Ammophila nigricans Dahlbom, 1843
Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Apoidea   Sphecidae   Ammophila
Subgenus: None

Ammophila nigricans, Black Thread-waisted Wasp
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 2
Ammophila nigricans, Black Thread-waisted Wasp

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Ammophila nigricans, male, penis valve head
Arnold S. E. Menke, 1965 · 1
Ammophila nigricans, male, penis valve head
Ammophila nigricans, male, gonoforceps
Arnold S. E. Menke, 1965 · 1
Ammophila nigricans, male, gonoforceps

Ammophila nigricans, Black Thread-waisted Wasp
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Ammophila nigricans, Black Thread-waisted Wasp
Ammophila nigricans, Black Thread-waisted Wasp
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Ammophila nigricans, Black Thread-waisted Wasp

Ammophila nigricans, Common Thread-waisted Wasp
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Ammophila nigricans, Common Thread-waisted Wasp
Ammophila nigricans, thread-waisted wasp
© Copyright John Ascher, 2006-2014 · 0
Ammophila nigricans, thread-waisted wasp
Overview
Taken from: A Revision of the North American Ammophila (hymenoptera, Sphecidae). Arnold S. E. Menke, 1965.


Ammophila (Ammophila) nigricans Dahlbom
(figs. 20, 89, 1.03)
Ammophila nigricans Dahlbom, 1843. Hymen. Europaea 1 (fasc. 1):14. Holotype male, South Carolina (Universitets Zoologiska Institution, Lund).
Ammophila intercepta Lepeletier, 1845. Hist. Natur. Insect., Hymen. 3:378. Holotype female, “Amer. Sept.” (Museo di Zoologia, Universita de Torino, Turin). New synonymy. The dark wings are diagnostic for nigricans. The male genitalia are also distinctive (figs. Figs. 89, 103).

I have not seen Dahlbom’s type, but R. M. Bohart studied it in 1960 and verified the identity of nigricans. The type of intercepta has been examined.

This well known species ranges from southern Canada to Texas and it does not occur west of the Rocky Mountains.





Ammophila nigricans Group
Diagnosis. Primary characters: Free margin of male clypeus essentially truncate apically, truncation sometimes broadly, shallowly emarginate; hypostoma in male without a process; collar and scutum without ridges; propodeal enclosure usually with broadly spaced ridges, which are uniform across width of enclosure, interspaces granulate, surface dull (figs. 20-21); preëpisternal sulcus usually long, ending in ventral region, (sometimes Indistinct below pronotal lobe or lacking in apicalis, pictipennis, extremitata, placida and nigricans males and both sexes of con); penis valve head usually with a basal spine-like process (except in apicalis, extremitata and pictipennis) base of gonoforceps sot dorsoventrally elongate. Secondary characters metapleural flange not lamellate; forewing with three submarginal cells.
Included North American species. Ammophila extremitata Cresson, fernaldi (Murray), femurrubra Fox, mcclayi Menke, nigricans Dahlbom, pictipennis Walsh; placida Smith, and xanthoptera Cameron. Other New World species in the group are: apicalis Guérin-Mêneville (West Indies), centralis Cameron, cora Cameron and gaumeri Cameron (Mexico and Central America).
Discussion. The granulate appearance of the propodeal enclosure is diagnostic for the group. In addition, the mesosoma in most North American species is largely devoid of appressed silver hair and the integument is mostly dull black or opaque. Most species in the nigricans group have bluish micropubescence on the head and mesosomal dorsum, and in a few species it coven the entire body. Females of six species (apicalis, cora, extremitata. femurrubra, pictipennis and usually have a minute tooth on the inside edge of the claw near the base (fig. 30). The other species sometimes have a poorly defined tooth on the claw.
The male genitalia, especially the aedeagus and gonoforceps, display excellent specific differences in most species of this group. The shape of the subgenital plate is also of importance. The presence or absence of appressed silver hair on the face, pronotal lobe and other mesosomal areas is of considerable value in species discrimination. Wing color is often diagnostic when used with other characters.
The nigricans group is restricted to North and Central America but appears closely allied with the fallax group of the Old World.

Names
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Updated: 2017-09-20 13:19:15 gmt
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