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Kybos smaragdula @ III (3)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora cerebella @ BPI (1)

Coniophora laxa @ BPI (1)

Coniophora puteana @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium aurantiacum @ BPI (3)

Corticium comedens @ BPI (1)

Corticium coronilla @ BPI (1)

Corticium frustulosum @ BPI (1)

Corticium laetum @ BPI (1)

Corticium polygonium @ BPI (1)

Corticium portentosum @ BPI (1)

Corticium sphaerosporum @ BPI (1)

Moniliopsis foliicola @ BPI (1)
Cryphonectriaceae  Endothia gyrosa @ BPI (1)
Delphacidae  Delphacodes puella @ UDCC_NRI (1)
Dermateaceae  Chlorosplenium aeruginascens @ BPI (1)

Dermea alni @ BPI (2)

Gloeosporium alneum @ BPI (4)

Gloeosporium cylindrospermum @ BPI (18)

Mollisia amenticola @ BPI (1)

Mollisia benesuada @ BPI (5)

Mollisia cinerea @ BPI (2)

Mollisia fusca @ BPI (1)

Niptera coccinea @ BPI (1)

Pezicula alni @ BPI (1)

Tapesia fusca @ BPI (13)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe alnea @ BPI (2)

Diaporthe sordida @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis alnea @ BPI (2)
Diatrypaceae  Anthostoma microsporum @ BPI (1)

Anthostoma schmidtii @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella aspera @ BPI (2)

Diatrypella favacea @ BPI (2)

Diatrypella fusispora @ BPI (1)

Diatrypella tocciaeana @ BPI (11)

Diatrypella verruciformis @ BPI (4)

Eutypa lata @ BPI (1)

Eutypella cerviculata @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe penicillata @ BPI (1)

Microsphaera alni @ BPI (14)

Microsphaera penicillata @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (5)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (3)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (1)
Fenestellaceae  Fenestella fenestrata @ BPI (2)

Fenestella princeps @ BPI (2)

Fenestella vestita @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea unicolor @ BPI (4)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma resinaceum @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Ditopella cryptosphaeria @ BPI (4)

Ditopella ditopa @ BPI (11)

Ditopella fusispora @ BPI (24)

Gnomonia alnea @ 877462A (1)

Gnomonia nervisequa @ 877462B (1); BPI (2)

Gnomonia perversa @ BPI (4)

Gnomonia setacea @ BPI (2)

Gnomonia tubiformis @ BPI (2)

Gnomoniella tubiformis @ BPI (16)

Laestadia alnea @ BPI (2)

Ophiognomonia ischnostyla @ BPI (3)

Ophiognomonia @ BPI (3)

Ophiovalsa suffusa @ BPI (1)

Phragmoporthe conformis @ BPI (1)
Helminthosphaeriaceae  Helminthosphaeria odontiae @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium furfuraceum @ BPI (6)

Hymenoscyphus calyculus @ BPI (1)

Hymenoscyphus epiphyllus @ BPI (1)

Ombrophila umbonata @ BPI (1)

Tympanis alnea @ BPI (5)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus distinguendus @ BPI (1)

Lachnum salicellum @ BPI (1)

Lachnum virgineum @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum argutum @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete cinnamomea @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (1)

Phellinus nigricans @ BPI (1)
Hyphodermataceae  Aegerita candida @ BPI (1)

Aegerita torulosa @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypomyces polyporinus @ BPI (1)

Trichoderma lignorum @ BPI (2)

Trichoderma viride @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora protuberans @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Hysterium pulicare @ BPI (3)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Lasiosphaeria spermoides @ BPI (1)
Massariaceae  Dothivalsaria megalospora @ BPI (2)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconis alni @ BPI (12)

Melanconis dolosa @ BPI (1)

Melanconis thelebola @ BPI (18)

Melanconium apiocarpum @ BPI (3)

Melanconium didymoideum @ 402295A (1); 402295B (1); BPI (2)

Melanconium sphaeroideum @ BPI (18)

Melogramma durissima @ BPI (1)

Prosthecium auctum @ BPI (4)

Pseudovalsa aucta @ BPI (4)

Pseudovalsa @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius corium @ BPI (1)

Phlebia radiata @ BPI (1)
Microascaceae  Stysanus stemonitis @ BPI (1)
Microbotryaceae  Sphacelotheca hydropiperis @ BPI (1)
Mycocaliciaceae  Stenocybe byssacea @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella alni @ BPI (4)

Mycosphaerella conglomerata @ BPI (7)

Passalora bacilligera @ BPI (19)

Ramularia alnicola @ BPI (5)

Septoria alni @ BPI (5)

Septoria alnicola @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Cosmospora @ BPI (1)

Cylindrium elongatum @ BPI (2)

Fusarium graminum @ BPI (2)

Nectria coccinea @ BPI (1)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (2)
Nidulariaceae  Mycocalia denudata @ BPI (1)
Nitschkiaceae  Coronophora angustata @ BPI (2)
Onagraceae  Kneiffia aurantiaca @ BPI (2)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora aurantiaca @ BPI (2)

Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora cremea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora erikssonii @ BPI (1)

Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (1)

Peniophora nuda @ BPI (1)

Peniophora pubera @ BPI (1)

Peniophora setigera @ BPI (3)

Peniophora subcremea @ BPI (1)
Physciaceae  Calicium parietinum @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium macrocarpum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Cerrena unicolor @ BPI (1)

Fomes annosus @ BPI (1)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes conchatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes fomentarius @ BPI (1)

Fomes igniarius @ BPI (1)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (1)

Panus stipticus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus brumalis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus crispus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus dichrous @ BPI (1)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus radiatus @ BPI (17)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus varius @ BPI (1)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (6)

Poria bourdotii @ BPI (1)

Poria ferruginosa @ BPI (1)

Poria mucida @ BPI (1)

Poria purpurea @ BPI (1)

Poria sanguinolenta @ BPI (2)

Poria subtilis @ BPI (1)

Poria variecolor @ BPI (2)

Trametes pubescens @ BPI (1)
Reticulariaceae  Lycogala epidendrum @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Melasmia alnea @ BPI (3)
Saprolegniaceae  Achlya racemosa @ BPI (2)
Schizoporaceae  Hyphodontia subalutacea @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis latebricola @ BPI (1)

Ciboria alni @ BPI (2)

Ciboria amentacea @ BPI (1)

Ciboria violascens @ BPI (1)

Encoelia furfuracea @ BPI (2)

Sclerotinia alni @ BPI (2)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia farinacea @ BPI (1)

Odontia fimbriata @ BPI (2)

Odontia stenodon @ BPI (1)

Odontia uda @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum ochroleucum @ BPI (1)

Stereum purpureum @ BPI (3)

Stereum rugosum @ BPI (9)

Stereum spadiceum @ BPI (2)

Stereum subtomentosum @ BPI (2)

Stereum tabacinum @ BPI (1)
Strophariaceae  Flammula alnicola @ BPI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina alni @ BPI (1)

Taphrina alnitorqua @ BPI (2)

Taphrina amentorum @ BPI (10)

Taphrina borealis @ BPI (1)

Taphrina epiphylla @ BPI (1)

Taphrina flava @ BPI (6)

Taphrina robinsoniana @ BPI (1)

Taphrina sadebeckii @ BPI (43)

Taphrina tosquinetii @ BPI (63)

Taphrina @ BPI (1)
Tremellaceae  Tremella sarcoides @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Trogia faginea @ BPI (1)
Tulasnellaceae  Tulasnella tulasnei @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Typhula candida @ BPI (2)

Typhula erythropus @ BPI (1)

Typhula gyrans @ BPI (1)
Ulvaceae  Solenia confusa @ BPI (2)
Valsaceae  Cryptospora suffusa @ BPI (17)

Cytospora ambiens @ BPI (1)

Cytospora diatrypa @ BPI (4)

Cytospora stenospora @ BPI (1)

Radulum molare @ BPI (1)

Valsa acharii @ BPI (1)

Valsa ambiens @ BPI (2)

Valsa ambigua @ BPI (1)

Valsa ceratophora @ BPI (1)

Valsa diatrypa @ BPI (4)

Valsa oxystoma @ BPI (1)

Valsa stenopora @ BPI (2)

Valsella polyspora @ BPI (1)

Valsella @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Daldinia concentrica @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon fuscum @ BPI (23)

Hypoxylon multiforme @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon rubiginosum @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia aquila @ BPI (2)

Rosellinia corticium @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia subcorticalis @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria alnea @ BPI (2)

Sphaeria cupularis @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria protuberans @ BPI (1)

Xylaria digitata @ BPI (1)

Xylaria hypoxylon @ BPI (1)
_  Cryptosporium neesii @ BPI (2)

Cytosporina neesii @ BPI (1)

Disculina neesii @ BPI (6)

Exosporium hysterioides @ BPI (2)

Gloeosporidium alneum @ BPI (2)

Grandinia alnicola @ BPI (1)

Grandinia farinacea @ BPI (1)

Hendersoniopsis thelebola @ BPI (1)

Hypochnus anthochrous @ BPI (1)

Leptospora spermoides @ BPI (1)

Leptothyrium alneum @ BPI (39)

Myxofusicoccum alni @ BPI (1)

Phialea alniella @ BPI (2)

Schinzia alni @ BPI (1)

Sphaeronaema amenticola @ BPI (1)

Valsaria durissima @ BPI (2)

Valsaria foedans @ BPI (4)

Valsaria rubricosa @ BPI (1)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Betulaceae | Alnus

4. Alnus glutinosa (Linnaeus) Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 54. 1790.

Black alder, European alder

Betula alnus Linnaeus var. (a) glutinosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 983. 1753

Trees , to 20 m; trunks often several, crowns narrow. Bark dark brown, smooth, becoming darker and breaking into shallow fissures in age; lenticels pale, horizontal. Winter buds stipitate, ellipsoid to obovoid, 6--10 mm, apex obtuse; stalks 2--5 mm; scales 2--3, outer 2 equal, valvate, usually heavily resin-coated. Leaf blade obovate to nearly orbiculate, 3--9 × 3--8 cm, leathery, base obtuse to broadly cuneate, margins flat, coarsely and often irregularly doubly serrate to nearly dentate, major teeth acute to obtuse or rounded, apex often retuse or obcordate, or occasionally rounded; surfaces abaxially glabrous to sparsely pubescent, often more heavily on veins, both surfaces heavily resin-coated. Inflorescences formed season before flowering and exposed during winter; staminate catkins in 1 or more clusters of 2--5, 4--13 cm; pistillate catkins in 1 or more clusters of 2--5. Flowering before new growth in spring. Infructescences ovoid to nearly globose, 1.2--2.5 × 1--1.5 cm; peduncles 1--10(--20) mm. Samaras obovate, wings reduced to narrow, thickened ridges. 2 n = 28.

Flowering early spring. Stream banks, moist flood plains, damp depressions, borders of wetlands; 0--200 m; Ont.; Conn., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Wis.; Europe.

Alnus glutinosa is cultivated as an ornamental tree throughout eastern North America and is available in a variety of cultivars, including cut-leafed and compact-branching forms. This species has also been used extensively to control erosion and improve the soil on recently cleared or unstable substrates, such as sand dunes and mine spoils. It has escaped and become widely naturalized throughout the temperate Northeast, occasionally becoming a weedy pest. In Europe the black alder has served for many centuries as an important source of hardwood for timbers and carved items, including wooden shoes.

Alnus glutinosa has been called A . vulgaris Hill in some older literature; that name was not validly published.

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Updated: 2018-05-21 02:25:50 gmt
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